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Sökning: WFRF:(Keener P. T.)

  • Resultat 11-19 av 19
  • Föregående 1[2]
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11.
  • Abat, E., et al. (författare)
  • The ATLAS TRT barrel detector
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Journal of Instrumentation. - IOP Publishing. - 1748-0221. ; 3
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The ATLAS TRT barrel is a tracking drift chamber using 52,544 individual tubular drift tubes. It is one part of the ATLAS Inner Detector, which consists of three sub-systems: the pixel detector spanning the radius range 4 to 20 cm, the semiconductor tracker (SCT) from 30 to 52 cm, and the transition radiation tracker ( TRT) from 56 to 108 cm. The TRT barrel covers the central pseudo-rapidity region |eta| < 1, while the TRT endcaps cover the forward and backward eta regions. These TRT systems provide a combination of continuous tracking with many measurements in individual drift tubes ( or straws) and of electron identification based on transition radiation from fibers or foils interleaved between the straws themselves. This paper describes the recently-completed construction of the TRT Barrel detector, including the quality control procedures used in the fabrication of the detector.
12.
  • Abat, E., et al. (författare)
  • The ATLAS TRT electronics
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Journal of Instrumentation. - IOP Publishing. - 1748-0221. ; 3:6
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The ATLAS inner detector consists of three sub-systems: the pixel detector spanning the radius range 4cm-20cm, the semiconductor tracker at radii from 30 to 52 cm, and the transition radiation tracker (TRT), tracking from 56 to 107 cm. The TRT provides a combination of continuous tracking with many projective measurements based on individual drift tubes (or straws) and of electron identification based on transition radiation from fibres or foils interleaved between the straws themselves. This paper describes the on and off detector electronics for the TRT as well as the TRT portion of the data acquisition (DAQ) system.
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13.
  • Mindur, B, et al. (författare)
  • Gas gain stabilisation in the ATLAS TRT detector
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Journal of Instrumentation. - IOP Publishing. - 1748-0221. ; 11:4
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The ATLAS (one of two general purpose detectors at the LHC) Transition Radiation Tracker (TRT) is the outermost of the three tracking subsystems of the ATLAS Inner Detector. It is a large straw-based detector and contains about 350,000 electronics channels. The performance of the TRT as tracking and particularly particle identification detector strongly depends on stability of the operation parameters with most important parameter being the gas gain which must be kept constant across the detector volume. The gas gain in the straws can vary significantly with atmospheric pressure, temperature, and gas mixture composition changes. This paper presents a concept of the gas gain stabilisation in the TRT and describes in detail the Gas Gain Stabilisation System (GGSS) integrated into the Detector Control System (DCS). Operation stability of the GGSS during Run-1 is demonstrated.
14.
  • Cwetanski, P, et al. (författare)
  • Acceptance tests and criteria of the ATLAS transition radiation tracker
  • 2005
  • Ingår i: IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science. - IEEE - Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.. - 0018-9499. ; 52:6, s. 2911-2916
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The Transition Radiation Tracker (TRT) sits at the outermost part of the ATLAS Inner Detector, encasing the Pixel Detector and the Semi-Conductor Tracker (SCT). The TRT combines charged particle track reconstruction with electron identification capability. This is achieved by layers of xenonfilled straw tubes with periodic radiator foils or fibers providing TR photon emission. The design and choice of materials have been optimized to cope with the harsh operating conditions at the LHC, which are expected to lead to an accumulated radiation dose of 10 Mrad and a neutron fluence of up to 2 . 10(14) n/cm(2) after ten years of operation. The TRT comprises a barrel containing 52 000 axial straws and two end-cap parts with 320 000 radial straws. The total of 420 000 electronic channels (two channels per barrel straw) allows continuous tracking with many projective measurements (more than 30 straw hits per track). The assembly of the barrel modules in the US has recently been completed, while the end-cap wheel construction in Russia has reached the 50% mark. After testing at the production sites and shipment to CERN, all modules and wheels undergo a series of quality and conformity measurements. These acceptance tests survey dimensions, wire tension, gas-tightness, high-voltage stability and gas-gain uniformity along each individual straw. This paper gives details on the acceptance criteria and measurement methods. An overview of the most important results obtained to-date is also given.
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15.
