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Sökning: WFRF:(Ibsen Hans)

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  • Föregående 12[3]45Nästa
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21.
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22.
  • Li, Yan, et al. (författare)
  • Blood Pressure Load Does Not Add to Ambulatory Blood Pressure Level for Cardiovascular Risk Stratification
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Hypertension. - 0194-911X .- 1524-4563. ; 63:5, s. 925-933
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Experts proposed blood pressure (BP) load derived from 24-hour ambulatory BP recordings as a more accurate predictor of outcome than level, in particular in normotensive people. We analyzed 8711 subjects (mean age, 54.8 years; 47.0% women) randomly recruited from 10 populations. We expressed BP load as percentage (%) of systolic/diastolic readings 135/85 mm Hg and 120/70 mm Hg during day and night, respectively, or as the area under the BP curve (mm Hgxh) using the same ceiling values. During a period of 10.7 years (median), 1284 participants died and 1109 experienced a fatal or nonfatal cardiovascular end point. In multivariable-adjusted models, the risk of cardiovascular complications gradually increased across deciles of BP level and load (P<0.001), but BP load did not substantially refine risk prediction based on 24-hour systolic or diastolic BP level (generalized R-2 statistic 0.294%; net reclassification improvement 0.28%; integrated discrimination improvement 0.001%). Systolic/diastolic BP load of 40.0/42.3% or 91.8/73.6 mm Hgxh conferred a 10-year risk of a composite cardiovascular end point similar to a 24-hour systolic/diastolic BP of 130/80 mm Hg. In analyses dichotomized according to these thresholds, increased BP load did not refine risk prediction in the whole study population (R(2)0.051) or in untreated participants with 24-hour ambulatory normotension (R(2)0.034). In conclusion, BP load does not improve risk stratification based on 24-hour BP level. This also applies to subjects with normal 24-hour BP for whom BP load was proposed to be particularly useful in risk stratification.
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23.
  • Li, Yan, et al. (författare)
  • Is blood pressure during the night more predictive of cardiovascular outcome than during the day?
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Blood Pressure Monitoring. - 1359-5237 .- 1473-5725. ; 13:3, s. 145-147
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The objective of this study was to investigate the prognostic significance of the ambulatory blood pressure (BP) during night and day and of the night-to-day BP ratio (NDR). We studied 7458 participants (mean age 56.8 years; 45.8% women) enrolled in the International Database on Ambulatory BP in relation to Cardiovascular Outcome. Using Cox models, we calculated hazard ratios (HR) adjusted for cohort and cardiovascular risk factors. Over 9.6 years (median), 983 deaths and 943 cardiovascular events occurred. Nighttime BP predicted mortality outcomes (HR, 1.18-1.24; P<0.01) independent of daytime BP. Conversely, daytime systolic (HR, 0.84; P<0.01) and diastolic BP (HR, 0.88; P<0.05) predicted only noncardiovascular mortality after adjustment for nighttime BR Both daytime BP and nighttime BP consistently predicted all cardiovascular events (HR, 1.11-1.33, P<0.05) and stroke (HR, 1.21-1.47; P<0.01). Daytime BP lost its prognostic significance for cardiovascular events in patients on antihypertensive treatment. Adjusted for the 24-h BP, NDR predicted mortality (P<0.05), but not fatal combined with nonfatal events. Participants with systolic NDR of at least 1 compared with participants with normal NDR (>= 0.80 to < 0.90) were older, at higher risk of death, but died at higher age. The predictive accuracy of the daytime and nighttime BP and the NDR depended on the disease outcome under study. The increased mortality in patients with higher NDR probably indicates reverse causality. Our findings support recording the ambulatory BP during the whole day.
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24.
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25.
