SwePub
Sök i SwePub databas

  Utökad sökning

Träfflista för sökning "WFRF:(Carpenter P. T.) "

Sökning: WFRF:(Carpenter P. T.)

Sortera/gruppera träfflistan
   
NumreringReferensOmslagsbildHitta
31.
  •  
32.
  • Fitzmaurice, C., et al. (författare)
  • The Global Burden of Cancer 2013
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: JAMA Oncology. - 2374-2437 .- 2374-2445. ; 1:4, s. 505-527
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • IMPORTANCE: Cancer is among the leading causes of death worldwide. Current estimates of cancer burden in individual countries and regions are necessary to inform local cancer control strategies. OBJECTIVE: To estimate mortality, incidence, years lived with disability (YLDs), years of life lost (YLLs), and disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) for 28 cancers in 188 countries by sex from 1990 to 2013. EVIDENCE REVIEW: The general methodology of the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) 2013 study was used. Cancer registries were the source for cancer incidence data as well as mortality incidence (MI) ratios. Sources for cause of death data include vital registration system data, verbal autopsy studies, and other sources. The MI ratios were used to transform incidence data to mortality estimates and cause of death estimates to incidence estimates. Cancer prevalence was estimated using MI ratios as surrogates for survival data; YLDs were calculated by multiplying prevalence estimates with disability weights, which were derived from population-based surveys; YLLs were computed by multiplying the number of estimated cancer deaths at each age with a reference life expectancy; and DALYs were calculated as the sum of YLDs and YLLs. FINDINGS: In 2013 there were 14.9 million incident cancer cases, 8.2 million deaths, and 196.3 million DALYs. Prostate cancer was the leading cause for cancer incidence (1.4 million) for men and breast cancer for women (1.8 million). Tracheal, bronchus, and lung (TBL) cancer was the leading cause for cancer death in men and women, with 1.6 million deaths. For men, TBL cancer was the leading cause of DALYs (24.9 million). For women, breast cancer was the leading cause of DALYs (13.1 million). Age-standardized incidence rates (ASIRs) per 100 000 and age-standardized death rates (ASDRs) per 100 000 for both sexes in 2013 were higher in developing vs developed countries for stomach cancer (ASIR, 17 vs 14; ASDR, 15 vs 11), liver cancer (ASIR, 15 vs 7; ASDR, 16 vs 7), esophageal cancer (ASIR, 9 vs 4; ASDR, 9 vs 4), cervical cancer (ASIR, 8 vs 5; ASDR, 4 vs 2), lip and oral cavity cancer (ASIR, 7 vs 6; ASDR, 2 vs 2), and nasopharyngeal cancer (ASIR, 1.5 vs 0.4; ASDR, 1.2 vs 0.3). Between 1990 and 2013, ASIRs for all cancers combined (except nonmelanoma skin cancer and Kaposi sarcoma) increased by more than 10% in 113 countries and decreased by more than 10% in 12 of 188 countries. CONCLUSIONS AND RELEVANCE: Cancer poses a major threat to public health worldwide, and incidence rates have increased in most countries since 1990. The trend is a particular threat to developing nations with health systems that are ill-equipped to deal with complex and expensive cancer treatments. The annual update on the Global Burden of Cancer will provide all stakeholders with timely estimates to guide policy efforts in cancer prevention, screening, treatment, and palliation. Copyright 2015 American Medical Association. All rights reserved.
  •  
33.
  • Purrington, Kristen S, et al. (författare)
  • Genetic variation in mitotic regulatory pathway genes is associated with breast tumor grade.
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Human Molecular Genetics. - : Oxford University Press. - 0964-6906 .- 1460-2083. ; 23:22, s. 6034-6046
