SwePub
Sök i SwePub databas

  Utökad sökning

Träfflista för sökning "WFRF:(Henderson Brian E.) "

Sökning: WFRF:(Henderson Brian E.)

  • Resultat 51-60 av 66
  • Föregående 12345[6]7Nästa
Sortera/gruppera träfflistan
   
NumreringReferensOmslagsbildHitta
51.
  • Dossus, Laure, et al. (författare)
  • PTGS2 and IL6 genetic variation and risk of breast and prostate cancer : results from the Breast and Prostate Cancer Cohort Consortium (BPC3)
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Carcinogenesis. - 0143-3334. ; 31:3, s. 455-461
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Genes involved in the inflammation pathway have been associated with cancer risk. Genetic variants in the interleukin-6 (IL6) and prostaglandin-endoperoxide synthase-2 (PTGS2, encoding for the COX-2 enzyme) genes, in particular, have been related to several cancer types, including breast and prostate cancers. We conducted a study within the Breast and Prostate Cancer Cohort Consortium to examine the association between IL6 and PTGS2 polymorphisms and breast and prostate cancer risk. Twenty-seven polymorphisms, selected by pairwise tagging, were genotyped on 6292 breast cancer cases and 8135 matched controls and 8008 prostate cancer cases and 8604 matched controls. The large sample sizes and comprehensive single nucleotide polymorphism tagging in this study gave us excellent power to detect modest effects for common variants. After adjustment for multiple testing, none of the associations examined remained statistically significant at P = 0.01. In analyses not adjusted for multiple testing, one IL6 polymorphism (rs6949149) was marginally associated with breast cancer risk (TT versus GG, odds ratios (OR): 1.32; 99% confidence intervals (CI): 1.00-1.74, P(trend) = 0.003) and two were marginally associated with prostate cancer risk (rs6969502-AA versus rs6969502-GG, OR: 0.87, 99% CI: 0.75-1.02; P(trend) = 0.002 and rs7805828-AA versus rs7805828-GG, OR: 1.11, 99% CI: 0.99-1.26; P(trend) = 0.007). An increase in breast cancer risk was observed for the PTGS2 polymorphism rs7550380 (TT versus GG, OR: 1.38, 99% CI: 1.04-1.83). No association was observed between PTGS2 polymorphisms and prostate cancer risk. In conclusion, common genetic variation in these two genes might play at best a limited role in breast and prostate cancers.
  •  
52.
  • Lindstroem, Sara, et al. (författare)
  • Common genetic variants in prostate cancer risk prediction-results from the NCI breast and prostate cancer cohort consortium (BPC3)
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers and Prevention. - 1055-9965. ; 21:3, s. 437-444
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: One of the goals of personalized medicine is to generate individual risk profiles that could identify individuals in the population that exhibit high risk. The discovery of more than two-dozen independent single-nucleotide polymorphism markers in prostate cancer has raised the possibility for such risk stratification. In this study, we evaluated the discriminative and predictive ability for prostate cancer risk models incorporating 25 common prostate cancer genetic markers, family history of prostate cancer, and age.Methods: We fit a series of risk models and estimated their performance in 7,509 prostate cancer cases and 7,652 controls within the National Cancer Institute Breast and Prostate Cancer Cohort Consortium (BPC3). We also calculated absolute risks based on SEER incidence data.Results: The best risk model (C-statistic = 0.642) included individual genetic markers and family history of prostate cancer. We observed a decreasing trend in discriminative ability with advancing age (P = 0.009), with highest accuracy in men younger than 60 years (C-statistic = 0.679). The absolute ten-year risk for 50-year-old men with a family history ranged from 1.6% (10th percentile of genetic risk) to 6.7% (90th percentile of genetic risk). For men without family history, the risk ranged from 0.8% (10th percentile) to 3.4% (90th percentile).Conclusions: Our results indicate that incorporating genetic information and family history in prostate cancer risk models can be particularly useful for identifying younger men that might benefit from prostate-specific antigen screening.Impact: Although adding genetic risk markers improves model performance, the clinical utility of these genetic risk models is limited.
  •  
53.
  • Lindström, Sara, et al. (författare)
  • A large study of androgen receptor germline variants and their relation to sex hormone levels and prostate cancer risk : Results from the National Cancer Institute Breast and Prostate Cancer Cohort Consortium
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism. - The Endocrine Society. - 0021-972X. ; 95:9, s. E121-E127