  • Olsen, M. H., et al. (författare)
  • Reductions in albuminuria and in electrocardiographic left ventricular hypertrophy independently improve prognosis in hypertension: the LIFE study
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: J Hypertens. - 0263-6352. ; 24:4, s. 775-81
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: In the Losartan Intervention For Endpoint reduction in hypertension (LIFE) study, reduced urine albumin/creatinine ratio (UACR) as well as regression of left ventricular hypertrophy have been associated with lower incidence of cardiovascular events. We wanted to investigate whether these prognostic improvements were independent. METHODS: In 6679 hypertensive patients included in the LIFE study, we measured UACR, left ventricular hypertrophy by electrocardiography, serum cholesterol, plasma glucose and blood pressure after 2 weeks of placebo treatment and again after 1 year of anti-hypertensive treatment with either an atenolol- or a losartan-based regimen. During this first year of treatment, 77 patients encountered a non-fatal stroke or myocardial infarction and were excluded to avoid bias. During the next 3-4 years, 610 composite endpoints [cardiovascular death (n = 228), fatal or non-fatal myocardial infarction or stroke] were recorded. RESULTS: In Cox regression analyses, the composite endpoint was after adjustment for treatment allocation predicted by baseline logUACR [hazard ratio (HR) = 1.16 per 10-fold increase, P < 0.05], 1-year logUACR (HR = 1.29 per 10-fold increase), baseline Sokolow-Lyon voltage (HR = 1.01 per mm, both P < 0.001) and 1-year Cornell product (HR = 1.01 per 100 mm x ms, P < 0.01). Cardiovascular death was predicted by 1-year logUACR (HR = 1.59, P < 0.001), baseline Sokolow-Lyon voltage (HR = 1.01, P = 0.06) and 1-year Cornell product (HR = 1.02, P < 0.001). Both were predicted independent of age, Framingham risk score, current smoking, history of cardiovascular disease and diabetes. Gender, serum cholesterol, plasma glucose and blood pressure did not enter the models. CONCLUSIONS: Baseline UACR and Sokolow-Lyon voltage, as well as in-treatment UACR and Cornell product, added to the risk prediction independent of traditional risk factors, indicating that albuminuria and left ventricular hypertrophy reflect different aspects of cardiovascular damage and are modifiable cardiovascular risk factors.
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26.
  • Schutte, Rudolph, et al. (författare)
  • Double Product Reflects the Predictive Power of Systolic Pressure in the General Population : Evidence from 9,937 Participants
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: American Journal of Hypertension. - 0895-7061 .- 1941-7225. ; 26:5, s. 665-672
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND The double product (DP), consisting of the systolic blood pressure (SBP) multiplied by the pulse rate (PR), is an index of myocardial oxygen consumption, but its prognostic value in the general population remains unknown. METHODS We recorded health outcomes in 9,937 subjects (median age, 53.2 years; 47.3% women) randomly recruited from 11 populations and enrolled in the International Database on Ambulatory blood pressure in relation to Cardiovascular Outcomes (IDACO) study. We obtained the SBP, PR, and DP for these subjects as determined through 24-hour ambulatory monitoring. RESULTS Over a median period of 11.0 years, 1,388 of the 9,937 study subjects died, of whom 536 and 794, respectively, died of cardiovascular (CV) and non-CV causes, and a further 1,161, 658, 494, and 465 subjects, respectively, experienced a CV, cardiac, coronary, or cerebrovascular event. In multivariate-adjusted Cox models, not including SBP and PR, DP predicted total, CV, and non-CV mortality (standardized hazard ratio [HR], >= 1.10; P <= 0.02), and all CV, cardiac, coronary, and stroke events (HR, >= 1.21; P < 0.0001). For CV mortality (HR, 1.34 vs. 1.30; P = 0.71) and coronary events (1.28 vs. 1.21; P = 0.26), SBP and the DP were equally predictive. As compared with DP, SBP was a stronger predictor of all CV events (1.39 vs. 1.27; P = 0.002) and stroke (1.61 vs. 1.36; P < 0.0001), and a slightly stronger predictor of cardiac events (1.32 vs. 1.22; P = 0.06). In fully adjusted models, including both SBP and PR, the predictive value of DP disappeared for fatal endpoints (P >= 0.07), coronary events (P = 0.06), and stroke (P = 0.12), or DP was even inversely associated with the risk of all CV and cardiac events (both P <= 0.01). CONCLUSION In the general population, we did not observe DP to add to risk stratification over and beyond SBP and PR.
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27.
