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Sökning: WFRF:(Olsson Daniel S 1983 )

  • Resultat 11-20 av 37
  • Föregående 1[2]34Nästa
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  • Schilbach, K., et al. (författare)
  • Biomarkers of GH action in children and adults
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Growth Hormone and IGF Research. - 1096-6374. ; 40, s. 1-8
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Growth hormone (GH) and IGF-I levels in serum are used as biomarkers in the diagnosis and management of GH-related disorders but have not been subject to structured validation. Auxological parameters in children and changes in body composition in adults, as well as metabolic parameters and patient related outcomes are used as clinical and surrogate endpoints. New treatment options, such as long acting GH and GH antagonists, require reevaluation of the currently used biochemical biomarkers. This article will review biomarkers, surrogate endpoints and clinical endpoints related to GH treatment in children and adults as well as in acromegaly. © 2018 Elsevier Ltd
  • van Santen, Selveta S, et al. (författare)
  • Body composition and bone mineral density in craniopharyngioma patients: a longitudinal study over 10 years.
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: The Journal of clinical endocrinology and metabolism. - 1945-7197.
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Patients with craniopharyngioma suffer from obesity and impaired bone health. Little is known about longitudinal changes in body composition and bone mineral density (BMD).To describe body composition and BMD (change).Retrospective longitudinal study.Two Dutch/Swedish referral centers.Patients with craniopharyngioma (n=112) with a DXA-scan available [two DXA-scans, n=86; median Δtime 9.6 years (range 0.4-23.3)] at age ≥18 years [58 (52%) male, 50 (44%) childhood-onset].Longitudinal changes of body composition and BMD, and associated factors of ΔZ-score (sex and age standardized).BMI (from 28.8±4.9 to 31.2±5.2 kg/m 2, P<0.001), fat mass index (FMI) (from 10.5±3.6 to 11.9±3.8 kg/m 2, P=0.001) and fat free mass index (FFMI) (from 18.3±3.2 to 19.1±3.2 kg/m 2, P<0.001) were high at baseline and increased. Fat percentage and Z-scores of body composition did not increase, except for FFMI Z-scores (from 0.26±1.62 to 1.06±2.22, P<0.001). Z-scores of total body, L2-L4, femur neck increased (mean difference 0.66±1.00, P<0.001; 0.78±1.63, P<0.001; 0.51±1.85, P=0.02). Linear regression models for ΔZ-score were positively associated with growth hormone replacement therapy (GHRT) [femur neck: beta 1.45 (95% CI 0.51-2.39)]; and negatively with radiotherapy [femur neck: beta -0.79 (-1.49--0.09)], glucocorticoid dose [total body: beta -0.06 (-0.09--0.02)]) and medication to improve BMD [L2-L4: beta -1.06 (-1.84--0.28)]).Z-scores of BMI, fat percentage and FMI remained stable in patients with craniopharyngioma over time, while Z-scores of FFMI and BMD increased. Higher glucocorticoid dose and radiotherapy were associated with BMD loss and GHRT with increase.
  • Wijnen, M, et al. (författare)
  • Efficacy and safety of bariatric surgery for craniopharyngioma-related hypothalamic obesity: a matched case-control study with 2 years of follow-up.
