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  • Gustafsson, Ulla Maria, et al. (författare)
  • Randomized clinical trial of local gentamicin-collagen treatment in advancement flap repair for anal fistula
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: British Journal of Surgery. - 0007-1323 .- 1365-2168. ; 93:10, s. 1202-1207
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: Endoanal advancement flap repair is widely used in sphincter-preserving surgery for anal fistula, but the high recurrence rate is a major problem. A possible cause of non-healing is local infection of the flap. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether local antibiotic treatment with gentamicin-collagen improves healing after endoanal advancement flap repair for anal fistula.Methods: Eighty-three patients (52 men and 31 women; mean age 47 (range 17-71) years) who had endoanal advancement flap repair for anal fistula between September 1998 and January 2004 were randomized to surgery with (42 patients) or without (41 patients) application of gentamicin-collagen beneath the flap. Patients were evaluated at 1-3 and 12 months after surgery for healing and/or recurrence.Results: The overall healing rate with no recurrence at 1 year after surgery was 57 per cent (47 of 83). Twenty-six of 42 patients randomized to gentamicin-collagen healed primarily compared with 21 of 41 patients randomized to surgery only. There were no overall differences in healing rate according to sex, previous fistula surgery, complexity of fistula, smoking habit or body mass index.Conclusion: Endoanal advancement flap repair for anal fistula has a fairly high primary recurrence rate. Healing was not significantly improved by local application of gentamicin-collagen.
  • Hansson, Johan, et al. (författare)
  • Postoperative adverse events and long-term survival after cytoreductive surgery and intraperitoneal chemotherapy
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: European Journal of Surgical Oncology. - 0748-7983 .- 1532-2157. ; 35:2, s. 202-208
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: Peritoneal carcinomatosis (PC) is fatal without special combined cytoreductive surgery (CRS) and intraperitoneal chemotherapy (IPC). This study was designed to identify factors that may increase the risk of postoperative morbidity and mortality from combined CRS and IPC interventions for PC. Survival based on primary tumour type and extent of surgery is reported. METHODS: Between May 1991 and November 2004, 123 patients were treated with CRS and IPC for PC. Based on the National Cancer Institute Common Toxicity Criteria for grade 3 and 4, data on 30 days postoperative morbidity and 90 days mortality were analysed. RESULTS: Grade 3-4 adverse events were observed in 51 patients (41%) and were associated with stoma formation, duration of surgery, peroperative blood loss and peritoneal cancer index (PCI). Excision, or electrocautery evaporation, of tumour from small bowel surface was correlated to bowel morbidity. Five patients had treatment-related mortality (4%) within 90 days. Survival was associated with macroscopic radical surgery, prior surgical score, PCI and primary tumour type. CONCLUSIONS: CRS and IPC for PC are associated with high morbidity and mortality. However, in light of the potential benefit indicated by long-term survival, the adverse event from this treatment is considered acceptable.
  • Hansson, Johan, 1964-, et al. (författare)
  • Quality of life in peritoneal carcinomatosis after cytoreductive surgery and intraperitoneal chemotherapy
  • 2012
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background:Cytoreductive surgery (CRS) plus intraperitoneal chemotherapy (IPC) is considered the most optimal treatment for peritoneal carcinomatosis (PC). Health-related quality of life (HRQL) after treatment is largely unknown. The aims were to assess HRQL in patients with PC treated with CRS and IPC and to analyse the influence of clinical variables on HRQL.Methods:HRQL was assessed prospectively between November 2001 and March 2005 in 64 consecutive patients with PC through two different self-administered instruments, EORTC QLQ-C30 v3.0 (QLQ-C30) and the SF-36 Health Survey (SF-36), preoperatively, and after 3 and 8 months. Results:For QLQ-C30, 44 (69%) and for SF-36, 42 (66%) out of 64 patients had a complete follow-up. Most scales were worsened at baseline compared to reference in both instruments. HRQL was reduced at 3-months in QLQ-C30 (physical, role and emotional functioning) and in SF-36 (physical summary score). At 8-months, all scales returned to baseline in QLQ-C30, except physical functioning which was still reduced and dyspnoea that was worsened. In SF-36, all values returned to baseline levels. At 8-months, presence of a stoma worsened social functioning and a high peritoneal cancer index decreased social functioning and global QoL, the use of hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy and 30-days postoperative morbidity had no impact on HRQL. Conclusion: CRS with IPC results in reasonable short-term HRQL despite high initial morbidity and an initial decrease in HRQL parameters. The study adds to the notion that this treatment appears beneficial in light of probable life prolongation, despite considerable toxicity.
  • Hansson, Johan, 1964-, et al. (författare)
  • Single-photon emission computed tomography for prediction of treatment results in sequential intraperitoneal chemotherapy at peritoneal carcinomatosis
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Annals of Surgery. - 0003-4932 .- 1528-1140.
