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Sökning: WFRF:(Ehrnström Roy)

  • Resultat 31-36 av 36
  • Föregående 123[4]
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31.
  • Syed Khaja, Azharuddin Sajid, et al. (författare)
  • Elevated level of wnt5a protein in localized prostate cancer tissue is associated with better outcome.
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: PLoS ONE. - : Public Library of Science. - 1932-6203. ; 6:10
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Wnt5a is a non-canonical secreted glycoprotein of the Wnt family that plays an important role in cancer development and progression. Previous studies report that Wnt5a is upregulated in prostate cancer and suggested that Wnt5a affects migration and invasion of prostate tumor cell. This study aimed to evaluate the prognostic value of Wnt5a protein expression in prostate cancer tissue and its potential to predict outcome after radical prostatectomy in patients with localized prostate cancer.
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32.
  • Tassidis, Helena, et al. (författare)
  • Immunohistochemical detection of tyrosine phosphatase SHP-1 predicts outcome after radical prostatectomy for localized prostate cancer
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: ; 126:10, s. 2296-2307
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The protein tyrosine kinase (PTK) receptors and cytosolic signaling proteins as well as the protein tyrosine phosphatases (PTPs) have important roles in regulation of growth of the benign and malignant prostate gland. Here, we studied expression of the protein tyrosine phosphatase SHP-1 in prostate cancer cell lines and in human prostatic tissues. SHP-1 is expressed at a high level in LNCaP prostate cancer cells compared with PC3 cells. Silencing of SHP-1 expression with siRNA in LNCaP cells led to an increased rate of proliferation, whereas overexpression of SHP-1 by means of transient and stable transfection in PC3 cells led to a decrease in proliferation. Corresponding changes were observed in cyclin D1 expression. We further demonstrate that LNCaP and PC3 cells respond differently to IL-6 stimulation. SHP-1 overexpression in PC3 cells reversed IL-6 stimulation of proliferation, whereas in SHP-1-silenced LNCaP cells, IL-6 inhibition of proliferation was not affected. In addition, IL-6 treatment led to higher levels of phosphorylated STAT3 in SHP-1-silenced LNCaP cells than in control cells. Next, SHP-1 expression in human prostate cancer was analyzed by immunohistochemical staining of tissue microarrays comprising tumor specimens from 100 prostate cancer patients. We found an inverse correlation between the tumor level of SHP-1 expression and time to biochemical recurrence and clinical progression among prostate cancer patients. In conclusion, our results suggest that a decreased level of SHP-1 expression in prostate cancer cells is associated with a high proliferation rate and an increased risk of recurrence or clinical progression after radical prostatectomy for localized prostate cancer.
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33.
  • Tassidis, Helena, et al. (författare)
  • Immunohistochemical detection of tyrosine phosphatase SHP-1 predicts outcome after radical prostatectomy for localized prostate cancer
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Cancer Research. - 0008-5472 .- 1538-7445. ; 69:9 Supplement, s. LB-257-
  • Tidskriftsartikel (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • The protein tyrosine kinase (PTK) receptors and cytosolic signalling proteins as well as the protein tyrosine phosphatases (PTP) have important roles in regulation of growth and function of the benign and malignant prostate gland. Here we studied the expression levels and functions of the protein tyrosine phosphatase SHP-1 in prostate cancer cell lines and in benign and malignant human prostatic tissues. We found that SHP-1 is expressed at a high level in LNCaP prostate cancer cells compared to PC-3 cells. Silencing of SHP-1 expression with siRNA in LNCaP cells led to an increased rate of proliferation as measured by thymidine incorporation, whereas in PC3 cells in which SHP1 was overexpressed by transient transfection proliferation rate was decreased. We also examined SHP-1 expression in prostate cancer by immunohistochemical staining of tissue microarrays comprising tumor specimens from 122 prostate cancer patients. We found an inverse correlation between SHP-1 staining intensity and the time to biochemical recurrence as measured by a rise in the serum level of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) in prostate cancer patients. In conclusion, our results suggest that a low level of SHP-1 expression in prostate cancer cells is associated with high proliferation rate and with an increased risk of biochemical recurrence after radical prostatectomy for localized prostate cancer.
