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  • Cashin, Peter H, 1984-, et al. (författare)
  • Patient Selection for Cytoreductive Surgery in Colorectal Peritoneal Carcinomatosis using Serum Tumour Markers – an Observational Cohort Study
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Annals of Surgery. - 0003-4932 .- 1528-1140. ; 256:6, s. 1078-1083
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objective: There were 2 objectives: first, to investigate how many patients were excluded from surgery on the basis of the radiological extent of the peritoneal carcinomatosis (PC) or the clinical examination; and second, to develop a score based primarily on serum tumor markers (STMs) that could predict short cancer-specific survival (<12 months). Background: Patient selection and prediction of prognosis is crucial for successful treatment of colorectal PC. Methods: All patients with colorectal PC referred for cytoreductive surgery and intraperitoneal chemotherapy (2005-2008) at Uppsala University hospital were included. Patients were divided into 2 groups-nonsurgery and surgery. Clinicopathological and laboratory parameters were collected in the surgery group. A Corep (COloREctal-Pc) score was developed using hazard ratios from histology, hematological status, serial serum tumor markers (STMs), and STM changes over time. Sensitivity, specificity, positive predicted value (PPV), and negative predicted value (NPV) were calculated in a second validating dataset (n = 24) with a survival cutoff of less than 12 months. Results: A total of 107 patients were included in the study, 42 in the nonsurgery group and 65 in the surgery group. In the nonsurgery group, 2 patients were excluded solely on the basis of the radiological extent of PC and 7 patients on clinical examination. The Corep score ranged from 0 to 18. A score of 6 or more showed a validated sensitivity of 80%, specificity 100%, PPV 1.0, and NPV 0.93. Conclusions: Radiological extent of PC was not a main deciding factor for treatment decisions and had less impact than the clinical examination. The Corep score identified patients with short cancer-specific survival that may not be suitable for treatment.
  • Collin, Åsa, et al. (författare)
  • The effect of local gentamicin-collagen on perineal wound complications and cancer recurrence after abdominoperineal resection : a multicentre randomised controlled trial
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Colorectal Disease. - 1462-8910 .- 1463-1318. ; 15:3, s. 341-346
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Aim:  Perineal wound sepsis is a common problem after abdominoperineal resection of the rectum (APR), with an reported incidence of 10-15% in previously non-radiated patients, 20-30% in patients given preoperative radiation, and 50% among patients submitted to preoperative radiation combined with chemotherapy. The local application of gentamicin-collagen was evaluated to determine whether its use in the perineal wound reduced the risk complications and had an effect on cancer recurrence.Method: In this prospective multicentre (7 hospitals) randomised controlled trial, 102 patients undergoing APR due to cancer or benign disease were randomised into two groups including surgery with gentamicin-collagen (GS+ n=52), or surgery without gentamicin-collagen (GS- n=50), Patients were followed at 7, 30 and 90 days and at one and five years.Results:  There were no statistically significant differences between the two groups regarding perineal wound complications, infectious or non-infectious or cancer recurrence.Conclusion: There was no statistically significant effect on perineal wound complications or cancer recurrence following the local administration of gentamicin-collagen during APR.
  • Danielson, Johan, 1975- (författare)
  • Anorectal Malformations : Long-term outcome and aspects of secondary treatment
  • 2015
  • Doktorsavhandling (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Faecal incontinence (FI) is defined as the inability to control bowel movements. The causes of FI are many and diverse. One of the more uncommon reasons for FI is Anorectal Malformations (ARMs). An ARM is a congenital anomaly that affects somewhere between 1/2500 and 1/5000 live born babies. Many ARM patients have persistent FI. Several different procedures have been utilised to address this issue. This thesis aims to evaluate (1) the long-term outcome in adulthood of ARMs in relation to the modern Krickenbeck classification, and (2) scope for treating FI with transanal injection with dextranomer in non-animal stabilised hyaluronic acid (NASHA/Dx), in patients both with and without ARMs.All patients treated for ARMs in Uppsala up to 1993 were invited to participate in a questionnaire study of quality of life and function. The study included 136 patients and compared them with 136 age- and sex-matched controls. The Krickenbeck classification was found to predict functional outcome, and ARM patients had more problems with incontinence and obstipation, as well as inferior Quality of Life (QoL), compared with controls. Thirty-six patients with FI, owing to causes other than ARMs, were treated with transanal submucous injection of NASHA/Dx. The patients were monitored for two years after treatment. Significant reductions in both their incontinence score and the number of their incontinence episodes were achieved.  A significant improvement in QoL was observed in patients who had at least a 75% reduction in incontinence episodes. No serious complications occurred.A prospective study of transanal injection of NASHA/Dx was conducted on seven patients with persistent FI after ARMs. After six months a significant reduction in the number of incontinence episodes was obtained. A significant improvement in QoL was also found. No serious complications occurred.In conclusion, adult patients with ARMs have inferior outcome of anorectal function and QoL compared with controls. NASHA/Dx is effective and appears to be safe in treating FI in general. This effect seems to be the same in selected patients with persistent FI after ARMs.
