SwePub
Sök i SwePub databas

  Utökad sökning

Träfflista för sökning "WFRF:(Oberg Birgitta) "

Sökning: WFRF:(Oberg Birgitta)

  • Resultat 11-16 av 16
  • Föregående 1[2]
Sortera/gruppera träfflistan
   
NumreringReferensOmslagsbildHitta
11.
  • Peolsson, Anneli, et al. (författare)
  • Physical Function Outcome in Cervical Radiculopathy Patients After Physiotherapy Alone Compared With Anterior Surgery Followed by Physiotherapy A Prospective Randomized Study With a 2-Year Follow-up
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Spine. - 0362-2436 .- 1528-1159. ; 38:4, s. 300-307
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>Study Design. Prospective randomized study. Objective. To investigate differences in physical functional outcome in patients with radiculopathy due to cervical disc disease, after structured physiotherapy alone (consisting of neck-specific exercises with a cognitive-behavioral approach) versus after anterior cervical decompression and fusion (ACDF) followed by the same structured physiotherapy program. Summary of Background Data. No earlier studies have evaluated the effectiveness of a structured physiotherapy program or postoperative physical rehabilitation after ACDF for patients with magnetic resonance imaging-verified nerve compression due to cervical disc disease. Methods. Our prospective randomized study included 63 patients with radiculopathy and magnetic resonance imaging-verified nerve root compression, who were randomized to receive either ACDF in combination with physiotherapy or physiotherapy alone. For 49 of these patients, an independent examiner measured functional outcomes, including active range of neck motion, neck muscle endurance, and hand-related functioning before treatment and at 3-, 6-, 12-, and 24-month follow-ups. Results. There were no significant differences between the 2 treatment alternatives in any of the measurements performed (P = 0.17-0.91). Both groups showed improvements over time in neck muscle endurance (P = 0.01), manual dexterity (P &lt; 0.03), and right-handgrip strength (P = 0.01). Conclusion. Compared with a structured physiotherapy program alone, ACDF followed by physiotherapy did not result in additional improvements in neck active range of motion, neck muscle endurance, or hand-related function in patients with radiculopathy. We suggest that a structured physiotherapy program should precede a decision for ACDF intervention in patients with radiculopathy, to reduce the need for surgery.</p>
  •  
12.
  • Stern, N., et al. (författare)
  • Subchronic toxicity of baltic herring oil and its fractions in the rat (III) bone tissue composition and dimension, and ratio of n-6/n-3 fatty acids in serum phospholipids
  • 2005
  • Ingår i: Basic Clin Pharmacol Toxicol. - 1742-7835 (Print). ; 96:6, s. 453-64
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Changes in total bone mineral density determined by the bone-ash method were recently demonstrated in rats, exposed to Herring oil from the contaminated southern part of the Baltic Sea. In the present study more detailed analysis of bone structure and biomechanics was performed and obtained results were evaluated in the context of dietary factors, such as polyunsaturated fatty acids, vitamin D and vitamin A. Baltic Sea herring oil was fractionated into one relatively pollutant-free fraction (F1), and two fractions with pronounced enrichment of pollutants (F2 and F3). Female Sprague-Dawley rats were fed diets supplemented with Baltic Herring oil, its fractions, Nordic Sea capelin oil or soy oil. Femur was scanned with peripheral quantitative computed tomography (pQCT) and also tested by a mechanical compression analysis. Polyunsaturated fatty acids, vitamin A and D were analysed in serum. Rats fed the high dose of herring oil exhibited shorter femur length with decreased diaphyseal cortical bone mineral density, as well as lowered metaphyseal cross-sectional area compared to the soy oil group. Rats fed the high dose of F1 diet had increased cortical and decreased trabecular area, and higher total and trabecular bone mineral density. Rats fed the low dose of F2 diet showed similar changes associated with increased maximum load and energy absorption in compression test of the femoral metaphysis. In summary, our findings in changes of bone geometry and density could not be linked to any isolated exposure parameter, suggesting synergistic or antagonistic effects of several components of the test diets.
  •  
13.
  • Stern, Natalia, et al. (författare)
  • Subchronic toxicity of baltic herring oil and its fractions in the rat (III) bone tissue composition and dimension, and ratio of n-6/n-3 fatty acids in serum phospholipids.
  • 2005
  • Ingår i: Basic & Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology. - 1742-7835 .- 1742-7843. ; 96:6, s. 453-464
