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Träfflista för sökning "WFRF:(Bergvall Kåreborn Birgitta) srt2:(2005-2009)"

Sökning: WFRF:(Bergvall Kåreborn Birgitta) > (2005-2009)

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  • Föregående 1[2]3Nästa
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  • Bergvall-Kåreborn, Birgitta, et al. (författare)
  • Participatory design : one step back or two steps forward
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: PDC 2008 : proceedings of the tenth anniversary conference on Participatory Design 2008 : Experience and Challenges, October 1-4, 2008, Bloomington, Indiana, USA. - New York : ACM Digital Library. - 978-0-9818561-0-0 ; s. 102-111
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)
  • Bergvall-Kåreborn, Birgitta, et al. (författare)
  • The elusive nature of user needs in existing information systems literature
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: Information Management in the Networked Economy - Issues and Solutions : Proceedings of 8th IBIMA Conference. - International Business Information Management Association (IBIMA). - 978-0-9753393-7-4
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>In this paper, we present a new approach to facilitate the process of eliciting user needs in the information systems development context. Today is has become important to study users and their needs since products or services that contribute to fulfill an unsatisfied need have a high probability to succeed on the market. Hence, identifying and designing for user needs is imperative in innovation projects. We have identified two missing issues within the existing literature concerning user needs and systems development. Firstly, there are no consistent frameworks or categorizations of different types of needs, and secondly, there are no descriptions of how to proceed in the process of eliciting and analyzing user needs. Hence, the purpose of this paper is to present a theory of human motivation and behavior which we use as a framework to elicit and understand user needs. We have found different strengths with this framework such as the facilitation for the analyst to find divergent views of the same need and as well as needs that were solutions to another need. In addition, divergent views of the same need became obvious when we applied this framework. A drawback we have observed by using the framework is the possibility that a need is forced into a box, thereby risking missing its actual meaning.</p>
  • Chronéer, Diana, et al. (författare)
  • Born global in a heartbeat
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: MeMo - Meta-affärsmodell för mobila tjänster.
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>This paper aims to enhance the knowledge of business model development in the mobile service sector by exploring the underlying components of a business model for organizations within that industry. By drawing from business model literature combined with findings from a longitudinal case study of an iPhone application, a conceptual business model for mobile services was developed. Proposed model extends earlier frameworks by adding contingency aspects and the view of core resources into a dynamic business model. Findings from the study highlight the importance for application developers to have an overall resource strategy in order to support the sustainability of their business models. This is particularly important due to the rapid pace of change in the industry and the technology.</p>
  • Fernández, Walter, et al. (författare)
  • Using design as boundary spanner object in climate change mitigation projects
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Ajis : Australasian Journal of Information Systems. - 1449-8618. ; 16:2, s. 51-69
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>Climate change is a growing concern for society and the focus of numerous research initiatives across multiple fields of science. These initiatives often need to capitalize on the cross-specialized knowledge contributed by researchers from very different fields. The diversity of worldviews among key stakeholders requires an effective overall design strategy acting as a boundary spanner object. This study presents an account of the issues faced by a multidisciplinary research project and discusses the suitability of a design approach to help address issues such as equality, empowerment, autonomy, creativity, performance, reduction of innovation cycle times and also provide for the necessary balance between control, speediness and flexibility.</p>
  • Martin, Suzanne, et al. (författare)
  • MyHealth@Age improving health, safety and wellbeing for elderly people in remote rural areas
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: eChallenges e-2009 Conference Proceedings. - IIMC International Information Management Corporation. - 978-1-905824-13-7
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>It is generally accepted that the prevalence of illness is potentially greatest in the older age group including physical disabilities and mental health problems. Whilst this has implications for the individual and society in general, unique challenges present for those ageing within rural remote areas of the world . MyHealth@Age focuses on the development of eHealth services to citizens living in peripheral areas of Europe. Specifically, this innovative research has utilitsed the methodologies of the Living Labs utilising participatory qualitative research methods to empower the citizens to inform local sustainable service development, mapped to local needs. This paper will present the research objectives and findings of gathering user requirements. The research objectives include: Improved health, safety and well being for elderly people in northern periphery region.</p>
  • Meiland, FJ M., et al. (författare)
  • COGKNOW development of an ICT device to support people with mild dementia
