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381.
  • Zhang, Zhi Y, et al. (författare)
  • PINCH mRNA Overexpression in Colorectal Carcinomas Correlated with VEGF and FAS mRNA Expression
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: Anticancer Research. - International Institute of Anticancer Research (IIAR). - 0250-7005. ; 31:12, s. 4127-4133
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND:Particularly interesting new cysteine-histidine-rich protein (PINCH) was found to be up-regulated in the stroma of colorectal carcinomas (CRCs) in our previous studies and was involved in angiogenesis through activation of fibroblasts in extracellular matrix (ECM) in response to tumors. Here, we examined PINCH mRNA expression in colorectal cancer and investigated its relationship with the clinicopathological features and proliferation cell nuclear antigen (PCNA), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and FAS.MATERIALS AND METHODS:The primary cancer tissues, adjacent noncancerous tissues and the proximal and distant margins of normal mucosa were collected from 81 colorectal cancer patients during surgery. PINCH, PCNA, VEGF and FAS mRNA expression was examined by reverse transcriptional PCR (RT-PCR).RESULTS:PINCH mRNA expression was significantly increased in primary tumors compared with that in adjacent noncancerous tissues, and the proximal and distant margins of normal mucosa (p<0.0001). Expression of PINCH mRNA in colon cancer tended to be higher than expression in rectal cancer (p=0.051). Tumors which had infiltrated through the wall of the colorectum trended to have higher PINCH mRNA expression (p=0.073). PINCH mRNA expression in primary tumors was positively related to the expression of PCNA mRNA (r=0.534, p=0.010), VEGF mRNA (r=0.431, p=0.022) and FAS mRNA (r=0.542, p=0.012).CONCLUSION:PINCH mRNA was overexpressed in colorectal cancer and associated with PCNA mRNA, VEGF mRNA and FAS mRNA expression. PINCH mRNA was involved in the development of colorectal cancer and might play a role in the epithelial mesenchymal transition in the rectum differently than in the colon, through the adenomatous polyposis coli (APC)/catenin pathway.
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382.
  • Zhao, Zeng-Ren, et al. (författare)
  • Increased serum level of Nup88 protein is associated with the development of colorectal cancer
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Medical Oncology. - Humana Press (Springer Imprint). - 1357-0560. ; 29:3, s. 1789-1795
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Nucleoporin88 (Nup88) has been shown to be overexpressed in a wide variety of malignancies including colorectal cancer (CRC). However, no study about serum Nup88 in human CRC was reported. Therefore, in this study, we investigated the level of serum Nup88 protein and its relationships with clinicopathological variables in CRC. The serum concentration of Nup88 protein was determined by a quantitative sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) in 118 pre-operative serum samples, 66 post-operative and 96 healthy controls. Among the patients, the levels of CEA (n = 91) and CA19-9 (n = 87) in the pre-operative serum were measured, and DNA sequencing was performed in 12 CRCs and 2 samples from non-cancerous colon tissue. In the same patients, the level of pre-operative serum Nup88 was significantly higher than that of post-operative Nup88 (P = 0.021). Furthermore, the level of pre-operative Nup88 was positively related to the depth of tumor invasion (P = 0.002) and advanced stage (P = 0.001). The level of pre-operative Nup88 in the left colon tended to be higher than that in the right colon and the rectum (P = 0.063). DNA sequencing results showed that there were two single nucleotide polymorphisms, distributed in exon 6 (NM_002532.3:c.1044Gandgt;A (ACG-ACA, Thr -andgt; Thr) and exon 10 (NM_002532.3: c.1389Aandgt;T, CCA-CCT, Pro -andgt; Pro). Serum Nup88 might be a candidate for a new biomarker implicated in the development and aggressiveness of CRCs.
383.
  • Zhao, Zeng-Ren, et al. (författare)
  • Overexpression of Id-1 protein is a marker in colorectal cancer progression
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Oncology Reports. - 1021-335X. ; 19:2, s. 419-424
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The inhibitor of differentiation/DNA binding 1 (Id-1), a negative regulator of basic helix-loop-helix transcription factors, plays an important role in the regulation of cell proliferation and differentiation. We examined the Id-1 expression by immunohistochemistry in 9 adenomas, 79 primary colorectal adenocarcinomas matched with 40 adjacent normal mucosa specimens and its relationship with clinicopathological factors. The Id-1 expression was increased in the carcinoma compared to the adjacent normal mucosa either in the unmatched and matched samples or to the adenoma. There was no significant difference in the Id-1 expression between normal mucosa and adenoma. The Id-1 expression of carcinoma was increased from Dukes' stages A to B, to C and to D. The cases with lymph node metastasis had a higher rate of a stronger Id-1 expression than those without lymph node metastasis. In conclusion, Id-1 overexpression plays an important role in colorectal cancer progression.
