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  • Kudahettige-Nilsson, Rasika, et al. (författare)
  • Biobutanol Production by Clostridium acetobutylicum Using Xylose Recovered from Birch Kraft Black Liquor
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: Bioresource Technology. - 0960-8524 .- 1873-2976. ; 176, s. 71-79
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Acetone-Butanol-Ethanol (ABE) fermentation was studied using acid-hydrolyzed xylan recovered from hardwood Kraft black liquor by CO2 acidification as the only carbon source. Detoxification of hydrolyzate using activated carbon was conducted to evaluate the impact of inhibitor removal and fermentation. Xylose hydrolysis yields as high as 18.4% were demonstrated at the highest severity hydrolysis condition. Detoxification using active carbon was effective for removal of both phenolics (76-81%) and HMF (38-52%). Batch fermentation of the hydrolyzate and semi-defined P2 media resulted in a total solvent yield of 0.12-0.13 g/g and 0.34 g/g, corresponding to a butanol concentration of 1.8-2.1 g/L and 7.3 g/L respectively. This work is the first study of a process for the production of a biologically-derived biofuel from hemicelluloses solubilized during Kraft pulping and demonstrates the feasibility of utilizing xylan recovered directly from industrial Kraft pulping liquors as a feedstock for biological production of biofuels such as butanol.
  • Lebedev, Alexander V., et al. (författare)
  • Effects of daily L-dopa administration on learning and brain structure in older adults undergoing cognitive training : a randomised clinical trial
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Scientific Reports. - 2045-2322 .- 2045-2322. ; 10
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Cognitive aging creates major individual and societal burden, motivating search for treatment and preventive care strategies. Behavioural interventions can improve cognitive performance in older age, but effects are small. Basic research has implicated dopaminergic signalling in plasticity. We investigated whether supplementation with the dopamine-precursor L-dopa improves effects of cognitive training on performance. Sixty-three participants for this randomised, parallel-group, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial were recruited via newspaper advertisements. Inclusion criteria were: age of 65–75 years, Mini-Mental State Examination score >25, absence of serious medical conditions. Eligible subjects were randomly allocated to either receive 100/25 mg L-dopa/benserazide (n = 32) or placebo (n = 31) prior to each of twenty cognitive training sessions administered during a four-week period. Participants and staff were blinded to group assignment. Primary outcomes were latent variables of spatial and verbal fluid intelligence. Compared to the placebo group, subjects receiving L-dopa improved less in spatial intelligence (−0.267 SDs; 95%CI [−0.498, −0.036]; p = 0.024). Change in verbal intelligence did not significantly differ between the groups (−0.081 SDs, 95%CI [−0.242, 0.080]; p = 0.323). Subjects receiving L-dopa also progressed slower through the training and the groups displayed differential volumetric changes in the midbrain. No statistically significant differences were found for the secondary cognitive outcomes. Adverse events occurred for 10 (31%) and 7 (23%) participants in the active and control groups, correspondingly. The results speak against early pharmacological interventions in older healthy adults to improve broader cognitive functions by targeting the dopaminergic system and provide no support for learning-enhancing properties of L-dopa supplements in the healthy elderly. The findings warrant closer investigation about the cognitive effects of early dopamine-replacement therapy in neurological disorders. This trial was preregistered at the European Clinical Trial Registry, EudraCT#2016-000891-54 (2016-10-05).
  • Logdberg, Ulrika, et al. (författare)
  • "Thinking about the future, what's gonna happen?" : How young people in Sweden who neither work nor study perceive life experiences in relation to health and well-being
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being. - : Taylor & Francis. - 1748-2623 .- 1748-2631. ; 13:1
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Purpose: The aim of this study was to explore how young people in Sweden who neither work nor study perceive life experiences in relation to health and well-being.Methods: A task-based interview technique was used and data was analysed with qualitative content analysis. Interviews were conducted with 16 participants aged 16-20 who were unemployed and not eligible for upper secondary school, or who had dropped out of school.Results: Three themes emerged from the analysis illustrating how the young people perceive their life experiences in relation to health and well-being: Struggling with hardships in the absence of caring connections, Feeling good when closely connected to others, and Being forced to question what has been taken for granted. Each theme consists of 2-3 subthemes.Conclusion: Based on the young people's narrated experiences health can be understood as: something that is created in relation to others and in relation to the social and cultural context; as something dynamic and changeable; as the ability to adapt and respond to challenges; and finally as something existing on a collective as well as an individual level. Implications for school, social services and health promotion initiatives are discussed, with an emphasis on working with young people.
