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Sökning: WFRF:(Selvefors Anneli 1983)

  • Resultat 21-27 av 27
  • Föregående 12[3]
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21.
  • Selvefors, Anneli, 1983 (författare)
  • Understanding Energy Behaviour – A Necessity for Supporting Domestic Energy Conservation through Design
  • 2014
  • Licentiatavhandling (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Domestic energy consumption is continuing to increase and the need to decrease consumption is growing more evident. In this research, two studies were conducted to further the understanding of domestic energy behaviour and increase the knowledge of how energy conservation can be supported. The first study was carried out as an interview study to explore both factors that influence people’s energy behaviour and strategies people currently have adopted for reducing consumption. The second study was a field trial that assessed the extent to which an energy feedback system could support households in reducing their consumption.The findings show that many different factors, i.e., factors related to the person, the activity, and the society, influence people’s domestic energy behaviour as well as their engagement in reducing their energy consumption. As these factors collectively set the preconditions for people’s energy behaviour, it is vital to take into account the interconnection of the different factors when aiming to support energy conservation. For systems and products to be successful in supporting energy conservation, they need to match the preconditions in a way that enables people to reduce consumption while still satisfying their everyday needs and goals. As this research have indicated, energy feedback systems can support motivated people who have the ability and possibility to reduce consumption, but will be a less successful support system for people whose consumption is governed by preconditions that they cannot, or will not, change. A holistic understanding of people’s preconditions and their energy related activities is thus required in order to develop successful products, services, and systems that enable, facilitate, or encourage more people to reduce their domestic energy consumption.
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22.
  • Selvefors, Anneli, 1983, et al. (författare)
  • Use and Adoption of Interactive Energy Feedback Systems
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Proceedings from the IASDR Conference 2013, Consilience and Innovation in Design, 24-30 August 2013, Tokyo. ; , s. 1771-1782
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Feedback is considered as one of the most effective ways to increase people’s awareness of energyconsumption. Literature commonly indicates that energy savings between 5-12% can be attainedwhen households get feedback on their consumption. However, to assess the actual saving potentialof energy feedback systems it is essential to investigate if, and how, people use the systems – ifthey adopt them into their everyday life. This paper presents findings from a six-months field studyin which 23 households were given online feedback on their consumption. The purposes of thestudy were to evaluate (i) the effects of interactive energy feedback on the households’ electricityconsumption and (ii) the extent to which they used the feedback web portal. In general, theparticipants were positive but the use of the portal was low, the dropout rate high and most households did not decrease their energy consumption. However, six highly motivated households used the portal frequently and decreased their consumption. The findings suggest that access to energy feedback does not per se make people utilize the information. However, if motivated people use energy feedback systems frequently it can increase their awareness and support energy conservation.
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23.
  • Selvefors, Anneli, 1983, et al. (författare)
  • Use to Use - a User Perspective on Product Circularity
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Journal of Cleaner Production. - 0959-6526. ; 223, s. 1014-1028
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The discussion regarding product circularity is often framed from a production and business model perspective. In this paper, people's consumption processes are taken as a new point of departure and a re-framing of product circularity from a user perspective is proposed to complement the current narrative. This user-centred perspective emphasises the importance of product exchange, which underscores that products can be transferred in tight loops from one user to another, i.e. from Use to Use. It also highlights a number of challenges and practicalities that circular paths of consumption may entail for people in everyday life, and thus points to new opportunities for designing products and services that can create enabling preconditions that make it possible, more convenient, and more preferable for people to circulate products. These design opportunities can be categorised into four design strategies that can support the development of products and services fit for circular consumption processes. How the proposed reframing compares to the current narrative is discussed and recommendations for future research are proposed.
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24.