  • Danielson, Johan, 1975-, et al. (författare)
  • Injectable bulking treatment of persistent faecal incontinence after anorectal malformations. A preliminary report.
  • Annan publikation (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Background/PurposeDuring the last decades injectable bulking therapy has emerged as a promising treatment option for fecal incontinence (FI). Very little has been published on the use of injectable bulking therapy on patients with persistent FI after anorectal malformations (ARM). This study aimed to evaluate non-animal stabilized hyaluronic acid with dextranomer (NASHA/Dx) for the treatment of adult ARM patients with persistent FI.MethodsSeven adult patients with persistent FI after ARM were treated with perianal submucuos injection of NASHA/Dx. They were evaluated preoperatively and at three and six months after treatment with a validated bowel function questionnaire and a two-week bowel diary as well as FIQL and SF-36 quality of life questionnaires.ResultsBefore treatment mean Miller incontinence score was 13,7 and the mean number of incontinence episodes over two weeks was 20,7. At 6 months after treatment the corresponding figures were 10,7 (P=0,1088) and 5,3 (P=0,0180) respectively. No significant changes could be found in either FIQL or SF-36 scores. No serious adverse events occurred during the study.ConclusionsNASHA/Dx is a promising treatment option for selected adult patients with persistent FI after ARM. Long-term follow up of larger patient series as well as studies on patients in adolescence are needed. 
  • Dranichnikov, Paul, et al. (författare)
  • Readmissions after cytoreductive surgery and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy-a national population-based study
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: ; 18:1
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background Comprehensive readmission morbidity studies after cytoreductive surgery (CRS) and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) are scarce. This study aimed to investigate readmissions and in-hospital morbidity after CRS and HIPEC. Methods The national in-hospital patient register was used to identify patients via the HIPEC ICD code JAQ10 2004-2014. Data were retrieved from the index CRS/HIPEC treatment and from all HIPEC-related readmissions within 6 months. Univariate/multivariate logistical analyses were performed to identify risk factors for reinterventions and readmissions. Results A total of 519 patients (mean age 56 years) had a mean hospital stay of 27 days. Within 6 months, 150 readmissions for adverse events were observed in 129 patients (25%) with 67 patients requiring an intervention (13%). Totally 179 patients (34%) required a reintervention during the first 6 months with 85 (16%) requiring a reoperation. Of these 179 patients, 83 patients (46%) did not undergo the intervention at the HIPEC centre. Gastric resection was the only independent risk factor for in-hospital intervention, and advanced age for readmission. Conclusion Morbidity causing HIPEC-related readmission was higher than expected with almost half of the interventions occurring outside the HIPEC centre. Gastric resection and high age are independent predictors of morbidity and readmission.
  • Elias, Khalid, et al. (författare)
  • Changes in bowel habits and patient-scored symptoms after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass and biliopancreatic diversion with duodenal switch
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Surgery for Obesity and Related Diseases. - 1550-7289 .- 1878-7533. ; 14:2, s. 144-149
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: Bariatric procedures are increasingly being used, but data on bowel habits are scarce.Objectives: To assess changes in gastrointestinal function and patient-scored symptoms after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) and biliopancreatic diversion with duodenal switch (BPD/DS).Setting: University hospital in Sweden.Methods: We recruited 268 adult patients (mean age of 42.5 yr, body mass index 44.8, 67.9% female) listed for RYGB and BPD/DS. Patients answered validated questionnaires prospectively concerning bowel function, the Fecal Incontinence Quality of Life Scale, and the 36-Item Short Form Health Survey before and after their operation.Results: Postoperatively, 208 patients (78.2% of 266 eligible patients) answered the questionnaires. RYGB patients had fewer bowel motions per week (8 versus 10) and more abdominal pain postoperatively (P<.001). Postoperatively, the 35 BPD/DS patients (69% versus 23%) needed to empty their bowel twice or more than twice daily, reported more flatus and urgency, and increased need for keeping a diet (P<.001). Concerning Fecal Incontinence Quality of Life Scale, coping and behavior was slightly reduced while depression and self-perception scores were improved after RYGB. Lifestyle, coping and behavior, and embarrassment were reduced after BPD/DS (P<.05). In the 36-Item Short Form Health Survey, physical scores were markedly improved, while mental scores were largely unaffected.Conclusion: RYGB resulted in a reduced number of bowel movements but increased problems with abdominal pain. In contrast, BPD/DS-patients reported higher frequency of bowel movements, more troubles with flatus and urgency, and increased need for keeping a diet. These symptoms affected quality of life negatively, however, general quality of life was markedly improved after both procedures. These results will be of great value for preoperative counseling.
