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Sökning: WFRF:(Looi Jeffrey C. L.)

  • Resultat 11-14 av 14
  • Föregående 1[2]
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  • Owens-Walton, Conor, et al. (författare)
  • Structural and functional neuroimaging changes associated with cognitive impairment and dementia in Parkinson's disease
  • 2021
  • Ingår i: Psychiatry Research - Neuroimaging. - : Elsevier. - 0925-4927. ; 312
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This study seeks a better understanding of possible pathophysiological mechanisms associated with cognitive impairment and dementia in Parkinson's disease using structural and functional MRI. We investigated resting-state functional connectivity of important subdivisions of the caudate nucleus, putamen and thalamus, and also how the morphology of these structures are impacted in the disorder. We found cognitively unimpaired Parkinson's disease subjects (n = 33), compared to controls (n = 26), display increased functional connectivity of the dorsal caudate, anterior putamen and mediodorsal thalamic subdivisions with areas across the frontal lobe, as well as reduced functional connectivity of the dorsal caudate with posterior cortical and cerebellar regions. Compared to cognitively unimpaired subjects, those with mild cognitive impairment (n = 22) demonstrated reduced functional connectivity of the mediodorsal thalamus with the paracingulate cortex, while also demonstrating increased functional connectivity of the mediodorsal thalamus with the posterior cingulate cortex, compared to subjects with dementia (n = 17). Extensive volumetric and surface-based deflation was found in subjects with dementia compared to cognitively unimpaired Parkinson's disease participants and controls. Our research suggests that structures within basal ganglia-thalamocortical circuits are implicated in cognitive impairment and dementia in Parkinson's disease, with cognitive impairment and dementia associated with a breakdown in functional connectivity of the mediodorsal thalamus with para- and posterior cingulate regions of the brain respectively.
  • Power, Brian D., et al. (författare)
  • Morphometric analysis of thalamic volume in progressive supranuclear palsy : In vivo evidence of regionally specific bilateral thalamic atrophy
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Psychiatry Research - Neuroimaging. - : Elsevier. - 0925-4927. ; 265, s. 65-71
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We investigated whether differences were detectable in the volume and shape of the dorsal thalamus on magnetic resonance imaging in patients with progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP). Manual segmentation of the left and right thalami on magnetic resonance imaging scans occurred in 22 patients with clinically diagnosed PSP and 23 healthy controls; thalamic volumes (left, right, total) were calculated. Between group differences were explored by multivariate analysis of co-variance, using age and intracranial volume as covariates. Analysis of the shape of the thalamus was performed using the spherical harmonic point distribution method software package. Patients with PSP were found to have significant bilateral thalamic atrophy on magnetic resonance imaging; there was significant shape deflation over the anterior-lateral and anterior-ventral surfaces bilaterally, and over the right caudal thalamus. Recognizing decreased thalamic morphology in PSP patients in vivo may be an important component of an ensemble of diagnostic biomarkers in the future, particularly given the difficulty of distinguishing PSP from other Parkinsonian conditions early in the disease course.
  • Power, Brian D, et al. (författare)
  • Validation of a protocol for manual segmentation of the thalamus on magnetic resonance imaging scans.
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: Psychiatry Research. - : Elsevier. - 1872-7123. ; 232:1, s. 98-105
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We present a validated protocol for manual segmentation of the thalamus on T1-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans using brain image analysis software. The MRI scans of five normal control subjects were randomly selected from a larger cohort recruited from Lund University Hospital and Landskrona Hospital, Sweden. MRIs were performed using a 3.0T Philips MR scanner, with an eight-channel head coil, and high resolution images were acquired using a T1-weighted turbo field echo (T1 TFE) pulse sequence, with resulting voxel size 1×1×1mm(3). Manual segmentation of the left and right thalami and volume measurement was performed on 28-30 contiguous coronal slices, using ANALYZE 11.0 software. Reliability of image analysis was performed by measuring intra-class correlations between initial segmentation and random repeated segmentation of the left and right thalami (in total 10 thalami for segmentation); inter-rater reliability was measured using volumes obtained by two other experienced tracers. Intra-class correlations for two independent raters were 0.95 and 0.98; inter-class correlations between the expert rater and two independent raters were 0.92 and 0.98. We anticipate that mapping thalamic morphology in various neuropsychiatric disorders may yield clinically useful disease-specific biomarkers.
  • Yoo, Jae-Gon, et al. (författare)
  • MRI morphology of the hippocampus in drug-resistant temporal lobe epilepsy: shape inflation of left hippocampus and correlation of right-sided hippocampal volume and shape with visuospatial function in patients with right-sided TLE
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience. - : Elsevier. - 1532-2653. ; 67, s. 68-74
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We sought to quantify the morphology in vivo of hippocampi in patients with drug resistant temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) via magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), prior to temporal lobe resection, and the correlation of surface-based shape analysis of morphology and clinical cognitive function.Thirty patients with drug-resistant TLE and twenty healthy controls underwent clinical neuropsychological testing, and brain MRI at Lund University Hospital prior to hippocampal resection. A neuroradiologist categorised radiological findings into normal hippocampus, subtle changes or definite hippocampal sclerosis. We manually segmented MRI of the hippocampus of participants using ANALYZE 11.0 software; and analysed hippocampal shape using SPHARM-PDM software.For radiologist visual-ratings of definite left hippocampal sclerosis in those with left-sided TLE, hippocampal volumes were significantly smaller compared to normal controls. In right-sided TLE we found contralateral shape inflation of the left hippocampus, partially confirming previous shape analytic studies of the hippocampus in TLE. We found significant correlation of volume and surface deflation of the right hippocampus in right-sided TLE with reduced performance on the two right-lateralised visuospatial memory tests, the Rey Complex Figure Test (Immediate and Delayed recall) and the Recognition Memory Test for faces. Decreased hippocampal volume was correlated with poorer performance on these tasks.The morphology of the hippocampus can be quantified via neuroimaging shape analysis in TLE. Contralateral shape inflation of the left hippocampus in right-sided TLE is intriguing, and may result from functional compensation and/or abnormal tissue. In right-sided TLE, hippocampal structural integrity, quantified as hippocampal shape, is correlated with lateralised visuospatial function.
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  • Resultat 11-14 av 14
  • Föregående 1[2]

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