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Träfflista för sökning "WFRF:(McKay James D) ;srt2:(2005-2009)"

Sökning: WFRF:(McKay James D) > (2005-2009)

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11.
  • Johansson, Mattias, et al. (författare)
  • Genetic and plasma variation of insulin-like growth factor binding proteins in relation to prostate cancer incidence and survival
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: The Prostate. - 0270-4137 .- 1097-0045. ; 69:12, s. 1281-1291
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>BACKGROUND: Binding proteins regulate bioavailability of insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) in the circulation and affect apoptosis of tumor cells in the prostate. We analyzed genetic variation within genes coding for IGF binding proteins in relation to prostate cancer incidence and survival. We also investigated if circulating IGFBP3 affects prostate cancer-specific survival. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eleven haplotype tagging SNPs and two single SNPs in the IGFBP1, IGFBP3, and IGFALS genes were genotyped within the CAncer Prostate in Sweden (CAPS) study including 2,774 cases and 1,736 controls. Plasma samples for analyses of total- and intact IGFBP3 levels were available for 1,521 cases and 909 controls. Complete follow-up of vital status was achieved by linkage to the Swedish Cause of Death Register. RESULTS: We found no clear association between the genetic variants and prostate cancer incidence or survival. The rare allele of the IGFBP3 SNP rs2854744 was associated with elevated plasma levels of total IGFBP3 (P(trend) = 9 x 10(-8)), but not intact IGFBP3 (P(trend) = 0.16). Elevated levels of total- (P(trend) = 0.03) and intact IGFBP3 (P(trend) = 6 x 10(-14)) were associated with increased risk of prostate cancer specific death. Treatment and tumor characteristics accounted for the association with total IGFBP3, whereas the association with intact IGFBP3 was attenuated, but still statistically significant in adjusted analysis (P(trend-adjusted) = 0.0004). Elevated intact IGFBP3 was also significantly associated with increased risk of prostate cancer-specific death among patients who were chemically or surgically castrated (P(trend-adjusted) = 0.0003), and among patients who had not been treated (P(trend-adjusted) = 0.02). CONCLUSIONS: Circulating levels of intact IGFBP3 measured after diagnosis is associated with increased risk of prostate cancer-specific death.</p>
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12.
  • Johansson, Mattias, et al. (författare)
  • Genetic variation in the SST gene and its receptors in relation to circulating levels of insulin-like growth factor-I, IGFBP3, and prostate cancer risk
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers and Prevention. - 1055-9965 .- 1538-7755. ; 18:5, s. 1644-1650
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>BACKGROUND: Somatostatin (SST) and its receptors (SSTR1-5) may have a role in prostate cancer by influencing the IGFI hormone axis or through direct effects on prostate epithelia. We have investigated if genetic variation in the SST and SSTR1-5 genes influences prostate cancer risk and/or circulating IGFI and IGFBP3 hormone levels. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We analyzed 28 haplotype tagging single nucleotide polymorphisms in the SST and SSTR1-5 genes in a case-control/genetic association study to investigate the association between genetic variation and prostate cancer risk. The study included 2863 cases and 1737 controls from the Cancer Prostate in Sweden (CAPS) study. To investigate the genetic influence on circulating hormone levels, plasma concentrations of IGFI and IGFBP3 were analyzed in 874 controls of the CAPS study and 550 male subjects from the Northern Sweden Health and Disease Cohort (NSHDC). RESULTS: No clear association between prostate cancer risk and genetic variation of the SST and SSTR1-5 genes was identified. The SSTR5 missense single nucleotide polymorphism rs4988483 was associated with circulating IGFI (P = 0.002) and IGFBP3 (P = 0.0003) hormone levels in CAPS controls, with a per allele decrease of approximately 11%. This decrease was replicated in NSHDC for circulating IGFBP3 (P = 0.01) but not for IGFI (P = 0.09). Combining CAPS and NSHDC subjects indicated evidence of association between rs4988483 and both IGFBP3 (P = 2 x 10(-5)) and IGFI (P = 0.0004) hormone levels. CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that genetic variation in the SSTR5 gene and, particularly, the rs4988483 single nucleotide polymorphism influence circulating IGFI and IGFBP3 hormone levels with no measurable effect on prostate cancer risk. (Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 2009;18(5):1644-50).</p>
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13.
