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Sökning: WFRF:(Ekelund Mats)

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  • Föregående 1[2]34Nästa
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11.
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12.
  • Fan, Bo-Guang, et al. (författare)
  • Total parenteral nutrition influences both endocrine and exocrine function of rat pancreas
  • 1997
  • Ingår i: Pancreas. - Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. - 0885-3177. ; 15:2, s. 147-153
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The aim of this study was to examine the effect of total parenteral nutrition (TPN) on the endocrine and exocine function of the pancreas. Endocrine function was investigated using an intravenous glucose tolerance test (IGTT) in rats with TPN for 7 or 14 days. Exocrine function was evaluated by measuring amylase secretion from isolated acini as well as pancreatic weight, water content, protein, and enzymes after 7 days of TPN. When the TPN rats were compared with the controls, the glucose tolerance curve after an IGTT was unchanged, the basal plasma insulin levels were slightly lower and the insulin secretory response to intravenous glucose was markedly impaired. No differences could be seen between the insulin response after 7 days and that after 14 days of TPN. The weight of pancreas, the total content and concentration of pancreatic protein, and the total amylase content of the pancreas were lower, whereas the total content of both chymotrypsin and trypsin was higher. The concentration of DNA remained intact, whereas the total DNA content decreased. The levels of lipolytic enzymes, except for carboxylesterlipase, were unaffected. After TPN treatment, the insulin secretory response to glucose is impaired, the exocrine pancreas is hypoplastic and the storage pattern of pancreatic exocrine enzymes is altered.
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13.
  • Gunnlaugsson, Adalsteinn, et al. (författare)
  • Multicentre phase II trial of capecitabine and oxaliplatin in combination with radiotherapy for unresectable colorectal cancer: The CORGI-L study.
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: European Journal of Cancer. - Elsevier. - 1879-0852. ; 45, s. 807-813
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • AIMS: This study assessed radiotherapy combined with capecitabine and oxaliplatin in patients with primary, inextirpable colorectal adenocarcinoma. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Forty-nine patients entered the trial. Two cycles of XELOX (capecitabine 1000mg/m(2) bid d1-14+oxaliplatin 130mg/m(2) d1, q3w) were followed by radiotherapy (50.4Gy), combined with capecitabine 825mg/m(2) bid every radiotherapy day and oxaliplatin 60mg/m(2) once weekly. The primary end-point was objective response. RESULTS: Forty-seven patients were evaluable. Twenty-nine (62% [95% CI: 46-75%]) achieved complete or partial response. Thirty-eight (81%) went through surgery of whom 37 (97%) had an R0 resection and five (13%) had a pathological complete response. Seventy-eight percent were alive and estimated local progression rate was 11% at 2 years. The most common grade 3+ toxicity during chemoradiotherapy was diarrhoea (24%). CONCLUSIONS: XELOX-RT was feasible and showed promising efficacy when treating patients with primary inextirpable colorectal cancer, establishing high local control rate.
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14.
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15.
  • Hofmann, Robin, et al. (författare)
  • DETermination of the role of OXygen in suspected Acute Myocardial Infarction trial.
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: American Heart Journal. - Mosby. - 1097-6744. ; 167:3, s. 322-328
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The use of supplemental oxygen in the setting of suspected acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is recommended in international treatment guidelines and established in prehospital and hospital clinical routine throughout the world. However, to date there is no conclusive evidence from adequately designed and powered trials supporting this practice. Existing data are conflicting and fail to clarify the role of supplemental oxygen in AMI.
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16.
  • Hofmann, Robin, et al. (författare)
  • Oxygen therapy in suspected acute myocardial infarction
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: New England Journal of Medicine. - Massachusetts Medical Society. - 0028-4793. ; 377:13, s. 1240-1249
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: The clinical effect of routine oxygen therapy in patients with suspected acute myocardial infarction who do not have hypoxemia at baseline is uncertain. METHODS: In this registry-based randomized clinical trial, we used nationwide Swedish registries for patient enrollment and data collection. Patients with suspected myocardial infarction and an oxygen saturation of 90% or higher were randomly assigned to receive either supplemental oxygen (6 liters per minute for 6 to 12 hours, delivered through an open face mask) or ambient air. RESULTS: A total of 6629 patients were enrolled. The median duration of oxygen therapy was 11.6 hours, and the median oxygen saturation at the end of the treatment period was 99% among patients assigned to oxygen and 97% among patients assigned to ambient air. Hypoxemia developed in 62 patients (1.9%) in the oxygen group, as compared with 254 patients (7.7%) in the ambient-air group. The median of the highest troponin level during hospitalization was 946.5 ng per liter in the oxygen group and 983.0 ng per liter in the ambient-air group. The primary end point of death from any cause within 1 year after randomization occurred in 5.0% of patients (166 of 3311) assigned to oxygen and in 5.1% of patients (168 of 3318) assigned to ambient air (hazard ratio, 0.97; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.79 to 1.21; P=0.80). Rehospitalization with myocardial infarction within 1 year occurred in 126 patients (3.8%) assigned to oxygen and in 111 patients (3.3%) assigned to ambient air (hazard ratio, 1.13; 95% CI, 0.88 to 1.46; P=0.33). The results were consistent across all predefined subgroups. CONCLUSIONS: Routine use of supplemental oxygen in patients with suspected myocardial infarction who did not have hypoxemia was not found to reduce 1-year all-cause mortality. (Funded by the Swedish Heart–Lung Foundation and others; DETO2X-AMI ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT01787110.)
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17.