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34.
  • Topi, Geriolda, et al. (författare)
  • Association of the oestrogen receptor beta with hormone status and prognosis in a cohort of female patients with colorectal cancer
  • Ingår i: European Journal of Cancer. - : Elsevier. - 0959-8049. ; 83, s. 279-289
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background The oestrogen receptor beta (ERβ) is the predominant oestrogen receptor in the normal colon mucosa and has been reported to exert anti-proliferative and pro-apoptotic effects. However, the role of ERβ in colorectal cancer (CRC) progression remains unclear. Aim To investigate the role of ERβ and its association with hormone status and lifestyle indicators in a female cohort of patients with CRC. Methods Tissue microarrays of primary CRC tumour samples from 320 female patients were conducted with a monoclonal anti-ERβ antibody. The staining intensity was evaluated using immunohistochemistry. The association of ERβ expression with overall survival, disease-free survival, hormone status and lifestyle was evaluated, and effect estimators with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were reported. Results Among the 314 samples with successfully detected ERβ, 182 (58%) had low expression and 132 (42%) had high expression. The Cox multivariate analysis indicated that patients with high ERβ expression had a decreased risk of overall mortality by 50% (hazard ratio [HR], 0.50; CI, 0.30–0.83) and of cancer recurrence by 76% (HR, 0.24; CI, 0.11–0.52) after adjusting for age, tumour-node-metastasis stage and tumour intravascular invasion. Furthermore, high ERβ expression was significantly correlated with shorter breastfeeding time and longer use of hormone replacement therapy. No association was found between ERβ expression and lifestyle indicators. Conclusion Elevated ERβ expression is independently associated with a better prognosis and hormone status but not lifestyle indicators in female CRC patients.
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35.
  • Topi, Geriolda, et al. (författare)
  • Tumour-suppressive effect of oestrogen receptor β in colorectal cancer patients, colon cancer cells, and a zebrafish model
  • Ingår i: Journal of Pathology. - : John Wiley and Sons Inc.. - 0022-3417. ; 251:3, s. 297-309
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Oestrogen receptor β (ERβ) has been suggested to have anti-proliferative and anti-tumour effects in breast and prostate cancer cells, but other studies have indicated its tumour-promoting effects. Understanding the complex effects of this receptor in different contexts requires further study. We reported that high ERβ expression is independently associated with improved prognosis in female colorectal cancer (CRC) patients. Herein, we investigated the possible anti-tumour effect of ERβ and its selective agonist. CRC patients with high ERβ expression had significantly higher levels of membrane-associated β-catenin, cysteinyl leukotriene receptor 2 (CysLT2 R) and 15-hydroxyprostaglandin dehydrogenase (15-PGDH), which have anti-tumour effects, but lower levels of nuclear β-catenin, cysteinyl leukotriene receptor 1 (CysLT1 R) and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), which have tumour-promoting effects. These interesting findings were further supported by two different publicly available CRC mRNA datasets that showed a significant positive correlation between ERβ expression and 15-PGDH and CysLT2 R expression and a negative correlation between ERβ expression and β-catenin, CysLT1 R and COX-2 expression. We next evaluated ERβ expression in three different colon cancer mouse models; ERβ expression was negatively correlated with tumorigenesis. Furthermore, treatment with the ERβ-agonist ERB-041 reduced CysLT1 R, active β-catenin and COX-2 levels but increased phospho-β-catenin, CysLT2 R and 15-PGDH levels in HCT-116, Caco-2 and SW-480 colon cancer cells compared to vehicle-treated cells. Interestingly, ERB-041-treated cells showed significantly decreased migration, survival, and colonosphere formation and increased apoptotic activity, as indicated by increased CASPASE-3 and apoptotic blebs. Finally, patients with low ERβ expression had significantly more distant metastasis at the time of diagnosis than patients with high ERβ expression. Therefore, we studied the effects of ERB-041-treated colon cancer cells in a zebrafish xenograft model. We found significantly less distant metastasis of ERB-041-treated cells compared to vehicle-treated cells. These results further support ERβ's anti-tumour role in colorectal cancer and the possible use of its agonist in CRC patients.
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36.
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  • Föregående 123[4]
 
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