  • Johansson, Mattias, et al. (författare)
  • Genetic Variation in the SST Gene and its Receptors in Relation to Circulating Levels of Insulin-Like Growth Factor-I, IGFBP3, and Prostate Cancer Risk
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers and Prevention. - AMER ASSOC CANCER RESEARCH. - 1055-9965 .- 1538-7755. ; 18:5, s. 1644-1650
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>Background: Somatostatin (SST) and its receptors (SSTR1-5) may have a role in prostate cancer by influencing the IGFI hormone axis or through direct effects on prostate epithelia. We have investigated if genetic variation in the SST and SSTR1-5 genes influences prostate cancer risk and/or circulating IGFI and IGFBP3 hormone levels. Materials and Methods: We analyzed 28 haplotype tagging single nucleotide polymorphisms in the SST and SSTR1-5 genes in a case-control/genetic association study to investigate the association between genetic variation and prostate cancer risk. The study included 2863 cases and 1737 controls from the Cancer Prostate in Sweden (CAPS) study. To investigate the genetic influence on circulating hormone levels, plasma concentrations of IGFI and IGFBP3 were analyzed in 874 controls of the CAPS study and 550 male subjects from the Northern Sweden Health and Disease Cohort (NSHDC). Results: No clear association between prostate cancer risk and genetic variation of the SST and SSTR1-5 genes was identified. The SSTR5 missense single nucleotide polymorphism rs4988483 was associated with circulating IGFI (P = 0.002) and IGFBP3 (P = 0.0003) hormone levels in CAPS controls, with a per allele decrease of similar to 11%. This decrease was replicated in NSHDC for circulating IGFBP3 (P = 0.01) but not for IGFI (P = 0.09). Combining CAPS and NSHDC subjects indicated evidence of association between rs4988483 and both IGFBP3 (P = 2 x 10(-5)) and IGFI (P = 0.0004) hormone levels. Conclusions: Our results suggest that genetic variation in the SSTR5 gene and, particularly, the rs4988483 single nucleotide polymorphism influence circulating IGFI and IGFBP3 hormone levels with no measurable effect on prostate cancer risk. (Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 2009;18(5):164.4-50)</p>
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14.
  • Johansson, Mattias, et al. (författare)
  • Implications for prostate cancer of insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) genetic variation and circulating IGF-I levels.
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism. - 0021-972X .- 1945-7197. ; 92:12, s. 4820-4826
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>BACKGROUND: Elevated levels of circulating IGF-I have consistently been associated with increased prostate cancer risk. We recently found a haplotype in the 3' region of the IGF-I gene associated with increased risk of prostate cancer, and we hypothesized that the observed association is mediated by circulating IGF-I. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We analyzed haplotypes and three haplotype-tagging single nucleotide polymorphisms (htSNPs) in the 3' region of the IGF-I gene in relation to circulating levels IGF-I in 698 control subjects from the CAncer Prostate in Sweden (CAPS) study and 575 cases and controls from the prospective Northern Sweden Health and Disease Cohort (NSHDC) study. We also performed a meta-analysis of these two and four other association studies on genetic variation in the 3' region of the IGF-I gene in relation to circulating IGF-I levels. RESULTS: The IGF-I haplotype previously associated with prostate cancer risk, labeled "TCC," was associated with elevated levels of IGF-I in the CAPS study (P = 0.02), but not in the NSHDC study. In contrast, two of the three IGF-I htSNPs tagging this haplotype, rs6220 and rs7136446, were associated with elevated levels of IGF-I in the NSHDC (P = 0.03 and P = 0.04, respectively), but not in the CAPS study. In the meta-analysis, the TCC haplotype and the rs6220 SNP were associated with elevated levels of circulating IGF-I (P = 0.001 and P &lt; 0.0001, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: Genetic variation in the 3' region of the IGF-I gene seems to influence circulating levels of IGF-I. This observation is consistent with the hypothesis that variation in the IGF-I gene plays a role in prostate cancer susceptibility by influencing circulating levels of IGF-I.</p>
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15.
