SwePub
Sök i SwePub databas

  Utökad sökning

Träfflista för sökning "WFRF:(Jacob J.) "

Sökning: WFRF:(Jacob J.)

Sortera/gruppera träfflistan
   
NumreringReferensOmslagsbildHitta
31.
  • Abdalla, H., et al. (författare)
  • Probing the Magnetic Field in the GW170817 Outflow Using HESS Observations
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Astrophysical Journal Letters. - Institute of Physics Publishing (IOPP). - 2041-8205 .- 2041-8213. ; 894:2, s. 1-5
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>The detection of the first electromagnetic counterpart to the binary neutron star (BNS) merger remnant GW170817 established the connection between short gamma-ray bursts and BNS mergers. It also confirmed the forging of heavy elements in the ejecta (a so-called kilonova) via the r-process nucleosynthesis. The appearance of nonthermal radio and X-ray emission, as well as the brightening, which lasted more than 100 days, were somewhat unexpected. Current theoretical models attempt to explain this temporal behavior as either originating from a relativistic off-axis jet or a kilonova-like outflow. In either scenario, there is some ambiguity regarding how much energy is transported in the nonthermal electrons versus the magnetic field of the emission region. Combining the Very Large Array (radio) and Chandra (X-ray) measurements with observations in the GeV-TeV domain can help break this ambiguity, almost independently of the assumed origin of the emission. Here we report for the first time on deep H.E.S.S. observations of GW170817/GRB 170817A between 124 and 272 days after the BNS merger with the full H.E.S.S. array of telescopes, as well as on an updated analysis of the prompt (&lt;5 days) observations with the upgraded H.E.S.S. phase-I telescopes. We discuss implications of the H.E.S.S. measurement for the magnetic field in the context of different source scenarios.</p>
  •  
32.
  • Abdalla, H., et al. (författare)
  • Resolving the Crab pulsar wind nebula at teraelectronvolt energies
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Nature Astronomy. - Nature Publishing Group. - 2397-3366. ; 4:2, s. 167-173
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>An angular extension at gamma-ray energies of 52 arcseconds is detected for the Crab nebula, revealing the emission region of the highest-energy gamma rays; simulations of the electromagnetic emission provide a non-trivial test of our understanding of particle acceleration in the Crab nebula. The Crab nebula is one of the most-studied cosmic particle accelerators, shining brightly across the entire electromagnetic spectrum up to very-high-energy gamma rays(1,2). It is known from observations in the radio to gamma-ray part of the spectrum that the nebula is powered by a pulsar, which converts most of its rotational energy losses into a highly relativistic outflow. This outflow powers a pulsar wind nebula, a region of up to ten light-years across, filled with relativistic electrons and positrons. These particles emit synchrotron photons in the ambient magnetic field and produce very-high-energy gamma rays by Compton up-scattering of ambient low-energy photons. Although the synchrotron morphology of the nebula is well established, it has not been known from which region the very-high-energy gamma rays are emitted(3-8). Here we report that the Crab nebula has an angular extension at gamma-ray energies of 52 arcseconds (assuming a Gaussian source width), much larger than at X-ray energies. This result closes a gap in the multi-wavelength coverage of the nebula, revealing the emission region of the highest-energy gamma rays. These gamma rays enable us to probe a previously inaccessible electron and positron energy range. We find that simulations of the electromagnetic emission reproduce our measurement, providing a non-trivial test of our understanding of particle acceleration in the Crab nebula.</p>
  •  
33.
  • Abdalla, H., et al. (författare)
  • Resolving the Crab pulsar wind nebula at teraelectronvolt energies
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Nature astronomy. - 2397-3366. ; 4:2, s. 167-173
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>An angular extension at gamma-ray energies of 52 arcseconds is detected for the Crab nebula, revealing the emission region of the highest-energy gamma rays; simulations of the electromagnetic emission provide a non-trivial test of our understanding of particle acceleration in the Crab nebula. The Crab nebula is one of the most-studied cosmic particle accelerators, shining brightly across the entire electromagnetic spectrum up to very-high-energy gamma rays(1,2). It is known from observations in the radio to gamma-ray part of the spectrum that the nebula is powered by a pulsar, which converts most of its rotational energy losses into a highly relativistic outflow. This outflow powers a pulsar wind nebula, a region of up to ten light-years across, filled with relativistic electrons and positrons. These particles emit synchrotron photons in the ambient magnetic field and produce very-high-energy gamma rays by Compton up-scattering of ambient low-energy photons. Although the synchrotron morphology of the nebula is well established, it has not been known from which region the very-high-energy gamma rays are emitted(3-8). Here we report that the Crab nebula has an angular extension at gamma-ray energies of 52 arcseconds (assuming a Gaussian source width), much larger than at X-ray energies. This result closes a gap in the multi-wavelength coverage of the nebula, revealing the emission region of the highest-energy gamma rays. These gamma rays enable us to probe a previously inaccessible electron and positron energy range. We find that simulations of the electromagnetic emission reproduce our measurement, providing a non-trivial test of our understanding of particle acceleration in the Crab nebula.</p>
  •  
34.
