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Sökning: WFRF:(Durevall Dick 1954 )

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51.
  • Durevall, Dick, 1954- (författare)
  • Is Fair Trade Really Fair: Evidence from the Swedish Coffee Marke
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Swedish Economics National Conference, Umeå, October, 2014.
  • Konferensbidrag (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Consumers pay a premium for Fairtrade coffee, often assuming that it mainly benefits poor producers. This paper analyses how the Fair Trade premium is allocated between roasters and retailers and bean exporting countries. Scanner data for everyday sales from 3,088 stores across Sweden are used to estimate Fair Trade and conventional consumer coffee price differences for ground and instant coffee, while controlling for product characteristics. Information about production costs are then used to calculate the shares of the Fair Trade premium. The allocations depend on how much more costly it is to produce Fair Trade than conventional coffee, given the costs of beans and licences, for which there is limited information. Assuming it costs 5 SEK per kg more to produce Fair Trade ground coffee, which is on the high side, roasters and retailers get 60% of the premium, while they get about 70% when it is assumed that there is no difference in costs. The share going to roaster and retailers for instant coffee is about 70%. Countries that export Fair Trade beans and Fairtrade International, the organization that certifies the beans, thus get 30% to 40% of the premium.
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53.
  • Durevall, Dick, 1954-, et al. (författare)
  • Money Demand and Transmission Effects in Sweden
  • 1995
  • Ingår i: Juselius, K. (ed.), Econometric Modelling of Long-Run Relations and Common Trends: Theory and Applications. - University of Copenhagen.
  • Bokkapitel (övrigt vetenskapligt)
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60.
  • Durevall, Dick, 1954-, et al. (författare)
  • The Futile Quest for a Grand Explanation of Long-Run Government Expenditure
  • 2010
  • Rapport (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • This paper carries out a critical reappraisal of the two contending theories purporting to explain long-run government spending: Wagner’s Law and different variants of the ratchet effect. We analyze data spanning from the early 19th century until the present day in Sweden and the United Kingdom. Hence, in contrast to previous studies, we evaluate the validity of Wagner’s Law and the ratchet effect hypothesis over a very long time period, starting at the beginning of industrialization. Cointegration analysis is used to investigate the long-run relationships between government expenditure and GDP, focusing on sub-periods and parameter stability. Moreover, we test the ratchet effect hypothesis by estimating models which allow for asymmetric adjustment. According to our main results, Wagner’s Law does not hold in the long run, although the data are consistent with Wagner’s Law between roughly 1860 and the late 1960s in Sweden, and the 1970s in the UK. This can be traced to the formation of the modern public sector, including the introduction of public education, health care, and so forth. Yet Wagner’s Law did not hold during the initial industrialization phase (before 1860), or during recent periods. Finally, we find some evidence of asymmetric adjustment, particularly in the post WWII period in the UK: Public expenditure grows more during bad times than it decreases during good times. However, the ratchet effect is only a short to mediumterm phenomenon.
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