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61.
  • Nag, Somnath, et al. (författare)
  • Collective and noncollective excitations in Te-122
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Physical Review C (Nuclear Physics). - : American Physical Society. - 0556-2813. ; 88:4
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • High-spin states in Te-122 were populated in the reaction Se-82(Ca-48, alpha 4n) Te-122 at a beam energy of 200 MeV and gamma-ray coincidences weremeasured with the Gammasphere spectrometer. The previously known level scheme was extended to considerably higher spin. Maximally aligned states and several high-energy transitions feeding into some of these levels were observed. In addition, seven collective high-spin bands were discovered for the first time in this nucleus. The experimental results are compared with cranked Nilsson-Strutinsky model calculations and possible configuration assignments to the new high-spin structures are discussed.
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62.
  • Paul, E. S., et al. (författare)
  • Recent Results at Ultrahigh Spin: Terminating States and Beyond in Mass 160 Rare-earth Nuclei
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: Acta Physica Polonica. Series B: Elementary Particle Physics, Nuclear Physics, Statistical Physics, Theory of Relativity, Field Theory. - : Jagellonian University, Cracow, Poland. - 0587-4254. ; 46:3, s. 487-496
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • A classic region of band termination at high spin occurs in rare-earth nuclei with around ten valence nucleons above the Gd-146 closed core. Results are presented here for such non-collective oblate (gamma = 60 degrees) terminating states in odd-Z Ho-155, odd-odd Ho-156, and even-even Er-156, where they are compared with neighbouring nuclei. In addition to these particularly favoured states, the occurrence of collective triaxial strongly deformed (TSD) bands, bypassing the terminating states and extending to over 65 (h) over bar, is reviewed.
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63.
  • Rees, J. M., et al. (författare)
  • High-spin terminating states in the N=88 Ho-155 and Er-156 isotones
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: Physical Review C (Nuclear Physics). - : American Physical Society. - 0556-2813. ; 91:5
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The Sn-124(Cl-37, 6n gamma) fusion-evaporation reaction at a bombarding energy of 180 MeV has been used to significantly extend the excitation level scheme of Ho-155(67)88. The collective rotational behavior of this nucleus breaks down above spin I similar to 30 and a fully aligned noncollective (band terminating) state has been identified at I-pi = 79/2(-). Comparison with cranked Nilsson-Strutinsky calculations also provides evidence for core-excited noncollective states at I-pi = 87/2(-) and (89/2(+)) involving particle-hole excitations across the Z = 64 shell gap. A similar core-excited state in Er-156(68)88 at I-pi = (46(+)) is also presented.
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64.
  • Riley, M. A., et al. (författare)
  • Strongly Deformed Nuclear Shapes at Ultra-High Spin and Shape Coexistence in N\sim 90 Nuclei
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Acta Physica Polonica B. - : Jagellonian University, Cracow, Poland. - 0587-4254. ; 40:3, s. 513-522
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The N similar to 90 region of the nuclear chart has featured prominently as the spectroscopy of nuclei at extreme spin has progressed. This talk will present recent discoveries from investigations of high spin behavior in the N similar to 90 Er, Tm and Yb nuclei utilizing the Gammasphere gamma-ray spectrometer. In particular it will include discussion of the beautiful shape evolution and coexistence observed in these nuclei along with the identification of a remarkable new family of band structures. The latter are very weakly populated rotational sequences with high moment of inertia that bypass the classic terminating configurations near spin 40-50 (h) over bar, marking a return to collectivity that extends discrete gamma-ray spectroscopy to well over 60 (h) over bar. Establishing the nature of the yrast states in these nuclei beyond the oblate band-termination states has been a major goal for the past two decades. Cranking calculations suggest that these new structures most likely represent stable triaxial strongly deformed bands that lie in a valley of favored shell energy in deformation and particle-number space.
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65.
  • Singh, Purnima, et al. (författare)
  • Highly deformed high-spin band in I-125
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: Physical Review C (Nuclear Physics). - : American Physical Society. - 0556-2813. ; 84:2
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • High-spin states in I-125 have been investigated using the reaction Se-82(Ca-48, p4n) at a beam energy of 200 MeV and gamma-ray coincidence events were detected using the Gammasphere spectrometer. A deformed rotational band, extending up to I-pi = 95/2(-), was observed for the first time in a heavier odd-A iodine nucleus. The characteristics of the band are very similar to those of the highly deformed bands observed recently in neighboring nuclei and it is essentially identical to one of the previously known bands in Xe-126. The experimental results are compared to cranked Nilsson-Strutinsky calculations and possible configurations for the band are discussed.
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66.
  • Singh, Purnima, et al. (författare)
  • Noncollective aligned and antialigned states in I-125
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Physical Review C (Nuclear Physics). - : American Physical Society. - 0556-2813. ; 82:3
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • High-spin states in I-125 were populated using the reaction Se-82(Ca-48, p4n) at a beam energy of 200 MeV and gamma-ray coincidence events were acquired with the Gammasphere spectrometer. The level scheme of I-125 was extended considerably. In particular, maximally aligned states involving all eleven particles outside the Sn-114 core were observed. Comparison with cranked Nilsson-Strutinsky calculations suggests that three of these states are the final I-max states in terminating bands with all spin vectors aligned along a common axis. In two of these, one spin vector is antialigned and points in the opposite direction. In one of the states two spin vectors are antialigned. This is the first observation of a state with such a structure.