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: International journal of obesity (2005). - 1476-5497. ; 41
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Hypothalamic obesity is a devastating consequence of craniopharyngioma. Bariatric surgery could be a promising therapeutic option. However, its efficacy and safety in patients with craniopharyngioma-related hypothalamic obesity remain largely unknown.We investigated the efficacy of bariatric surgery for inducing weight loss in patients with craniopharyngioma-related hypothalamic obesity. In addition, we studied the safety of bariatric surgery regarding its effects on hormone replacement therapy for pituitary insufficiency.In this retrospective matched case-control study, we compared weight loss after bariatric surgery (that is, Roux-en-Y gastric bypass and sleeve gastrectomy) between eight patients with craniopharyngioma-related hypothalamic obesity and 75 controls with 'common' obesity during 2 years of follow-up. We validated our results at 1 year of follow-up in a meta-analysis. In addition, we studied alterations in hormone replacement therapy after bariatric surgery in patients with craniopharyngioma.Mean weight loss after bariatric surgery was 19% vs 25% (difference -6%, 95% confidence of interval (CI) -14.1 to 4.6; P=0.091) at 2 years of follow-up in patients with craniopharyngioma-related hypothalamic obesity compared with control subjects with 'common' obesity. Mean weight loss was 25% vs 29% (difference -4%, 95% CI -11.6 to 8.1; P=0.419) after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass and 10% vs 20% (difference -10%, 95% CI -14.1 to -6.2; P=0.003) after sleeve gastrectomy at 2 years of follow-up in patients with craniopharyngioma-related hypothalamic obesity vs control subjects with 'common' obesity. Our meta-analysis demonstrated significant weight loss 1 year after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass, but not after sleeve gastrectomy. Seven patients with craniopharyngioma suffered from pituitary insufficiency; three of them required minor adjustments in hormone replacement therapy after bariatric surgery.Weight loss after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass, but not sleeve gastrectomy, was comparable between patients with craniopharyngioma-related hypothalamic obesity and control subjects with 'common' obesity at 2 years of follow-up. Bariatric surgery seems safe regarding its effects on hormone replacement therapy.International Journal of Obesity advance online publication, 22 November 2016; doi:10.1038/ijo.2016.195.
  • Decker, Ralph, 1968, et al. (författare)
  • Long-term Effects of Growth Hormone in Children
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Update on GH and IGFs, 22-23 maj 2014, Stockholm, Sverige. Nobelforum Karolinska institutet - Svenska Endokrinolog Föreningen.
  • Konferensbidrag (övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • Einarsdottir, Margret, et al. (författare)
  • High prescription rate of oral glucocorticoids in children and adults: a retrospective cohort study from Western Sweden.
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Clinical endocrinology. - 1365-2265. ; 92:1, s. 21-28
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Glucocorticoids (GCs) are a cornerstone in treating various common and uncommon diseases. The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of GC use in terms of doses associated with risk of tertiary adrenal insufficiency in adults and children, and treatment indications.This was a retrospective cohort study. Information on dispensed prescriptions was obtained from the Swedish Prescribed Drug Register. Patients with prescriptions of prednisolone (or equivalent dose of other GCs) ≥5 mg daily for ≥21 days between 2007-2014 were included. Information on concurrent diseases was obtained from the Swedish National Patient Register and the Västra Götaland Regional Healthcare Database.Of 1,585,335 inhabitants in Västra Götaland County, 223,211 were included in the study (women 55.6%). Mean age was 48 ± 24 years. Period prevalence of oral GC use during the 8-year study period was 14.1%. The highest prevalence (27.4%) was in men aged 80-89 years and lowest (7.5%) in men 10-19 years of age. The period prevalence in children 0-9 years of age was 10.6%. COPD and asthma were the most common indications for treatment (17.2%) followed by allergy (12.5%), and malignant neoplasms (11.5%). Allergy was the most frequent indication (20.5%) in children and adolescents.Between 2007-2014, every seventh inhabitant in western Sweden received a GC prescription at doses associated with risk of developing tertiary adrenal insufficiency. These findings illustrate the importance of awareness of the potential development of tertiary adrenal insufficiency in both pediatric and adult patients.
