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121.
  • Sandlund, Marlene, et al. (författare)
  • Gender perspectives on views and preferences of older people on exercise to prevent falls a systematic mixed studies review
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: BMC Geriatrics. - BioMed Central. - 1471-2318 .- 1471-2318. ; 17
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>Background: To offer fall prevention exercise programs that attract older people of both sexes there is a need to understand both women's and men's views and preferences regarding these programs. This paper aims to systematically review the literature to explore any underlying gender perspectives or gender interpretations on older people's views or preferences regarding uptake and adherence to exercise to prevent falls. Methods: A review of the literature was carried out using a convergent qualitative design based on systematic searches of seven electronic databases (PubMed, CINAHL, Amed, PsycINFO, Scopus, PEDro, and OTseeker). Two investigators identified eligible studies. Each included article was read by at least two authors independently to extract data into tables. Views and preferences reported were coded and summarized in themes of facilitators and barriers using a thematic analysis approach. Results: Nine hundred and nine unique studies were identified. Twenty five studies met the criteria for inclusion. Only five of these contained a gender analysis of men's and women's views on fall prevention exercises. The results suggests that both women and men see women as more receptive to and in more need of fall prevention messages. The synthesis from all 25 studies identified six themes illustrating facilitators and six themes describing barriers for older people either starting or adhering to fall prevention exercise. The facilitators were: support from professionals or family; social interaction; perceived benefits; a supportive exercise context; feelings of commitment; and having fun. Barriers were: practical issues; concerns about exercise; unawareness; reduced health status; lack of support; and lack of interest. Considerably more women than men were included in the studies. Conclusion: Although there is plenty of information on the facilitators and barriers to falls prevention exercise in older people, there is a distinct lack of studies investigating differences or similarities in older women's and men's views regarding fall prevention exercise. In order to ensure that fall prevention exercise is appealing to both sexes and that the inclusion of both men and women are encouraged, more research is needed to find out whether gender differences exists and whether practitioners need to offer a range of opportunities and support strategies to attract both women and men to falls prevention exercise.</p>
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122.
  • Sandlund, Marlene, et al. (författare)
  • Gender perspectives on views and preferences of older people on exercise to prevent falls: a systematic mixed studies review
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: BMC Geriatrics. - BIOMED CENTRAL LTD. - 1471-2318 .- 1471-2318. ; 17
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>Background: To offer fall prevention exercise programs that attract older people of both sexes there is a need to understand both womens and mens views and preferences regarding these programs. This paper aims to systematically review the literature to explore any underlying gender perspectives or gender interpretations on older peoples views or preferences regarding uptake and adherence to exercise to prevent falls. Methods: A review of the literature was carried out using a convergent qualitative design based on systematic searches of seven electronic databases (PubMed, CINAHL, Amed, PsycINFO, Scopus, PEDro, and OTseeker). Two investigators identified eligible studies. Each included article was read by at least two authors independently to extract data into tables. Views and preferences reported were coded and summarized in themes of facilitators and barriers using a thematic analysis approach. Results: Nine hundred and nine unique studies were identified. Twenty five studies met the criteria for inclusion. Only five of these contained a gender analysis of mens and womens views on fall prevention exercises. The results suggests that both women and men see women as more receptive to and in more need of fall prevention messages. The synthesis from all 25 studies identified six themes illustrating facilitators and six themes describing barriers for older people either starting or adhering to fall prevention exercise. The facilitators were: support from professionals or family; social interaction; perceived benefits; a supportive exercise context; feelings of commitment; and having fun. Barriers were: practical issues; concerns about exercise; unawareness; reduced health status; lack of support; and lack of interest. Considerably more women than men were included in the studies. Conclusion: Although there is plenty of information on the facilitators and barriers to falls prevention exercise in older people, there is a distinct lack of studies investigating differences or similarities in older womens and mens views regarding fall prevention exercise. In order to ensure that fall prevention exercise is appealing to both sexes and that the inclusion of both men and women are encouraged, more research is needed to find out whether gender differences exists and whether practitioners need to offer a range of opportunities and support strategies to attract both women and men to falls prevention exercise.</p>
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123.
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124.