  • James, Stefan K, et al. (författare)
  • Effect of Oxygen Therapy on Cardiovascular Outcomes in Relation to Baseline Oxygen Saturation
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: JACC: Cardiovascular Interventions. - Elsevier. - 1936-8798. ; 13:4, s. 502-513
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objectives: The aim of this study was to determine the effect of supplemental oxygen in patients with myocardial infarction (MI) on the composite of all-cause death, rehospitalization with MI, or heart failure related to baseline oxygen saturation. A secondary objective was to investigate outcomes in patients developing hypoxemia. Background: In the DETO2X-AMI (Determination of the Role of Oxygen in Suspected Acute Myocardial Infarction) trial, 6,629 normoxemic patients with suspected MI were randomized to oxygen at 6 l/min for 6 to 12 h or ambient air. Methods: The study population of 5,010 patients with confirmed MI was divided by baseline oxygen saturation into a low-normal (90% to 94%) and a high-normal (95% to 100%) cohort. Outcomes are reported within 1 year. To increase power, all follow-up time (between 1 and 4 years) was included post hoc, and interaction analyses were performed with oxygen saturation as a continuous covariate. Results: The composite endpoint of all-cause death, rehospitalization with MI, or heart failure occurred significantly more often in patients in the low-normal cohort (17.3%) compared with those in the high-normal cohort (9.5%) (p < 0.001), and most often in patients developing hypoxemia (23.6%). Oxygen therapy compared with ambient air was not associated with improved outcomes regardless of baseline oxygen saturation (interaction p values: composite endpoint, p = 0.79; all-cause death, p = 0.33; rehospitalization with MI, p = 0.86; hospitalization for heart failure, p = 0.35). Conclusions: Irrespective of oxygen saturation at baseline, we found no clinically relevant beneficial effect of routine oxygen therapy in normoxemic patients with MI regarding cardiovascular outcomes. Low-normal baseline oxygen saturation or development of hypoxemia was identified as an independent marker of poor prognosis. (An Efficacy and Outcome Study of Supplemental Oxygen Treatment in Patients With Suspected Myocardial Infarction; NCT01787110)
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18.
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19.
  • Liu, Q, et al. (författare)
  • Administration of Lactobacillus plantarum 299v reduces side-effects of external radiation on colon anastomotic healing in an experimental model
  • 2001
  • Ingår i: Colorectal Disease. - Wiley-Blackwell. - 1462-8910. ; 3:4, s. 245-252
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • OBJECTIVE: Preoperative radiotherapy of patients with rectal carcinoma is frequently used to reduce the incidence of local recurrence. However, the radiation therapy is associated with several complications, including diarrhea, retarded anastomotic healing and mucosal atrophy. Exogenous administration of lactobacilli has been demonstrated to be effective in stimulating intestinal mucosal growth and reduce mucosal inflammation. The objective of this study was to examine the effects of Lactobacillus plantarum 299v administration on external radiation injury in colon anastomotic healing at different time points. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Sprague-Dawley rats were treated with Lb. plantarum 299v or saline as control and received external radiation of the lower abdomen (10 Gy/day) on day 3 and 7 of the experiment. After 4 days, a colonic resection with anastomosis was performed. Animals were sacrificed on 4th, 7th and 11th day postoperatively. Body weight, white blood cell (WBC) count, mucosal myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity, hydroxyproline, nucleotide, DNA and RNA content, colonic bacterial microflora, bacterial translocation and histology were evaluated. RESULTS: On the 4th postoperative day body weight, WBC and MPO decreased significantly after radiation. On the 7th postoperative day MPO decreased after radiation. In the two irradiated groups it decreased significantly in the Lb. plantarum group compared to the radiated group without treatment. Collagen concentration on the 7th postoperative day was significantly higher in Lb. plantarum group without radiation compared to the group with radiation without Lb. plantarum. On the 11th postoperative day MPO was significantly higher in irradiated rats without treatment compared to Lb. plantarum treatment. The collagen concentration increased significantly in the irradiated Lb. plantarum group compared to the other two groups. CONCLUSION: The collagen content decreased and MPO activity increased significantly of the colonic anastomosis in irradiated rats without treatment compared to those treated with Lb. plantarum. It therefore seems that administration of Lactobacillus plantarum 299v reduces the intestinal injury and inflammation following external radiation and improves the colonic anastomotic healing.
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20.
  • Lundqvist, Adam, et al. (författare)
  • Direct and indirect costs for anal fistula in Sweden
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: International Journal of Surgery. - Elsevier. - 1743-9191. ; 35, s. 129-133
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Introduction Anal fistula is an abnormal tract with an external and internal opening that cause leakage, discomfort, and occasionally pain. Surgery is standard treatment, but recurrence and anal incontinence is common. The objective of the study was to analyze resource use, costs and sick leave for newly diagnosed patients with anal fistula in Sweden. Methods The study was based on register data from linkages between Swedish population–based registers including patients treated for anal fistula in Västra Götaland County, Sweden. Health care resource use, costs and sick leave were estimated. Results The sample included 362 patients of which 27% had no surgery, 37% had one surgery and 36% had multiple surgeries. Patients with multiple surgeries underwent over four surgeries on average. Approximately 67% of the contacts occurred during the first year after diagnosis. Estimated mean sick leave was 10.4 full-time equivalent days per patient. Total discounted costs were €5,561 per patient where approximately 80% were direct costs. Discussion To our knowledge this is the first study of resource use, costs and sick leave related to anal fistulas. The study indicates that anal fistula is a condition that is costly for society and that the burden of anal fistula in terms of health care resources and sick leave is especially high for patients experiencing multiple surgeries. Conclusion Anal fistula is a condition that is costly for society and there is an unmet need for the group of patients with multiple surgeries to find appropriate treatment interventions.
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