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384.
  • Zhao, Zeng-Ren, et al. (författare)
  • Particularly interesting new cysteine-histidine rich protein expression in colorectal adenocarcinomas
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: World Journal of Gastroenterology. - 1007-9327. ; 12:2, s. 298-301
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Aim: To study the relationship between particularly interesting new cysteine-histidine rich protein (PINCH) expression and clinicopathological factors in Chinese colorectal cancer patients. Methods: The expression of PINCH was examined by immumohistochemistry in 141 samples of primary colorectal adenocarcinoma and 92 normal samples of colorectal mucosa. Eighty of the cases had both primary tumour and normal mucosa from the same patients. Results: PINCH was expressed in the stroma of normal mucosa and tumours. PINCH expression in tumourassociated stroma was increased compared to normal mucosa in both unmatched cases (n = 141, X2 = 85.79, df = 3, P<0.0001) and matched cases (n = 80, X2 = 45.86, df = 3, P<0.0001). Among 135 tumours with visible invasive margin, 86 (64%) showed stronger PINCH expression at the invasive margin than in the intratumoural stroma. The frequency of PINCH strong expression in mucinous and signet-ring cell carcinomas was higher (52%) compared to non-mucinous carcinomas (29%, X2= 5.13, P= 0.02). We did not find that PINCH expression was related to patient's gender, age, tumour location, tumour size, gross status, histological type, differentiation, invasion depth, lymph node status and Dukes' stage (P>0.05). Conclusion: The expression of PINCH was upregulated in colorectal cancers, and especially at the margin of tumours, and further was related to mucinous and signet-ring cell carcinomas. The results suggest that expression of PINCH may be involved in the tumourigenesis and aggressiveness of colorectal cancers. © 2006 The WJG Press. All rights reserved.
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385.
  • Zhou, Bin, et al. (författare)
  • PNAS-4 expression and its relationship to p53 in colorectal cancer
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Molecular Biology Reports. - Springer Verlag (Germany). - 0301-4851. ; 39:1, s. 243-249
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • PNAS-4 is a novel pro-apoptotic protein activated during the early response to DNA damage; however, the molecular mechanisms and pathways regulating PNAS-4 expression in tumors are not well understood. We hypothesized that PNAS-4 is a p53 down-stream target gene and designed this study. We searched online for putative p53-binding sites in the entire PNAS-4 gene and did not find any corresponding information. In HCT116 colon cancer cells, after being transfected with small interfering RNA to silence p53, the expressions of PNAS-4 and other known p53 target gene (Apaf1, Bax, Fas and Dr5) were determined by real-time PCR. We found that PNAS-4 was up-regulated while Apaf1, Bax, Fas and Dr5 were down-regulated. We then examined the expression of PNAS-4 and p53 mutation in colorectal cancer patients. PNAS-4 expressed both in colorectal cancers and normal tissues, but compared with paired control, PNAS-4 was up-regulated in cancers (P = 0.018). PNAS-4 overexpression ratios were correlated to the p53 mutant status (P = 0.001). The mean PNAS-4 expression levels of p53 mutant homozygote group and heterozygote group were higher than that of p53 wild type group (P = 0.013). The expression ratios of PNAS-4 (every sample in relative to its paired normal mucosa) were different between negative lymph node metastasis (66% up-regulated, 34% down-regulated) and positive metastasis (42% up-regulated, 58% down-regulated). Taken together, these findings suggested that PNAS-4 was not a p53 target, but overexpression of PNAS-4 was correlated to p53 inactivity in colorectal cancer.
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386.
  • Zhou, Jin, et al. (författare)
  • The prognostic significance of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor beta expression in the vascular endothelial cells of colorectal cancer
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Journal of gastroenterology. - Springer Verlag (Germany). - 0944-1174. ; 49:3, s. 436-445
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Currently, little is known regarding the role of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-beta (PPAR beta) in the vascular endothelial cells (VECs) of colorectal cancers (CRCs). The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship of PPAR beta expression in the VECs of CRCs in terms of the prognosis and clinicopathological features of CRC patients. The expression and localization of PPAR beta in the primary cancers and the matched normal mucosal samples of 141 Swedish CRC patients were analyzed in terms of its correlation with clinicopathological features and the expression of angiogenesis-related genes. This study also included 92 Chinese CRC patients. PPAR beta was predominantly localized in the cytoplasm and was significantly downregulated in the VECs of CRC compared to that of the normal mucosa. The low expression levels of PPAR beta in the VECs of CRC were statistically correlated with enhanced differentiation, early staging and favorable overall survival and were associated with the increased expression of VEGF and D2-40. The patients exhibiting elevated expression of PPAR beta in CRC cells but reduced expression in VECs exhibited more favorable survival compared with the other patients, whereas the patients with reduced expression of PPAR beta in CRC cells but increased expression in VECs exhibited less favorable prognosis. PPAR beta might play a tumor suppressor role in CRC cells in contrast to a tumor promoter role in the VECs of CRCs.