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>Changes in total bone mineral density determined by the bone-ash method were recently demonstrated in rats, exposed to Herring oil from the contaminated southern part of the Baltic Sea. In the present study more detailed analysis of bone structure and biomechanics was performed and obtained results were evaluated in the context of dietary factors, such as polyunsaturated fatty acids, vitamin D and vitamin A. Baltic Sea herring oil was fractionated into one relatively pollutant-free fraction (F1), and two fractions with pronounced enrichment of pollutants (F2 and F3). Female Sprague-Dawley rats were fed diets supplemented with Baltic Herring oil, its fractions, Nordic Sea capelin oil or soy oil. Femur was scanned with peripheral quantitative computed tomography (pQCT) and also tested by a mechanical compression analysis. Polyunsaturated fatty acids, vitamin A and D were analysed in serum. Rats fed the high dose of herring oil exhibited shorter femur length with decreased diaphyseal cortical bone mineral density, as well as lowered metaphyseal cross-sectional area compared to the soy oil group. Rats fed the high dose of F1 diet had increased cortical and decreased trabecular area, and higher total and trabecular bone mineral density. Rats fed the low dose of F2 diet showed similar changes associated with increased maximum load and energy absorption in compression test of the femoral metaphysis. In summary, our findings in changes of bone geometry and density could not be linked to any isolated exposure parameter, suggesting synergistic or antagonistic effects of several components of the test diets.</p>
  •  
14.
  •  
15.
  • Wibault, Johanna, et al. (författare)
  • Individual factors associated with neck disability in patients with cervical radiculopathy scheduled for surgery : : A study on physical impairments, psychosocial factors, and life style habits
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: European Spine Journal. - Springer. - 0940-6719. ; 23:3, s. 599-605
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Purpose: The influence of individual factors on patient-reported outcomes is important in the interpretation of disability and treatment effectiveness. The purpose of this study was to assess how physical impairments, psychosocial factors, and life style habits were associated with neck disability based on the Neck Disability Index (NDI), in patients with cervical radiculopathy scheduled for surgery. Methods: This cross-sectional study included 201 patients (105 men, 96 women; mean age 50 years). Data included self-reported measures and a clinical examination. Multiple linear regressions were performed to identify significant influencing factors. Results: Pain, physical impairments in the cervical active range of motion, low self-efficacy, depression, and sickness-related absences explained 73 % of the variance in NDI scores (p < 0.001). Conclusion: Assessments of physical impairments and psychosocial factors in patients with cervical radiculopathy could improve the description of neck disability and the interpretation of treatment outcomes in longitudinal studies.
16.
  • Wibault, Johanna, et al. (författare)
  • Neck-Related Physical Function, Self-Efficacy, and Coping Strategies in Patients With Cervical Radiculopathy : A Randomized Clinical Trial of Postoperative Physiotherapy
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics. - Mosby Inc.. - 0161-4754. ; 40:5, s. 330-339
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objective: The purpose of this study was to compare postoperative rehabilitation with structured physiotherapy to the standard approach in patients with cervical radiculopathy (CR) in a prospective randomized study at 6 months follow-up based on measures of neck-related physical function, self-efficacy, and coping strategies. Methods: Patients with persistent CR and scheduled for surgery (N = 202) were randomly assigned to structured postoperative physiotherapy or a standard postoperative approach. Structured postoperative physiotherapy combined neck-specific exercises with a behavioral approach. Baseline, 3-month, and 6-month evaluations included questionnaires and clinical examinations. Neck muscle endurance, active cervical range of motion, self-efficacy, pain catastrophizing (CSQ-CAT), perceived control over pain, and ability to decrease pain were analyzed for between-group differences using complete case and per-protocol approaches. Results: No between-group difference was reported at the 6-month follow-up (P = .05-.99), but all outcomes had improved from baseline (P < .001). Patients undergoing structured postoperative physiotherapy with ≥50% attendance at treatment sessions had larger improvements in CSQ-CAT (P = .04) during the rehabilitation period from 3 to 6 months after surgery compared with the patients who received standard postoperative approach. Conclusions: No between-group difference was found at 6 months after surgery based on measures of neck-related physical function, self-efficacy, and coping strategies. However, the results confirm that neck-specific exercises are tolerated by patients with CR after surgery and may suggest a benefit from combining surgery with structured postoperative physiotherapy for patients with CR.
  •  
Skapa referenser, mejla, bekava och länka
  • Resultat 11-16 av 16
  • Föregående 1[2]
 
pil uppåt Stäng

Kopiera och spara länken för att återkomma till aktuell vy