SwePub
Sök i SwePub databas

  Utökad sökning

Träfflista för sökning "WFRF:(Heikkila P) ;srt2:(2015-2019)"

Sökning: WFRF:(Heikkila P) > (2015-2019)

  • Resultat 21-30 av 36
  • Föregående 12[3]4Nästa
Sortera/gruppera träfflistan
   
NumreringReferensOmslagsbildHitta
21.
  •  
22.
  • Virtanen, Marianna, et al. (författare)
  • Long working hours and depressive symptoms : systematic review and meta-analysis of published studies and unpublished individual participant data
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health. - : Nordic Association of Occupational Safety and Health. - 0355-3140 .- 1795-990X. ; 44:3, s. 239-250
  • Forskningsöversikt (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objectives This systematic review and meta-analysis combined published study-level data and unpublished individual-participant data with the aim of quantifying the relation between long working hours and the onset of depressive symptoms. Methods We searched PubMed and Embase for published prospective cohort studies and included available cohorts with unpublished individual-participant data. We used a random-effects meta-analysis to calculate summary estimates across studies. Results We identified ten published cohort studies and included unpublished individual-participant data from 18 studies. In the majority of cohorts, long working hours was defined as working ≥55 hours per week. In multivariable-adjusted meta-analyses of 189 729 participants from 35 countries [96 275 men, 93 454 women, follow-up ranging from 1-5 years, 21 747 new-onset cases), there was an overall association of 1.14 (95% confidence interval (CI) 1.03-1.25] between long working hours and the onset of depressive symptoms, with significant evidence of heterogeneity (I 2=45.1%, P=0.004). A moderate association between working hours and depressive symptoms was found in Asian countries (1.50, 95% CI 1.13-2.01), a weaker association in Europe (1.11, 95% CI 1.00-1.22), and no association in North America (0.97, 95% CI 0.70-1.34) or Australia (0.95, 95% CI 0.70-1.29). Differences by other characteristics were small. Conclusions This observational evidence suggests a moderate association between long working hours and onset of depressive symptoms in Asia and a small association in Europe.
  •  
23.
  • Dragano, Nico, et al. (författare)
  • Effort-reward imbalance at work and incident coronary heart disease : a multi-cohort study of 90,164 individuals
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Epidemiology. - : Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. - 1044-3983 .- 1531-5487. ; 28:4, s. 619-626
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: Epidemiologic evidence for work stress as a risk factor for coronary heart disease is mostly based on a single measure of stressful work known as job strain, a combination of high demands and low job control. We examined whether a complementary stress measure that assesses an imbalance between efforts spent at work and rewards received predicted coronary heart disease.METHODS: This multi-cohort study (the 'IPD-Work' consortium) was based on harmonized individual-level data from 11 European prospective cohort studies. Stressful weappork in 90,164 men and women without coronary heart disease at baseline was assessed by validated effort-reward imbalance and job strain questionnaires. We defined incident coronary heart disease as the first non-fatal myocardial infarction or coronary death. Study-specific estimates were pooled by random-effects meta-analysis.RESULTS: At baseline, 31.7% of study members reported effort-reward imbalance at work and 15.9% reported job strain. During a mean follow-up of 9.8 years, 1078 coronary events were recorded. After adjustment for potential confounders, a hazard ratio of 1.16 (95% confidence interval 1.00-1.35) was observed for effort-reward imbalance compared to no imbalance. The hazard ratio was 1.16 (1.01-1.34) for having either effort-reward imbalance or job strain, and 1.41 (1.12-1.76) for having both these stressors compared to having neither effort-reward imbalance nor job strain.CONCLUSIONS: Individuals with effort-reward imbalance at work have an increased risk of coronary heart disease, and this appears to be independent of job strain experienced. These findings support expanding focus beyond just job strain in future research on work stress.This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 (CCBY), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
  •  
24.
  • Fransson, Eleonor I., et al. (författare)
  • Job strain and the risk of stroke : an individual-participant data meta-analysis
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: Stroke. - 0039-2499 .- 1524-4628. ; 46:2, s. 557-559