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Mitotic index is an important component of histologic grade and has an etiologic role in breast tumorigenesis. Several small candidate gene studies have reported associations between variation in mitotic genes and breast cancer risk. We measured associations between 2,156 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) from 194 mitotic genes and breast cancer risk, overall and by histologic grade, in the Breast Cancer Association Consortium (BCAC) iCOGS study (n=39,067 cases; n=42,106 controls). SNPs in TACC2 (rs17550038: odds ratio (OR)=1.24, 95% CI 1.16-1.33, p=4.2x10(-10)) and EIF3H (rs799890: OR=1.07, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.04-1.11, p=8.7x10(-6)) were significantly associated with risk of low grade breast cancer. The TACC2 signal was retained (rs17550038: OR=1.15, 95% CI 1.07-1.23, p=7.9x10(-5)) after adjustment for breast cancer risk SNPs in the nearby FGFR2 gene, suggesting that TACC2 is a novel, independent genome-wide significant genetic risk locus for low grade breast cancer. While no SNPs were individually associated with high-grade disease, a pathway-level gene set analysis showed that variation across the 194 mitotic genes was associated with high grade breast cancer risk (p=2.1x10(-3)). These observations will provide insight into the contribution of mitotic defects to histological grade and the etiology of breast cancer.
  •  
34.
  • Zeng, Chenjie, et al. (författare)
  • Identification of independent association signals and putative functional variants for breast cancer risk through fine-scale mapping of the 12p11 locus
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Breast Cancer Research. - 1465-5411 .- 1465-542X. ; 18
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: Multiple recent genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have identified a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP), rs10771399, at 12p11 that is associated with breast cancer risk. Method: We performed a fine-scale mapping study of a 700 kb region including 441 genotyped and more than 1300 imputed genetic variants in 48,155 cases and 43,612 controls of European descent, 6269 cases and 6624 controls of East Asian descent and 1116 cases and 932 controls of African descent in the Breast Cancer Association Consortium (BCAC; http://bcac.ccge.medschl.cam.ac.uk/), and in 15,252 BRCA1 mutation carriers in the Consortium of Investigators of Modifiers of BRCA1/2 (CIMBA). Stepwise regression analyses were performed to identify independent association signals. Data from the Encyclopedia of DNA Elements project (ENCODE) and the Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) were used for functional annotation. Results: Analysis of data from European descendants found evidence for four independent association signals at 12p11, represented by rs7297051 (odds ratio (OR) = 1.09, 95 % confidence interval (CI) = 1.06-1.12; P = 3 x 10(-9)), rs805510 (OR = 1.08, 95 % CI = 1.04-1.12, P = 2 x 10(-5)), and rs1871152 (OR = 1.04, 95 % CI = 1.02-1.06; P = 2 x 10(-4)) identified in the general populations, and rs113824616 (P = 7 x 10(-5)) identified in the meta-analysis of BCAC ER-negative cases and BRCA1 mutation carriers. SNPs rs7297051, rs805510 and rs113824616 were also associated with breast cancer risk at P < 0.05 in East Asians, but none of the associations were statistically significant in African descendants. Multiple candidate functional variants are located in putative enhancer sequences. Chromatin interaction data suggested that PTHLH was the likely target gene of these enhancers. Of the six variants with the strongest evidence of potential functionality, rs11049453 was statistically significantly associated with the expression of PTHLH and its nearby gene CCDC91 at P < 0.05. Conclusion: This study identified four independent association signals at 12p11 and revealed potentially functional variants, providing additional insights into the underlying biological mechanism(s) for the association observed between variants at 12p11 and breast cancer risk.
  •  
35.
  •  
36.
  • Bree, N, et al. (författare)
  • Shape Coexistence in the Neutron-Deficient Even-Even Hg182-188 Isotopes Studied via Coulomb Excitation.
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Physical Review Letters. - : American Physical Society. - 1079-7114. ; 112:16
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Coulomb-excitation experiments to study electromagnetic properties of radioactive even-even Hg isotopes were performed with 2.85 MeV/nucleon mercury beams from REX-ISOLDE. Magnitudes and relative signs of the reduced E2 matrix elements that couple the ground state and low-lying excited states in Hg182-188 were extracted. Information on the deformation of the ground and the first excited 0+ states was deduced using the quadrupole sum rules approach. Results show that the ground state is slightly deformed and of oblate nature, while a larger deformation for the excited 0+ state was noted in Hg182,184. The results are compared to beyond mean field and interacting-boson based models and interpreted within a two-state mixing model. Partial agreement with the model calculations was obtained. The presence of two different structures in the light even-mass mercury isotopes that coexist at low excitation energy is firmly established.
