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Sökning: WFRF:(Brook Mark N)

  • Resultat 11-13 av 13
  • Föregående 1[2]
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11.
  • Matsson, Hans, et al. (författare)
  • Alpha-cardiac actin mutations produce atrial septal defects.
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Human molecular genetics. - 1460-2083 .- 0964-6906. ; 17:2, s. 256-65
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Atrial septal defect (ASD) is one of the most frequent congenital heart defects (CHDs) with a variable phenotypic effect depending on the size of the septal shunt. We identified two pedigrees comprising 20 members segregating isolated autosomal dominant secundum ASD. By genetic mapping, we identified the gene-encoding alpha-cardiac actin (ACTC1), which is essential for cardiac contraction, as the likely candidate. A mutation screen of the coding regions of ACTC1 revealed a founder mutation predicting an M123V substitution in affected individuals of both pedigrees. Functional analysis of ACTC1 with an M123V substitution shows a reduced affinity for myosin, but with retained actomyosin motor properties. We also screened 408 sporadic patients with CHDs and identified a case with ASD and a 17-bp deletion in ACTC1 predicting a non-functional protein. Morpholino (MO) knockdown of ACTC1 in chick embryos produces delayed looping and reduced atrial septa, supporting a developmental role for this protein. The combined results indicate, for the first time, that ACTC1 mutations or reduced ACTC1 levels may lead to ASD without signs of cardiomyopathy.
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12.
  • Schoemaker, Minouk J., et al. (författare)
  • Adult weight change and premenopausal breast cancer risk : A prospective pooled analysis of data from 628,463 women
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: International Journal of Cancer. - : John Wiley & Sons. - 0020-7136 .- 1097-0215. ; 147:5, s. 1306-1314
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Early-adulthood body size is strongly inversely associated with risk of premenopausal breast cancer. It is unclear whether subsequent changes in weight affect risk. We pooled individual-level data from 17 prospective studies to investigate the association of weight change with premenopausal breast cancer risk, considering strata of initial weight, timing of weight change, other breast cancer risk factors and breast cancer subtype. Hazard ratios (HR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were obtained using Cox regression. Among 628,463 women, 10,886 were diagnosed with breast cancer before menopause. Models adjusted for initial weight at ages 18-24 years and other breast cancer risk factors showed that weight gain from ages 18-24 to 35-44 or to 45-54 years was inversely associated with breast cancer overall (e.g., HR per 5 kg to ages 45-54: 0.96, 95% CI: 0.95-0.98) and with oestrogen-receptor(ER)-positive breast cancer (HR per 5 kg to ages 45-54: 0.96, 95% CI: 0.94-0.98). Weight gain from ages 25-34 was inversely associated with ER-positive breast cancer only and weight gain from ages 35-44 was not associated with risk. None of these weight gains were associated with ER-negative breast cancer. Weight loss was not consistently associated with overall or ER-specific risk after adjusting for initial weight. Weight increase from early-adulthood to ages 45-54 years is associated with a reduced premenopausal breast cancer risk independently of early-adulthood weight. Biological explanations are needed to account for these two separate factors.
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13.
  • Srinivasan, Srilakshmi, et al. (författare)
  • Prostate cancer risk-associated single-nucleotide polymorphism affects prostate-specific antigen glycosylation and its function
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Clinical Chemistry. - : American Association for Clinical Chemistry. - 0009-9147. ; 65:1, s. 1-9
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: Genetic association studies have reported single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) at chromosome 19q13.3 to be associated with prostate cancer (PCa) risk. Recently, the rs61752561 SNP (Asp84Asn substitution) in exon 3 of the kallikrein-related peptidase 3 (KLK3) gene encoding prostate-specific antigen (PSA) was reported to be strongly associated with PCa risk (P 2.3 108). However, the biological contribution of the rs61752561 SNP to PCa risk has not been elucidated. METHODS: Recombinant PSA protein variants were generated to assess the SNP-mediated biochemical changes by stability and substrate activity assays. PC3 cell–PSA overexpression models were established to evaluate the effect of the SNP on PCa pathogenesis. Genotype-specific correlation of the SNP with total PSA (tPSA) concentrations and free/total (F/T) PSA ratio were determined from serum samples. RESULTS: Functional analysis showed that the rs61752561 SNP affects PSA stability and structural conformation and creates an extra glycosylation site. This PSA variant had reduced enzymatic activity and the ability to stimulate proliferation and migration of PCa cells. Interestingly, the minor allele is associated with lower tPSA concentrations and high F/T PSA ratio in serum samples, indicating that the amino acid substitution may affect PSA immunoreactivity to the antibodies used in the clinical immunoassays. CONCLUSIONS: The rs61752561 SNP appears to have a potential role in PCa pathogenesis by changing the glycosylation, protein stability, and PSA activity and may also affect the clinically measured F/T PSA ratio. Accounting for these effects on tPSA concentration and F/T PSA ratio may help to improve the accuracy of the current PSA test.
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  • Resultat 11-13 av 13
  • Föregående 1[2]
 
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