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Sökning: WFRF:(Graf Wilhelm)

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91.
  • Sundín, Anders, et al. (författare)
  • Computed tomography of experimental liver metastases using an iodinated hepatocyte-specific lipid emulsion : a correlative study in the nude rat
  • 1994
  • Ingår i: Investigative Radiology. - 0020-9996 .- 1536-0210. ; 29:11, s. 963-969
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES:A hepatocyte-specific iodinated lipid emulsion, NRI 757, was used for detection of experimental hepatic metastases.MATERIALS AND METHODS:The study was performed in a correlative model of multiple hepatic metastases from a human colonic cancer implanted in the nude rat.RESULTS:After intravenous injection, normal liver parenchyma remained enhanced for several hours, whereas the uptake in hepatic metastases was negligible. A liver-to-lesion contrast of 45 Hounsfield units (HU) was obtained at a dose of 1 mL NRI 757/kg body weight (BW). In a lesion-by-lesion analysis of 177 metastases ranging in size from 1 to 32 mm, the mean +/- standard deviation overall detection rate for native scanning and contrast-enhanced scanning in vivo and post mortem, 20 +/- 0.4%, 53 +/- 5.2%, and 55 +/- 4.0%, respectively and 28%, 84%, and 82%, retrospectively. When metastatic size also was considered, for native scanning the maximum detection rate of 61% was reached for 8- to 10-mm lesions, whereas for contrast-enhanced computed tomography scanning, 100% of the 5- to 7-mm lesions and 42% of the 1- to 2-mm nodules were detected.CONCLUSION:The use of NRI 757 improved the diagnostic yield considerably.
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92.
  • Sundín, Anders, et al. (författare)
  • Contrast-enhanced CT scanning in vivo for the quantification of hepatic metastases from a human colonic cancer in the nude rat
  • 1992
  • Ingår i: European Journal of Surgical Oncology. - 0748-7983 .- 1532-2157. ; 18:6, s. 615-623
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Hepatic metastases were induced in nude rats by intraportal injection of 2.5-5.0 x 10(6) cells from the human colonic cancer cell line LS 174 T. Quantification of tumour burden, expressed as relative metastatic area, was performed by contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) scanning in vivo (n = 14), contrast enhanced CT scanning post mortem (n = 21) and computer-based area calculation (CBAC) (n = 21). To determine the false-positive contribution to the estimated tumour burden by the evaluation procedures themselves, six rats without metastases were assessed. The quantification in the three different assessment groups was in close accordance in animals with an intermediate or extensive metastatic burden, but not in rats with a minor (< 4%) tumour burden. The results indicate that contrast-enhanced CT scanning can be used in this model to quantify hepatic metastases, except in animals with few and small lesions. Furthermore, the results suggest a potential for the assessment of therapeutic response by repeated contrast-enhanced CT scanning in vivo, as well as prospects for a corresponding evaluation in man.
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93.
  • Sundín, Anders, et al. (författare)
  • Radioimmunolocalization of hepatic metastases and subcutaneous xenografts from a human colonic cancer in the nude rat : Aspects of tumour implantation site and mode of antibody administration
  • 1993
  • Ingår i: Acta Oncologica. - 0284-186X .- 1651-226X. ; 32:7-8, s. 877-885
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Antibody localization was analyzed following intraperitoneal (i.p.) or intravenous (i.v.) injection of the 125I-labelled anti-CEA-MAb I-38S1 in 44 nude rats, in order to evaluate the influence of tumour implantation site and the route of MAb administration. The animals were xenografted with a human colonic cancer (LS 174 T), either in the form of hepatic metastases, subcutaneous (s.c.) tumours or both. Tissue measurements, 4 days after MAb injection, showed better uptake for hepatic than for s.c. tumours, irrespective of the route of antibody administration. Antibody accumulation per g liver metastases was not size dependent for noduli weighing between 4 and 1,110 mg. MAb excretion evaluated in 20 animals and blood activity studied in 11 rats were equivalent 24-96 h following i.p. and i.v. injection. Dissimilar autoradiographic patterns were seen in hepatic metastases with predominantly peripherally located clusters following i.p. and more homogeneously distributed grains after i.v. MAb administration. The results indicate that tumour implantation site has a quantitative, and the route of administration at least a qualitative impact on the tumour accretion of anti-CEA MAb I-38S1 in the present xenograft model.
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94.
