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Sökning: WFRF:(Kulke Matthew H.)

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11.
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12.
  • Dillon, Joseph S., et al. (författare)
  • Time to Sustained Improvement in Bowel Movement Frequency with Telotristat Ethyl : Analyses of Phase III Studies in Carcinoid Syndrome
  • 2021
  • Ingår i: Journal of Gastrointestinal Cancer. - 1941-6628 .- 1941-6636. ; 52:1, s. 212-221
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BackgroundTelotristat ethyl is approved to treat carcinoid syndrome diarrhea in combination with somatostatin analogs. In TELESTAR and TELECAST phase III studies, patients with carcinoid syndrome received telotristat ethyl 250 or 500 mg 3 times per day (tid) or placebo tid in addition to somatostatin analogs. The aim of this prespecified analysis was to examine the time to reductions in bowel movements (BMs) in the TELESTAR and TELECAST studies using survival analysis methods.MethodsFirst occurrence of sustained response was defined as the time to the first day of 2 consecutive weeks with a mean BM frequency improvement of ≥ 30% from baseline during the 12-week double-blind treatment periods. Time to first ≥ 30% worsening in BM frequency was also measured. Treatments were compared with the log-rank test; Cox regression models provided point and confidence interval estimates of the hazard ratios for each trial.ResultsIn TELESTAR and TELECAST, majority of patients (69%) on telotristat ethyl experienced a sustained ≥ 30% improvement in BM frequency. The median time to sustained reduction of at least 30% in BM frequency was significantly faster (fewer days to onset) for telotristat ethyl compared with placebo in both TELESTAR (250 mg, HR = 2.3 [95% CI, 1.3–4.1, P = 0.004]; 500 mg, HR = 2.2 [95% CI, 1.2–3.9, P = 0.009]) and TELECAST (250 mg, HR = 3.9 [95% CI, 1.6–11.1, P = 0.003]; 500 mg, HR = 4.2 [95% CI, 1.7–11.7, P = 0.002]). In TELECAST, 42% of patients on placebo experienced sustained worsening in BM frequency compared with 20% on telotristat ethyl; no significant difference was observed in TELESTAR.ConclusionThe time of onset of sustained BM frequency improvement mean and range are important when considering use of telotristat ethyl in patients with carcinoid syndrome diarrhea. Telotristat ethyl may also reduce sustained worsening in BM frequency.
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14.
  • Koumarianou, Anna, et al. (författare)
  • Temozolomide in Advanced Neuroendocrine Neoplasms : Pharmacological and Clinical Aspects
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: Neuroendocrinology. - 0028-3835 .- 1423-0194. ; 101:4, s. 274-288
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Alkylating agents, such as streptozocin and dacarbazine, have been reported as active in neuroendocrine neoplasms (NENs). Temozolomide (TMZ) is an oral, potentially less toxic derivative of dacarbazine, which has shown activity both as a single agent and in combination with other drugs. Nevertheless, its role in NENs has not been well defined. Several retrospective and prospective phase I-II studies have been published describing its use in a variety of NENs. In a retrospective series, the combination of capecitabine and TMZ was reported to be associated with a particularly high tumour response in pancreatic NENs as a first-line treatment. Although in NENs, determination of the CP-nnethylguanineDNA methyltransferase (MGMT) status has been suggested as a predictive biomarker of response, its role still remains investigational, awaiting validation along with the establishment of the optimal detection method. Metronomic schedules have been reported to potentially overcome MGMT-related drug resistance. Toxicity is manageable if well monitored. We reviewed the literature regarding pharmacological and clinical aspects of TMZ, focusing on specific settings of NENs, different schedules, toxicity and safety profiles, and potential predictive biomarkers of response. 
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15.