  • Johansson, Mattias, et al. (författare)
  • Implications for prostate cancer of insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) genetic variation and circulating IGF-I levels
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism. - Umea Univ Hosp, Dept Surgical & Perioperative Sci, S-90185 Umea, Sweden. Umea Univ Hosp, Dept Urol Androl, S-90185 Umea, Sweden. Umea Univ Hosp, Dept Publ Hlth & Clin Med, S-90185 Umea, Sweden. Int Agcy Res Canc, F-69372 Lyon, France. Karolinska Inst, Dept Med Epidemiol & Biostat, S-17177 Stockholm, Sweden. Univ Med Ctr Utrecht, Julius Ctr Hlth Sci & Primary Care, NL-85500 Utrecht, Netherlands. Harvard Univ, Dept Epidemiol, Boston, MA 02215 USA. German Canc Res Ctr, Div Canc Epidemiol, D-69120 Heidelberg, Germany. : ENDOCRINE SOC. - 0021-972X .- 1945-7197. ; 92:12, s. 4820-4826
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>Background: Elevated levels of circulating IGF-I have consistently been associated with increased prostate cancer risk. We recently found a haplotype in the 3 ' region of the IGF-I gene associated with increased risk of prostate cancer, and we hypothesized that the observed association is mediated by circulating IGF-I. Materials and Methods: We analyzed haplotypes and three haplotype-tagging single nucleotide polymorphisms (htSNPs) in the 3 ' region of the IGF-I gene in relation to circulating levels IGF-I in 698 control subjects from the CAncer Prostate in Sweden ( CAPS) study and 575 cases and controls from the prospective Northern Sweden Health and Disease Cohort ( NSHDC) study. We also performed a meta-analysis of these two and four other association studies on genetic variation in the 3 ' region of the IGF-I gene in relation to circulating IGF-I levels. Results: The IGF-I haplotype previously associated with prostate cancer risk, labeled "TCC," was associated with elevated levels of IGF-I in the CAPS study (P = 0.02), but not in the NSHDC study. In contrast, two of the three IGF-I htSNPs tagging this haplotype, rs6220 and rs7136446, were associated with elevated levels of IGF-I in the NSHDC ( P = 0.03 and P = 0.04, respectively), but not in the CAPS study. In the meta-analysis, the TCC haplotype and the rs6220 SNP were associated with elevated levels of circulating IGF-I ( P = 0.001 and P &lt; 0.0001, respectively). Conclusions: Genetic variation in the 3 ' region of the IGF-I gene seems to influence circulating levels of IGF-I. This observation is consistent with the hypothesis that variation in the IGF-I gene plays a role in prostate cancer susceptibility by influencing circulating levels of IGF-I.</p>
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16.
  • McKay, James D, et al. (författare)
  • Haplotype-based analysis of common variation in the growth hormone receptor gene and prostate cancer risk
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers and Prevention. - 1055-9965 .- 1538-7755. ; 16:1, s. 169-173
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>The growth hormone receptor (GHR) is potentially involved in prostate cancer through its role in stimulating insulin-like growth factor I production and its cellular effects on prostate epithelium. We have used a haplotype-based tagging approach within CAncer Prostate Sweden, a large retrospective case-control study of 2,863 cases and 1,737 controls to investigate if genetic variation in the <em>GHR</em> gene influences prostate cancer risk. One haplotype in the 3' region of the <em>GHR</em> gene was found associated with prostate cancer risk in elderly men (&gt;65 years old at the time of diagnosis), with heterozygote haplotype carriers having an odds ratio of 1.65 (95% confidence interval, 1.21-2.16; <em>P</em> = 0.0009, <em>P</em><sub>corrected</sub> = 0.03). GHR function has been implicated in the determination of body mass index. Interestingly, the same haplotype associated with risk in the 3' end of the <em>GHR</em> gene was also associated with a decrease in body mass index in controls (<em>P</em> = 0.003, <em>P</em><sub>corrected</sub> = 0.05), possibly indicating some functionality with this haplotype. These results suggest that whereas genetic variation in the <em>GHR</em> gene does not seem to play a major role in prostate cancer etiology, one haplotype in the 3' region may be potentially relevant to cases with later onset of prostate cancer.</p>
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17.