  • Abdalla, H., et al. (författare)
  • The 2014TeV gamma-Ray Flare of Mrk 501 Seen with HESS : Temporal and Spectral Constraints on Lorentz Invariance Violation
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Astrophysical Journal. - Institute of Physics Publishing (IOPP). - 0004-637X .- 1538-4357. ; 870:2
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>The blazar Mrk 501 (z = 0.034) was observed at very-high-energy (VHE, E greater than or similar to 100 GeV) gamma-ray wavelengths during a bright flare on the night of 2014 June 23-24 (MJD 56832) with the H.E.S.S. phase-II array of Cherenkov telescopes. Data taken that night by H.E.S.S. at large zenith angle reveal an exceptional number of gamma-ray photons at multi-TeV energies, with rapid flux variability and an energy coverage extending significantly up to 20 TeV. This data set is used to constrain Lorentz invariance violation (LIV) using two independent channels: a temporal approach considers the possibility of an energy dependence in the arrival time of gamma-rays, whereas a spectral approach considers the possibility of modifications to the interaction of VHE gamma-rays with extragalactic background light (EBL) photons. The non-detection of energy-dependent time delays and the non-observation of deviations between the measured spectrum and that of a supposed power-law intrinsic spectrum with standard EBL attenuation are used independently to derive strong constraints on the energy scale of LIV (E-QG) in the subluminal scenario for linear and quadratic perturbations in the dispersion relation of photons. For the case of linear perturbations, the 95% confidence level limits obtained are E-QG,E-1 &gt; 3.6 x 10(17) GeV using the temporal approach and E-QG,E-1 &gt; 2.6 x 10(19) GeV using the spectral approach. For the case of quadratic perturbations, the limits obtained are E-QG,E-2 &gt; 8.5 x 10(10) GeV using the temporal approach and E-QG,E-2 &gt; 7.8 x 10(11) GeV using the spectral approach.</p>
  •  
35.
  • Abdalla, H., et al. (författare)
  • The 2014TeV gamma-Ray Flare of Mrk 501 Seen with HESS : Temporal and Spectral Constraints on Lorentz Invariance Violation
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Astrophysical Journal. - 0004-637X .- 1538-4357. ; 870:2
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>The blazar Mrk 501 (z = 0.034) was observed at very-high-energy (VHE, E greater than or similar to 100 GeV) gamma-ray wavelengths during a bright flare on the night of 2014 June 23-24 (MJD 56832) with the H.E.S.S. phase-II array of Cherenkov telescopes. Data taken that night by H.E.S.S. at large zenith angle reveal an exceptional number of gamma-ray photons at multi-TeV energies, with rapid flux variability and an energy coverage extending significantly up to 20 TeV. This data set is used to constrain Lorentz invariance violation (LIV) using two independent channels: a temporal approach considers the possibility of an energy dependence in the arrival time of gamma-rays, whereas a spectral approach considers the possibility of modifications to the interaction of VHE gamma-rays with extragalactic background light (EBL) photons. The non-detection of energy-dependent time delays and the non-observation of deviations between the measured spectrum and that of a supposed power-law intrinsic spectrum with standard EBL attenuation are used independently to derive strong constraints on the energy scale of LIV (E-QG) in the subluminal scenario for linear and quadratic perturbations in the dispersion relation of photons. For the case of linear perturbations, the 95% confidence level limits obtained are E-QG,E-1 &gt; 3.6 x 10(17) GeV using the temporal approach and E-QG,E-1 &gt; 2.6 x 10(19) GeV using the spectral approach. For the case of quadratic perturbations, the limits obtained are E-QG,E-2 &gt; 8.5 x 10(10) GeV using the temporal approach and E-QG,E-2 &gt; 7.8 x 10(11) GeV using the spectral approach.</p>
  •  
36.