  • Kulke, Matthew H., et al. (författare)
  • Future Directions in the Treatment of Neuroendocrine Tumors : Consensus Report of the National Cancer Institute Neuroendocrine Tumor Clinical Trials Planning Meeting
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: Journal of Clinical Oncology. - 0732-183X .- 1527-7755. ; 29:7, s. 934-943
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) arise from a variety of anatomic sites and share the capacity for production of hormones and vasoactive peptides. Because of their perceived rarity, NETs have not historically been a focus of rigorous clinical research. However, the diagnosed incidence of NETs has been increasing, and the estimated prevalence in the United States exceeds 100,000 individuals. The recent completion of several phase III studies, including those evaluating octreotide, sunitinib, and everolimus, has demonstrated that rigorous evaluation of novel agents in this disease is both feasible and can lead to practice-changing outcomes. The NET Task Force of the National Cancer Institute GI Steering Committee convened a clinical trials planning meeting to identify key unmet needs, develop appropriate study end points, standardize clinical trial inclusion criteria, and formulate priorities for future NET studies for the US cooperative group program. Emphasis was placed on the development of well-designed clinical trials with clearly defined efficacy criteria. Key recommendations include the evaluation of pancreatic NET separately from NETs of other sites and the exclusion of patients with poorly differentiated histologies from trials focused on low-grade histologies. Studies evaluating novel agents for the control of hormonal syndromes should avoid somatostatin analog washout periods when possible and should include quality-of-life end points. Because of the observed long survival after progression of many patients, progression-free survival is recommended as a feasible and relevant primary end point for both phase III studies and phase II studies where a delay in progression is expected in the absence of radiologic responses.
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16.
  • Kulke, Matthew H., et al. (författare)
  • Telotristat Ethyl, a Tryptophan Hydroxylase Inhibitor for the Treatment of Carcinoid Syndrome
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Journal of Clinical Oncology. - 0732-183X .- 1527-7755. ; 35:1, s. 14-23
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Purpose Preliminary studies suggested that telotristat ethyl, a tryptophan hydroxylase inhibitor, reduces bowel movement (BM) frequency in patients with carcinoid syndrome. This placebo-controlled phase III study evaluated telotristat ethyl in this setting. Patients and Methods Patients (N = 135) experiencing four or more BMs per day despite stable-dose somatostatin analog therapy received (1: 1: 1) placebo, telotristat ethyl 250 mg, or telotristat ethyl 500 mg three times per day orally during a 12-week double-blind treatment period. The primary end point was change from baseline in BM frequency. In an open-label extension, 115 patients subsequently received telotristat ethyl 500 mg. Results Estimated differences in BM frequency per day versus placebo averaged over 12 weeks were -0.81 for telotristat ethyl 250 mg (P < .001) and -0.69 for telotristat ethyl 500 mg (P,.001). At week 12, mean BM frequency reductions per day for placebo, telotristat ethyl 250 mg, and telotristat ethyl 500 mg were -0.9, -1.7, and -2.1, respectively. Responses, predefined as a BM frequency reduction >= 30% from baseline for >= 50% of the double-blind treatment period, were observed in 20%, 44%, and 42% of patients given placebo, telotristat ethyl 250 mg, and telotristat ethyl 500 mg, respectively. Both telotristat ethyl dosages significantly reduced mean urinary 5-hydroxyindole acetic acid versus placebo at week 12 (P < .001). Mild nausea and asymptomatic increases in gamma-glutamyl transferase were observed in some patients receiving telotristat ethyl. Follow-up of patients during the open-label extension revealed no new safety signals and suggested sustained BM responses to treatment. Conclusion Among patients with carcinoid syndrome not adequately controlled by somatostatin analogs, treatment with telotristat ethyl was generally safe and well tolerated and resulted in significant reductions in BM frequency and urinary 5-hydroxyindole acetic acid.
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18.
  • Strosberg, Jonathan, et al. (författare)
  • Impact of liver tumour burden, alkaline phosphatase elevation, and target lesion size on treatment outcomes with Lu-177-Dotatate : an analysis of the NETTER-1 study
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging. - : SPRINGER. - 1619-7070 .- 1619-7089. ; 47:10, s. 2372-2382
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Purpose To assess the impact of baseline liver tumour burden, alkaline phosphatase (ALP) elevation, and target lesion size on treatment outcomes with Lu-177-Dotatate. Methods In the phase 3 NETTER-1 trial, patients with advanced, progressive midgut neuroendocrine tumours (NET) were randomised to 177Lu-Dotatate (every 8 weeks, four cycles) plus octreotide long-acting release (LAR) or to octreotide LAR 60 mg. Primary endpoint was progression-free survival (PFS). Analyses of PFS by baseline factors, including liver tumour burden, ALP elevation, and target lesion size, were performed using Kaplan-Meier estimates; hazard ratios (HRs) with corresponding 95% CIs were estimated using Cox regression. Results Significantly prolonged median PFS occurred with Lu-177-Dotatate versus octreotide LAR 60 mg in patients with low (< 25%), moderate (25-50%), and high (> 50%) liver tumour burden (HR 0.187, 0.216, 0.145), and normal or elevated ALP (HR 0.153, 0.177), and in the presence or absence of a large target lesion (diameter > 30 mm; HR, 0.213, 0.063). Within the Lu-177-Dotatate arm, no significant difference in PFS was observed amongst patients with low/moderate/high liver tumour burden (P = 0.7225) or with normal/elevated baseline ALP (P = 0.3532), but absence of a large target lesion was associated with improved PFS (P = 0.0222). Grade 3 and 4 liver function abnormalities were rare and did not appear to be associated with high baseline liver tumour burden. Conclusions Lu-177-Dotatate demonstrated significant prolongation in PFS versus high-dose octreotide LAR in patients with advanced, progressive midgut NET, regardless of baseline liver tumour burden, elevated ALP, or the presence of a large target lesion. : NCT01578239, EudraCT: 2011-005049-11
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19.
