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Sökning: WFRF:(Carlberg L)

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  • Föregående 123[4]56Nästa
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  • Hardell, L., et al. (författare)
  • Case-control study on concentrations of organohalogen compounds and titers of antibodies to Epstein-Barr virus antigens in the etiology of non-Hodgkin lymphoma
  • Ingår i: Leukemia and Lymphoma. - : Taylor & Francis. - 1042-8194. ; 42:4, s. 619-629
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • A rapid increase in incidence of non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) has been reported from many countries. Exposure to certain pesticides and organochlorines has been shown to be risk factors. Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is a human herpesvirus that has been associated with some subgroups of NHL, such as Burkitt lymphoma and lymphomas related to severe immunosuppression. In this study, we measured lipid adjusted blood concentrations of 36 congeners of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), p,p′-dichlorodiphenyl-dichloroethylene (p,p′-DDE), hexachlorobenzene (HCB), four different subgroups of chlordanes (trans-nonachlordane, cis-nonachlordane, MC6 and oxychlordane) and 2,2′,4,4′-tetrabrominated diphenyl ether (TBDE) in incident cases of NHL and controls from the general population. Titers of antibodies to the Epstein-Barr early antigen (EA) were correlated to concentrations of organochlorines. We found a significant difference in lipid adjusted blood concentrations of total PCBs and TBDE between cases and controls. Titers of antibodies to EA IgG> 80 were correlated to an increased risk for NHL with odds ratio (OR) =1.9, 95% confidence interval (CI) =0.94-3.8. This risk was further increased in those with a level above the median value of "sum of PCBs" (OR=4.0, CI=1.2-14), HCB (OR=5.3, CI=1.6-19), sum of chlordanes (OR=4.0, CI=1.2-14) and TBDE (OR=21, CI=4.6-124), suggesting an interaction between EBV and a higher concentration of these chemicals. Also for the "sum of immunotoxic PCBs" increased risk was found in that group (OR=6.4, CI=1.9-24). Subdivision of NHL in histological types yielded highest risks for low-grade B-cell NHL.
  • Hardell, L, et al. (författare)
  • In utero exposure to persistent organic pollutants in relation to testicular cancer risk
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: International Journal of Andrology. - : Wiley-Blackwell. - 0105-6263. ; 29:1, s. 228-234
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Testicular cancer is the most common tumour type in young men. In Sweden the annual age-adjusted incidence increased significantly by 2.4% during the time period 1984-1993 and during 1994-2003 by 1.4%. Exposure to endocrine disrupting chemicals during the foetal period has been postulated to be a risk factor. In this investigation we studied the concentrations of chlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), p,p'-dichlorodiphenyl-dichloroethylene (pp'-DDE), hexachlorobenzene (HCB), chlordanes and polybrominated diphenylethers (PBDEs) in 58 cases with testicular cancer and 61 age-matched controls. Furthermore, case and control mothers were also asked to participate and 44 case mothers and 45 control mothers agreed. No significant differences were found between cases and controls. Case mothers had in general higher concentrations of these chemicals. For the sum of PCBs an odds ratio (OR) = 3.8, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.4-10 was calculated using the median concentration for the controls as cut-off value. For HCB OR = 4.4, CI = 1.7-12 and for PBDE OR = 2.5, 95% Cl = 1.02-6.0 were obtained, whereas OR was not significantly increased for pp'-DDE and sum of chlordanes. The cases were born during a period with high concentrations of persistent organic pollutants (POPs) in humans. The decline of the increasing incidence of testicular cancer during recent years may reflect decreasing body burden of certain POPs since the 1980s.
  • Hardell, L, et al. (författare)
  • Increased concentrations of polychlorinated biphenyls, hexachlorobenzene, and chlordanes in mothers of men with testicular cancer
  • 2003
  • Ingår i: Environmental Health Perspectives. - : National Institute of Environmental Health Science. - 1552-9924 .- 0091-6765. ; 111:7, s. 930-934
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • An increasing incidence of testicular cancer has been reported from several countries in the Western world during the last decades. According to current hypothesis, testicular cancer is initiated during the fetal period, and exposure to endocrine disruptors, i.e., xenoestrogens, has been of concern. In this investigation we studied the concentrations of the sum of 38 polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), p,p'-dichlorodiphenyl-dichloroethylene, hexachlorobenzene (HCB), and chlordanes, in 61 cases with testicular cancer and 58 age-matched controls. Furthermore, case and control mothers were also asked to participate, and 44 case mothers and 45 control mothers agreed. They were of similar age. In cases only the concentration on lipid basis of cis-nonachlordane was significantly increased, whereas case mothers showed significantly increased concentrations of the sum of PCBs, HCB, trans- and cis-nonachlordane, and the sum of chlordanes. Among case mothers the sum of PCBs yielded an odds ratio (OR) of 3.8; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.4-10 was calculated using the median concentration for the control mothers as cutoff value. For HCB, OR = 4.4 (95% CI, 1.7-12); for trans-nonachlordane, OR = 4.1 (95% CI, 1.5-11); for cis-nonachlordane, OR = 3.1 (95% CI, 1.2-7.8); and for sum of chlordanes, OR = 1.9 (95% CI, 0.7-5.0). No consistent different risk pattern was found for seminoma. or nonseminoma testicular cancer.