  • Abdalla, H., et al. (författare)
  • The starburst galaxy NGC 253 revisited by HESS and Fermi-LAT
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Astronomy and Astrophysics. - EDP Sciences. - 0004-6361 .- 1432-0746. ; 617
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>Context. NGC 253 is one of only two starburst galaxies found to emit gamma-rays from hundreds of MeV to multi-TeV energies. Accurate measurements of the very-high-energy (VHE; E&gt; 100 GeV) and high-energy (HE; E &gt; 60 MeV) spectra are crucial to study the underlying particle accelerators, probe the dominant emission mechanism(s) and to study cosmic-ray interaction and transport. Aims. The measurement of the VHE gamma-ray emission of NGC 253 published in 2012 by H.E.S.S. was limited by large systematic uncertainties. Here, the most up to date measurement of the gamma-ray spectrum of NGC 253 is investigated in both HE and VHE gamma-rays. Assuming a hadronic origin of the gamma-ray emission, the measurement uncertainties are propagated into the interpretation of the accelerated particle population. Methods. The data of H.E.S.S. observations are reanalysed using an updated calibration and analysis chain. The improved Fermi-LAT analysis employs more than 8 yr of data processed using pass 8. The cosmic-ray particle population is evaluated from the combined HE-VHE gamma-ray spectrum using NAIMA in the optically thin case. Results. The VHE gamma-ray energy spectrum is best fit by a power-law distribution with a flux normalisation of (1.34 +/- 0.14(stat) +/- 0.27(sys)) x 10(-13) cm(-2) s(-1) TeV-1 at 1 TeV - about 40% above, but compatible with the value obtained in Abramowski et al. (2012). The spectral index Gamma = 2.39 +/- 0.14(stat) +/- 0.25(sys) is slightly softer than but consistent with the previous measurement within systematic errors. In the Fermi energy range an integral flux of F(E &gt; 60 MeV) = (1.56 +/- 0.28(stat) +/- 0.15(sys)) x 10(-8) cm(-2) s(-1) is obtained. At energies above similar to 3 GeV the HE spectrum is consistent with a power-law ranging into the VHE part of the spectrum measured by H.E.S.S. with an overall spectral index Gamma = 2.22 +/- 0.06(stat). Conclusions. Two scenarios for the starburst nucleus are tested, in which the gas in the starburst nucleus acts as either a thin or a thick target for hadronic cosmic rays accelerated by the individual sources in the nucleus. In these two models, the level to which NGC 253 acts as a calorimeter is estimated to a range of f(cal) = 0.1 to 1 while accounting for the measurement uncertainties. The presented spectrum is likely to remain the most accurate measurements until the Cherenkov Telescope Array (CTA) has collected a substantial set of data towards NGC 253.</p>
  •  
37.
  • Abdalla, H., et al. (författare)
  • The starburst galaxy NGC 253 revisited by HESS and Fermi-LAT
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Astronomy and Astrophysics. - 0004-6361 .- 1432-0746. ; 617
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>Context. NGC 253 is one of only two starburst galaxies found to emit gamma-rays from hundreds of MeV to multi-TeV energies. Accurate measurements of the very-high-energy (VHE; E&gt; 100 GeV) and high-energy (HE; E &gt; 60 MeV) spectra are crucial to study the underlying particle accelerators, probe the dominant emission mechanism(s) and to study cosmic-ray interaction and transport. Aims. The measurement of the VHE gamma-ray emission of NGC 253 published in 2012 by H.E.S.S. was limited by large systematic uncertainties. Here, the most up to date measurement of the gamma-ray spectrum of NGC 253 is investigated in both HE and VHE gamma-rays. Assuming a hadronic origin of the gamma-ray emission, the measurement uncertainties are propagated into the interpretation of the accelerated particle population. Methods. The data of H.E.S.S. observations are reanalysed using an updated calibration and analysis chain. The improved Fermi-LAT analysis employs more than 8 yr of data processed using pass 8. The cosmic-ray particle population is evaluated from the combined HE-VHE gamma-ray spectrum using NAIMA in the optically thin case. Results. The VHE gamma-ray energy spectrum is best fit by a power-law distribution with a flux normalisation of (1.34 +/- 0.14(stat) +/- 0.27(sys)) x 10(-13) cm(-2) s(-1) TeV-1 at 1 TeV - about 40% above, but compatible with the value obtained in Abramowski et al. (2012). The spectral index Gamma = 2.39 +/- 0.14(stat) +/- 0.25(sys) is slightly softer than but consistent with the previous measurement within systematic errors. In the Fermi energy range an integral flux of F(E &gt; 60 MeV) = (1.56 +/- 0.28(stat) +/- 0.15(sys)) x 10(-8) cm(-2) s(-1) is obtained. At energies above similar to 3 GeV the HE spectrum is consistent with a power-law ranging into the VHE part of the spectrum measured by H.E.S.S. with an overall spectral index Gamma = 2.22 +/- 0.06(stat). Conclusions. Two scenarios for the starburst nucleus are tested, in which the gas in the starburst nucleus acts as either a thin or a thick target for hadronic cosmic rays accelerated by the individual sources in the nucleus. In these two models, the level to which NGC 253 acts as a calorimeter is estimated to a range of f(cal) = 0.1 to 1 while accounting for the measurement uncertainties. The presented spectrum is likely to remain the most accurate measurements until the Cherenkov Telescope Array (CTA) has collected a substantial set of data towards NGC 253.</p>
  •  
38.