  • Strosberg, Jonathan R., et al. (författare)
  • NETTER-1 phase III : Progression-free survival, radiographic response, and preliminary overall survival results in patients with midgut neuroendocrine tumors treated with 177-Lu-Dotatate
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Journal of Clinical Oncology. - Univ S Florida, H Lee Moffitt Canc Ctr, Tampa, FL 33682 USA. Univ Kentucky, Lexington, KY USA. Univ Texas MD Anderson Canc Ctr, Houston, TX 77030 USA. Dana Farber Canc Inst, Boston, MA 02115 USA. Vet Adm Med Ctr, Iowa City, IA USA. Royal Free Hosp, Pond St, London NW3 2QG, England. Zent Klin Bad Berka, Bad Berka, Germany. Stanford Univ, Sch Med, Stanford, CA 94305 USA. Mayo Clin, Coll Med, Dept Oncol, Rochester, MN USA. Cedars Sinai Med Ctr, Samuel Oschin Comprehens Canc Inst, Los Angeles, CA 90048 USA. Univ Uppsala Hosp, Uppsala, Sweden. Adv Accelerator Applicat, New York, NY USA. Erasmus Univ, Med Ctr, Rotterdam, Netherlands. Beaujon Hosp, Clichy, France. Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, Netherlands.. - 0732-183X .- 1527-7755. ; 34:4
  • Tidskriftsartikel (övrigt vetenskapligt)
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20.
  • Strosberg, Jonathan R., et al. (författare)
  • Symptom Diaries of Patients with Midgut Neuroendocrine Tumors Treated with 177Lu-DOTATATE
  • 2021
  • Ingår i: Journal of Nuclear Medicine. - : Society of Nuclear Medicine. - 0161-5505 .- 1535-5667. ; 62:12, s. 1712-1718
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We report the impact of 177Lu-DOTATATE treatment on abdominal pain, diarrhea, and flushing, symptoms that patients with advanced midgut neuroendocrine tumors often find burdensome.Methods: All patients enrolled in the international randomized phase 3 Neuroendocrine Tumors Therapy (NETTER-1) trial (177Lu-DOTATATE plus standard-dose octreotide long-acting repeatable [LAR], n = 117; high-dose octreotide LAR, n = 114) were asked to record the occurrence of predefined symptoms in a daily diary. Change from baseline in symptom scores (mean number of days with a symptom) was analyzed using a mixed model for repeated measures.Results: Patients (intent-to-treat) who received 177Lu-DOTATATE experienced a significantly greater decline from baseline in symptom scores than patients who received high-dose octreotide LAR. For 177Lu-DOTATATE, the mean decline in days with abdominal pain, diarrhea, and flushing was 4.10, 4.55, and 4.52 d per 4 wk, respectively, compared with 0.99, 1.44, and 2.54 d for high-dose octreotide LAR. The mean differences were 3.11 d (95% CI, 1.35–4.88; P = 0.0007) for abdominal pain, 3.11 d (1.18–5.04; P = 0.0017) for diarrhea, and 1.98 d (0.08–3.88; P = 0.0413) for flushing, favoring 177Lu-DOTATATE. A positive repeated-measures correlation was found between diary-recorded symptom scores and questionnaire-recorded pain, diarrhea, and flushing.Conclusion: In addition to efficacy and quality-of-life benefits, symptom diaries from NETTER-1 demonstrated that treatment with 177Lu-DOTATATE was associated with statistically significant reductions in abdominal pain, diarrhea, and flushing, constituting the core symptoms of patients with progressive midgut neuroendocrine tumors, compared with high-dose octreotide LAR, supporting a beneficial effect of 177Lu-DOTATATE on health-related quality of life.
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  • Resultat 11-20 av 24
  • Föregående 1[2]3Nästa

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