  • Sandlund, Marlene, et al. (författare)
  • Towards a Mobile Exercise Application to Prevent Falls : a Participatory Design Process
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: International Journal of Child Health and Human Development. - Nova Science Publishers, Inc.. - 1939-5965. ; 9:3, s. 389-398
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>In this cross-disciplinary project senior citizens and researchers participated in the collaborative design and development of a mobile exercise application to prevent falls. The methods Form-IT and Participatory and Appreciative Action and Reflection were applied in a series of workshops, facilitating the creation of new knowledge and a socio-technical platform for an end-user development process. The participation of the older adults was key to understanding the broad range of preferences and motivational aspects. The outcomes emerged into prototypes, which were composed using the ACKTUS platform for end-user development, resulting in a dynamic application, easily adaptable to future needs and studies.</p>
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125.
  • Sandlund, Marlene, et al. (författare)
  • Towards a Mobile Exercise Application to Prevent Falls : a Participatory Design Process
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: Technology, Rehabilitation and Empowerment of People with Special Needs. - Nova Science Publishers, Inc.. - 978-1-63482-713-3 ; s. 157-168
  • Bokkapitel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>The digitalization of society is spreading around the world and technology has become part of many people’s daily lives. It acts as a means of communication, work, education and leisure. For populations with special needs (people with some kind of disability or disorder) technology can play an essential role in their rehabilitation and treatment. It also empowers the individuals themselves. The aim of this multi-disciplinary research for decades has been to explore, develop and evaluate innovative technology to aid people with disabilities through virtual reality and associated machinery. The field engages researchers from health sectors, areas of engineering and schools of education to collaborate in order to take on a holistic approach to meet these challenges.</p>
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126.
  • Sandlund, Marlene, et al. (författare)
  • Towards a mobile exercise application to prevent falls : A participatory design process
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Early signs of mobility limitations and fall events in old age: long-term consequences and tailored preventive interventions through interactive media.
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>In this cross-disciplinary project senior citizens and researchers participated in the collaborative design and development of a <strong data-auto="strong_text">mobile</strong> <strong data-auto="strong_text">exercise</strong> <strong data-auto="strong_text">application</strong> to <strong data-auto="strong_text">prevent</strong> <strong data-auto="strong_text">falls</strong>. The methods Form-IT and Participator) and Appreciative Action and Reflection (PAAR) were applied in a series of workshops, facilitating the creation of new knowledge and a socio-technical platform for an end-user development process. The participation of the older people was key to understanding the broad range of preferences and motivational aspects. The outcomes emerged into prototypes, which were composed using the ACKTUS platform for end-user development, resulting in a dynamic <strong data-auto="strong_text">application</strong>, easily adaptable to future needs and studies.</p>
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127.
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128.
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129.
  • Sondell, Björn, et al. (författare)
  • Altered walking pattern in a virtual environment
  • 2005
  • Ingår i: Presence - Teleoperators and Virtual Environments. - Cambridge : MIT Press. - 1054-7460 .- 1531-3263. ; 14:2, s. 191-197
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>Falls and fractures among elderly persons constitute a major health problem. Many falls occur while walking and falls that occur during turning often result in a fracture. Methods aimed at understanding the complex mechanisms involved in walking should therefore assess tested individuals during walks and turns. In order to identify persons at risk and take the correct preventive measures, it is important to find methods that quantify movements as the tested persons are processing multisensory input. In a clinical setting this is sometimes difficult to achieve in a controlled manner, since tests are difficult to set exactly the same from one time to another. Using a virtual environment (VE) and a tracker system, conditions such as light, sound, events, body movements, and room size can be controlled and measured. Tests in VE can therefore be identically reproduced over and over again to evaluate if a person can withstand changing outer demands at any given moment. In order to perform quantitative measures 8 persons (21-74 years) were tested in immersive virtual reality. The VE was a corridor in which expected and unexpected events could be produced. Events studied were doors swinging open in front of the subjects during a walk and a virtual tilting of the environment. Trackers were used for collecting and analyzing the movement data. Our results show that the system was well tolerated among the subjects and that there was a clear tendency that the system could generate fall tendency among the subjects. There was also a difference among the subjects regarding walking strategies when subjected to the various events.</p>
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130.
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