  • Esposito, Daniela, et al. (författare)
  • Decreasing mortality and changes in treatment patterns in patients with acromegaly from a nationwide study
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: European Journal of Endocrinology. - 0804-4643 .- 1479-683X. ; 178:5, s. 459-469
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Context: New therapeutic strategies have developed for the management of acromegaly over recent decades. Whether this has improved mortality has not been fully elucidated. Objective: The primary aim was to investigate mortality in a nationwide unselected cohort of patients with acromegaly. Secondary analyses included time trends in mortality and treatment patterns. Design: A total of 1089 patients with acromegaly were identified in Swedish National Health Registries between 1987 and 2013. To analyse time trends, the cohort was divided into three periods (1987–1995, 1996–2004 and 2005–2013) based on the year of diagnosis. Main outcome measures: Using the Swedish population as reference, standardized mortality ratios (SMRs) were calculated with 95% confidence intervals (CIs). Results: Overall SMR was 2.79 (95% CI: 2.43–3.15) with 232 observed and 83 expected deaths. Mortality was mainly related to circulatory diseases (SMR: 2.95, 95% CI: 2.35–3.55), including ischemic heart disease (2.00, 1.35–2.66) and cerebrovascular disease (3.99, 2.42–5.55) and malignancy (1.76, 1.27–2.26). Mortality decreased over time, with an SMR of 3.45 (2.87–4.02) and 1.86 (1.04–2.67) during the first and last time period, respectively (P=.015). During the same time periods, the frequency of pituitary surgery increased from 58% to 72% (P<0.001) and the prevalence of hypopituitarism decreased from 41% to 23% (P<0.001). Conclusions: Excess mortality was found in this nationwide cohort of patients with acromegaly, mainly related to circulatory and malignant diseases. Although still high, mortality significantly declined over time. This could be explained by the more frequent use of pituitary surgery, decreased prevalence of hypopituitarism and the availability of new medical treatment options. © 2018 European Society of Endocrinology Printed in Great Britain.
  • Esposito, Daniela, et al. (författare)
  • Non-functioning pituitary adenomas: indications for pituitary surgery and post-surgical management.
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Pituitary. - 1573-7403. ; 22:4, s. 422-434
  • Forskningsöversikt (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Non-functioning pituitary adenomas (NFPAs) are associated with impaired well-being, increased comorbidities, and reduced long-term survival. Data on optimal management of NFPAs around surgical treatment are scarce, and postoperative treatment and follow-up strategies have not been evaluated in prospective trials. Here, we review the preoperative, perioperative, and early postoperative management of patients with NFPAs.We searched Medline and the Cochrane Library for articles published in English with the following items "Pituitary neoplasms AND Surgery" and "Surgery AND Hypopituitarism". Studies containing detailed analyses of the management of NFPAs in adult patients, including pituitary surgery, endocrine care, imaging, ophthalmologic assessment and long-term outcome were reviewed.Treatment options for NFPAs include active surveillance, surgical resection, and radiotherapy. Pituitary surgery is currently recommended as first-line treatment in patients with visual impairment due to adenomas compressing the optic nerves or chiasma. Radiotherapy is reserved for large tumor remnants or tumor recurrence following one or more surgical attempts. There is no consensus of optimal pre-, peri-, and postoperative management such as timing, frequency, and duration of endocrine, radiologic, and ophthalmologic assessments as well as management of smaller tumor remnants or tumor recurrence.In clinical practice, there is a great variation in the treatment and follow-up of patients with NFPAs. We have, based on available data, suggested an optimal management strategy for patients with NFPAs in relation to pituitary surgery. Prospective trials oriented at drawing up strategies for the management of NFPAs are needed.
  • Esposito, Daniela, et al. (författare)
  • Prolonged Diagnostic Delay in Acromegaly is Associated with Increased Morbidity and Mortality.
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: European journal of endocrinology. - 1479-683X. ; 182:6
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Clinical features of acromegaly develop insidiously. Its diagnosis may therefore be delayed.Our aim was to study diagnostic delay and its impact on morbidity and mortality in a nationwide cohort of patients with acromegaly.Adult patients diagnosed with acromegaly between 2001 and 2013 were identified in the Swedish National Patient Registry. Diagnostic codes for predefined comorbidities associated with acromegaly were recorded between 1987 and 2013. Diagnostic delay was calculated as the time between the first registered comorbidity and the diagnosis of acromegaly.A total of 603 patients (280 men, 323 women) with acromegaly were included. Mean (SD) diagnostic delay was 5.5 (6.2) years [median (minimum, maximum) 3.3 (0.0-25.9)]. Diagnostic delay was 1-<5 years in 23% patients; 5-<10 years in 17%; and ≥10 years in 24%. No delay was recorded in 36% of patients. Overall, mean (SD) number of comorbidities was 4.1 (2.5) and was higher in patients with longer diagnostic delay (P < 0.0001). Overall, observed number of deaths was 61 (expected 42.2), resulting in a standardized mortality ratio (SMR) of 1.45 (95% CI: 1.11-1.86). Increased mortality was only found in patients with the longest diagnostic delay (1.76, 95% CI: 1.12-2.65). In the other groups, no statistically significant increase in mortality was recorded, with the numerically lowest SMR observed in patients without diagnostic delay (1.18; 95% CI: 0.68-1.92).The diagnosis of acromegaly is delayed in most patients. Prolonged diagnostic delay is associated with increased morbidity and mortality.
