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Sökning: WFRF:(Soucy P)

  • Resultat 41-46 av 46
  • Föregående 1234[5]
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  • Antoniou, Antonis C., et al. (författare)
  • Common variants at 12p11, 12q24, 9p21, 9q31.2 and in ZNF365 are associated with breast cancer risk for BRCA1 and/or BRCA2 mutation carriers
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Breast Cancer Research. - : BioMed Central (BMC). - 1465-5411 .- 1465-542X. ; 14:1
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Introduction: Several common alleles have been shown to be associated with breast and/or ovarian cancer risk for BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutation carriers. Recent genome-wide association studies of breast cancer have identified eight additional breast cancer susceptibility loci: rs1011970 (9p21, CDKN2A/B), rs10995190 (ZNF365), rs704010 (ZMIZ1), rs2380205 (10p15), rs614367 (11q13), rs1292011 (12q24), rs10771399 (12p11 near PTHLH) and rs865686 (9q31.2). Methods: To evaluate whether these single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) are associated with breast cancer risk for BRCA1 and BRCA2 carriers, we genotyped these SNPs in 12,599 BRCA1 and 7,132 BRCA2 mutation carriers and analysed the associations with breast cancer risk within a retrospective likelihood framework. Results: Only SNP rs10771399 near PTHLH was associated with breast cancer risk for BRCA1 mutation carriers (per-allele hazard ratio (HR) = 0.87, 95% CI: 0.81 to 0.94, P-trend = 3 x 10(-4)). The association was restricted to mutations proven or predicted to lead to absence of protein expression (HR = 0.82, 95% CI: 0.74 to 0.90, P-trend = 3.1 x 10(-5), P-difference = 0.03). Four SNPs were associated with the risk of breast cancer for BRCA2 mutation carriers: rs10995190, P-trend = 0.015; rs1011970, P-trend = 0.048; rs865686, 2df P = 0.007; rs1292011 2df P = 0.03. rs10771399 (PTHLH) was predominantly associated with estrogen receptor (ER)-negative breast cancer for BRCA1 mutation carriers (HR = 0.81, 95% CI: 0.74 to 0.90, P-trend = 4 x 10(-5)) and there was marginal evidence of association with ER- negative breast cancer for BRCA2 mutation carriers (HR = 0.78, 95% CI: 0.62 to 1.00, P-trend = 0.049). Conclusions: The present findings, in combination with previously identified modifiers of risk, will ultimately lead to more accurate risk prediction and an improved understanding of the disease etiology in BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutation carriers.
  • Kang, M. S., et al. (författare)
  • Amyloid-beta modulates the association between neurofilament light chain and brain atrophy in Alzheimer's disease
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Molecular Psychiatry. - 1359-4184.
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Neurofilament light chain (NFL) measurement has been gaining strong support as a clinically useful neuronal injury biomarker for various neurodegenerative conditions. However, in Alzheimer's disease (AD), its reflection on regional neuronal injury in the context of amyloid pathology remains unclear. This study included 83 cognitively normal (CN), 160 mild cognitive impairment (MCI), and 73 AD subjects who were further classified based on amyloid-beta (A beta) status as positive or negative (A beta+ vs A beta-). In addition, 13 rats (5 wild type and 8 McGill-R-Thy1-APP transgenic (Tg)) were examined. In the clinical study, reduced precuneus/posterior cingulate cortex and hippocampal grey matter density were significantly associated with increased NFL concentrations in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) or plasma in MCI A beta+ and AD A beta+. Moreover, AD A beta+ showed a significant association between the reduced grey matter density in the AD-vulnerable regions and increased NFL concentrations in CSF or plasma. Congruently, Tg rats recapitulated and validated the association between CSF NFL and grey matter density in the parietotemporal cortex, entorhinal cortex, and hippocampus in the presence of amyloid pathology. In conclusion, reduced grey matter density and elevated NFL concentrations in CSF and plasma are associated in AD-vulnerable regions in the presence of amyloid positivity in the AD clinical spectrum and amyloid Tg rat model. These findings further support the NFL as a neuronal injury biomarker in the research framework of AD biomarker classification and for the evaluation of therapeutic efficacy in clinical trials.
