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Sökning: WFRF:(Durevall Dick 1954 )

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61.
  • Durevall, Dick, 1954-, et al. (författare)
  • The Futile Quest for a Grand Explanation of Long-Run Government Expenditure
  • 2010
  • Rapport (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • This paper carries out a critical reappraisal of the two contending theories purporting to explain long-run government spending: Wagner’s Law and different variants of the ratchet effect. We analyze data spanning from the early 19th century until the present day in Sweden and the United Kingdom. Hence, in contrast to previous studies, we evaluate the validity of Wagner’s Law and the ratchet effect hypothesis over a very long time period, starting at the beginning of industrialization. Cointegration analysis is used to investigate the long-run relationships between government expenditure and GDP, focusing on sub-periods and parameter stability. Moreover, we test the ratchet effect hypothesis by estimating models which allow for asymmetric adjustment. According to our main results, Wagner’s Law does not hold in the long run, although the data are consistent with Wagner’s Law between roughly 1860 and the late 1960s in Sweden, and the 1970s in the UK. This can be traced to the formation of the modern public sector, including the introduction of public education, health care, and so forth. Yet Wagner’s Law did not hold during the initial industrialization phase (before 1860), or during recent periods. Finally, we find some evidence of asymmetric adjustment, particularly in the post WWII period in the UK: Public expenditure grows more during bad times than it decreases during good times. However, the ratchet effect is only a short to mediumterm phenomenon.
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66.
  • Durevall, Dick, 1954-, et al. (författare)
  • Trade Liberalization and Wage Inequality: Empirical Evidence from Bangladesh
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Journal of Bangladesh Studies. - 1529-0905. ; 16:1-2, s. 13-24
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The prediction of standard economic theory that trade liberalization reduces income inequality in developing countries has been challenged by several studies during recent decades. This paper explores this issue by analyzing the relationship between trade liberalization and skilled-unskilled wage inequality in the Bangladesh cotton textile industry. First cointegration analysis is used to test for long-run relationships between real wages and trade liberalization over the period 1971-2010, and then a two-equation error correction model is estimated for wages of skilled and unskilled workers. Trade liberalization, proxied by the evolution of Bangladesh’s international trade, is associated with increased real wages for both skilled and unskilled workers. The relative skilled-unskilled workers’ wage fluctuates over the study period, but it has no trend and is not related to increased openness. Trade liberalization thus seems to have increased labor productivity in the cotton textile industry without any noticeable effects on wage inequality.
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67.
  • Durevall, Dick, 1954-, et al. (författare)
  • Trade Liberalization and Wage Inequality: Empirical Evidence from Bangladesh
  • 2006
  • Rapport (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • This paper explores the relationship between trade liberalization and skilled-unskilled wage inequality in the Bangladesh cotton textile industry. A dynamic two-equation model is estimated for wages of skilled and unskilled workers over the period 1973-2002, using four different openness measures. In no case does opening up affect unskilled wages differently than skilled wages, implying that openness per se has not contributed to changes in wage inequality. Our findings also suggest that openness increased real wages for both skilled and unskilled workers.
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68.
  • Durevall, Dick, 1954- (författare)
  • Trade Liberation the Zimbabwean Way
  • 1993
  • Ingår i: Blomström, M. and M. Lundahl (eds.), Economic Crises in Africa: Perspectives on Policy Responses. - Routledge.
  • Bokkapitel (övrigt vetenskapligt)
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69.
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70.
  • Durevall, Dick, 1954-, et al. (författare)
  • Uncovering the Effect of the HIV Epidemic on Fertility in Sub-Saharan Africa: The Case of Malawi
  • 2008
  • Rapport (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • In many Sub-Saharan countries the HIV epidemic has spread to over 10% of the working-age population, and is likely to affect economically relevant behaviour. We evaluate the impact of the HIV/AIDS epidemic on the reproductive behaviour for women in Malawi, allowing for a heterogeneous response depending on age and prior number of births. HIV/AIDS increases the probability that a young woman would give birth to her first child, while it decreases the probability to give birth of older women or of young women who have already given birth. The resulting change in the distribution of fertility across age-groups is likely to be more demographically and economically important than changes in the total number of children a woman gives birth to.
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  • Resultat 61-70 av 82
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