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Sökning: WFRF:(Hsu Yi Hsiang)

  • Resultat 11-20 av 37
  • Föregående 1[2]34Nästa
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11.
  • Estrada, Karol, et al. (författare)
  • Genome-wide meta-analysis identifies 56 bone mineral density loci and reveals 14 loci associated with risk of fracture
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Nature Genetics. - Nature Publishing Group. - 1061-4036 .- 1546-1718. ; 44, s. 491-501
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>Bone mineral density (BMD) is the most widely used predictor of fracture risk. We performed the largest meta-analysis to date on lumbar spine and femoral neck BMD, including 17 genome-wide association studies and 32,961 individuals of European and east Asian ancestry. We tested the top BMD-associated markers for replication in 50,933 independent subjects and for association with risk of low-trauma fracture in 31,016 individuals with a history of fracture (cases) and 102,444 controls. We identified 56 loci (32 new) associated with BMD at genome-wide significance (P &lt; 5 × 10(-8)). Several of these factors cluster within the RANK-RANKL-OPG, mesenchymal stem cell differentiation, endochondral ossification and Wnt signaling pathways. However, we also discovered loci that were localized to genes not known to have a role in bone biology. Fourteen BMD-associated loci were also associated with fracture risk (P &lt; 5 × 10(-4), Bonferroni corrected), of which six reached P &lt; 5 × 10(-8), including at 18p11.21 (FAM210A), 7q21.3 (SLC25A13), 11q13.2 (LRP5), 4q22.1 (MEPE), 2p16.2 (SPTBN1) and 10q21.1 (DKK1). These findings shed light on the genetic architecture and pathophysiological mechanisms underlying BMD variation and fracture susceptibility.</p>
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12.
  • Haljas, Kadri, et al. (författare)
  • Bivariate genome-wide association study of depressive symptoms with type 2 diabetes and quantitative glycemic traits
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Psychosomatic Medicine. - Lippincott Williams and Wilkins. - 0033-3174. ; 80:3, s. 242-251
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objective: Shared genetic background may explain phenotypic associations between depression and Type 2 diabetes (T2D). We aimed to study, on a genome-wide level, if genetic correlation and pleiotropic loci exist between depressive symptoms and T2D or glycemic traits. Methods: We estimated single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP)-based heritability and analyzed genetic correlation between depressive symptoms and T2D and glycemic traits with the linkage disequilibrium score regression by combining summary statistics of previously conducted meta-analyses for depressive symptoms by CHARGE consortium (N = 51,258), T2D by DIAGRAM consortium (N = 34,840 patients and 114,981 controls), fasting glucose, fasting insulin, and homeostatic model assessment of β-cell function and insulin resistance by MAGIC consortium (N = 58,074). Finally, we investigated pleiotropic loci using a bivariate genome-wide association study approach with summary statistics from genome-wide association study meta-analyses and reported loci with genome-wide significant bivariate association p value (p < 5 10−8). Biological annotation and function of significant pleiotropic SNPs were assessed in several databases. Results: The SNP-based heritability ranged from 0.04 to 0.10 in each individual trait. In the linkage disequilibrium score regression analyses, depressive symptoms showed no significant genetic correlation with T2D or glycemic traits (p > 0.37). However, we identified pleiotropic genetic variations for depressive symptoms and T2D (in the IGF2BP2, CDKAL1, CDKN2B-AS, and PLEKHA1 genes), and fasting glucose (in the MADD, CDKN2B-AS, PEX16, and MTNR1B genes). Conclusions: We found no significant overall genetic correlations between depressive symptoms, T2D, or glycemic traits suggesting major differences in underlying biology of these traits. However, several potential pleiotropic loci were identified between depressive symptoms, T2D, and fasting glucose, suggesting that previously established phenotypic associations may be partly explained by genetic variation in these specific loci.
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13.