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: Androgens are key regulators of prostate gland maintenance and prostate cancer growth, and androgen deprivation therapy has been the mainstay of treatment for advanced prostate cancer for many years. A long-standing hypothesis has been that inherited variation in the androgen receptor (AR) gene plays a role in prostate cancer initiation. However, studies to date have been inconclusive and often suffered from small sample sizes. Objective and Methods: We investigated the association of AR sequence variants with circulating sex hormone levels and prostate cancer risk in 6058 prostate cancer cases and 6725 controls of Caucasian origin within the Breast and Prostate Cancer Cohort Consortium. We genotyped a highly polymorphic CAG microsatellite in exon 1 and six haplotype tagging single nucleotide polymorphisms and tested each genetic variant for association with prostate cancer risk and with sex steroid levels. Results: We observed no association between AR genetic variants and prostate cancer risk. However, there was a strong association between longer CAG repeats and higher levels of testosterone (P = 4.73 × 10−5) and estradiol (P = 0.0002), although the amount of variance explained was small (0.4 and 0.7%, respectively). Conclusions: This study is the largest to date investigating AR sequence variants, sex steroid levels, and prostate cancer risk. Although we observed no association between AR sequence variants and prostate cancer risk, our results support earlier findings of a relation between the number of CAG repeats and circulating levels of testosterone and estradiol.
  •  
54.
  • Szulkin, Robert, et al. (författare)
  • Prediction of individual genetic risk to prostate cancer using a polygenic score.
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: The Prostate. - 0270-4137 .- 1097-0045. ; 75:13, s. 1467-74
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: Polygenic risk scores comprising established susceptibility variants have shown to be informative classifiers for several complex diseases including prostate cancer. For prostate cancer it is unknown if inclusion of genetic markers that have so far not been associated with prostate cancer risk at a genome-wide significant level will improve disease prediction.METHODS: We built polygenic risk scores in a large training set comprising over 25,000 individuals. Initially 65 established prostate cancer susceptibility variants were selected. After LD pruning additional variants were prioritized based on their association with prostate cancer. Six-fold cross validation was performed to assess genetic risk scores and optimize the number of additional variants to be included. The final model was evaluated in an independent study population including 1,370 cases and 1,239 controls.RESULTS: The polygenic risk score with 65 established susceptibility variants provided an area under the curve (AUC) of 0.67. Adding an additional 68 novel variants significantly increased the AUC to 0.68 (P = 0.0012) and the net reclassification index with 0.21 (P = 8.5E-08). All novel variants were located in genomic regions established as associated with prostate cancer risk.CONCLUSIONS: Inclusion of additional genetic variants from established prostate cancer susceptibility regions improves disease prediction.
  •  
55.
  • Wu, Lang, et al. (författare)
  • Identification of Novel Susceptibility Loci and Genes for Prostate Cancer Risk : A Transcriptome-Wide Association Study in over 140,000 European Descendants
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Cancer Research. - AMER ASSOC CANCER RESEARCH. - 0008-5472 .- 1538-7445. ; 79:13, s. 3192-3204
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Genome-wide association study-identified prostate cancer risk variants explain only a relatively small fraction of its familial relative risk, and the genes responsible for many of these identified associations remain unknown. To discover novel prostate cancer genetic loci and possible causal genes at previously identified risk loci, we performed a transcriptome-wide association study in 79,194 cases and 61,112 controls of European ancestry. Using data from the Genotype-Tissue Expression Project, we established genetic models to predict gene expression across the transcriptome for both prostate models and cross-tissue models and evaluated model performance using two independent datasets. We identified significant associations for 137 genes at P < 2.61 x 10(-6), a Bonferroni-corrected threshold, including nine genes that remained significant at P < 2.61 x 10(-6) after adjusting for all known prostate cancer risk variants in nearby regions. Of the 128 remaining associated genes, 94 have not yet been reported as potential target genes at known loci. We silenced 14 genes and many showed a consistent effect on viability and colony-forming efficiency in three cell lines. Our study provides substantial new information to advance our understanding of prostate cancer genetics and biology. Significance: This study identifies novel prostate cancer genetic loci and possible causal genes, advancing our understanding of the molecular mechanisms that drive prostate cancer.
  •  
56.
  • Yeager, Meredith, et al. (författare)
  • Identification of a new prostate cancer susceptibility locus on chromosome 8q24.
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Nature genetics. - 1546-1718. ; 41:10, s. 1055-7
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We report a genome-wide association study in 10,286 cases and 9,135 controls of European ancestry in the Cancer Genetic Markers of Susceptibility (CGEMS) initiative. We identify a new association with prostate cancer risk on chromosome 8q24 (rs620861, P = 1.3 x 10(-10), heterozygote OR = 1.17, 95% CI 1.10-1.24; homozygote OR = 1.33, 95% CI 1.21-1.45). This defines a new locus associated with prostate cancer susceptibility on 8q24.