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67.
  • Soranno, Patricia A., et al. (författare)
  • LAGOS-NE : A multi-scaled geospatial and temporal database of lake ecological context and water quality for thousands of U.S. lakes
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: GigaScience. - 2047-217X .- 2047-217X. ; 6:12, s. 1-22
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Understanding the factors that affect water quality and the ecological services provided by freshwater ecosystems is an urgent global environmental issue. Predicting how water quality will respond to global changes not only requires water quality data, but also information about the ecological context of individual water bodies across broad spatial extents. Because lake water quality is usually sampled in limited geographic regions, often for limited time periods, assessing the environmental controls of water quality requires compilation of many data sets across broad regions and across time into an integrated database. LAGOS-NE accomplishes this goal for lakes in the northeastern-most 17 US states. LAGOS-NE contains data for 51101 lakes and reservoirs larger than 4 ha in 17 lake-rich US states. The database includes 3 datamodules for: lake location and physical characteristics for all lakes; ecological context (i.e., the land use, geologic, climatic, and hydrologic setting of lakes) for all lakes; and in situmeasurements of lake water quality for a subset of the lakes fromthe past 3 decades for approximately 2600–12 000 lakes depending on the variable. The database contains approximately 150000 measures of total phosphorus, 200 000 measures of chlorophyll, and 900 000 measures of Secchi depth. The water quality data were compiled from87 lake water quality data sets fromfederal, state, tribal, and non-profit agencies, university researchers, and citizen scientists. This database is one of the largest andmost comprehensive databases of its type because it includes both in situmeasurements and ecological context data. Because ecological context can be used to study a variety of other questions about lakes, streams, and wetlands, this database can also be used as the foundation for other studies of freshwaters at broad spatial and ecological scales
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68.
  • Stevens, Kristen N., et al. (författare)
  • Common Breast Cancer Susceptibility Loci Are Associated with Triple-Negative Breast Cancer
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: Cancer Research. - : American Association for Cancer Research Inc.. - 1538-7445. ; 71:19, s. 6240-6249
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Triple-negative breast cancers are an aggressive subtype of breast cancer with poor survival, but there remains little known about the etiologic factors that promote its initiation and development. Commonly inherited breast cancer risk factors identified through genome-wide association studies display heterogeneity of effect among breast cancer subtypes as defined by the status of estrogen and progesterone receptors. In the Triple Negative Breast Cancer Consortium (TNBCC), 22 common breast cancer susceptibility variants were investigated in 2,980 Caucasian women with triple-negative breast cancer and 4,978 healthy controls. We identified six single-nucleotide polymorphisms, including rs2046210 (ESR1), rs12662670 (ESR1), rs3803662 (TOX3), rs999737 (RAD51L1), rs8170 (19p13.1), and rs8100241 (19p13.1), significantly associated with the risk of triple-negative breast cancer. Together, our results provide convincing evidence of genetic susceptibility for triple-negative breast cancer. Cancer Res; 71(19); 6240-9. (C)2011 AACR.
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69.
  • Albers, M., et al. (författare)
  • Single-particle and collective excitations in Ni 62
  • Ingår i: Physical Review C - Nuclear Physics. - : American Physical Society. - 0556-2813. ; 94:3
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: Level sequences of rotational character have been observed in several nuclei in the A=60 mass region. The importance of the deformation-driving πf7/2 and νg9/2 orbitals on the onset of nuclear deformation is stressed. Purpose: A measurement was performed in order to identify collective rotational structures in the relatively neutron-rich Ni62 isotope. Method: The Mg26(Ca48,2α4nγ)Ni62 complex reaction at beam energies between 275 and 320 MeV was utilized. Reaction products were identified in mass (A) and charge (Z) with the fragment mass analyzer (FMA) and γ rays were detected with the Gammasphere array. Results: Two collective bands, built upon states of single-particle character, were identified and sizable deformation was assigned to both sequences based on the measured transitional quadrupole moments, herewith quantifying the deformation at high spin. Conclusions: Based on cranked Nilsson-Strutinsky calculations and comparisons with deformed bands in the A=60 mass region, the two rotational bands are understood as being associated with configurations involving multiple f7/2 protons and g9/2 neutrons, driving the nucleus to sizable prolate deformation.
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70.
  • Albers, M., et al. (författare)
  • Single-particle and collective excitations in Ni-63
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Physical Review C (Nuclear Physics). - : American Physical Society. - 0556-2813. ; 88:5
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • A study of excited states in Ni-63 up to an excitation energy of 28 MeV and a probable spin of 57/2 was carried out with the Mg-26(Ca-48,2 alpha 3n gamma)Ni-63 reaction at beam energies between 275 and 320 MeV. Three collective bands, built upon states of single-particle character, were identified. For two of the three bands, the transition quadrupole moments were extracted, herewith quantifying the deformation at high spin. The results have been compared with shell-model and cranked Nilsson-Strutinsky calculations. Despite the Z = 28 shell closure and the approach to the purported N = 40 subshell, the Ni-63 isotope is able to sustain collective excitations at moderate and high spin.
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