  • Hsu, Yi-Hsiang, et al. (författare)
  • An Integration of Genome-Wide Association Study and Gene Expression Profiling to Prioritize the Discovery of Novel Susceptibility Loci for Osteoporosis-Related Traits
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: PLoS genetics. - 1553-7390. ; 6:6, s. e1000977
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>Osteoporosis is a complex disorder and commonly leads to fractures in elderly persons. Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have become an unbiased approach to identify variations in the genome that potentially affect health. However, the genetic variants identified so far only explain a small proportion of the heritability for complex traits. Due to the modest genetic effect size and inadequate power, true association signals may not be revealed based on a stringent genome-wide significance threshold. Here, we take advantage of SNP and transcript arrays and integrate GWAS and expression signature profiling relevant to the skeletal system in cellular and animal models to prioritize the discovery of novel candidate genes for osteoporosis-related traits, including bone mineral density (BMD) at the lumbar spine (LS) and femoral neck (FN), as well as geometric indices of the hip (femoral neck-shaft angle, NSA; femoral neck length, NL; and narrow-neck width, NW). A two-stage meta-analysis of GWAS from 7,633 Caucasian women and 3,657 men, revealed three novel loci associated with osteoporosis-related traits, including chromosome 1p13.2 (RAP1A, p = 3.6 x 10(-8)), 2q11.2 (TBC1D8), and 18q11.2 (OSBPL1A), and confirmed a previously reported region near TNFRSF11B/OPG gene. We also prioritized 16 suggestive genome-wide significant candidate genes based on their potential involvement in skeletal metabolism. Among them, 3 candidate genes were associated with BMD in women. Notably, 2 out of these 3 genes (GPR177, p = 2.6 x 10(-13); SOX6, p = 6.4 x 10(-10)) associated with BMD in women have been successfully replicated in a large-scale meta-analysis of BMD, but none of the non-prioritized candidates (associated with BMD) did. Our results support the concept of our prioritization strategy. In the absence of direct biological support for identified genes, we highlighted the efficiency of subsequent functional characterization using publicly available expression profiling relevant to the skeletal system in cellular or whole animal models to prioritize candidate genes for further functional validation.</p>
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14.
  • Hsu, Yi Hsiang, et al. (författare)
  • Meta-Analysis of Genomewide Association Studies Reveals Genetic Variants for Hip Bone Geometry
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research. - AMBMR. - 0884-0431. ; 34:7, s. 1284-1296
  • Forskningsöversikt (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Hip geometry is an important predictor of fracture. We performed a meta-analysis of GWAS studies in adults to identify genetic variants that are associated with proximal femur geometry phenotypes. We analyzed four phenotypes: (i) femoral neck length; (ii) neck-shaft angle; (iii) femoral neck width, and (iv) femoral neck section modulus, estimated from DXA scans using algorithms of hip structure analysis. In the Discovery stage, 10 cohort studies were included in the fixed-effect meta-analysis, with up to 18,719 men and women ages 16 to 93 years. Association analyses were performed with ∼2.5 million polymorphisms under an additive model adjusted for age, body mass index, and height. Replication analyses of meta-GWAS significant loci (at adjusted genomewide significance [GWS], threshold p ≤ 2.6 × 10 –8 ) were performed in seven additional cohorts in silico. We looked up SNPs associated in our analysis, for association with height, bone mineral density (BMD), and fracture. In meta-analysis (combined Discovery and Replication stages), GWS associations were found at 5p15 (IRX1 and ADAMTS16); 5q35 near FGFR4; at 12p11 (in CCDC91); 11q13 (near LRP5 and PPP6R3 (rs7102273)). Several hip geometry signals overlapped with BMD, including LRP5 (chr. 11). Chr. 11 SNP rs7102273 was associated with any-type fracture (p = 7.5 × 10 –5 ). We used bone transcriptome data and discovered several significant eQTLs, including rs7102273 and PPP6R3 expression (p = 0.0007), and rs6556301 (intergenic, chr.5 near FGFR4) and PDLIM7 expression (p = 0.005). In conclusion, we found associations between several genes and hip geometry measures that explained 12% to 22% of heritability at different sites. The results provide a defined set of genes related to biological pathways relevant to BMD and etiology of bone fragility.
