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Sökning: WFRF:(Dina C)

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41.
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42.
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43.
  • Canelas, A.B., et al. (författare)
  • Integrated multilaboratory systems biology reveals differences in protein metabolism between two reference yeast strains
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Nature Communications. - 2041-1723. ; 1:9
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The field of systems biology is often held back by difficulties in obtaining comprehensive, high-quality, quantitative data sets. In this paper, we undertook an interlaboratory effort to generate such a data set for a very large number of cellular components in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, a widely used model organism that is also used in the production of fuels, chemicals, food ingredients and pharmaceuticals. With the current focus on biofuels and sustainability, there is much interest in harnessing this species as a general cell factory. In this study, we characterized two yeast strains, under two standard growth conditions. We ensured the high quality of the experimental data by evaluating a wide range of sampling and analytical techniques. Here we show significant differences in the maximum specific growth rate and biomass yield between the two strains. On the basis of the integrated analysis of the high-throughput data, we hypothesize that differences in phenotype are due to differences in protein metabolism.
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44.
  • Chen, H. Y., et al. (författare)
  • Genome-wide association meta-analysis in 652,134 participants identifies 9 novel susceptibility loci for aortic stenosis
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: European Heart Journal. - : Oxford University Press. - 0195-668X .- 1522-9645. ; 41:Suppl 2, s. 1862-1862
  • Tidskriftsartikel (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Background: Aortic stenosis (AS) is the most common form of incident valvular heart disease. While valve replacement is effective, the absence of an approved medical therapy provides no alternatives to patients with contraindications or mild disease. An improved understanding of the genetics of AS could identify targets for pharmacological intervention.Methods: An inverse variance-weighted, fixed effects meta-analysis of the association of 11,591,806 variants with AS was undertaken using data from 10 European cohorts totalling 652,134 participants (13,758 cases of AS). We queried publicly available datasets to characterize the functional consequences of genome-wide significant variants, conducted a phenome-wide association study to assess their association with other outcomes, and constructed polygenic risk scores to examine their association with AS. We also performed gene- and gene-set enrichment analyses, estimated genetic correlation with cardiovascular traits, and assessed whether five lipid or immunological biomarkers were causally associated with AS using Mendelian randomization.Results: Eighteen independent variants at 16 loci attained genome-wide significance in the meta-analysis, including variants at all seven previously reported loci. Many of the significant variants were intronic or intergenic, and the phenome-wide association study revealed extensive pleiotropy with apolipoprotein B, C-reactive protein, and other cardiovascular and immunological traits. A weighted polygenic risk score composed of the 18 variants was strongly associated with AS (adjusted OR per SD, 1.38; 95% CI, 1.33 to 1.44; p=4.6×10–57), and improved the discriminatory ability for AS when added to a model that contained clinical risk factors (difference in the area under the curve p=2.0×10–11). Gene-based approaches indicated higher IL6R expression in the blood among AS cases compared to controls (p=3.1×10–6), and the association of LDLR with AS (p=2.3×10–10). Gene set analyses revealed that genes bound by the transcription factor TCF7 or micro-RNAs miR-21, miR-219, miR-491, and miR-19 were differentially expressed in the liver depending on AS status (p≤5.7×10–4), suggesting disease development may be mediated by tissue-specific transcriptional and post-transcriptional regulation. Mendelian randomization supported a causal association of five lipid and immunological biomarkers with AS, including low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (OR per mmol/L, 1.61; 95% CI, 1.48 to 1.75; p=1.3×10–30).Conclusions: Evidence from large-scale genetic analyses indicate that lipid metabolism, inflammation, and calcification are key contributors to AS.
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45.
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46.
  • Levis, Brooke, et al. (författare)
  • Comparison of major depression diagnostic classification probability using the SCID, CIDI, and MINI diagnostic interviews among women in pregnancy or postpartum : An individual participant data meta-analysis
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research. - : WILEY. - 1049-8931 .- 1557-0657. ; 28:4
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objectives: A previous individual participant data meta-analysis (IPDMA) identified differences in major depression classification rates between different diagnostic interviews, controlling for depressive symptoms on the basis of the Patient Health Questionnaire-9. We aimed to determine whether similar results would be seen in a different population, using studies that administered the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) in pregnancy or postpartum.Methods: Data accrued for an EPDS diagnostic accuracy IPDMA were analysed. Binomial generalised linear mixed models were fit to compare depression classification odds for the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI), Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI), and Structured Clinical Interview for DSM (SCID), controlling for EPDS scores and participant characteristics.Results Among fully structured interviews, the MINI (15 studies, 2,532 participants, 342 major depression cases) classified depression more often than the CIDI (3 studies, 2,948 participants, 194 major depression cases; adjusted odds ratio [aOR] = 3.72, 95% confidence interval [CI] [1.21, 11.43]). Compared with the semistructured SCID (28 studies, 7,403 participants, 1,027 major depression cases), odds with the CIDI (interaction aOR = 0.88, 95% CI [0.85, 0.92]) and MINI (interaction aOR = 0.95, 95% CI [0.92, 0.99]) increased less as EPDS scores increased.Conclusion Different interviews may not classify major depression equivalently.
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47.