  • Kuchenbaecker, Karoline B., et al. (författare)
  • Evaluation of polygenic risk scores for breast and ovarian cancer risk prediction in BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutation carriers
  • Ingår i: Journal of the National Cancer Institute. - : Oxford University Press. - 0027-8874. ; 109:7
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have identified 94 common single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) associated with breast cancer (BC) risk and 18 associated with ovarian cancer (OC) risk. Several of these are also associated with risk of BC or OC for women who carry a pathogenic mutation in the high-risk BC and OC genes BRCA1 or BRCA2. The combined effects of these variants on BC or OC risk for BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutation carriers have not yet been assessed while their clinical management could benefit from improved personalized risk estimates. Methods: We constructed polygenic risk scores (PRS) using BC and OC susceptibility SNPs identified through population-based GWAS: for BC (overall, estrogen receptor [ER]-positive, and ER-negative) and for OC. Using data from 15 252 female BRCA1 and 8211 BRCA2 carriers, the association of each PRS with BC or OC risk was evaluated using a weighted cohort approach, with time to diagnosis as the outcome and estimation of the hazard ratios (HRs) per standard deviation increase in the PRS. Results: The PRS for ER-negative BC displayed the strongest association with BC risk in BRCA1 carriers (HR = 1.27, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.23 to 1.31, P = 8.2 × 10-53). InBRCA2 carriers, the strongest association with BC risk was seen for the overall BCPRS (HR = 1.22, 95% CI = 1.17 to 1.28, P = 7.2 × 10-20). The OC PRS was strongly associated with OC risk for both BRCA1 and BRCA2 carriers. These translate to differences in absolute risks (more than 10% in each case) between the top and bottom deciles of the PRS distribution; for example, the OC risk was 6% by age 80 years for BRCA2 carriers at the 10th percentile of the OC PRS compared with 19% risk for those at the 90th percentile of PRS. Conclusions: BC and OC PRS are predictive of cancer risk in BRCA1 and BRCA2 carriers. Incorporation of the PRS into risk prediction models has promise to better inform decisions on cancer risk management.
  • Laplante, Mathieu, et al. (författare)
  • Tissue-specific postprandial clearance is the major determinant of PPARgamma-induced triglyceride lowering in the rat
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: American Journal of Physiology. Regulatory Integrative and Comparative Physiology. - Bethesda, Md. : American Physiological Society. - 0363-6119 .- 1522-1490. ; 296:1, s. R57-R66
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (PPARgamma) agonism potently reduces circulating triglycerides (TG) in rodents and more modestly so in humans. This study aimed to quantify in vivo the relative contribution of hepatic VLDL-TG secretion and tissue-specific TG clearance to such action. Rats were fed an obesogenic diet, treated with the PPARgamma full agonist COOH (30 mg.kg(-1).day(-1)) for 3 wk, and studied in both the fasted and refed (fat-free) states. Hepatic VLDL-TG secretion rate was not affected by chronic COOH in the fasted state and was only modestly decreased (-30%) in refed rats. In contrast, postprandial VLDL-TG clearance was increased 2.6-fold by COOH, which concomitantly stimulated adipose tissue TG-derived lipid uptake and one of its major determinants, lipoprotein lipase (LPL) activity, in a highly depot-specific manner. TG-derived lipid uptake and LPL were indeed strongly increased in subcutaneous inguinal white adipose tissue and in brown adipose tissue, independently of the nutritional state, whereas of the three visceral fat depots examined (epididymal, retroperitoneal, mesenteric) only the latter responded consistently to COOH. Robust correlations (0.5 < r < 0.9) were observed between TG-derived lipid uptake and LPL in adipose tissues. The agonist did not increase LPL in muscle, and its enhancing action on postprandial muscle lipid uptake appeared to be mediated by post-LPL processes involving increased expression of fatty acid binding/transport proteins (aP2, likely in infiltrated adipocytes, FAT/CD36, and FATP-1). The study establishes in a diet-induced obesity model the major contribution of lipid uptake by specific, metabolically safe adipose depots to the postprandial hypotriglyceridemic action of PPARgamma agonism, and suggests a key role for LPL therein.
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  • Resultat 41-46 av 46
  • Föregående 1234[5]
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