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15.
  • Karasik, David, et al. (författare)
  • Disentangling the genetics of lean mass
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. - Oxford University Press. - 0002-9165 .- 1938-3207. ; 109:2, s. 276-287
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>Background: Lean body mass (LM) plays an important role in mobility and metabolic function. We previously identified five loci associated with LM adjusted for fat mass in kilograms. Such an adjustment may reduce the power to identify genetic signals having an association with both lean mass and fat mass. Objectives: To determine the impact of different fat mass adjustments on genetic architecture of LM and identify additional LM loci. Methods: We performed genome-wide association analyses for whole-body LM (20 cohorts of European ancestry with n = 38,292) measured using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry) or bioelectrical impedance analysis, adjusted for sex, age, age(2), and height with or without fat mass adjustments (Model 1 no fat adjustment; Model 2 adjustment for fat mass as a percentage of body mass; Model 3 adjustment for fat mass in kilograms). Results: Seven single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in separate loci, including one novel LM locus (TNRC6B), were successfully replicated in an additional 47,227 individuals from 29 cohorts. Based on the strengths of the associations in Model 1 vs Model 3, we divided the LM loci into those with an effect on both lean mass and fat mass in the same direction and refer to those as "sumo wrestler" loci (FTO and MC4R). In contrast, loci with an impact specifically on LMwere termed "body builder" loci (VCAN and ADAMTSL3). Using existing available genome-wide association study databases, LM increasing alleles of SNPs in sumo wrestler loci were associated with an adverse metabolic profile, whereas LM increasing alleles of SNPs in "body builder" loci were associated with metabolic protection. Conclusions: In conclusion, we identified one novel LM locus (TNRC6B). Our results suggest that a genetically determined increase in lean mass might exert either harmful or protective effects on metabolic traits, depending on its relation to fat mass.</p>
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16.
  • Kwan, Johnny S H, et al. (författare)
  • Meta-analysis of genome-wide association studies identifies two loci associated with circulating osteoprotegerin levels.
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Human Molecular Genetics. - 0964-6906 .- 1460-2083. ; 23:24, s. 6684-93
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Osteoprotegerin (OPG) is involved in bone homeostasis and tumor cell survival. Circulating OPG levels are also important biomarkers of various clinical traits, such as cancers and atherosclerosis. OPG levels were measured in serum or in plasma. In a meta-analysis of genome-wide association studies in up to 10,336 individuals from European and Asian origin, we discovered that variants >100 Kb upstream of the TNFRSF11B gene encoding OPG and another new locus on chromosome 17q11.2 were significantly associated with OPG variation. We also identified a suggestive locus on chromosome 14q21.2 associated with the trait. Moreover, we estimated that over half of the heritability of OPG levels could be explained by all variants examined in our study. Our findings provide further insight into the genetic regulation of circulating OPG levels.
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17.
  • Lee, Tzong-Ru, et al. (författare)
  • Key factors affecting customers’ willingness to use mobile coupons in a restaurant setting
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: International Journal of Management and Enterprise Development. - 1468-4330 .- 1741-8127. ; 13:3/4, s. 248-260
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>For restaurants, the provision of coupons is a usual way of attracting people to the restaurant. Today, many restaurants consider how to use mobile advertising to promote their coupons (i.e., mobile coupons) in order to attract people and enhance its popularity. The purpose of this research is to identify what factors that affect customers' willingness to use mobile coupons in a restaurant setting. Five key factors that affect customers' willingness to use mobile coupons in a restaurant setting have been identified, from a base of 14 factors regarding customers' willingness to accept mobile advertising. The identified factors include price, customisation, promotion, entertainment, and sending time. This means that when customers use mobile coupons, the five identified factors will affect their willingness to use them. Restaurants can use the identified factors as a reference, when they try to develop new marketing strategies or want to enhance the effectiveness of mobile coupons.</p>
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18.