  •  
37.
  •  
38.
  • Wrzosek-Lipska, K., et al. (författare)
  • Electromagnetic properties of low-lying states in neutron-deficient Hg isotopes : Coulomb excitation of 182Hg, 184Hg, 186Hg and 188Hg
  • Ingår i: European Physical Journal A. - : Springer. - 1434-6001. ; 55:8
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The neutron-deficient mercury isotopes serve as a classical example of shape coexistence, whereby at low energy near-degenerate nuclear states characterized by different shapes appear. The electromagnetic structure of even-mass 182-188 Hg isotopes was studied using safe-energy Coulomb excitation of neutron-deficient mercury beams delivered by the REX-ISOLDE facility at CERN. The population of 01,2+, 21,2+ and 41+ states was observed in all nuclei under study. Reduced E2 matrix elements coupling populated yrast and non-yrast states were extracted, including their relative signs. These are a sensitive probe of shape coexistence and may be used to validate nuclear models. The experimental results are discussed in terms of mixing of two different configurations and are compared with three different model calculations: the Beyond Mean Field model, the Interacting Boson Model with configuration mixing and the General Bohr Hamiltonian. Partial agreement with experiment was observed, hinting to missing ingredients in the theoretical descriptions.
  •  
39.
  • Henning, G., et al. (författare)
  • Exploring the stability of super heavy elements: First measurement of the fission barrier of 254No
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: EPJ Web of Conferences. - 2100-014X. ; 66
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The gamma-ray multiplicity and total energy emitted by the heavy nucleus 254No have been measured at 2 different beam energies. From these measurements, the initial distributions of spin I and excitation energy E * of 254No were constructed. The distributions display a saturation in excitation energy, which allows a direct determination of the fission barrier. 254No is the heaviest shell-stabilized nucleus with a measured fission barrier. © Owned by the authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2014.
  •  
40.
  •  
Skapa referenser, mejla, bekava och länka
Typ av publikation
tidskriftsartikel (125)
konferensbidrag (6)
rapport (3)
Typ av innehåll
refereegranskat (129)
övrigt vetenskapligt (5)
Författare/redaktör
Lauritsen, T (56)
Carpenter, M P (48)
Janssens, R. V. F. (47)
Fallon, P (33)
Kondev, F G (30)
Zhu, S. (29)
visa fler...
Ragnarsson, Ingemar (25)
Seweryniak, D. (25)
Brenner, H (24)
Naghavi, M (21)
Blomqvist, C (20)
Weiderpass, E (20)
Vos, T (20)
Yonemoto, N (20)
Kim, D. (19)
Malekzadeh, R (19)
Pourmalek, F (19)
Murray, Christopher ... (19)
Larsson, A. (19)
Khoo, T L (19)
Catala-Lopez, F (18)
Dandona, L (18)
Dandona, R (18)
Lozano, R (18)
Monasta, L (18)
Moradi-Lakeh, M (18)
Ronfani, L (18)
Venketasubramanian, ... (18)
Werdecker, A (18)
Yip, P (18)
Ali, R. (18)
Montico, M (18)
Gupta, R. (17)
De Leo, D (17)
Deribe, K (17)
Eshrati, B (17)
Esteghamati, A (17)
Farzadfar, F (17)
Hafezi-Nejad, N (17)
Kinfu, Y (17)
Leigh, J (17)
Logroscino, G (17)
Lunevicius, R (17)
Meretoja, A (17)
Westerman, R (17)
Yano, Y (17)
Sawhney, M (17)
Alsharif, U (17)
Rahimi-Movaghar, V (17)
Majdan, M (17)
visa färre...
Lärosäte
Lunds universitet (72)
Karolinska Institutet (31)
Uppsala universitet (21)
Kungliga Tekniska Högskolan (12)
Chalmers tekniska högskola (6)
Göteborgs universitet (5)
visa fler...
Umeå universitet (5)
Stockholms universitet (4)
Mittuniversitetet (4)
Linnéuniversitetet (3)
Högskolan Dalarna (3)
Linköpings universitet (2)
Örebro universitet (1)
Malmö universitet (1)
Högskolan i Gävle (1)
visa färre...
Språk
Engelska (133)
Svenska (1)
Forskningsämne (UKÄ/SCB)
Naturvetenskap (74)
Medicin och hälsovetenskap (34)
Teknik (4)
Samhällsvetenskap (2)

År

 
pil uppåt Stäng

Kopiera och spara länken för att återkomma till aktuell vy