  • Hardell, L., et al. (författare)
  • Use of cellular and cordless telephones and risk of testicular cancer
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: International Journal of Andrology. - : Wiley-Blackwell. - 0105-6263 .- 1365-2605. ; 30:2, s. 115-122
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • A case-control study on testicular cancer included use of cellular and cordless telephones. The results were based on answers from 542 (92%) cases with seminoma, 346 (89%) with non-seminoma, and 870 (89%) controls. Regarding seminoma the use of analog cellular phones gave odds ratio (OR) = 1.2, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 0.9-1.6, digital phones OR = 1.3, CI = 0.9-1.8, and cordless phones OR = 1.1, CI = 0.8-1.5. The corresponding results for non-seminoma were OR = 0.7, CI = 0.5-1.1, OR = 0.9, CI = 0.6-1.4, and OR = 1.0, CI = 0.7-1.4, respectively. There was no dose-response effect and OR did not increase with latency time. No association was found with place of keeping the mobile phone during standby, such as trousers pocket. Cryptorchidism was associated both with seminoma (OR = 4.2, CI = 2.7-6.5) and non-seminoma (OR = 3.3, CI = 2.0-5.6), but no interaction was found with the use of cellular or cordless telephones.
  • Holmqvist, Rolf, et al. (författare)
  • Deliberate self-harm behaviour in Swedish adolescent girls reports from public assessment and treatment agencies
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Child and Youth Care Forum. - 1053-1890 .- 1573-3319. ; 37:1
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Self-harming behaviour among adolescents, and particularly adolescent girls, has evoked much public attention. This article presents a Swedish study about what information assessment and treatment agencies have about self-harming behaviour in the form of cutting and burning in adolescent girls. The study was made on assignment by the Swedish National Board of Health and Welfare. All public agencies assessing or treating adolescents with psychological problems in three Swedish cities were asked to deliver information about self-harming behaviour in the form of self-cutting or self-burning in girls between 13 and 18 years of age. In addition, the young offender institutions within the National Board of Institutional Care treating teenager girls were asked to deliver information about self-harming behaviour in their clients. We found that about 1% of the total population of girls in these ages were known to have cut or burnt themselves and about one third of the girls in the institutions. Attempts to distinguish subgroups among the girls were only partly successful. Although some subgroups could be identified, the overlap between them was large. The conclusion was that this behaviour may be seen as an expression of a wide variety of problems in a heterogeneous group of young persons. © 2007 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC.
  • Ingason, Haukur, et al. (författare)
  • The Metro Project: Final Report
  • 2012
  • Rapport (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • The report compiles the results from the METRO-project. The different parts of the project; design fires, evacuation, integrated fire control, smoke control, extraordinary strain on constructions and fire- and rescue operations are presented separately. The most complicated and expensive part of the project was the performance of the large scale fire and explosion tests in the Brunsberg tunnel. The maximum heat release rates measured from the metro carriage was 77 MW. The maximum ceiling gas temperatures was 1118 °C. These values are high, and should be put into a perspective of the situation and the type of carriages used. The project is not recommending the highest values as the design fire, but values reflected in conditions. The egress study confirm that one of the major issues related to fire evacuation in underground transportation systems is that people often are reluctant to initiate an evacuation. New data show that participants moved with an average of 0.9 meters per second in the smoke filled environment (average visibility of 1.5–3.5 meters). A way-finding installation at the emergency exit, which consisted of a loudspeaker, was found to perform particularly well in terms of attracting people to the door. Two smoke control systems were simulated for a single exit metro station. The systems consisted of a pressurizing supply air system and mechanical exhaust ventilation system with and without platform screen doors. The results show that both the pressurizing supply air system and the mechanical exhaust air system provide effective smoke control for one exit metro station. The significance of the platform screen doors was shown to be important in relation to smoke control. Experiments and simulations have provided increased confidence in ability to simulate explosion scenarios to determine the pressure inside and outside a carriage and to be able to study variations of conditions such as carriage geometry and window designs. The explosion test performed show that an explosion with a relatively minor charge can significantly change the conditions for both evacuees and the rescue service. The results show that the conditions for evacuation and rescue operations can change dramatically as a result of a relatively minor explosion. Evaluation of methods and fire and rescue tactics in metros is given. Mapping of IR imaging as a tactical resource at tunnel fires was presented.
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  • Föregående 123[4]56Nästa
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