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Sökning: WFRF:(Cabello Adán)

  • Resultat 31-40 av 46
  • Föregående 123[4]5Nästa
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31.
  • Guehne, Otfried, et al. (författare)
  • Bounding the quantum dimension with contextuality
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Physical Review A. Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics. - : American Physical Society. - 1050-2947 .- 1094-1622. ; 89:6
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We show that the phenomenon of quantum contextuality can be used to certify lower bounds on the dimension accessed by the measurement devices. To prove this, we derive bounds for different dimensions and scenarios of the simplest noncontextuality inequalities. Some of the resulting dimension witnesses work independently of the prepared quantum state. Our constructions are robust against noise and imperfections, and we show that a recent experiment can be viewed as an implementation of a state-independent quantum dimension witness.
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32.
  • Jogenfors, Jonathan, 1988-, et al. (författare)
  • Comment on "Franson Interference Generated by a Two-Level System"
  • 2017
  • Annan publikation (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • In a recent Letter [Phys. Rev. Lett. 118, 030501 (2017)], Peiris, Konthasinghe, and Muller report a Franson interferometry experiment using pairs of photons generated from a two-level semiconductor quantum dot. The authors report a visibility of 66% and claim that this visibility “goes beyond the classical limit of 50% and approaches the limit of violation of Bell’s inequalities (70.7%).” We explain why we do not agree with this last statement and how to fix the problem.
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33.
  • Kleinmann, Matthias, et al. (författare)
  • Memory cost of quantum contextuality
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: New Journal of Physics. - : Institute of Physics. - 1367-2630 .- 1367-2630. ; 13:113011
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The simulation of quantum effects requires certain classical resources, and quantifying them is an important step to characterize the difference between quantum and classical physics. For a simulation of the phenomenon of state-independent quantum contextuality, we show that the minimum amount of memory used by the simulation is the critical resource. We derive optimal simulation strategies for important cases and prove that reproducing the results of sequential measurements on a two-qubit system requires more memory than the information-carrying capacity of the system.
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34.
  • Kleinmann, Matthias, et al. (författare)
  • Optimal Inequalities for State-Independent Contextuality
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Physical Review Letters. - : American Physical Society. - 0031-9007 .- 1079-7114. ; 109:25, s. 250402-
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Contextuality is a natural generalization of nonlocality which does not need composite systems or spacelike separation and offers a wider spectrum of interesting phenomena. Most notably, in quantum mechanics there exist scenarios where the contextual behavior is independent of the quantum state. We show that the quest for an optimal inequality separating quantum from classical noncontextual correlations in a state-independent manner admits an exact solution, as it can be formulated as a linear program. We introduce the noncontextuality polytope as a generalization of the locality polytope and apply our method to identify two different tight optimal inequalities for the most fundamental quantum scenario with state-independent contextuality.
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35.
  • Kolenderski, Piotr, et al. (författare)
  • Aharon-Vaidman quantum game with a Young-type photonic qutrit
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Physical Review A. Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics. - 1050-2947 .- 1094-1622. ; 86:1, s. 012321-
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The Aharon-Vaidman (AV) game exemplifies the advantage of using simple quantum systems to outperform classical strategies. We present an experimental test of this advantage by using a three-state quantum system (qutrit) encoded in a spatial mode of a single photon passing through three slits. The preparation of a particular state is controlled as the photon propagates through the slits by varying the number of open slits and their respective phases. The measurements are achieved by placing detectors in the specific positions in the near and far fields after the slits. This set of tools allowed us to perform tomographic reconstructions of generalized qutrit states, and to implement the quantum version of the AV game with compelling evidence of the quantum advantage.
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36.
  • Larsson, Jan-Åke, et al. (författare)
  • Maximal violation of state-independent contextuality inequalities
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Quantum Theory: Reconsideration of Foundations - 6. - : American Institute of Physics (AIP). - 9780735411265 ; , s. 265-274
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The discussion on noncontextual hidden variable models as an underlying description for the quantum-mechanical predictions started in ernest with 1967 paper by Kochen and Specker. There, it was shown that no noncontextual hidden-variable model can give these predictions. The proof used in that paper is complicated, but recently, a paper by Yu and Oh [PRL, 2012] proposes a simpler statistical proof that can also be the basis of an experimental test. Here we report on a sharper version of that statistical proof, and also explain why the algebraic upper bound to the expressions used are not reachable, even with a reasonable contextual hidden variable model. Specifically, we show that the quantum mechanical predictions reach the maximal possible value for a contextual model that keeps the expectation value of the measurement outcomes constant.
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37.
  • Lisonek, Petr, et al. (författare)
  • Kochen-Specker set with seven contexts
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Physical Review A. Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics. - 1050-2947 .- 1094-1622. ; 89:4, s. 042101-
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The Kochen-Specker (KS) theorem is a central result in quantum theory and has applications in quantum information. Its proof requires several yes-no tests that can be grouped in contexts or subsets of jointly measurable tests. Arguably, the best measure of simplicity of a KS set is the number of contexts. The smaller this number is, the smaller the number of experiments needed to reveal the conflict between quantum theory and noncontextual theories and to get a quantum vs classical outperformance. The original KS set had 132 contexts. Here we introduce a KS set with seven contexts and prove that this is the simplest KS set that admits a symmetric parity proof.
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38.
  • Marques, Breno, et al. (författare)
  • Experimental Observation of Hardy-Like Quantum Contextuality
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Physical Review Letters. - 0031-9007 .- 1079-7114. ; 113:25
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Contextuality is a fundamental property of quantum theory and a critical resource for quantum computation. Here, we experimentally observe the arguably cleanest form of contextuality in quantum theory [A. Cabello et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 111, 180404 (2013)] by implementing a novel method for performing two sequential measurements on heralded photons. This method opens the door to a variety of fundamental experiments and applications.
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39.
  • Nagali, Eleonora, et al. (författare)
  • Experimental Observation of Impossible-to-Beat Quantum Advantage on a Hybrid Photonic System
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Physical Review Letters. - 0031-9007 .- 1079-7114. ; 108:9, s. 090501-
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Quantum resources outperform classical ones for certain communication and computational tasks. Remarkably, in some cases, the quantum advantage cannot be improved using hypothetical postquantum resources. A class of tasks with this property can be singled out using graph theory. Here we report the experimental observation of an impossible-to-beat quantum advantage on a four-dimensional quantum system defined by the polarization and orbital angular momentum of a single photon. The results show pristine evidence of the quantum advantage and are compatible with the maximum advantage allowed using postquantum resources.
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40.
  • Pokorny, Fabian (författare)
  • Tracking the Dynamics of an Ideal Quantum Measurement
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Physical Review Letters. - 0031-9007 .- 1079-7114. ; 124:8
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The existence of ideal quantum measurements is one of the fundamental predictions of quantum mechanics. In theory, an ideal measurement projects a quantum state onto the eigenbasis of the measurement observable, while preserving coherences between eigenstates that have the same eigenvalue. The question arises whether there are processes in nature that correspond to such ideal quantum measurements and how such processes are dynamically implemented in nature. Here we address this question and present experimental results monitoring the dynamics of a naturally occurring measurement process: the coupling of a trapped ion qutrit to the photon environment. By taking tomographic snapshots during the detection process, we show that the process develops in agreement with the model of an ideal quantum measurement with an average fidelity of 94%.
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  • Föregående 123[4]5Nästa
 
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