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Sökning: WFRF:(Schwarcz E)

  • Resultat 11-18 av 18
  • Föregående 1[2]
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11.
  • Ahmadi, Shilan Seyed, et al. (författare)
  • The Association Between HbA(1c)and Time in Hypoglycemia During CGM and Self-Monitoring of Blood Glucose in People With Type 1 Diabetes and Multiple Daily Insulin Injections: A Randomized Clinical Trial (GOLD-4)
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Diabetes care. - Arlington, VA, United States : American Diabetes Association. - 0149-5992 .- 1935-5548. ; 43:9, s. 2017-2024
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • OBJECTIVE According to recent guidelines, individuals with type 1 diabetes should spend <4.0% of time per day with glucose levels <3.9 mmol/L (<70 mg/dL) and <1.0% per day with glucose levels <3.0 mmol/L (<54 mg/dL). RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS In the GOLD randomized crossover trial, 161 individuals with type 1 diabetes treated with multiple daily insulin injections (MDI) were randomized to continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) or conventional therapy with self-monitoring of blood glucose (SMBG) and evaluated over 16 months. We estimated the association between time spent in hypoglycemia and various mean glucose and HbA(1c)levels. RESULTS Time spent in hypoglycemia (<3.9 mmol/L and <3.0 mmol/L) increased significantly with lower mean HbA(1c)and mean glucose levels during both CGM and conventional therapy. During CGM, 24 (57.1%) individuals with HbA(1c)<7.5% (<58 mmol/mol) had <1.0% time spent in hypoglycemia <3.0 mmol/L and 23 (54.8%) had <4.0% time spent in hypoglycemia <3.9 mmol/L. During CGM, mean time spent in hypoglycemia for individuals with mean HbA(1c)7.0% (52 mmol/mol) was estimated to be 5.4% for <3.9 mmol/L and 1.5% for <3.0 mmol/L. The corresponding values during SMBG were 9.2% and 3.5%, respectively. Individuals with mean glucose levels of 8 mmol/L spent 4.9% units more time with glucose levels CONCLUSIONS Reaching current targets for time in hypoglycemia while at the same time reaching HbA(1c)targets is challenging for patients with type 1 diabetes treated with MDI both with CGM and SMBG monitoring. However, CGM is associated with considerably less time in hypoglycemia than SMBG at a broad range of HbA(1c)levels and is crucial for patients with MDI treatment if they are to have a chance to approach hypoglycemia targets.
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12.
  • Arvidsson, Bo, 1962-, et al. (författare)
  • Reference data for bone mineral density in Swedish women using digital X-ray radiometry
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Journal of clinical densitometry. - New York, USA : Elsevier. - 1094-6950 .- 1559-0747. ; 16:2, s. 183-188
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • During the last decade, digital X-ray radiometry (DXR) has been used to measure bone mineral density (BMD) in the metacarpal bones. The aim of this study was to establish Swedish reference material for bone mass in women, measured in the metacarpal bones with DXR, and compare these data with the data from the manufacturer. A sample of 1440 women aged 20-79yr living in Örebro County was randomly assigned from the population register. Microdose mammography was used (Sectra MDM L30; Sectra Imtec AB, Linköping, Sweden) to measure BMD. Cole's LMS method was used to calculate DXR. Six hundred sixty-nine (48.3%) women participated. Peak bone mass occurred at the age of 43.4yr with a BMD of 0.597g/cm(2) (standard deviation: 0.050). Our Swedish data correlated well with the manufacturer's material. Only among women aged 50-59yr did BMD differ, where the Swedish sample had lower values. The LMS method can be used to describe the DXR data and provide a more detailed picture of bone density distribution. DXR-BMD in Swedish women aged 20-79yr is equivalent to findings from other studies, showing the same distribution of BMD in most age groups except for ages 50-59yr.
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18.
  • Westerberg, E., et al. (författare)
  • Extracellular levels of quinolinic acid are moderately increased in rat neostriatum following severe insulin-induced hypoglycaemia
  • 1990
  • Ingår i: Acta Physiologica Scandinavica. - : Wiley-Blackwell. - 0001-6772. ; 138:3, s. 417-422
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Extracellular concentrations of the brain metabolite quinolinic acid, an endogenous excitotoxin, were monitored by microdialysis in rat neostriatum and hippocampus/cortex during and following a 30-min period of insulin-induced hypoglycaemia. During hypoglycaemia-induced isoelectricity, extracellular levels of quinolinic acid in the striatum (basal value, 1.1 ± 0.3 pmol per 30-μl fraction) were elevated 1.7 times as compared to the control period. Thirty to ninety minutes following hypoglycaemia a significant increase in extracellular quinolinic acid to 2.2 times basal level was noted. After 2 h recovery, the beginning of neuronal necrosis was observed in the dorsolateral striatum. Implantation of the dialysis probe did not influence the extent of neuronal damage. No changes in extracellular quinolinic acid levels were observed in the hippocampus/cortex. The data indicate the following a severe hypoglycaemic insult vulnerable striatal cells are exposed to hyperphysiological extracellular quinolinic acid concentrations over an extended period of time. Considering the pronounced susceptibility of rat striatal neurons to the toxin, the small but prolonged elevation in the extracellular levels of quinolinic acid could be of significance for the development of delayed neuronal death in hypoglycaemia.
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  • Resultat 11-18 av 18
  • Föregående 1[2]

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