  • Loos, Ruth J. F., et al. (författare)
  • Common variants near MC4R are associated with fat mass, weight and risk of obesity
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Nature Genetics. - : Nature Publishing Group. - 1546-1718. ; 40:6, s. 768-775
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • To identify common variants influencing body mass index (BMI), we analyzed genome-wide association data from 16,876 individuals of European descent. After previously reported variants in FTO, the strongest association signal (rs17782313, P = 2.9 x 10(-6)) mapped 188 kb downstream of MC4R (melanocortin-4 receptor), mutations of which are the leading cause of monogenic severe childhood-onset obesity. We confirmed the BMI association in 60,352 adults (per-allele effect = 0.05 Z-score units; P = 2.8 x 10(-15)) and 5,988 children aged 7-11 (0.13 Z-score units; P = 1.5 x 10(-8)). In case-control analyses (n = 10,583), the odds for severe childhood obesity reached 1.30 (P = 8.0 x 10(-11)). Furthermore, we observed overtransmission of the risk allele to obese offspring in 660 families (P (pedigree disequilibrium test average; PDT-avg) 2.4 x 10(-4)). The SNP location and patterns of phenotypic associations are consistent with effects mediated through altered MC4R function. Our findings establish that common variants near MC4R influence fat mass, weight and obesity risk at the population level and reinforce the need for large-scale data integration to identify variants influencing continuous biomedical traits.
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48.
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49.
  • van der Harst, Pim, et al. (författare)
  • Seventy-five genetic loci influencing the human red blood cell
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Nature. - : Nature Publishing Group. - 0028-0836. ; 492:7429, s. 369-375
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Anaemia is a chief determinant of global ill health, contributing to cognitive impairment, growth retardation and impaired physical capacity. To understand further the genetic factors influencing red blood cells, we carried out a genome-wide association study of haemoglobin concentration and related parameters in up to 135,367 individuals. Here we identify 75 independent genetic loci associated with one or more red blood cell phenotypes at P < 10(-8), which together explain 4-9% of the phenotypic variance per trait. Using expression quantitative trait loci and bioinformatic strategies, we identify 121 candidate genes enriched in functions relevant to red blood cell biology. The candidate genes are expressed preferentially in red blood cell precursors, and 43 have haematopoietic phenotypes in Mus musculus or Drosophila melanogaster. Through open-chromatin and coding-variant analyses we identify potential causal genetic variants at 41 loci. Our findings provide extensive new insights into genetic mechanisms and biological pathways controlling red blood cell formation and function.
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50.
  • Vos, Stephanie J. B., et al. (författare)
  • Prevalence and prognosis of Alzheimer's disease at the mild cognitive impairment stage
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: Brain. - : Oxford University Press. - 0006-8950 .- 1460-2156. ; 138:5, s. 1327-1338
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Three sets of research criteria are available for diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease in subjects with mild cognitive impairment: the International Working Group-1, International Working Group-2, and National Institute of Aging-Alzheimer Association criteria. We compared the prevalence and prognosis of Alzheimer's disease at the mild cognitive impairment stage according to these criteria. Subjects with mild cognitive impairment (n = 1607), 766 of whom had both amyloid and neuronal injury markers, were recruited from 13 cohorts. We used cognitive test performance and available biomarkers to classify subjects as prodromal Alzheimer's disease according to International Working Group-1 and International Working Group-2 criteria and in the high Alzheimer's disease likelihood group, conflicting biomarker groups (isolated amyloid pathology or suspected non-Alzheimer pathophysiology), and low Alzheimer's disease likelihood group according to the National Institute of Ageing-Alzheimer Association criteria. Outcome measures were the proportion of subjects with Alzheimer's disease at the mild cognitive impairment stage and progression to Alzheimer's disease-type dementia. We performed survival analyses using Cox proportional hazards models. According to the International Working Group-1 criteria, 850 (53%) subjects had prodromal Alzheimer's disease. Their 3-year progression rate to Alzheimer's disease-type dementia was 50% compared to 21% for subjects without prodromal Alzheimer's disease. According to the International Working Group-2 criteria, 308 (40%) subjects had prodromal Alzheimer's disease. Their 3-year progression rate to Alzheimer's disease-type dementia was 61% compared to 22% for subjects without prodromal Alzheimer's disease. According to the National Institute of Ageing-Alzheimer Association criteria, 353 (46%) subjects were in the high Alzheimer's disease likelihood group, 49 (6%) in the isolated amyloid pathology group, 220 (29%) in the suspected non-Alzheimer pathophysiology group, and 144 (19%) in the low Alzheimer's disease likelihood group. The 3-year progression rate to Alzheimer's disease-type dementia was 59% in the high Alzheimer's disease likelihood group, 22% in the isolated amyloid pathology group, 24% in the suspected non-Alzheimer pathophysiology group, and 5% in the low Alzheimer's disease likelihood group. Our findings support the use of the proposed research criteria to identify Alzheimer's disease at the mild cognitive impairment stage. In clinical settings, the use of both amyloid and neuronal injury markers as proposed by the National Institute of Ageing-Alzheimer Association criteria offers the most accurate prognosis. For clinical trials, selection of subjects in the National Institute of Ageing-Alzheimer Association high Alzheimer's disease likelihood group or the International Working Group-2 prodromal Alzheimer's disease group could be considered.
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