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Sökning: WFRF:(Ozen A)

  • Resultat 31-33 av 33
  • Föregående 123[4]
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31.
  • Svedmyr, Sven, et al. (författare)
  • Superior hypertension control with betablockade in the European Sleep Apnea Database
  • 2021
  • Ingår i: Journal of Hypertension. - 0263-6352. ; 39:2, s. 292-301
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Aims: Arterial hypertension is highly prevalent and difficult to control in patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). High sympathoadrenergic activity is a hallmark physiological phenomenon in OSA. We hypothesized that an antihypertensive drug with inhibitory properties on this activity, such as beta blockers (BBs), may be particularly efficacious in OSA patients. Methods: Hypertensive OSA patients receiving blood pressure-lowing treatment in the European Sleep A pnea Database (ESADA) (n =5818, 69% men, age 58 +/- 11 years, body mass index 33 +/- 7 kg/m(2), apnea hypopnea index 34 +/- 26 events/h) were analyzed. Reported medications [BB, diuretic, renin-angiotensin blocker (RAB), calcium channel blocker (CCB), and centrally acting antihypertensive (CAH)] were classified according to ATC code. Office blood pressure was compared in patients with monotherapy or combination therapy controlling for confounders. Results: Poorly controlled SBP according to the ESC/ESH guidelines was found in 66% of patients. Patients receiving monotherapy with RAB, CCB or CAH had 2.2 (95% CI 1.4-3.0), 3.0 (1.9-4.1) and 3.0 (1.7-4.7) mmHg higher SBP compared with those on BB (adjusted model, P=0.007, 0.008 and 0.017, respectively). In those with a combination of two antihypertensive drugs, SBP was 5.5 (4.0-7.1), 5.1 (3.7-6.6), 4.3 (2.5-6.1) and 3.1 (1.6-4.6) mmHg higher in those on CCB/RAB, BB/RAB, BB/CCB or diuretic/RAB compared with those on BB/diuretic (adjusted model, P< 0.001, <0.001, 0.018 and 0.036, respectively). Conclusion: Poorly controlled blood pressure was common in OSA patients with antihypertensive medication. Treatment with BB alone or BB in combination with a diuretic was associated with the lowest systolic pressure in this large clinical cohort.
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32.
  • Vesth, T., et al. (författare)
  • Veillonella, Firmicutes: Microbes disguised as Gram negatives
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Standards in Genomic Sciences. - 1944-3277. ; 9:2, s. 431-448
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The Firmicutes represent a major component of the intestinal microflora. The intestinal Firmicutes are a large, diverse group of organisms, many of which are poorly characterized due to their anaerobic growth requirements. Although most Firmicutes are Gram positive, members of the class Negativicutes, including the genus Veillonella, stain Gram negative. Veillonella are among the most abundant organisms of the oral and intestinal microflora of animals and humans, in spite of being strict anaerobes. In this work, the genomes of 24 Negativicutes, including eight Veillonella spp., are compared to 20 other Firmicutes genomes; a further 101 prokaryotic genomes were included, covering 26 phyla. Thus a total of 145 prokaryotic genomes were analyzed by various methods to investigate the apparent conflict of the Veillonella Gram stain and their taxonomic position within the Firmicutes. Comparison of the genome sequences confirms that the Negativicutes are distantly related to Clostridium spp., based on 16S rRNA, complete genomic DNA sequences, and a consensus tree based on conserved proteins. The genus Veillonella is relatively homogeneous: inter-genus pairwise comparison identifies at least 1,350 shared proteins, although less than half of these are found in any given Clostridium genome. Only 27 proteins are found conserved in all analyzed prokaryote genomes. Veillonella has distinct metabolic properties, and significant similarities to genomes of Proteobacteria are not detected, with the exception of a shared LPS biosynthesis pathway. The clade within the class Negativicutes to which the genus Veillonella belongs exhibits unique properties, most of which are in common with Gram-positives and some with Gram negatives. They are only distantly related to Clostridia, but are even less closely related to Gram-negative species. Though the Negativicutes stain Gram-negative and possess two membranes, the genome and proteome analysis presented here confirm their place within the (mainly) Gram positive phylum of the Firmicutes. Further studies are required to unveil the evolutionary history of the Veillonella and other Negativicutes.
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33.
  • Özen, Ilknur, et al. (författare)
  • Loss of Regulator of G-Protein Signaling 5 Leads to Neurovascular Protection in Stroke
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Stroke. - : American Heart Association. - 1524-4628. ; 49:9, s. 2182-2190
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background and Purpose- In ischemic stroke, breakdown of the blood-brain barrier (BBB) aggravates brain damage. Pericyte detachment contributes to BBB disruption and neurovascular dysfunction, but little is known about its regulation in stroke. Here, we investigated how loss of RGS5 (regulator of G protein signaling 5) in pericytes affects BBB breakdown in stroke and its consequences. Method- We used RGS5 knockout and control mice and applied a permanent middle cerebral occlusion model. We analyzed pericyte numbers, phenotype, and vessel morphology using immunohistochemistry and confocal microscopy. We investigated BBB breakdown by measuring endothelial coverage, tight junctions, and AQP4 (aquaporin 4) in addition to BBB permeability (fluorescent-conjugated dextran extravasation). Tissue hypoxia was assessed with pimonidazole hydrochloride and neuronal death quantified with the terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP nick end labeling assay. Results- We demonstrate that loss of RGS5 increases pericyte numbers and their endothelial coverage, which is associated with higher capillary density and length, and significantly less BBB damage after stroke. Loss of RGS5 in pericytes results in reduced vascular leakage and preserved tight junctions and AQP4, decreased cerebral hypoxia, and partial neuronal protection in the infarct area. Conclusions- Our findings show that loss of RGS5 affects pericyte-related BBB preservation in stroke and identifies RGS5 as an important target for neurovascular protection.
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  • Föregående 123[4]

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