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Träfflista för sökning "WFRF:(Graf Wilhelm) ;srt2:(2015-2019)"

Sökning: WFRF:(Graf Wilhelm) > (2015-2019)

  • Resultat 21-27 av 27
  • Föregående 12[3]
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21.
  • Graf, Wilhelm, et al. (författare)
  • Tjocktarmen och ändtarmen
  • 2017. - 9
  • Ingår i: Kirurgi. - : Liber. - 9789147112982 ; , s. 288-348
  • Bokkapitel (refereegranskat)
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22.
  • Isacson, Daniel (författare)
  • Treatment of Acute Uncomplicated Colonic Diverticulitis
  • 2018
  • Doktorsavhandling (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • The overall aim of this thesis was to evaluate the clinical management of AUD with regard to the no-antibiotic policy and its long-term effect, treatment on an outpatient basis and the potential health-care cost savingsStudy I:  a retrospective study at Västmanlands Hospital that evaluated and confirmed the adherence to the no-antibiotic policy in patients with AUD and its safety regarding complications and recurrences. A total of 246 patients with acute diverticulitis were identified, of which 195 had computed tomography (CT) confirmed AUD. In total, 91.3% of these patients did not receive any antibiotics and only two developed complications.Study II: a retrospective study with the aim to conduct a long-term follow-up of all Swedish patients who participated in the AVOD trial in terms of recurrences, complications, surgery and quality of life. The medical records of 96% of the patients were reviewed with a mean follow up of 11 years. Quality of life questionnaires were sent out to all patients. There were no differences regarding the rates of recurrence, complications or surgery for diverticulitis. There were no differences in the quality of life between groups according to the EQ-5D questionnaire.Study III: a prospective study where 155 patients with CT-verified AUD as were treated as outpatients without antibiotics. On day 3, patients reported an average pain score of 1.8 of 10 on the VAS scale and only 30% of patients were using analgesia. Four patients returned to hospital because of treatment failure.Study IV: a retrospective cohort study at Västmanland’s Hospital evaluated the impact on admissions, complication rates and health-care costs of the policy of outpatient treatment without using antibiotics. Medical records of all patients diagnosed with AUD in the year before (2011) and after (2014) the implementation of outpatient management without antibiotics were reviewed. Overall 494 episodes of AUD were identified: 254 in 2011 and 240 in 2014. Three patients developed complications in 2011 and four in 2014. The proportion of patients managed as outpatients was 20% in 2011 compared with 61% in 2014. The hospital admissions, total length of stay of and total health-care costs were almost halved.In conclusion, these studies confirm the low complication and recurrence rates of AUD and strengthens findings that antibiotics have no benefit in the treatment of this disease. The no-antibiotic policy had no impact on short- or long-term outcomes regarding the rates of recurrence, complications, surgery or quality of life. Outpatient management was found to be feasible and safe, and significantly reduced admissions, which led to large health-care cost savings.
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23.
  • Kakoulidis, Thanos P., et al. (författare)
  • Reduced Need for In-hospital Care After Sleeve Gastrectomy : a Single Center Observational Study
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Obesity Surgery. - 0960-8923 .- 1708-0428. ; 29:10, s. 3228-3231
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • SettingPrivate clinic, Stockholm, and nation-wide in-hospital care, Sweden.ObjectivesThe use of sleeve gastrectomy (SG) for treatment of morbid obesity has increased worldwide, but information about long-term outcome is still limited. Our objective was to evaluate the need for additional in-hospital care after SG for obesity (body mass index [BMI] >30) in 862 patients, all operated at a single center.MethodsTwo national registries, the Inpatient Registry and the Death Registry, were used to collect long-term data on in-hospital care, grouped by the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (ICD-10) and mortality, respectively.ResultsIn-hospital care for SG-operated females was decreased for four groups of obesity-related ICD-10 diagnoses: endocrine and metabolic diseases and circulatory, digestive, and genitourinary diseases, as well as injuries and poisoning (p<0.001 for all). However, female SG patients still required in-hospital care above the national level for women of corresponding ages.ConclusionsAlthough a significant reduction in in-hospital care was observed, SG patients did not reach national levels.
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24.
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25.
