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141.
  • Aharonian, F., et al. (författare)
  • Energy Spectrum of Cosmic-Ray Electrons at TeV Energies
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Physical Review Letters. - : APS Physics. - 0031-9007 .- 1079-7114. ; 101:26
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The very large collection area of ground-based gamma-ray telescopes gives them a substantial advantage over balloon or satellite based instruments in the detection of very-high-energy (> 600 GeV) cosmic-ray electrons. Here we present the electron spectrum derived from data taken with the High Energy Stereoscopic System (H.E.S.S.) of imaging atmospheric Cherenkov telescopes. In this measurement, the first of this type, we are able to extend the measurement of the electron spectrum beyond the range accessible to direct measurements. We find evidence for a substantial steepening in the energy spectrum above 600 GeV compared to lower energies.
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142.
  • Aharonian, F., et al. (författare)
  • Limits on an Energy Dependence of the Speed of Light from a Flare of the Active Galaxy PKS 2155-304
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Physical Review Letters. - : APS Physics. - 0031-9007 .- 1079-7114. ; 101:17
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • In the past few decades, several models have predicted an energy dependence of the speed of light in the context of quantum gravity. For cosmological sources such as active galaxies, this minuscule effect can add up to measurable photon-energy dependent time lags. In this Letter a search for such time lags during the High Energy Stereoscopic System observations of the exceptional very high energy flare of the active galaxy PKS 2155-304 on 28 July 2006 is presented. Since no significant time lag is found, lower limits on the energy scale of speed of light modifications are derived.
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143.
  • Aharonian, F., et al. (författare)
  • Simultaneous HESS and Chandra observations of Sagitarius A(star) during an X-ray flare
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Astronomy and Astrophysics. - : EDP Sciences. - 0004-6361 .- 1432-0746. ; 492:1, s. L25-L28
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The rapidly varying (similar to 10 min timescale) non-thermal X-ray emission observed from Sgr A(star) implies that particle acceleration is occuring close to the event horizon of the supermassive black hole. The TeV gamma-ray source HESS J1745-290 is coincident with Sgr A(star) and may be closely related to its X-ray emission. Simultaneous X-ray and TeV observations are required to elucidate the relationship between these objects. We report on joint HESS/Chandra observations performed in July 2005, during which an X-ray flare was detected. Despite a factor of approximate to 9 increase in the X-ray flux of Sgr A(star), no evidence is found for an increase in the TeV gamma-ray flux from this region. We find that an increase in the gamma-ray flux of a factor of 2 or greater can be excluded at a confidence level of 99%. This finding disfavours scenarios in which the keV and TeV emission are associated with the same population of accelerated particles and in which the bulk of the gamma-ray emission is produced within similar to 1014 cm (similar to 100 RS) of the supermassive black hole.
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144.
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146.
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