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Sökning: WFRF:(Heikkila P)

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81.
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82.
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86.
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87.
  • Jaarsma, T, et al. (författare)
  • Heart failure management programmes in Europé
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing. - 1474-5151 .- 1873-1953. ; 5:3, s. 197-205
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>Background: The ESC guidelines recommend that an organised system of specialist heart failure (HF) care should be established to improve outcomes of HF patients. The aim of this study was therefore to identify the number and the content of HF management programmes in Europe. Method: A two-phase descriptive study was conducted: an initial screening to identify the existence of HF management programmes, and a survey to describe the content in countries where at least 30% of the hospitals had a programme. Results: Of the 43 European countries approached, 26 (60%) estimated the percentage of HF management programmes. Seven countries reported that they had such programmes in more than 30% of their hospitals. Of the 673 hospitals responding to the questionnaire, 426 (63%) had a HF management programme. Half of the programmes (n = 205) were located in an outpatient clinic. In the UK a combination of hospital and home-based programmes was common (75%). The most programmes included physical examination, telephone consultation, patient education, drug titration and diagnostic testing. Most (89%) programmes involved nurses and physicians. Multi-disciplinary teams were active in 56% of the HF programmes. The most prominent differences between the 7 countries were the degree of collaboration with home care and GP's, the role in palliative care and the funding. Conclusion: Only a few European countries have a large number of organised programmes for HF care and follow up. To improve outcomes of HF patients throughout Europe more effort should be taken to increase the number of these programmes in all countries. © 2006 European Society of Cardiology.</p>
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88.
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89.
  • Johannsdottir, HK, et al. (författare)
  • Deletions on chromosome 4 in sporadic and BRCA mutated tumors and association with pathological variables
  • 2004
  • Ingår i: Anticancer research. - International Institute of Cancer Research. - 1791-7530. ; 24:5A, s. 2681-2687
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: Chromosomal aberrations in breast tumors from BRCA1 and BRCA2 germ-line mutation carriers are considerably more frequent than what is seen in sporadic breast tumors. According to Comparative Genomic Hybridisation analysis (CGH), deletions on chromosome 4 are one of the most frequent events in BRCA1-associated tumors, suggesting inactivation of specific tumor suppressor genes. Materials and Methods: In the present study, 16 microsatellite markers covering chromosome 4 were used to map loss of heterozygosity (LOH) in tumors from BRCA1 (n =41) as well as in tumors from BRCA2 (n = 66) mutation carriers and in tumors from unselected cases of breast cancer (n = 68). Results: The frequency of LOH in these groups ranged from 16-73% in BRCA1-associated tumors, 13-42% in BRCA2-associated tumors and 8-33% in unselected tumors. LOH was significantly more frequent in BRCA1-associated tumors as compared to BRCA2-associated tumors and unselected tumors, and particularly high (over 70%) at 4q35.2. Pathological variables that were found significantly associated (pless than or equal to0.05) with LOH at specific markers were: high percentage of cells in S-phase, negative estrogen receptor status, young age at diagnosis and large tumors. Deletion mapping indicates the existence of seven non-overlapping regions at chromosome 4, which were identified in all three groups of tumors. Three of these seven regions, 4p16.3-p16.1, 4q27-q32.1 and 4q35.1-4qter, have not been reported in breast cancer previously. Conclusion: The results manifest the frequent alterations of chromosome 4 in BRCA1-associated breast tumors and indicate the location of several genes of potential importance in breast cancer development.
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Heikkila, K (49)
Heikkila, P (39)
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