  • Abdalla, H., et al. (författare)
  • Upper limits on very-high-energy gamma-ray emission from core-collapse supernovae observed with HESS
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Astronomy and Astrophysics. - EDP Sciences. - 0004-6361 .- 1432-0746. ; 626, s. 1-11
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>Young core-collapse supernovae with dense-wind progenitors may be able to accelerate cosmic-ray hadrons beyond the knee of the cosmic-ray spectrum, and this may result in measurable gamma-ray emission. We searched for gamma-ray emission from ten super- novae observed with the High Energy Stereoscopic System (H.E.S.S.) within a year of the supernova event. Nine supernovae were observed serendipitously in the H.E.S.S. data collected between December 2003 and December 2014, with exposure times ranging from 1.4 to 53 h. In addition we observed SN 2016adj as a target of opportunity in February 2016 for 13 h. No significant gamma-ray emission has been detected for any of the objects, and upper limits on the &gt;1 TeV gamma-ray flux of the order of similar to 10(-13) cm(-)(2)s(-1) are established, corresponding to upper limits on the luminosities in the range similar to 2 x 10(39) to similar to 1 x 10(42) erg s(-1). These values are used to place model-dependent constraints on the mass-loss rates of the progenitor stars, implying upper limits between similar to 2 x 10(-5) and similar to 2 x 10(-3) M-circle dot yr(-1) under reasonable assumptions on the particle acceleration parameters.</p>
  •  
39.
  • Abdalla, H., et al. (författare)
  • VHE gamma-ray discovery and multiwavelength study of the blazar 1ES 2322-409
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Monthly notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. - Oxford University Press. - 0035-8711 .- 1365-2966. ; 482:3, s. 3011-3022
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>A hotspot at a position compatible with the BL. Lac object 1ES 2322-409 was serendipitously detected with H.E.S.S. during observations performed in 2004 and 2006 on the blazar PKS 2316-423. Additional data on 1ES 2322-409 were taken in 2011 and 2012, leading to a total live-time of 22.3 h. Point-like very-high-energy (VHE; E &gt; 100 GeV) gamma-ray emission is detected from a source centred on the IFS 2322-409 position, with an excess of 116.7 events at a significance of 6.0 sigma. The average VHE gamma-ray spectrum is well described with a power law with a photon index Gamma = 3.40 +/- 0.66(stat) +/- 0.20(sys) and an integral flux Phi(E &gt; 200 GeV) = (3.11 +/- 0.71(stat) 0.62(sys)) x 10(-2)cm(-2)s(-1), which corresponds to 1.1 per cent of the Crab nebula flux above 200 GeV. Multiwavelength data obtained with Fermi LAT, Swift XRT and UVOT, RXTE PCA, ATOM, and additional data from WISE, GROND, and Catalina are also used to characterize the broad-band non-thermal emission of lES 2322-409. The multiwavelength behaviour indicates day-scale variability. Swift UVOT and XRT data show strong variability at longer scales. A spectral energy distribution (SED) is built from contemporaneous observations obtained around a high state identified in Swift data. A modelling of the SED is performed with a stationary homogeneous one-zone synchrotronself-Compton leptonic model. The redshift of the source being unknown, two plausible values were tested for the modelling. A systematic scan of the model parameters space is performed, resulting in a well-constrained combination of values providing a good description of the broad-band behaviour of 1ES 2322-409.</p>
  •  
40.