  • Lee, Tzong-Ru, et al. (författare)
  • Key factors affecting customers’ willingness to use mobile coupons in a restaurant setting
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: International Journal of Management and Enterprise Development. - InderScience Publishers. - 1468-4330 .- 1741-8127. ; 13:3/4, s. 248-260
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>For restaurants, the provision of coupons is a usual way of attracting people to the restaurant. Today, many restaurants consider how to use mobile advertising to promote their coupons (i.e., mobile coupons) in order to attract people and enhance its popularity. The purpose of this research is to identify what factors that affect customers' willingness to use mobile coupons in a restaurant setting. Five key factors that affect customers' willingness to use mobile coupons in a restaurant setting have been identified, from a base of 14 factors regarding customers' willingness to accept mobile advertising. The identified factors include price, customisation, promotion, entertainment, and sending time. This means that when customers use mobile coupons, the five identified factors will affect their willingness to use them. Restaurants can use the identified factors as a reference, when they try to develop new marketing strategies or want to enhance the effectiveness of mobile coupons.</p>
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19.
  • Lee, Tzong-Ru, et al. (författare)
  • Managing the customer waiting problem in fast food restaurants in Taiwan through reengineering of the app ordering process
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Proceeding of the International Conference on Technology Innovation and Industrial Management, Seoul, South Korea, 2014. - Seoul, South Korea. ; s. 40-48
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>Purpose: The aim of this research is to manage the customer-waiting problem in Taiwanese fast food restaurants through reengineering of the APP ordering process. Design/methodology/approach: This research uses a literature review to identify different approaches of reengineering and use them to improve the APP ordering process used in Taiwanese fast food restaurants. Findings: This research has identified six approaches of reengineering, which can be applied to improve the APP ordering process in fast food restaurants. The application of thereengineering approaches, in the APP ordering process in Taiwanese fast food restaurants, generated four suggestions of how to improve the original APP ordering process. Research limitations/implications: The subsequent research can apply other research methods to improve the reliability and validity. Practical implications: The application of reengineering approaches to improve the APP ordering process in fast food restaurants can be used in other country’s food industry and be adapted to other industries as well. The research could also provide a basis for companies that want to implement the APP ordering system. Originality/value: This research clarifies the customer-waiting problem in the APP ordering process in Taiwanese fast food restaurants and applies reengineering approaches to improve the original APP ordering process.</p>
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20.
  • Lee, Tzong-Ru, et al. (författare)
  • Managing the customer waiting problem in fast food restaurants in Taiwan through reengineering of the app ordering process
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Proceeding of the International Conference on Technology Innovation and Industrial Management. - Seoul, South Korea. ; s. 40-48
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>Purpose: The aim of this research is to manage the customer-waiting problem in Taiwanese fast food restaurants through reengineering of the APP ordering process.</p><p>Design/methodology/approach: This research uses a literature review to identify different</p><p>approaches of reengineering and use them to improve the APP ordering process used in Taiwanese fast food restaurants.</p><p>Findings: This research has identified six approaches of reengineering, which can be applied to improve the APP ordering process in fast food restaurants. The application of thereengineering approaches, in the APP ordering process in Taiwanese fast food restaurants, generated four suggestions of how to improve the original APP ordering process.</p><p>Research limitations/implications: The subsequent research can apply other research methods to improve the reliability and validity.</p><p>Practical implications: The application of reengineering approaches to improve the APP ordering process in fast food restaurants can be used in other country’s food industry and be adapted to other industries as well. The research could also provide a basis for companies that want to implement the APP ordering system.</p><p>Originality/value: This research clarifies the customer-waiting problem in the APP ordering process in Taiwanese fast food restaurants and applies reengineering approaches to improve the original APP ordering process.</p>
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