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: Cytoreductive surgery and intraperitoneal chemotherapy (IPC) treatment can improve survival in peritoneal carcinomatosis. One of the reasons for failure of sequential postoperative intraperitoneal chemotherapy (SPIC) is lack of distribution of the chemotherapy in the peritoneal cavity. The primary aim of this study was to evaluate single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) as a predictor of successful SPIC treatment and prognosis. A secondary aim was to assess the relationship between SPECT, feasibility of SPIC, and clinical variables.Methods: Fifty-one patients (mean age 52 years, range 14-74, 20 women) were treated with Cytoreductive surgery and SPIC. SPECT studies with intraperitoneal (i.p.) Technetium-99 via a Port-a-Cath (PaC) were performed before the second course of treatment. The i.p. distribution was registered as a detected volume (DV) at four different threshold settings (1, 2, 5, and 10%) of the global maximum intensity of the SPECT examination. A calculation model for SPECT and clinical variables was tested.Results: The DV measured in the SPECT examination predicted the number of subsequent SPIC courses. The highest correlation (R=0.45) for DV was in the 2% threshold setting. Patients with a DV2% lower than mean reached two SPIC courses and patients with a DV2% higher than mean reached six SPIC course. Height correlated to higher DV and a higher number of SPIC courses. Patients with a height lower than mean reached a DV2% at 3930 ml and patients higher than mean reached a DV2% at 5507 ml. A taller person could tolerate more SPIC courses (R=0.28) and patients with a height higher than mean reached six SPIC courses; patients with a height lower than mean reached four courses. There was no correlation between DV and survival.Conclusion: The feasibility of performing SPIC without further surgical intervention can be predicted by SPECT, and it might therefore be an instrument to select which patients should preferably be treated with alternative therapy.
  • Hassan, Saadia, et al. (författare)
  • Novel activity of acriflavine against colorectal cancer tumor cells
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: Cancer Science. - 1347-9032 .- 1349-7006. ; 102:12, s. 2206-2213
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • A high-throughput screen of the cytotoxic activity of 2000 molecules from a commercial library in three human colon cancer cell lines and two normal cell types identified the acridine acriflavin to be a colorectal cancer (CRC) active drug. Acriflavine was active in cell spheroids, indicating good drug penetration and activity against hypoxic cells. In a validation step based on primary cultures of patient tumor cells, acriflavine was found to be more active against CRC than ovarian cancer and chronic lymphocytic leukemia. This contrasted to the activity pattern of the CRC active standard drugs 5-fluorouracil, irinotecan and oxaliplatin. Mechanistic studies indicated acriflavine to be a dual topoisomerase I and II inhibitor. In conclusion, the strategy used seems promising for identification of new diagnosis-specific cancer drugs.
  • Johannsson, Helgi Orn, et al. (författare)
  • Functional and Structural Abnormalities After Milligan Hemorrhoidectomy : A Comparison With Healthy Subjects
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Diseases of the Colon & Rectum. - 0012-3706 .- 1530-0358. ; 56:7, s. 903-908
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: Fecal incontinence is a rare but well-known adverse effect of hemorrhoidectomy. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to identify possible reasons for incontinence after hemorrhoidectomy. DESIGN: We conducted a retrospective comparative study. SETTINGS: The study was performed in 1 university hospital and 1 general district hospital serving 2 counties in central Sweden. PATIENTS: In a cohort of 418 patients with consecutive Milligan hemorrhoidectomies, 40 reported fecal incontinence that was attributed to surgery. Of these, 19 patients agreed to participate. Fifteen age- and sex-matched patients from the same cohort who were operated on, but without symptoms of incontinence, were also studied, as was a third reference group of 19 age- and sex-matched persons serving as a population-based control group. INTERVENTION: All of the participants answered a bowel function questionnaire and underwent clinical evaluation, including rectoscopy, anal manometry, saline infusion test, and endoanal ultrasound. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: We evaluated anal resting and squeeze pressures, sphincter defects, and continence function. RESULTS: The symptomatic patients had higher incontinence scores than the control groups (p = 0.00002). The mean resting pressure at the high-pressure zone was also reduced in this group (p = 0.047). External sphincter injuries were detected in 4 (20%) of 19 subjects compared with none in the control group (p = 0.11). Saline infusion test in the patients reporting incontinence showed reduced ability to hold liquids compared with healthy controls (p = 0.004). LIMITATIONS: This study was limited by selection bias and limited numbers in the groups. CONCLUSIONS: In the group of patients reporting incontinence after hemorrhoidectomy, there was a proportion with sphincter defects and impaired sphincter function. These results indicate a need for cautious patient selection and improved or alternative surgical techniques.
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