  • Selvefors, Anneli, 1983, et al. (författare)
  • Using Product Innovation as Eco-Branding to Encourage Sustainable Lifestyles – An Exploratory Student Approach to Business Strategy
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: Proceedings of the 13th International Conference on Engineering and Product Design Education. 8-9 September 2011, London.. ; , s. 337-342
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Recently, new market demands and customer expectations have forced companies to expand their commitment to sustainability and to offer new eco-friendly solutions. It is therefore of increasing importance for companies to expand their product portfolio with new sustainable and innovative designs. New product solutions have the ability to change how we as individuals live and use resources in our everyday life. This offers great opportunities for companies and designers to use creative technology innovation as a tool to promote new sustainable lifestyles. This paper discusses the challenge of using product innovation as eco-branding and how an exploratory approach to this has been used in a number of student projects. Based on in-depth analyses of different brands and their existing products, students created ten new brand, product and service concepts. The sustainability aspect was particularly stressed both in the created concepts and in the accompanying business and brand strategies. In the paper, we report on the overall description of the project as well as the overall results. Finally, we will describe one case in more detail and discuss the project approach in regards to the actual result and contribution to the student learning experience and insight on eco-branding.
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25.
  • Selvefors, Anneli, 1983, et al. (författare)
  • What a designer can change: a proposal for a categorisation of artefact-related aspects
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Proceedings of DRS 2016, Design Research Society 50th Anniversary Conference. Brighton, UK, 27–30 June 2016.
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This paper proposes a categorisation of artefact-related aspects that in different ways set people’s preconditions for acting with technology. The categorisation can serve as a starting point for discussing which aspects are relevant to consider from a Design for Sustainable Behaviour perspective. The categorisation sorts these aspects into different layers: from the over-arching layer of enabled activity, through artefact type(s), operative functions, interactive functions, and finally communicative functions. Using examples from research studies, and a selection of theory and methods, we argue for an increased focus on all artefact- related aspects. Moreover, it is essential to move between layers to ensure a consistent design that in every layer provides preconditions for sustainable behaviour. The paper also discusses benefits of redesigning the artefacts people use in their everyday activities, instead of designing artefacts that stimulate new types of conservation activities.
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26.
  • Selvefors, Anneli, 1983, et al. (författare)
  • What’s in it for the user? Effects and perceived user benefits of online interactive energy feedback.
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Social Energi. ; , s. 1-14
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • To assess the effects and benefits of computerized energy feedback, an interactive energy feedback system was implemented in 23 households and evaluated in a six-months field study. No electricity savings could be observed for the households when comparing their consumption during the test period to the consumption during the previous year. However, the use of the web portal was found to vary considerably between individual households and a correlation between use-frequency and electricity savings was observed. The five households that accessed the feedback frequently managed to reduce their electricity consumption by an average of 9% over the test period. Furthermore, many households indicated, regardlessly of their use-frequency, that they experienced positive effects of using the web portal. Some specifically expressed an increased knowledge and awareness, which to some degree empowered them to reduce their consumption and change behaviour. The findings however suggest that many aspects such as contextual factors, personal capabilities and quality of life aspects influence households’ energy consumption and that access to feedback does not per se lead to savings. However, people that utilize the feedback information and are willing and capable of changing their situation can reduce their consumption and gain additional benefits that support energy conservation.
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27.
  • Strömberg, Helena, 1985, et al. (författare)
  • Mapping out the design opportunities: pathways of sustainable behaviour
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: International Journal of Sustainable Engineering. - 1939-7038. ; :3, s. 163-172
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • To advance the area of design for sustainable behaviour (DfSB), a common behaviour terminology is needed to enable comparisons of studies across application areas. Thus, the map of pathways of sustainable behaviour was created with the aim of charting different paths that users can follow to reduce environmental impact when interacting with artefacts. The construction of the map results from a comparative analysis of sustainable behaviours identified in previous studies in conjunction with a review of existing behaviour classifications. The proposed map of pathways gives a comprehensive overview of all artefact-related resource-consuming usage behaviours, organised according to a design perspective and divided with regard to aspects of use and obtainment, primary and secondary artefact, duration and type of effort. Through design, the user can be encouraged to take any of the five identified paths: choice of artefact, changed use, maintenance and repair, mediated use and regulated artefact. Using the map in a DfSB process can guide the exploration phase and highlight potential design opportunities when choosing target behaviour. If adopted by the DfSB community, the united typology of the map also provides means necessary to make rigorous comparisons and develop the field and its tools.
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