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: Journal on Information Technology in Healthcare. - 1479-649X. ; 5:5, s. 166-177
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>Objective: To develop a successful user-validated cognitive prosthetic device with associated services to help persons with mild dementia.Setting: The ICT solution will be developed by a consortium of eleven institutes in eight countries in Europe. It will be tested and evaluated by users (persons with dementia and their carers) in 3 European cities - Amsterdam, Belfast and Luleå.Methods: To identify and analyse the needs of persons with dementia, workshops and interviews were conducted with Alzheimer patients suffering from mild dementia, and their carers in three European cities. A literature search was also performed to identify existing proven effective ICT solutions for persons with dementia.Results: The most important needs and the most preferred ICT solutions identified by participants were (i) Activity reminders e.g. for eating meals; (ii) Item locators; (iii) Picture dialling to keep in contact with family and friends; (iv) Support for pleasure activities; (v) Enhancement of feelings of safety. Conclusion: Based on the needs identified, a prototype solution will be built, tested and modified as an iterative process. The device will ultimately be evaluated to see if it can enhance feelings of autonomy and quality of life of persons with dementia.</p>
  • Meiland, FJ M., et al. (författare)
  • COGKNOW : helping people with mild dementia navigate their day
  • 2007
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>Dementia is a progressive, chronic disease affecting 5% of all persons above 65 and over 40% of people over 90. The aim of the COGKNOW project is to achieve a breakthrough with research that addresses the needs of those with dementia, particularly those with mild dementia living in the community. This entails cognitive reinforcement in four main areas: helping people to remember, helping to maintain social contact, helping with performing daily life and recreational activities and finally enhance feelings of safety. Based on a sound foundation of needs reported in dementia literature, workshops and individual interviews have been carried out with dementia sufferers and their carers in three European countries. A ranked analysis of information from workshops and interviews, and the state of the art of successful ICT solutions will be the basis for formulating the functionalities of the technical solution and for the development of a cognitive prosthetic device with associated services for people with mild dementia. The research and evaluation will be conducted from human factors, technology, and business perspectives in three phases of one year each. In this paper we discuss the design of the COGKNOW project, the first results of the user needs inquiry workshops and the ICT solutions the COGKNOW project will focus on in the first year.</p>
  • Melander-Wikman, Anita, et al. (författare)
  • Improving health and safety for elderly people through an ethic-of-appreciation
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: The Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging. - 1279-7707 .- 1760-4788. ; 13:6, Suppl. 1, s. S449
  • Tidskriftsartikel (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • <p>Introduction</p><p>This paper uses data from My Health @ Age (2008-2010), an EU, Northern Periphery funded project. Its aim is to offer the rapidly ageing population in the northern periphery regions of Europe, improved health, safety and well-being through the use of new services and new mobile ICT products. The project methodology is informed by the values and processes of Participatory Design, Form-IT and appreciative action research. The project's aim and its approach raise a fundamental ethical question, namely, ' In what ways do ICT solutions for improving the quality of life for older people (over 65 years) in the northern periphery regions, have an ethical dimension?</p><p>Methods</p><p>Our developing ethical awareness uses data from focus group meetings and storyboarding activities conducted with a group of 20 elderly persons, with/with out functional limitations, in Norrbotten, Sweden. Using conversational analysis, thematic elucidation, semiotic and iconographic analysis, we present our efforts to do the 'right thing' and the 'best thing' to enhance the well-being of elderly people.</p><p>Results</p><p>This paper illustrates ethical conflicts and dilemmas associated with trying to balance user needs ( e.g. elderly people, health care professionals) with technological (product) design requirements and commercial or market opportunities. Four ethical themes have emerged which, collectively, form an etic-of-appreciation. They are the need to clearly demonstrate an;* Ethic of respect: Where the lived experiences of older people are actively listened to.*Ethic of empowerment: Where older people feel they have a voice in descisions about their well-being.* Ethic of critique: Where power differentials that often constrain and marginalise older adults, are confronted.* Ethic of concern: Where ICT solutions enable older people to feel dignified and treated with kindness.ConclusionICT and ethics need to be creatively synthesised into an ethic-of-appreciation. This is imperative for projects based on participatory design principles.</p><p>References</p><p>Ghaye, T., Melander Wikman, A., Kisare, M., Chambers, P., Bergmark, U., Kostenius, C. and Lillyman, S. (2008) Participatory and appreciative action and reflection (PAAR) - democratizing reflective practices. Reflective Practice, 9(4) 361-397</p><p>Melander Wikman, A., Jansson, M. &amp; Ghaye, T. (2006) Reflections on an appreciative approach to empowering elderly people in home healthcare. Reflective Practice, 7; 4:423-443</p>
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