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Sökning: WFRF:(Cooper Dehoff Rhonda M.)

  • Resultat 11-12 av 12
  • Föregående 1[2]
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11.
  • Turner, Stephen T., et al. (författare)
  • Genomic Association Analysis of Common Variants Influencing Antihypertensive Response to Hydrochlorothiazide
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Hypertension. - : Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. - 1524-4563. ; 62:2, s. 391-397
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • To identify novel genes influencing blood pressure response to thiazide diuretic therapy for hypertension, we conducted genome-wide association meta-analyses of approximate to 1.1 million single-nucleotide polymorphisms in a combined sample of 424 European Americans with primary hypertension treated with hydrochlorothiazide from the Pharmacogenomic Evaluation of Antihypertensive Responses study (n=228) and the Genetic Epidemiology of Responses to Antihypertensive study (n=196). Polymorphisms associated with blood pressure response at P<10(-5) were tested for replication of the associations in independent samples of hydrochlorothiazide-treated European hypertensives. The rs16960228 polymorphism in protein kinase C, replicated for same-direction association with diastolic blood pressure response in the Nordic Diltiazem study (n=420) and the Genetics of Drug Responsiveness in Essential Hypertension study (n=206), and the combined 4-study meta-analysis P value achieved genome-wide significance (P=3.3x10(-8)). Systolic or diastolic blood pressure responses were consistently greater in carriers of the rs16960228 A allele than in GG homozygotes (>4/4 mm Hg) across study samples. The rs2273359 polymorphism in the GNAS-EDN3 region also replicated for same-direction association with systolic blood pressure response in the Nordic Diltiazem study, and the combined 3-study meta-analysis P value approached genome-wide significance (P=5.5x10(-8)). The findings document clinically important effects of genetic variation at novel loci on blood pressure response to a thiazide diuretic, which may be a basis for individualization of antihypertensive drug therapy and identification of new drug targets.
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12.
  • McDonough, Caitrin W., et al. (författare)
  • Pharmacogenomic Association of Nonsynonymous SNPs in SIGLEC12, A1BG, and the Selectin Region and Cardiovascular Outcomes
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Hypertension. - : Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. - 1524-4563. ; 62:1, s. 48-54
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We sought to identify novel pharmacogenetic markers associated with cardiovascular outcomes in patients with hypertension on antihypertensive therapy. We genotyped a 1:4 case:control cohort (n=1345) on the Illumina HumanCVD Beadchip from the INternational VErapamil SR-Trandolapril STudy (INVEST), where participants were randomized to a -blocker strategy or a calcium channel blocker strategy. Genome-spanning single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP)xtreatment interaction analyses of nonsynonymous SNPs were conducted in white and Hispanic race/ethnic groups. Top hits from whites were tested in Hispanics for consistency. A genetic risk score was constructed from the top 3 signals and tested in the Nordic Diltiazem study. SIGLEC12 rs16982743 and A1BG rs893184 had a significant interaction with treatment strategy for adverse cardiovascular outcomes (INVEST whites and Hispanics combined interaction P=0.0038 and 0.0036, respectively). A genetic risk score, including rs16982743, rs893184, and rs4525 in F5, was significantly associated with treatment-related adverse cardiovascular outcomes in whites and Hispanics from the INVEST study and in the Nordic Diltiazem study (meta-analysis interaction P=2.39x10(-5)). In patients with a genetic risk score of 0 or 1, calcium channel blocker treatment was associated with lower risk (odds ratio [95% confidence interval]=0.60 [0.42-0.86]), and in those with a genetic risk score of 2 to 3, calcium channel blocker treatment was associated with higher risk (odds ratio [95% confidence interval]=1.31 [1.08-1.59]). These results suggest that cardiovascular outcomes may differ based on SIGLEC12, A1BG, F5 genotypes, and antihypertensive treatment strategy. These specific genetic associations and our risk score provide insight into a potential approach to personalized antihypertensive treatment selection.
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  • Resultat 11-12 av 12
  • Föregående 1[2]
 
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