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Sökning: WFRF:(Durevall Dick 1954 )

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71.
  • Durevall, Dick, 1954-, et al. (författare)
  • Uncovering the impact of the HIV epidemic on fertility in Sub-Saharan Africa: The case of Malawi
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: Journal of Population Economics. - 0933-1433. ; 24:2, s. 629-655
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Abstract: We evaluate the impact of the HIV/AIDS epidemic on the reproductive behaviour for all women in Malawi, HIV-negative and HIV-positive alike, allowing for heterogeneous response depending on age and prior number of births. HIV/AIDS increases the probability that a young woman gives birth to her first child, while it decreases the probability to give birth of older women and of women who have already given birth. The resulting change in the distribution of fertility across age groups is likely to be more demographically and economically important than changes in the total number of children a woman gives birth to.
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72.
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73.
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74.
  • Durevall, Dick, 1954-, et al. (författare)
  • Våld i nära relationer och hiv i Afrika söder om Sahara
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Ekonomisk Debatt. - 0345-2646. ; :1, s. 44-52
  • Tidskriftsartikel (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Våld emot kvinnor förs ofta fram som en starkt bidragande faktor till hivepidemin i Afrika söder om Sahara. De empiriska beläggen är dock motstridiga. Dessutom har man i tidigare studier som regel inte undersökt vad som orsakar ett eventuellt statistiskt samband. Med data från åtta afrikanska länder visar vi på ett statistiskt samband mellan kvinnor som utsätts för våld i nära relationer och sannolikheten att de är hivpositiva. Vi visar också att sambandet inte är kausalt utan beror på att de våldsbenägna männen oftare är hivpositiva på grund av ett mer riskfyllt sexuellt beteende.
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75.
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78.
  • George, Gavin, et al. (författare)
  • Greater risk for more money: the economics of negotiating condom use amongst sex workers in South Africa
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: AIDS Care - Psychological and Socio-Medical Aspects of AIDS/HIV. - 09540121 .- 13600451. ; 31:9, s. 1168-1171
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • © 2019, © 2019 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group. The economics of sex work and the effect on safe sex practices remain understudied. This research contributes to a better understanding of how economic opportunity and vulnerability place sex workers (SWs) at an increased risk of STI infection. Using quantitative and qualitative methods, we investigated the role of economic incentives in determining condom use among SWs. The data reveals that SWs are on average, nearly doubling their rates for condomless sex. Our findings that SWs are engaging in condomless sex to increase their earnings, illustrates the point that the context in which they operate influences condom negotiation and consequently, increases risky sexual behaviour.
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79.
  • Govender, Kaymarlin, et al. (författare)
  • Effects of a Short Message Service (SMS) Intervention on Reduction of HIV Risk Behaviours and Improving HIV Testing Rates Among Populations located near Roadside Wellness Clinics: A Cluster Randomised Controlled Trial in South Africa, Zimbabwe and Mozambique
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: AIDS and behavior. - 1573-3254. ; 23:11
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Short Message Service (SMS) offers an innovative method of promoting sexual health to key and vulnerable populations who are users of mobile phones and are at high risk of HIV infection. This cluster randomised control trial tests the effectiveness of a SMS intervention in reducing HIV risk behaviours and improving HIV testing behaviours among truck drivers, sex workers and community residents located near Roadside Wellness Clinics (RWCs) in three southern African countries. The SMS arm received 35 HIV risk reduction and HIV testing SMSs over a 6-month period. The SMS intervention had no significant impact on sexual risk behaviours. However, participants in the SMS arm were more likely to have tested for HIV in the previous 6 months (86.1% vs. 77.7%; AOR 1.71, 95% CI 1.11-2.66). The results indicate that the general SMS intervention, which provide health promoting information, improved HIV testing rates in key and vulnerable populations in southern Africa.
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80.
  • Lindskog, Annika, 1979-, et al. (författare)
  • Intimate Partner Violence and HIV Infection in sub-Saharan Africa
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: World Development. - 0305-750X .- 1873-5991. ; 72, s. 27-42
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We investigate the relationship between intimate partner violence (IPV) and HIV among married and cohabiting women in sub-Saharan Africa. We find a strong association, and that it is primarily due to higher HIV risk among violent men; neither women's decreased ability to protect themselves from HIV within marriage, nor their risky sexual behavior, explains the link. Thus, it is not violence per se that spreads HIV, but that violent men are more likely to become HIV positive and then infect their wives. Programs that aim at reducing HIV by eliminating IPV should therefore also focus on men's risky sexual behavior. © 2015 Elsevier Ltd.
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