  • McKay, James D., et al. (författare)
  • Haplotype-based analysis of common variation in the growth hormone receptor gene and prostate cancer risk
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers and Prevention. - German Canc Res Ctr, Div Canc Epidemiol, D-69120 Heidelberg, Germany. Menzies Res Inst, Hobart, Tas, Australia. Int Agcy Res Canc, F-69372 Lyon, France. Umea Univ Hosp, Dept Surg & Perioperat Sci Urol & Androl, S-90185 Umea, Sweden. Karolinska Inst, Dept Med Epidemiol & Biostat, Stockholm, Sweden. : AMER ASSOC CANCER RESEARCH. - 1055-9965 .- 1538-7755. ; 16:1, s. 169-173
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>The growth hormone receptor (GHR) is potentially involved in prostate cancer through its role in stimulating insulin-like growth factor I production and its cellular effects on prostate epithelium. We have used a haplotype-based tagging approach within CAncer Prostate Sweden, a large retrospective case-control study of 2,863 cases and 1,737 controls to investigate if genetic variation in the GHR gene influences prostate cancer risk. One haplotype in the 3' region of the GHR gene was found associated with prostate cancer risk in elderly men (&gt; 65 years old at the time of diagnosis), with heterozygote haplotype carriers having an odds ratio of 1.65 (95% confidence interval, 1.21-2.16; P = 0.0009, P-corrected = 0.03). GHR function has been implicated in the determination of body mass index. Interestingly, the same haplotype associated with risk in the 3' end of the GHR gene was also associated with a decrease in body mass index in controls (P = 0.003, P-corrected = 0.05), possibly indicating some functionality with this haplotype. These results suggest that whereas genetic variation in the GHR gene does not seem to play a major role in prostate cancer etiology, one haplotype in the 3' region may be potentially relevant to cases with later onset of prostate cancer.</p>
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18.
  • McKay, James D., et al. (författare)
  • Lung cancer susceptibility locus at 5p15.33
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Nature Genetics. - 1061-4036 .- 1546-1718. ; 40:12, s. 1404-1406
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>We carried out a genome-wide association study of lung cancer (3,259 cases and 4,159 controls), followed by replication in 2,899 cases and 5,573 controls. Two uncorrelated disease markers at 5p15.33, rs402710 and rs2736100 were detected by the genome-wide data (P - 2 x 10(-7) and P = 4 x 10(-6)) and replicated by the independent study series (P = 7 x 10(-5) and P = 0.016). The susceptibility region contains two genes, TERT and CLPTM1L, suggesting that one or both may have a role in lung cancer etiology.</p>
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20.
  • Sinilnikova, Olga M., et al. (författare)
  • Haplotype-based analysis of common variation in the acetyl-CoA carboxyiase alpha gene and breast cancer risk: A case-control study nested within the European prospective investigation into cancer and nutrition
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers & Prevention. - American Association for Cancer Research. - 1538-7755. ; 16:3, s. 409-415
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • A key fatty acid synthesis enzyme, acetyl-CoA carboxylase alpha(ACC-alpha), has been shown to be highly expressed in human breast cancer and other tumor types and also to specifically interact with the protein coded by one of two major breast cancer susceptibility genes BRCA1. We used a comprehensive haplotype analysis to examine the contribution of the ACC-alpha common genetic variation (allele frequency > 5%) to breast cancer in a case-control study (1,588 cases/2,600 controls) nested within the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition. We identified 21 haplotypetagging polymorphisms efficiently capturing common variation within 325 kb of ACC-alpha and surrounding sequences using genotype data from the HapMap project and our resequencing data. We found an effect on overall risk of breast cancer in homozygous carriers of one common haplotype [odds ratio (OR), 1.74; 95% confidence interval (95% CI), 1.03-2.94]. When the data were subdivided by menopausal status, we found statistical evidence of heterogeneity for two other common haplotypes (P value for heterogeneity = 0.016 and 0.045). In premenopausal women, the carriers of these haplotypes, compared with noncarriers, had an altered risk of breast cancer (OR, 0.70; 95% CI, 0.53-0.92 and OR, 1.35; 95% CI, 1.04-1.76). These findings were not significant after adjustment for multiple testing and therefore should be considered as preliminary and evaluated in larger independent studies. However, they suggest a possible role of the ACC-alpha common sequence variants in susceptibility to breast cancer and encourage studies of other genes involved in fatty acid synthesis.
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