  • Teo, Koon K., et al. (författare)
  • Effects of telmisartan, irbesartan, valsartan, candesartan, and losartan on cancers in 15 trials enrolling 138 769 individuals The ARB Trialists Collaboration
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: Journal of Hypertension. - 0263-6352 .- 1473-5598. ; 29:4, s. 623-635
  • Forskningsöversikt (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEi) and angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs) reduce cardiovascular disease (CVD) events, but a recent meta-analysis of selected studies suggested that ARBs may increase cancer risks.Objective Candesartan, irbesartan, telmisartan, valsartan, and losartan were assessed for incident cancers in 15 large parallel long-term multicenter double-blind clinical trials of these agents involving 138 769 participants.Patients and methods Individuals at high CVD risk were randomized to telmisartan (three trials, n=51 878), irbesartan (three trials, n=14 859), valsartan (four trials, n=44 264), candesartan (four trials, n=18 566), and losartan (one trial, n=9193) and followed for 23-60 months. Incident cancer cases were compared in patients randomized to ARBs versus controls. In five trials (n=42 403), the ARBs were compared to ACEi and in 11 trials (n=63 313) to controls without ACEi. In addition, in seven trials (n=47 020), the effect of ARBs with ACEi was compared to ACEi alone and in two trials ARBs with ACEi versus ARB alone (n=25 712).Results Overall, there was no excess of cancer incidence with ARB therapy compared to controls in the 15 trials [ 4549 (6.16%) cases of 73 808 allocated to ARB versus 3856 (6.31%) of 61 106 assigned to non-ARB controls; odds ratio (OR) 1.00, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.95-1.04] overall or when individual ARBs were examined. ORs comparing combination therapy with ARB along with ACEi versus ACEi was 1.01 (95% CI 0.94-1.10), combination versus ARB alone 1.02 (95% CI 0.91-1.13), ARB alone versus ACEi alone 1.06 (95% CI 0.97-1.16) and ARB versus placebo/control without ACEi 0.97 (95% CI 0.91-1.04). There was no excess of lung, prostate or breast cancer, or overall cancer deaths associated with ARB treatment.Conclusion There was no significant increase in the overall or site-specific cancer risk from ARBs compared to controls.
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28.
  • Wachtell, K., et al. (författare)
  • Angiotensin II receptor blockade reduces new-onset atrial fibrillation and subsequent stroke compared to atenolol: the Losartan Intervention For End Point Reduction in Hypertension (LIFE) study
  • 2005
  • Ingår i: J Am Coll Cardiol. - 0735-1097. ; 45:5, s. 712-9
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to evaluate whether different antihypertensive treatment regimens with similar blood pressure reduction have different effects on new-onset atrial fibrillation (AF). BACKGROUND: It is unknown whether angiotensin II receptor blockade is better than beta-blockade in preventing new-onset AF. METHODS: In the Losartan Intervention For Endpoint reduction in hypertension (LIFE) study 9,193 hypertensive patients and patients with electrocardiogram-documented left ventricular hypertrophy were randomized to once-daily losartan- or atenolol-based antihypertensive therapy. Electrocardiograms were Minnesota coded centrally, and 8,851 patients without AF by electrocardiogram or history, who were thus at risk of developing AF, were followed for 4.8 +/- 1.0 years. RESULTS: New-onset AF occurred in 150 patients randomized to losartan versus 221 to atenolol (6.8 vs. 10.1 per 1,000 person-years; relative risk 0.67, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.55 to 0.83, p < 0.001) despite similar blood pressure reduction. Patients receiving losartan tended to stay in sinus rhythm longer (1,809 +/- 225 vs. 1,709 +/- 254 days from baseline, p = 0.057) than those receiving atenolol. Moreover, patients with new-onset AF had two-, three- and fivefold increased rates, respectively, of cardiovascular events, stroke, and hospitalization for heart failure. There were fewer composite end points (n = 31 vs. 51, hazard ratio = 0.60, 95% CI 0.38 to 0.94, p = 0.03) and strokes (n = 19 vs. 38, hazard ratio = 0.49, 95% CI 0.29 to 0.86, p = 0.01) in patients who developed new-onset AF in the losartan compared to the atenolol treatment arm of the study. Furthermore, Cox regression analysis showed that losartan (21% risk reduction) and new-onset AF both independently predicted stroke even when adjusting for traditional risk factors. CONCLUSIONS: Our novel finding is that new-onset AF and associated stroke were significantly reduced by losartan- compared to atenolol-based antihypertensive treatment with similar blood pressure reduction.