  • Tsimogiannis, Konstantinos, et al. (författare)
  • Long-term outcome after segmental colonic resection for slow transit constipation
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: International Journal of Colorectal Disease. - SPRINGER. - 0179-1958 .- 1432-1262. ; 34:6, s. 1013-1019
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • PurposeColectomy with ileorectal anastomosis (IRA) is the most common surgical procedure for slow transit constipation (STC). A hemicolectomy has been suggested as an alternative to IRA with good short-term results. However, long-term results are unknown. The aim of this study was to evaluate the long-term results after hemicolectomy as a treatment for STC.MethodsFifty patients with STC were selected for right- or left-sided hemicolectomy after evaluation with colonic scintigraphy from 1993 to 2008. Living patients (n=43) received a bowel function questionnaire and a questionnaire about patient-reported outcome.ResultsAfter a median follow-up of 19.8years, 13 patients had undergone rescue surgery (n=12) or used irrigation (n=1) and were classified as failures. In all, 30 were evaluable for functional outcome and questionnaire data for 19 patients (due to 11 non-responding) could be analysed. Two reported deterioration after several years and were also classified as failures. Median stool frequency remained increased from 1 per week at baseline to 5 per week at long-term follow-up (p=0.001). Preoperatively, all patients used laxatives, whereas 12 managed without laxatives at long-term follow-up (p=0.002). There was some reduction in other constipation symptoms but not statically significant. In the patients' global assessment, 10 stated a very good result, seven a good result and two a poor result.ConclusionsHemicolectomy for STC increases stool frequency and reduces laxative use. Long-term success rate could range between 17/50 (34%) and 35/50 (70%) depending on outcome among non-responders.
95.
  • van Leeuwen, Barbara L., et al. (författare)
  • Swedish experience with peritonectomy and HIPEC : HIPEC in peritoneal carcinomatosis
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Annals of Surgical Oncology. - 1068-9265 .- 1534-4681. ; 15:3, s. 745-53
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: Peritonectomy with heated intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) has shown a survival benefit in selected patients with peritoneal carcinomatosis. This prospective non-randomized study was designed to identify factors associated with postoperative morbidity and survival after peritonectomy HIPEC in patients with this condition. METHOD: Data were prospectively collected from all patients with peritoneal carcinomatosis treated by means of peritonectomy and HIPEC at Uppsala University Hospital between October 2003 and September 2006. Depending on the primary tumor, mitomycin C or a platinum compound was used as a chemotherapeutic agent for perfusion. RESULTS: A total of 103 patients were treated. Primary tumors were pseudomyxoma peritonei (47 patients), colorectal cancer (38 patients), gastric cancer (6 patients), ovarian cancer (6 patients) and mesothelioma (5 patients). Postoperative morbidity was 56.3% and was significantly lower in patients treated with mitomycin C for pseudomyxoma peritonei (42%) than in those with another diagnosis treated with platinum compound (71%, P < 0.05). Postoperative mortality was less than 1%. At 2 years, overall survival was estimated to be 72.3%, and disease-free survival was 33.5%. Factors influencing overall and disease-free survival were tumor type and optimal cytoreduction. CONCLUSION: Postoperative morbidity is dependent mainly on a tumor type; however, the chemotherapeutic agent used might also influence morbidity. Survival is determined by optimal cytoreduction and tumor type. Irrespective of age, patients with good performance status benefit from this treatment.
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96.
  • Yu, Shihui, et al. (författare)
  • Genomic disorders on chromosome 22
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Current opinion in pediatrics. - 1040-8703 .- 1531-698X. ; 24:6, s. 665-671
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • PURPOSE OF REVIEW:Chromosome 22, the first human chromosome to be completely sequenced, is prone to genomic alterations. Copy-number variants (CNVs) are common because of an enrichment of low-copy repeat sequences that precipitate a high frequency of nonallelic homologous misalignments and unequal recombination during meiosis. Among these is one of the most common multiple anomaly syndromes in humans and the most common microdeletion syndrome, velocardiofacial syndrome (VCFS), also known as 22q11.2 deletion syndrome and DiGeorge syndrome. This review will focus on the recent literature dealing with both the molecular and clinical aspects of chromosome 22 genomic variations. Although the literature covering this area is expansive, the majority is descriptive or analytical of the problems presented by these genomic disorders, and there is little evidence of translational research including treatment outcomes.RECENT FINDINGS:With the increased use of microarray analysis in both research and clinical practice, variations in CNVs are becoming elucidated. Genomic analysis continues to characterize genes and gene effect. Research on the COMT gene continues to yield interesting findings, including a possible sex-mediated effect because of its regulatory role with estrogen. There is a small amount of treatment outcome data relevant to neuropsychiatric disorders in VCFS, but based on small samples and short-term follow-up.SUMMARY:Although hundreds of studies in the past year have focused on genomic disorders of chromosome 22, little progress has been made in the implementation of translational research, even for more common disorders including VCFS.
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