  • Abdalla, H., et al. (författare)
  • VHE gamma-ray discovery and multiwavelength study of the blazar 1ES 2322-409
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Monthly notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. - 0035-8711 .- 1365-2966. ; 482:3, s. 3011-3022
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>A hotspot at a position compatible with the BL. Lac object 1ES 2322-409 was serendipitously detected with H.E.S.S. during observations performed in 2004 and 2006 on the blazar PKS 2316-423. Additional data on 1ES 2322-409 were taken in 2011 and 2012, leading to a total live-time of 22.3 h. Point-like very-high-energy (VHE; E &gt; 100 GeV) gamma-ray emission is detected from a source centred on the IFS 2322-409 position, with an excess of 116.7 events at a significance of 6.0 sigma. The average VHE gamma-ray spectrum is well described with a power law with a photon index Gamma = 3.40 +/- 0.66(stat) +/- 0.20(sys) and an integral flux Phi(E &gt; 200 GeV) = (3.11 +/- 0.71(stat) 0.62(sys)) x 10(-2)cm(-2)s(-1), which corresponds to 1.1 per cent of the Crab nebula flux above 200 GeV. Multiwavelength data obtained with Fermi LAT, Swift XRT and UVOT, RXTE PCA, ATOM, and additional data from WISE, GROND, and Catalina are also used to characterize the broad-band non-thermal emission of lES 2322-409. The multiwavelength behaviour indicates day-scale variability. Swift UVOT and XRT data show strong variability at longer scales. A spectral energy distribution (SED) is built from contemporaneous observations obtained around a high state identified in Swift data. A modelling of the SED is performed with a stationary homogeneous one-zone synchrotronself-Compton leptonic model. The redshift of the source being unknown, two plausible values were tested for the modelling. A systematic scan of the model parameters space is performed, resulting in a well-constrained combination of values providing a good description of the broad-band behaviour of 1ES 2322-409.</p>
  •  
Skapa referenser, mejla, bekava och länka
Åtkomst
fritt online (100)
Typ av publikation
tidskriftsartikel (500)
konferensbidrag (48)
forskningsöversikt (16)
annan publikation (5)
doktorsavhandling (3)
bok (2)
visa fler...
rapport (2)
bokkapitel (2)
licentiatavhandling (2)
proceedings (redaktörskap) (1)
visa färre...
Typ av innehåll
refereegranskat (545)
övrigt vetenskapligt (69)
populärvet., debatt m.m. (2)
Författare/redaktör
Backes, M. (33)
Berge, D. (33)
Heinzelmann, G. (33)
Mohrmann, L., (33)
Katz, U., (33)
Bregeon, J., (33)
visa fler...
Bonnefoy, S., (33)
Carosi, A., (33)
Bulik, T. (33)
Klepser, S. (33)
Bolmont, J. (33)
Tluczykont, M. (33)
Aharonian, F., (33)
Arakawa, M., (33)
Barnard, M., (33)
Blackwell, R., (33)
Boisson, C., (33)
Brun, F., (33)
Brun, P., (33)
Bryan, M., (33)
Chen, A., (33)
Davids, I. D., (33)
Devin, J., (33)
Dirson, L., (33)
Donath, A., (33)
Dyks, J., (33)
Egberts, K., (33)
Ernenwein, J. -P (33)
Eschbach, S., (33)
Fegan, S., (33)
Fiasson, A., (33)
Fontaine, G., (33)
Funk, S., (33)
Gabici, S., (33)
Gallant, Y. A., (33)
Giavitto, G., (33)
Glicenstein, J. F., (33)
Gottschall, D., (33)
Grondin, M. -H (33)
Hahn, J., (33)
Haupt, M., (33)
Hermann, G., (33)
Hinton, J. A., (33)
Hofmann, W., (33)
Hoischen, C., (33)
Holch, T. L., (33)
Holler, M., (33)
Horns, D., (33)
Iwasaki, H., (33)
Jamrozy, M., (33)
visa färre...
Lärosäte
Uppsala universitet (130)
Lunds universitet (120)
Karolinska Institutet (113)
Göteborgs universitet (66)
Stockholms universitet (43)
Umeå universitet (37)
visa fler...
Kungliga Tekniska Högskolan (35)
Linköpings universitet (33)
Linnéuniversitetet (23)
Chalmers tekniska högskola (19)
Örebro universitet (6)
Södertörns högskola (6)
Karlstads universitet (4)
Högskolan i Jönköping (3)
RISE (3)
Naturhistoriska riksmuseet (3)
Högskolan Kristianstad (2)
swepub_uni:mau_t (2)
Mittuniversitetet (2)
Högskolan i Skövde (2)
Blekinge Tekniska Högskola (2)
Luleå tekniska universitet (1)
Högskolan Väst (1)
Mälardalens högskola (1)
Högskolan i Borås (1)
Ersta Sköndal Bräcke högskola (1)
Högskolan Dalarna (1)
visa färre...
Språk
Engelska (570)
Svenska (1)
Danska (1)
Latin (1)
Odefinierat språk (1)
Forskningsämne (UKÄ/SCB)
Naturvetenskap (258)
Medicin och hälsovetenskap (197)
Teknik (38)
Samhällsvetenskap (19)
Lantbruksvetenskap (3)
Humaniora (3)

År

 
pil uppåt Stäng

Kopiera och spara länken för att återkomma till aktuell vy