  • Åkesson, Torsten, et al. (författare)
  • ATLAS Transition Radiation Tracker test-beam results
  • 2004
  • Ingår i: 2nd Workshop on Advanced Transition Radiation Detectors for Accelerator and Space Applications,Bari, Italy,2003-09-04 - 2003-09-07. - Elsevier.
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Several prototypes of the Transition Radiation Tracker for the ATLAS experiment at the LHC have been built and tested at the CERN SPS accelerator. Results from detailed studies of the straw-tube hit registration efficiency and drift-time measurements and of the pion and electron spectra without and with radiators are presented.
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16.
  • Åkesson, Torsten, et al. (författare)
  • Status of design and construction of the Transition Radiation Tracker (TRT) for the ATLAS experiment at the LHC
  • 2004
  • Ingår i: Nuclear Instruments & Methods in Physics Research. Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors, and Associated Equipment. - Elsevier. - 0167-5087. ; 522:1-2, s. 131-145
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The ATLAS Inner Detector consists of three sub-systems, the Pixel Detector at the innermost radius, the Semi-Conductor Tracker at intermediate radii, and the Transition Radiation Tracker (TRT) at the outermost radius in front of the electromagnetic calorimeter. The TRT provides a combination of continuous tracking with many projective measurements based on individual drift-tubes (or straws) and of electron identification based on radiator fibres or foils interleaved between the straws themselves. This paper describes the current status of design and construction of the various components of the TRT: the assembly of the barrel modules has recently been completed, that of the end-cap wheels is well underway, and the on-detector front-end electronics is in production. The detector modules and front-end electronics boards will be integrated together over the next year, the barrel and end-cap TRT parts will be assembled and tested with their SCT counterparts during 2005 and installation and commissioning in the ATLAS pit will take place at the end of 2005 and the beginning of 2006. (C) 2004 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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17.
  • Åkesson, Torsten, et al. (författare)
  • Aging studies for the ATLAS Transition Radiation Tracker (TRT)
  • 2003
  • Ingår i: International Workshop on Aging Phenomena in Gaseous Detectors,Hamburg, Germany,2001-10-02 - 2001-10-05. - Elsevier.
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • A summary of the aging and material validation studies carried out for the ATLAS Transition Radiation Tracker (TRT) is presented. Particular emphasis is put on the different phenomena observed in straw tubes operating with the chosen Xe/CF4/CO2 mixture. The most serious effects observed are silicon deposition on the anode wire and damage of the anode wire gold plating. Etching phenomena and active radical effects are also discussed. With a careful choice of all materials and components, and with good control of the water contamination in the active gas, the ATLAS TRT will operate reliably for 10 years at the LHC design luminosity. To demonstrate this fully, more work is still needed on the gas system purification elements, in particular to understand their interplay with the active species containing fluorine created in the avalanche process under irradiation.
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18.
  • Åkesson, Torsten, et al. (författare)
  • An X-ray scanner for wire chambers
  • 2003
  • Ingår i: Nuclear Instruments & Methods in Physics Research. Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors, and Associated Equipment. - Elsevier. - 0167-5087. ; 507:3, s. 622-635
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The techniques to measure the position of sense wires and field wires, the gas gain and the gas flow rate inside wire chambers using a collimated and filtered X-ray beam are reported. Specific examples are given using barrel modules of the Transition Radiation Tracker of the ATLAS experiment. (C) 2003 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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19.
  • Åkesson, Torsten, et al. (författare)
  • Implementation of the DTMROC-S ASIC for the ATLAS TRT Detector in a 0.25μm CMOS technology
  • 2003
  • Ingår i: IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium/Medical Imaging Conference (NSS/MIC),Norfolk, VA, United States,2002-11-10 - 2002-11-16. - IEEE - Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc..
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The DTMROC-S is a 16-channeI front-end chip developed for the signal processing of the ATLAS straw tube detector, TRT. Due to a highly radioactive environment, the chip is fabricated in a commercial 0.25μm CMOS technology hardened by layout techniques and, in addition, a special methodology was used to improve the circuit's robustness against Single Events Effects (SEE) caused by ionizing particles. Exhaustive internal test features were foreseen to simplify and ensure comprehensive design verification, high fault coverage and throughput. Compared to the previous version of the chip done in a 0.8μm radiation-hard CMOS and despite of all supplementary features, the Deep-Sub-Micron (DSM) technology results in a much smaller chip size that increases the production yield and lowers the power consumption.
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  • Resultat 11-19 av 19
  • Föregående 1[2]
 
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