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Sökning: WFRF:(D'Alfonso S)

  • Resultat 11-20 av 36
  • Föregående 1[2]34Nästa
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  • Castillejo-Lopez, Casimiro, et al. (författare)
  • Genetic and physical interaction of the B-cell systemic lupus erythematosus-associated genes BANK1 and BLK
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases. - 0003-4967 .- 1468-2060. ; 71:1, s. 136-142
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • ObjectivesAltered signalling in B cells is a predominant feature of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). The genes BANK1 and BLK were recently described as associated with SLE. BANK1 codes for a B-cell-specific cytoplasmic protein involved in B-cell receptor signalling and BLK codes for an Src tyrosine kinase with important roles in B-cell development. To characterise the role of BANK1 and BLK in SLE, a genetic interaction analysis was performed hypothesising that genetic interactions could reveal functional pathways relevant to disease pathogenesis.MethodsThe GPAT16 method was used to analyse the gene-gene interactions of BANK1 and BLK. Confocal microscopy was used to investigate co-localisation, and immunoprecipitation was used to verify the physical interaction of BANK1 and BLK.ResultsEpistatic interactions between BANK1 and BLK polymorphisms associated with SLE were observed in a discovery set of 279 patients and 515 controls from northern Europe. A meta-analysis with 4399 European individuals confirmed the genetic interactions between BANK1 and BLK. As BANK1 was identified as a binding partner of the Src tyrosine kinase LYN, the possibility that BANK1 and BLK could also show a protein-protein interaction was tested. The co-immunoprecipitation and co-localisation of BLK and BANK1 were demonstrated. In a Daudi cell line and primary naive B cells endogenous binding was enhanced upon B-cell receptor stimulation using anti-IgM antibodies.ConclusionsThis study shows a genetic interaction between BANK1 and BLK, and demonstrates that these molecules interact physically. The results have important consequences for the understanding of SLE and other autoimmune diseases and identify a potential new signalling pathway.
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  • Louka, A S, et al. (författare)
  • The IL12B gene does not confer susceptibility to coeliac disease.
  • 2002
  • Ingår i: Tissue antigens. - 0001-2815. ; 59:1, s. 70-2
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Coeliac disease (CD) is a chronic inflammatory disorder where dietary gluten is not tolerated. In the lesion there are gluten reactive T cells predominantly secreting gamma-interferon. Both HLA and non-HLA genes contribute to CD susceptibility. Interleukin-12 (IL-12) regulates gamma-interferon production. The IL12B gene is located in a region (5q31.1-33.1) where there is evidence for linkage with CD. Allele 1 of an IL12B 3'UTR single-nucleotide polymorphism leads to increased expression of IL-12, and was recently implicated in susceptibility for type 1 diabetes (T1D). We found no evidence for association of allele 1 to CD by the transmission/disequilibrium test or case-control approach. No increased frequency was observed in patients belonging to families where the disease was linked to markers on chromosome 5q. Unlike T1D, allele 1 does not appear to confer susceptibility to CD.
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  • Anedda, Francesca, et al. (författare)
  • Multiple polymorphisms affect expression and function of the neuropeptide S receptor (NPSR1)
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: PLOS ONE. - 1932-6203. ; 6:12, s. e29523-
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: neuropeptide S (NPS) and its receptor NPSR1 act along the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis to modulate anxiety, fear responses, nociception and inflammation. The importance of the NPS-NPSR1 signaling pathway is highlighted by the observation that, in humans, NPSR1 polymorphism associates with asthma, inflammatory bowel disease, rheumatoid arthritis, panic disorders, and intermediate phenotypes of functional gastrointestinal disorders. Because of the genetic complexity at the NPSR1 locus, however, true causative variations remain to be identified, together with their specific effects on receptor expression or function. To gain insight into the mechanisms leading to NPSR1 disease-predisposing effects, we performed a thorough functional characterization of all NPSR1 promoter and coding SNPs commonly occurring in Caucasians (minor allele frequency >0.02). Principal Findings: we identified one promoter SNP (rs2530547 [-103]) that significantly affects luciferase expression in gene reporter assays and NPSR1 mRNA levels in human leukocytes. We also detected quantitative differences in NPS-induced genome-wide transcriptional profiles and CRE-dependent luciferase activities associated with three NPSR1 non-synonymous SNPs (rs324981 [Ile107Asn], rs34705969 [Cys197Phe], rs727162 [Arg241Ser]), with a coding variant exhibiting a loss-of-function phenotype (197Phe). Potential mechanistic explanations were sought with molecular modelling and bioinformatics, and a pilot study of 2230 IBD cases and controls provided initial support to the hypothesis that different cis-combinations of these functional SNPs variably affect disease risk. Significance: these findings represent a first step to decipher NPSR1 locus complexity and its impact on several human conditions NPS antagonists have been recently described, and our results are of potential pharmacogenetic relevance.
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  • Resultat 11-20 av 36
  • Föregående 1[2]34Nästa

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