  • Lundh Snis, Ulrika, 1970-, et al. (författare)
  • Nordic Innovation Networks in Education : Dealing with Educational Challenges with Cross Boarder Collaboration and User Driven Design
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Uddevalla Symposium 2012<em> </em>. - 9789197794343 ; , s. 553-571
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This is an EU-funded project related to cross boarder collaboration for educational purposes supported by information and communication technologies between Danish, Norwegian and Swedish schools. The project started in 2011 and extends to 2014 so this empirically dominated paper reports on early findings related to cross-border collaboration challenges. The aim of the project is to develop innovative cross-border teaching models by the means of user-driven, practice-based co-design processes between practitioners and researchers. In the first year, 18 classes from 13 schools in Denmark, Norway and Sweden in the Öresund-Kattegatt-Skagerack region participated. Organized in so called Nordic class-match groups (consisting of students and teachers from one class in each country) new cross-border teaching models are co-created, tested and evaluated in an iterative process. Since teaching models are subject dependent, the project develop teaching models in several subject domains, i.e. math, language, science and social studies / history. Heretofore findings show, however, that organizational and technical issues have superseded and squeezed out subject-oriented discussions due to surprisingly many practical issues that needed to be handled first. We have identified three major thresholds to overcome. The first is related to technical difficulties in schools when diverse IT systems are to be synchronized. The second threshold concerns scheduling coordination difficulties in order to allow synchronous cross boarder collaboration. The third threshold concerns linguistic and communication difficulties rooted in participants communicating in their respective Nordic language. Being able to communicate within Nordic languages are explicit learning goals in all three schools systems, and therefore part of the project aim and consequently all participants are expected to use their native languages when communicating. The next phase of the project is therefore to find solutions to these technical, organizational and linguistic barriers, and already now we see some barrier breaking models taking shape in the active network of Nordic teachers, students, school leaders, IT support teams and researchers. 
  • Maddalo, Gianluca, et al. (författare)
  • Porcine P2 myelin protein primary structure and bound fatty acids determined by mass spectrometry
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry. - 1618-2642 .- 1618-2650. ; 397:5, s. 1903-1910
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Complementary collision-induced/electron capture dissociation Fourier-transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometry was used to fully sequence the protein P2 myelin basic protein. It is an antigenic fatty-acid-binding protein that can induce experimental autoimmune neuritis: an animal model of Guillain-Barre syndrome, a disorder similar in etiology to multiple sclerosis. Neither the primary structure of the porcine variant, nor the fatty acids bound by the protein have been well established to date. A 1.8-angstrom crystal structure shows but a bound ligand could not be unequivocally identified. A protocol for ligand extraction from protein crystals has been developed with subsequent gas chromatography MS analysis allowing determination that oleic, stearic, and palmitic fatty acids are associated with the protein. The results provide unique and general evidence of the utility of mass spectrometry for characterizing proteins from natural sources and generating biochemical information that may facilitate attempts to elucidate the causes for disorders such as demyelination.
  • Molin, Daniel, et al. (författare)
  • Mast cells express functional CD30 ligand and are the predominant CD30L-positive cells in Hodgkin's disease
  • 2001
  • Ingår i: British Journal of Haematology. - 0007-1048 .- 1365-2141. ; 114:3, s. 616-623
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Hodgkin's disease (HD) tumours are characterized by the presence of few tumour cells, the Hodgkin and Reed-Sternberg (HRS) cells, surrounded by a large amount of non-neoplastic cells. The role of this cell infiltrate for the development of HD is not known. CD30, belonging to the tumour necrosis factor receptor superfamily, is highly expressed on HRS cells and believed to be involved in tumourigenesis and tumour progression. Tumour samples from 42 patients were immunohistochemically double-stained for tryptase, a mast cell-specific proteinase and CD30 ligand (CD30L). Tryptase-positive mast cells were present in all tumours. Of these cells, 50% expressed CD30L and 66% of the CD30L-positive cells were mast cells. CD30L mRNA in in vitro developed normal mast cells and malignant human and murine mast cell lines was detected using reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction. CD30L protein expressed on human mast cells was detected using flow cytometry. In a co-culture assay, the human mast cell line HMC-1 stimulated thymidine uptake in HRS cell lines, and the stimulation could be blocked using CD30L-specific monoclonal antibodies. In conclusion, mast cells are present in HD tumours and are the predominant CD30L-expressing cells. CD30L-CD30 interaction is a pathway by which mast cells may stimulate DNA synthesis in HRS cells.
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