  • Enblad, Malin (författare)
  • Colorectal and appendiceal peritoneal metastases : From population studies to genetics
  • 2018
  • Doktorsavhandling (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Peritoneal dissemination of colorectal and appendiceal origin was previously considered the end-stage of malignant disease. Today, treatment with cytoreductive surgery (CRS) in combination with hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) has prolonged survival and cured some patients with peritoneal metastases (PM). Unfortunately, a majority of patients still have fatal outcomes. In this thesis, colorectal and appendiceal PM were studied from a wide population-based perspective down to the detailed perspectives of histopathology and genetics, with the aim of further contributing to prolonged survival.In Paper I, the heterogeneous histopathology of PM was investigated and a substantial proportion of patients undergoing CRS and HIPEC were found to have surgical specimens lacking neoplastic epithelium. These patients had a favourable prognosis and the results illustrate the importance of thorough analysing and reporting of histopathology for understanding differences in survival outcomes and for improving patient selection. In Paper II, the role of inflammation in colorectal and appendiceal carcinogenesis was investigated at a population-based level. Patients with non-surgical treatment of appendicitis had an increased incidence of cancer (especially of appendiceal and right-sided colon cancer) compared to the general population. This should be taken into consideration in the discussion of optimal management of patients with appendicitis. In Paper III, risk factors for PM were studied with the aim of aiding in the detection of PM at earlier stages. Appendiceal and right-sided colon cancer, advanced tumour and node stages, mucinous histopathology and vascular invasion were identified as high risk features for developing PM, and should increase awareness of potential PM. In Paper IV, genome-wide chromosomal copy number alterations of PM were explored and associated with prognosis after CRS and HIPEC. Colorectal PM exhibited a wide range of alterations of which copy number gain on parts of chromosome 1p and 15q were significantly associated with poor prognosis and have the potential to be used as prognostic molecular markers in the future.In conclusion, this thesis provides new insights into the field of colorectal and appendiceal cancer and PM to be used for improved patient selection, early detection and prevention, ultimately contributing to improved survival.
  • Enblad, Malin, et al. (författare)
  • Gains of Chromosome 1p and 15q are Associated with Poor Survival After Cytoreductive Surgery and HIPEC for Treating Colorectal Peritoneal Metastases
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: ; 26:13, s. 4835-4842
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Purpose: Genetic alterations in colorectal peritoneal metastases (PM) are largely unknown. This study was designed to analyze whole-genome copy number alterations (CNA) in colorectal PM and to identify alterations associated with prognosis after cytoreductive surgery (CRS) and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC)Methods: All patients with PM, originating from a colorectal adenocarcinoma, who were treated with CRS and HIPEC in Uppsala Sweden, between 2004 and 2015, were included (n = 114). DNA derived from formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) specimens were analyzed for CNA using molecular inversion probe arrays.Results: There were extensive but varying degrees of CNA, ranging from minimal CNA to total aneuploidy. In particular, gain of parts of chromosome 1p and major parts of 15q were associated with poor survival. A combination of gains of 1p and 15q was associated with poor survival, also after adjustment for differences in peritoneal cancer index and completeness of cytoreduction score [hazard ratio (HR) 5.96; 95% confidence interval (CI) 2.19-16.18]. These patients had a mean copy number (CN) of 3.19 compared with 2.24 in patients without gains. Complete CN analysis was performed in 53 patients. Analysis was unsuccessful for the remaining patients due to insufficient amounts of DNA and signals caused by interstitial components and normal cells. There was no difference in survival between patients with successful and unsuccessful CN analysis.Conclusions: This study shows that gains of parts of chromosome 1p and of major parts of chromosome 15q were significantly associated with poor survival after CRS and HIPEC, which could represent future prognostic biomarkers.
  • Enblad, Malin, et al. (författare)
  • Importance of Absent Neoplastic Epithelium in Patients Treated With Cytoreductive Surgery and Hyperthermic Intraperitoneal Chemotherapy
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Annals of Surgical Oncology. - 1068-9265 .- 1534-4681. ; 23:4, s. 1149-1156
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The importance of absent neoplastic epithelium in specimens from cytoreductive surgery (CRS) is unknown. This study aimed to investigate the prevalence and prognostic value of histopathology without neoplastic epithelium in patients treated with CRS and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC). Data were extracted from medical records and histopathology reports for patients treated with initial CRS and HIPEC at Uppsala University Hospital, Sweden, between 2004 and 2012. Patients with inoperable disease and patients undergoing palliative non-CRS surgery were excluded from the study. Patients lacking neoplastic epithelium in surgical specimens from CRS, with or without mucin, were classified as "neoplastic epithelium absent" (NEA), and patients with neoplastic epithelium were classified as "neoplastic epithelium present" (NEP). The study observed NEA in 78 of 353 patients (22 %). Mucin was found in 28 of the patients with NEA. For low-grade appendiceal mucinous neoplasms and adenomas, the 5-year overall survival rate was 100 % for NEA and 84 % for NEP, and the 5-year recurrence-free survival rate was 100 % for NEA and 59 % for NEP. For appendiceal/colorectal adenocarcinomas (including tumors of the small intestine), the 5-year overall survival rate was 61 % for NEA and 38 % for NEP, and the 5-year recurrence-free survival rate was 60 % for NEA and 14 % for NEP. Carcinoembryonic antigen level, peritoneal cancer index, and completeness of the cytoreduction score were lower in patients with NEA. A substantial proportion of patients undergoing CRS and HIPEC have NEA. These patients have a favorable prognosis and a decreased risk of recurrence. Differences in patient selection can affect the proportion of NEA and hence explain differences in survival rates between reported series.
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