  • Linder, Gustav, 1981- (författare)
  • Esophageal- and Gastroesophageal Junctional Cancer : Aspects on Staging, Treatment and Results
  • 2018
  • Doktorsavhandling (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Esophageal- and gastroesophageal junctional (GEJ) cancer is the sixth cause of cancer-related death worldwide. Some improvements in care are attributed to nationwide disease-specific registries, preoperative staging and increased understanding of mechanisms affecting patient selection. Surgery, however, is a cornerstone for treatment where minimally invasive surgery and increased understanding of perioperative physiology may be beneficial. The aims of this thesis were to validate the Swedish national registry for esophageal and gastric cancer (NREV) and to explore mechanisms in patient selection, perioperative physiology, treatment-related outcomes and staging.A validation study with re-abstracted data on 400 patients determined NREV comparable to other similar registries and to have a completeness of 95.5 %. Overall accuracy was 91.1 % throughout the registry and timeliness to reporting was adequate.In a cohort of 4112 patients from NREV, high education level was associated with an increased probability of being allocated to curative treatment, as was the presence of a multidisciplinary treatment conference. High education level was associated with improved survival.By measuring intramucosal pH (pHi) in 32 patients, to describe perfusion in the gastric conduit during esophagectomy, a reduction in perfusion was seen at all surgical steps altering vascular supply to the conduit but foremost after gastric tube construction by linear stapling. Patients with low pHi on the first postoperative day were more prone to anastomotic insufficiency.In 116 patients undergoing esophagectomy (65 open and 51 minimally invasive), a retrospective cohort study regarding surgical oncological results and postoperative complications was conducted. Lymph node yield was increased, peroperative blood loss and in-hospital stay were reduced with minimally invasive esophagectomy. Postoperative complications were unaffected by surgical approach. In a prospective study of nineteen patients, whole-body integrated PET/MRI was compared to PET/CT in preoperative staging. PET/MRI was safe and feasible. Accuracy and correlations between modalities were good regarding tumor characteristics and N- and M-staging. In T-staging there were discrepancies indicating differences between modalities.The thesis presents data on the quality of NREV for future research and elaborates on patient selection, staging, perioperative physiology and treatment-related outcomes for patients with esophageal- and GEJ cancer.
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26.
  • Siproudhis, L., et al. (författare)
  • Libertas : a phase II placebo-controlled study of NRL001 in patients with faecal incontinence showed an unexpected and sustained placebo response
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: International Journal of Colorectal Disease. - 0179-1958 .- 1432-1262. ; 31:6, s. 1205-1216
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Faecal incontinence (FI) is distressing, significantly reduces quality of life (QoL) and has few pharmacological treatments. The alpha(1)-adrenoceptor agonist NRL001 (1R,2S-methoxamine hydrochloride) improves anal sphincter tone. NRL001 efficacy was evaluated by changes in Wexner scores at week 4 vs. baseline in NRL001-treated patients compared with placebo. Impact of NRL001 on QoL and safety were also assessed. Four hundred sixty-six patients received NRL001 (5, 7.5 or 10 mg) or placebo as suppository, once daily over 8 weeks. Wexner score, Vaizey score and QoL were analysed at baseline, week 4 and week 8. FI episodes and adverse events were recorded in diaries. At week 4, mean reductions in Wexner scores were -3.0, -2.6, -2.6 and -2.4 for NRL001 5, 7.5, 10 mg and placebo, respectively. All reduced further by week 8. As placebo responses also improved, there was no significant treatment effect at week 4 (p = 0.6867) or week 8 (p = 0.5005). FI episode frequency improved for all patients, but not significantly compared with placebo (week 4: p = 0.2619, week 8: p = 0.5278). All patients' QoL improved, but not significantly for all parameters (p > 0.05) except depression/self-perception at week 4 (p = 0.0102) and week 8 (p = 0.0069), compared with placebo. Most adverse events were mild and judged probably or possibly related to NRL001. All groups demonstrated improvement in efficacy and QoL compared with baseline. NRL001 was well-tolerated without serious safety concerns. Despite the improvement in all groups, there was no statistically significant treatment effect, underlining the importance of relating results to a placebo arm.
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27.
  • Tsimogiannis, Konstantinos, et al. (författare)
  • Long-term outcome after segmental colonic resection for slow transit constipation
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: International Journal of Colorectal Disease. - : SPRINGER. - 0179-1958 .- 1432-1262. ; 34:6, s. 1013-1019
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • PurposeColectomy with ileorectal anastomosis (IRA) is the most common surgical procedure for slow transit constipation (STC). A hemicolectomy has been suggested as an alternative to IRA with good short-term results. However, long-term results are unknown. The aim of this study was to evaluate the long-term results after hemicolectomy as a treatment for STC.MethodsFifty patients with STC were selected for right- or left-sided hemicolectomy after evaluation with colonic scintigraphy from 1993 to 2008. Living patients (n=43) received a bowel function questionnaire and a questionnaire about patient-reported outcome.ResultsAfter a median follow-up of 19.8years, 13 patients had undergone rescue surgery (n=12) or used irrigation (n=1) and were classified as failures. In all, 30 were evaluable for functional outcome and questionnaire data for 19 patients (due to 11 non-responding) could be analysed. Two reported deterioration after several years and were also classified as failures. Median stool frequency remained increased from 1 per week at baseline to 5 per week at long-term follow-up (p=0.001). Preoperatively, all patients used laxatives, whereas 12 managed without laxatives at long-term follow-up (p=0.002). There was some reduction in other constipation symptoms but not statically significant. In the patients' global assessment, 10 stated a very good result, seven a good result and two a poor result.ConclusionsHemicolectomy for STC increases stool frequency and reduces laxative use. Long-term success rate could range between 17/50 (34%) and 35/50 (70%) depending on outcome among non-responders.
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