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29.
  • Wachtell, K., et al. (författare)
  • Cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in hypertensive patients with a history of atrial fibrillation: The Losartan Intervention For End Point Reduction in Hypertension (LIFE) study
  • 2005
  • Ingår i: J Am Coll Cardiol. - 0735-1097. ; 45:5, s. 705-11
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • OBJECTIVES: We assessed the impact of antihypertensive treatment in hypertensive patients with electrocardiographic (ECG) left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy and a history of atrial fibrillation (AF). BACKGROUND: Optimal treatment of hypertensive patients with AF to reduce the risk of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality remains unclear. METHODS: As part of the Losartan Intervention For End point reduction in hypertension (LIFE) study, 342 hypertensive patients with AF and LV hypertrophy were assigned to losartan- or atenolol-based therapy for 1,471 patient-years of follow-up. RESULTS: The primary composite end point (cardiovascular mortality, stroke, and myocardial infarction) occurred in 36 patients in the losartan group versus 67 in the atenolol group (hazard ratio [HR] = 0.58, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.39 to 0.88, p = 0.009). Cardiovascular deaths occurred in 20 versus 38 patients in the losartan and atenolol groups, respectively (HR = 0.58, 95% CI 0.33 to 0.99, p = 0.048). Stroke occurred in 18 versus 38 patients (HR = 0.55, 95% CI 0.31 to 0.97, p = 0.039), and myocardial infarction in 11 versus 8 patients (p = NS). Losartan-based treatment led to trends toward lower all-cause mortality (30 vs. 49, HR = 0.67, 95% CI 0.42 to 1.06, p = 0.090) and fewer pacemaker implantations (5 vs. 15, p = 0.065), whereas hospitalization for heart failure took place in 15 versus 26 patients and sudden cardiac death in 9 versus 17, respectively (both p = NS). The benefit of losartan was greater in patients with AF than those with sinus rhythm for the primary composite end point (p = 0.019) and cardiovascular mortality (p = 0.039). CONCLUSIONS: Losartan is more effective than atenolol-based therapy in reducing the risk of the primary composite end point of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality as well as stroke and cardiovascular death in hypertensive patients with ECG LV hypertrophy and AF.
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30.
  • Wiik, B. P., et al. (författare)
  • Serum uric acid is associated with new-onset diabetes in hypertensive patients with left ventricular hypertrophy: The LIFE Study
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: American Journal of Hypertension. - : Nature Publishing Group. - 0895-7061. ; 23:8, s. 845-851
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: It is unclear whether serum uric acid (SUA) is associated with development of new-onset diabetes (NOD) in patients with hypertension and left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH). The aim of the present investigation was to test the hypothesis that SUA predicts development of NOD in these patients. METHODS: In the Losartan Intervention For Endpoint reduction in hypertension (LIFE) study, a double-masked, parallel-group design, 9,193 patients with hypertension and electrocardiographic LVH were randomized to losartan- or atenolol-based antihypertensive treatment and followed for a mean of 4.9 years. At baseline, 7,489 patients with available SUA measurements did not have diabetes mellitus and were thus at risk of its development during the study. We used Cox regression analyses to investigate whether SUA predicted development of NOD. RESULTS: NOD developed in 522 of 7,489 patients. The association between baseline SUA and development of NOD was significant (hazard ratio (HR) 1.29 per s.d. (1.3 mg/dl), 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.18-1.42, P < 0.001) after adjustment for treatment with losartan vs. atenolol, baseline serum glucose, urinary albumin/creatinine ratio, estimated glomerular filtration rate and Framingham risk score, time-varying systolic and diastolic blood pressure, and time-varying LVH by Cornell voltage-duration product and Sokolow-Lyon voltage. In parallel analyses, baseline quartiles of SUA were significantly associated with increasing NOD (HR 1.28, 95% CI 1.18-1.40, P < 0.001). Time-varying SUA was also associated with NOD (HR 1.10 per s.d. [1.3 mg/dl], 95% CI 1.02-1.19, P = 0.015). CONCLUSION: Our analysis suggests that SUA is an independent risk marker for NOD in hypertensive patients with LVH.
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  • Föregående 12[3]45Nästa

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