  •  
57.
  • Zaitlen, Noah, et al. (författare)
  • Analysis of case-control association studies with known risk variants
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Bioinformatics. - Oxford University Press. - 1367-4803. ; 28:13, s. 1729-1737
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Motivation: The question of how to best use information from known associated variants when conducting disease association studies has yet to be answered. Some studies compute a marginal P-value for each Several Nucleotide Polymorphisms independently, ignoring previously discovered variants. Other studies include known variants as covariates in logistic regression, but a weakness of this standard conditioning strategy is that it does not account for disease prevalence and non-random ascertainment, which can induce a correlation structure between candidate variants and known associated variants even if the variants lie on different chromosomes. Here, we propose a new conditioning approach, which is based in part on the classical technique of liability threshold modeling. Roughly, this method estimates model parameters for each known variant while accounting for the published disease prevalence from the epidemiological literature. Results: We show via simulation and application to empirical datasets that our approach outperforms both the no conditioning strategy and the standard conditioning strategy, with a properly controlled false-positive rate. Furthermore, in multiple data sets involving diseases of low prevalence, standard conditioning produces a severe drop in test statistics whereas our approach generally performs as well or better than no conditioning. Our approach may substantially improve disease gene discovery for diseases with many known risk variants.
  •  
58.
  • Ahn, Jiyoung, et al. (författare)
  • Quantitative trait loci predicting circulating sex steroid hormones in men from the NCI-Breast and Prostate Cancer Cohort Consortium (BPC3).
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Human molecular genetics. - 1460-2083. ; 18:19, s. 3749-57
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Twin studies suggest a heritable component to circulating sex steroid hormones and sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG). In the NCI-Breast and Prostate Cancer Cohort Consortium, 874 SNPs in 37 candidate genes in the sex steroid hormone pathway were examined in relation to circulating levels of SHBG (N = 4720), testosterone (N = 4678), 3 alpha-androstanediol-glucuronide (N = 4767) and 17beta-estradiol (N = 2014) in Caucasian men. rs1799941 in SHBG is highly significantly associated with circulating levels of SHBG (P = 4.52 x 10(-21)), consistent with previous studies, and testosterone (P = 7.54 x 10(-15)), with mean difference of 26.9 and 14.3%, respectively, comparing wild-type to homozygous variant carriers. Further noteworthy novel findings were observed between SNPs in ESR1 with testosterone levels (rs722208, mean difference = 8.8%, P = 7.37 x 10(-6)) and SRD5A2 with 3 alpha-androstanediol-glucuronide (rs2208532, mean difference = 11.8%, P = 1.82 x 10(-6)). Genetic variation in genes in the sex steroid hormone pathway is associated with differences in circulating SHBG and sex steroid hormones.
  •  
59.
  •  
60.
  •  
Skapa referenser, mejla, bekava och länka
  • Resultat 51-60 av 66
  • Föregående 12345[6]7Nästa
Åtkomst
fritt online (11)
Typ av publikation
tidskriftsartikel (66)
Typ av innehåll
refereegranskat (66)
Författare/redaktör
Henderson, Brian E (57)
Haiman, Christopher ... (53)
Le Marchand, Loïc (45)
Hunter, David J. (43)
Kraft, Peter (42)
Chanock, Stephen J (35)
visa fler...
Kolonel, Laurence N (35)
Riboli, Elio (33)
Albanes, Demetrius (33)
Giles, Graham G (33)
Stram, Daniel O (29)
Kaaks, Rudolf (28)
Trichopoulos, Dimitr ... (28)
Canzian, Federico (27)
Travis, Ruth C (26)
Khaw, Kay-Tee (25)
Hoover, Robert N. (25)
Berndt, Sonja I (22)
Schumacher, Fredrick ... (21)
Thun, Michael J. (20)
Southey, Melissa C. (20)
Hankinson, Susan E. (20)
Chang-Claude, Jenny (19)
Brenner, Hermann (19)
Garcia-Closas, Monts ... (19)
Severi, Gianluca (18)
Ziegler, Regina G. (18)
Diver, W. Ryan (18)
Dunning, Alison M. (18)
Yeager, Meredith (18)
Boeing, Heiner (17)
Gapstur, Susan M (17)
Gaziano, J Michael (17)
Ma, Jing (17)
Muir, Kenneth (16)
Overvad, Kim (15)
Stevens, Victoria L (15)
John, Esther M (15)
Neuhausen, Susan L (15)
Feigelson, Heather S ... (15)
Hopper, John L. (15)
Easton, Douglas F. (15)
Giovannucci, Edward (15)
Nevanlinna, Heli (14)
Lund, Eiliv (14)
Bueno-de-Mesquita, H ... (14)
Berg, Christine D. (14)
Cox, Angela (14)
Virtamo, Jarmo (14)
Hayes, Richard B (14)
visa färre...
Lärosäte
Umeå universitet (36)
Karolinska Institutet (32)
Lunds universitet (22)
Uppsala universitet (14)
Stockholms universitet (1)
Linköpings universitet (1)
Språk
Engelska (66)
Forskningsämne (UKÄ/SCB)
Medicin och hälsovetenskap (55)
Naturvetenskap (3)

År

 
pil uppåt Stäng

Kopiera och spara länken för att återkomma till aktuell vy