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Psychosocial stress at work has been proposed to be a risk factor for cardiovascular disease. However, its role as a risk factor for stroke is uncertain.METHODS: We conducted an individual-participant-data meta-analysis of 196 380 males and females from 14 European cohort studies to investigate the association between job strain, a measure of work-related stress, and incident stroke.RESULTS: In 1.8 million person-years at risk (mean follow-up 9.2 years), 2023 first-time stroke events were recorded. The age- and sex-adjusted hazard ratio for job strain relative to no job strain was 1.24 (95% confidence interval, 1.05;1.47) for ischemic stroke, 1.01 (95% confidence interval, 0.75;1.36) for hemorrhagic stroke, and 1.09 (95% confidence interval, 0.94;1.26) for overall stroke. The association with ischemic stroke was robust to further adjustment for socioeconomic status.CONCLUSION: Job strain may be associated with an increased risk of ischemic stroke, but further research is needed to determine whether interventions targeting job strain would reduce stroke risk beyond existing preventive strategies.
  •  
25.
  •  
26.
  •  
27.
  •  
28.
  •  
29.
  • Männikkö, Reija, et al. (författare)
  • The Nordic diet and cognition - The DR's EXTRA Study
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: British Journal of Nutrition. - 0007-1145 .- 1475-2662. ; 114:2, s. 231-239
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The rapid increase in the prevalence of dementia associated with ageing populations has stimulated interest in identifying modifiable lifestyle factors that could prevent cognitive impairment. One such potential preventive lifestyle factor is the Nordic diet that has been shown to reduce the risk of CVD; however, its effect on cognition has not been studied. The aim of the present study was to estimate the cross-sectional and longitudinal associations of the baseline Nordic diet with cognitive function at baseline and after a 4-year follow-up in a population-based random sample (n 1140 women and men, age 57-78 years) as secondary analyses of the Finnish Dose-Responses to Exercise Training study. The Nordic diet score was created based on reported dietary components in 4-d food records. Cognition was assessed by the Consortium to Establish a Registry for Alzheimer's Disease (CERAD) neuropsychological battery and the Mini-mental State Examination (MMSE). The baseline Nordic diet score had been positively associated with Verbal Fluency (beta 0.08 (95% CI 0.00, 0.16), P=0.039) and Word List Learning (beta 0.06 (95% CI 0.01, 0.10), P=0.022) at 4 years but not with the Consortium to Establish a Registry for Alzheimer's Disease total score (CERAD-TS) or MMSE at 4 years, after adjustment for baseline cognitive scores, demographic factors and health-related factors. After excluding individuals with impaired cognition at baseline, the baseline Nordic diet score had also been positively associated with the CERAD-TS (beta 0.10 (95% CI 0.00, 0.20), P=0.042) and MMSE (beta 0.03 (95% CI 0.00, 0.06), P=0.039) at 4 years. These associations disappeared after further adjustment for energy intake. In conclusion, the Nordic diet might have a positive association with cognition in individuals with normal cognition.
  •  
30.
  •  
Skapa referenser, mejla, bekava och länka
  • Resultat 21-30 av 36
  • Föregående 12[3]4Nästa
Typ av publikation
tidskriftsartikel (31)
forskningsöversikt (3)
konferensbidrag (2)
Typ av innehåll
refereegranskat (34)
övrigt vetenskapligt (2)
Författare/redaktör
Heikkila, K (25)
Kaprio, J (17)
Koskenvuo, M (13)
Silventoinen, K (12)
Madsen, Ida E. H. (12)
Boomsma, DI (11)
visa fler...
Batty, G. David (11)
Willemsen, G (10)
Salo, P (10)
Montgomery, GW (10)
Martin, NG (10)
Theorell, T (10)
Alfredsson, L. (10)
Fransson, Eleonor I (10)
Virtanen, M (10)
Oksanen, T (10)
Vahtera, J (10)
Pentti, J (10)
Kivimaki, M (10)
Rugulies, R (10)
Westerlund, H (10)
Burr, H. (10)
Dragano, N (10)
Nyberg, Solja T (10)
Bjorner, Jakob B (10)
Knutsson, A. (9)
Magnusson, PKE (9)
Nordin, M. (9)
Singh-Manoux, A (9)
Mangino, M (9)
Jokela, M (9)
Hamer, M. (8)
Pedersen, NL (8)
Bartels, M (8)
Medland, SE (8)
Rasmussen, F (8)
Tynelius, P (8)
Sorensen, TIA (8)
Kaprio, Jaakko (8)
Sund, R (8)
Westerlund, Hugo (8)
Theorell, Töres (8)
McGue, M (8)
Loos, RJF (8)
Batty, GD (8)
Bjorner, JB (8)
Jelenkovic, A (8)
Rebato, E (8)
Yokoyama, Y (8)
Nielsen, ML (8)
visa färre...
Lärosäte
Karolinska Institutet (16)
Jönköping University (9)
Örebro universitet (5)
Göteborgs universitet (4)
Lunds universitet (4)
Uppsala universitet (4)
visa fler...
Stockholms universitet (4)
Mittuniversitetet (4)
Högskolan i Skövde (3)
Kungliga Tekniska Högskolan (2)
Linnéuniversitetet (2)
Umeå universitet (1)
Chalmers tekniska högskola (1)
visa färre...
Språk
Engelska (36)
Forskningsämne (UKÄ/SCB)
Medicin och hälsovetenskap (17)
Naturvetenskap (10)
Samhällsvetenskap (1)

År

 
pil uppåt Stäng

Kopiera och spara länken för att återkomma till aktuell vy