- Waters, Kevin M., et al.
A Common Prostate Cancer Risk Variant 5 ' of Microseminoprotein-beta (MSMB) Is a Strong Predictor of Circulating beta-Microseminoprotein (MSP) Levels in Multiple Populations
Ingår i: Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers & Prevention. - American Association for Cancer Research. - 1538-7755. ; 19:10, s. 2639-2646
- Background: beta-Microseminoprotein (MSP) is one of the three most abundantly secreted proteins of the prostate and has been suggested as a biomarker for prostate cancer risk. A common variant, rs10993994, in the 5' region of the gene that encodes MSP (MSMB) has recently been identified as a risk factor for prostate cancer. Methods: We examined the association between rs10993994 genotype and MSP levels in a sample of 500 prostate cancer-free men from four racial/ethnic populations in the Multiethnic Cohort (European Americans, African Americans, Latinos, and Japanese Americans). Generalized linear models were used to estimate the association between rs10993994 genotype and MSP levels. Results: We observed robust associations between rs10994994 genotype and MSP levels in each racial/ethnic population (all P < 10(-8)), with carriers of the C allele having lower geometric mean MSP levels (ng/mL; CC/CT/TT genotypes: European Americans, 28.8/20.9/10.0; African Americans, 29.0/21.9/10.9; Latinos, 29.2/17.1/8.3; and Japanese Americans, 25.8/16.4/6.7). We estimated the variant accounts for 30% to 50% of the variation in MSP levels in each population. We also observed significant differences in MSP levels between populations (P = 3.5 x 10(-6)), with MSP levels observed to be highest in African Americans and lowest in Japanese Americans. Conclusions: Rs10993994 genotype is strongly associated with plasma MSP levels in multiple racial/ethnic populations. Impact: This supports the hypothesis that rs10993994 may be the biologically functional allele. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev; 19(10); 2639-46. (C) 2010 AACR.