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Sökning: WFRF:(Pejovic Tanja)

  • Resultat 11-13 av 13
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  • Koul, Anjila, et al. (författare)
  • Identification of TP53 gene mutations in uterine corpus cancer with short follow-up
  • 1997
  • Ingår i: Gynecologic Oncology. - : Academic Press. - 1095-6859. ; 67:3, s. 295-302
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The involvement of the TP53 tumor suppressor gene in uterine corpus cancer was investigated by single-stranded conformation polymorphism and sequence analysis of its exons 4 to 10. Mutations were found in 12 (18.5%) of 65 cases. Ten of these 12 were single-base substitutions (8 missense and 2 nonsense mutations), whereas 2 were frame-shifting mutations. TP53 gene mutations correlated significantly with advanced surgical stage of disease (P = 0.006) and unfavorable tumor histology types (P = 0.003), whereas the association to myometrial wall invasion did not reach statistical significance (P = 0.054). TP53 gene mutations also correlated significantly with allelic loss at TP53 locus (P = 0.024), absence of estrogen (P = 0.045) and progesterone receptors (P = 0.001), DNA nondiploidy (P = 0.002), and high S-phase fraction values (P = 0.002). Our results suggest that inactivation of the TP53 checkpoint function is associated with disease transition into a stage of rapid progression and spread.
  • Pejovic, Tanja, et al. (författare)
  • Chromosome aberrations in 35 primary ovarian carcinomas
  • 1992
  • Ingår i: Genes, Chromosomes and Cancer. - : John Wiley and Sons. - 1045-2257. ; 4:1, s. 58-68
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Cytogenetic analysis was performed on short-term cultures of primary ovarian carcinomas from 62 patients. Cytogenetic analysis was successful in 59 cases. Clonal chromosome aberrations were detected in 35 tumors. Only numerical changes or a single structural change were found in five carcinomas: trisomy 12 was the sole anomaly in two tumors, one tumor had the karyotype 50,XX, + 5, + 7, + 12, + 14, a fourth tumor had a balanced t(1;5), and the fifth tumor had an unbalanced t(8;15). The fact that four of these five carcinomas were well differentiated suggests that simple karyotypic changes are generally characteristic of these less aggressive ovarian tumors. The majority of the cytogenetically abnormal tumors (n = 30) had complex karyotypes, with both numerical and structural aberrations and often hypodiploid or near-triploid stemlines. The numerical imbalances (comparison with the nearest euploid number) were mostly losses, in order of decreasing frequency -17, -22, -13, -8, -X, and -14. The structural aberrations were mostly deletions and unbalanced translocations. Recurrent loss of genetic material affected chromosome arms 1p, 3p, 6q, and 11p. The breakpoints of the clonal structural abnormalities clustered to several chromosome bands and segments: 19p13, 11p13-15, 1q21-23, 1p36, 19q13, 3p12-13, and 6q21-23. The most consistent change (16 tumors) was a 19p + marker, and in 12 of the tumors the 19p + markers looked alike.
  • Tanner, M M, et al. (författare)
  • Genetic aberrations in hypodiploid breast cancer: frequent loss of chromosome 4 and amplification of cyclin D1 oncogene
  • 1998
  • Ingår i: American Journal of Pathology. - : American Society for Investigative Pathology. - 1525-2191. ; 153:1, s. 191-199
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The evolution of somatic genetic aberrations in breast cancer has remained poorly understood. The most common chromosomal abnormality is hyperdiploidy, which is thought to arise via a transient hypodiploid state. However, hypodiploidy persists in 1 to 2% of breast tumors, which are characterized by a poor prognosis. We studied the genetic aberrations in 15 flow cytometrically hypodiploid breast cancers by comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH). Surprisingly, numerous copy number gains were detected in addition to the copy number losses. The number of gains per tumor was 4.3 +/- 3.2 and that of losses was 4.5 +/- 3.3 (mean +/- SD), which is similar to that previously observed in hyperdiploid breast cancers. Gains at chromosomes or chromosomal regions at 11q13, 1q, 19, and 16p and losses of 2q, 4, 6q, 9p, 13, and 18 were most commonly observed. Compared with unselected breast carcinomas, hypodiploid tumors showed certain differences. Loss of chromosome 4 (53%) and gain of 11q13 (60%) were significantly more common in hypodiploid tumors. The gain at 11q13 was found by FISH to harbor amplification of the Cyclin D1 oncogene, which is therefore three to four times more common in hypodiploid than in unselected breast cancers (15 to 20%). Structural chromosomal aberrations (such as Cyclin D1 amplification) were present both in diploid and hypodiploid tumor cell populations, as assessed by FISH and CGH after flow cytometric sorting. Together these results indicate that hypodiploid tumors form a distinct genetic entity of invasive breast cancer, although they probably share a common genetic evolution pathway where structural chromosomal aberrations precede gross DNA ploidy changes.
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  • Föregående 1[2]
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