  • Fuchtbauer, Laila, et al. (författare)
  • Increased Number of Retinal Vessels in Acromegaly.
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: European journal of endocrinology. - 1479-683X. ; 182:3
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Excess of growth hormone (GH) and insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1), as in acromegaly, is associated with an increased risk of diabetes, but whether retinal vessels are altered is unknown. The aim of this study was to evaluate retinal vessel morphology in patients with acromegaly at diagnosis and after treatment and to describe the prevalence of diabetic retinopathy in patients with long-standing acromegaly and diabetes.Two independent observational studies, one being prospective and the other retrospective and cross-sectional.Retinal vessel morphology of 26 patients with acromegaly was examined at diagnosis and 1 year after treatment and compared to 13 healthy controls. Cross-sectional evaluation of 39 patients with long-standing acromegaly and diabetes was performed. Fundus photographs were digitally analyzed for vessel morphology.Patients with acromegaly had a median (interquartile range) of 34.3 (30.0-39.0) vessel branching points compared to 27.0 (24.0-29.0) for healthy controls (P < 0.001). Tortuosity of arterioles and venules remained unchanged. Vessel morphology did not change significantly after treatment. Patients with acromegaly and diabetes for a median of 14 years also had a high number of branching points [34.2 (32.5-35.6)], but the prevalence of diabetic retinopathy was not higher than expected in diabetic patients without acromegaly.Patients with acromegaly have an increased number of vascular branching points in the retina without an alteration of macroscopic vessel morphology. This is consistent with an angiogenic effect of GH/IGF-1 in humans. The prevalence of diabetic retinopathy was not increased in patients with acromegaly and diabetes.
  • Fuchtbauer, Laila, et al. (författare)
  • Muscle strength in patients with acromegaly at diagnosis and during long-term follow-up
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: European Journal of Endocrinology. - 0804-4643. ; 177:2, s. 217-226
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objective: Patients with acromegaly have decreased body fat (BF) and increased extracellular water (ECW) and muscle mass. Although there is a lack of systematic studies on muscle function, it is believed that patients with acromegaly may suffer from proximal muscle weakness despite their increased muscle mass. We studied body composition and muscle function in untreated acromegaly and after biochemical remission. Methods: Patients with acromegaly underwent measurements of muscle strength (dynamometers) and body composition (four-compartment model) at diagnosis (n = 48), 1 year after surgery (n = 29) and after long-term follow-up (median 11 years) (n = 24). Results were compared to healthy subjects. Results: Untreated patients had increased body cell mass (113 +/- 9% of predicted) and ECW (110 +/- 20%) and decreased BF (67 +/- 7.6%). At one-year follow-up, serum concentration of IGF-I was reduced and body composition had normalized. At baseline, isometric muscle strength in knee flexors and extensors was normal and concentric strength was modestly increased whereas grip strength and endurance was reduced. After one year, muscle strength was normal in both patients with still active disease and patients in remission. At long-term follow-up, all patients were in remission. Most muscle function tests remained normal, but isometric flexion and the fatigue index were increased to 153 +/- 42% and 139 +/- 28% of predicted values, respectively. Conclusions: Patients with untreated acromegaly had increased body cell mass and normal or modestly increased proximal muscle strength, whereas their grip strength was reduced. After biochemical improvement and remission, body composition was normalized, hand grip strength was increased, whereas proximal muscle fatigue increased.
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