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387.
  • Zhou, X., et al. (författare)
  • Down-regulation of tumor necrosis factor-associated factor 6 is associated with progression of acute pancreatitis complicating lung injury in mice
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine. - 0040-8727. ; 217:4, s. 279-285
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Acute lung injury is one of the critical complications of acute pancreatitis (AP). Tumor necrosis factor-associated factor 6 (TRAF6) is a key adaptor that regulates various inflammatory signaling pathways, including those mediated by Toll-like receptors (TLRs). This study was performed to investigate the potential role of TRAF6 in the pathogenesis of AP and pancreatitis-associated acute lung injury using a mouse model of caerulein-induced AP (CAP). CAP was induced by intraperitoneal injection of caerulein hourly for 7 times (50 µg/kg), and control mice were treated with saline of the same volume. Typical pancreatic and lung inflammation was observed in the early stage (1 h) of CAP, as judged by morphological changes. Likewise, in CAP mice, the pancreatic myeloperoxidase activity and serum levels of interleukin-6 add interleukin-10 were significantly increased after 2 h, peaked it 4h, and then decreased by 24 h. The expression of TRAF6 was then studied by real time-PCR, immunohistochemistry, and Western blot analysis. Compared with control group, TRAF6 mRNA level was decreased in CAP group within the first 12 h, and then significantly increased after 24 h, which was in accordance with the protein level detected by Western blot analysis and immunohistochemistry. Moreover, TRAF6 protein was expressed in both pancreatic acinar cells and lung bronchial epithelial cells. In conclusion, the down-regulation of TRAF6 was associated with increased inflammatory severity in the pancreas and lung, suggesting that TRAF6 is involved in the anti-inflammatory process during AP. TRAF6 may be a potential molecular target for treating AP.
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388.
  • Zhou, X.-L., et al. (författare)
  • Germline mutations in the MYH gene in Swedish familial and sporadic colorectal cancer
  • 2005
  • Ingår i: Genetic Testing. - 1090-6576. ; 9:2, s. 147-151
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Biallelic germline mutations in the base excision repair gene MYH have been shown to predispose to a proportion of multiple colorectal adenomas and cancer. To evaluate the contribution of MYH mutations to non-FAP, non-HNPCC familial colorectal cancer, 84 unrelated Swedish individuals affected with colorectal cancer from such families were screened for germline mutations in the coding sequence of the gene. None of the cases was found to carry any pathogenic sequence change. We then determined the prevalence of the two most common pathogenic MYH mutations found in Caucasians, Y165C and G382D, in 450 Swedish sporadic colorectal cancer cases and 480 Swedish healthy controls. The frequency of both variants in Swedish cases and controls was similar to those previously reported. In addition, we found that previously unknown sequence variations at the position of amino acid 423 (R423Q, R423P, and R423R) appear to occur more frequently in cases than in controls (p = 0.02), a finding that warrants future studies. © Mary Ann Liebert, Inc.
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389.
  • Zhou, Xiang-Yu, et al. (författare)
  • TRAF6 as the Key Adaptor of TLR4 Signaling Pathway Is Involved in Acute Pancreatitis
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: PANCREAS. - 0885-3177. ; 39:3, s. 359-366
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objectives: To study the potential role of tumor necrosis factor receptor-associated factor 6 (TRAF6) as the key adaptor of the toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) signaling pathway in acute pancreatitis (AP) in mice. Methods: Acute pancreatitis was induced by 7 intraperitoneal injections of cerulein in TLR4-deficient (TLR4-Def) and TLR4 wild-type (TLR4-WT) mice. Inflammatory severity was scored and evaluated based on pathological study. TRAF6 expression was determined by reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction, Western blot, and immunohistochemistry. Results: Acute pancreatitis was successfully induced in both mice strains, but the inflammatory progression was different. In TLR4-Def mice, pancreatic inflammation was blunt and mild first, then became increasingly intensive and peaked at the later stage, whereas in the TLR4-WT mice, the response was fast initiated and peaked at the early stage of AP, then alleviated gradually. TRAF6 expression in TLR4-Def mice was significantly higher than that in the TLR4-WT mice. Immunohistochemistry located TRAF6 expressed mainly in the pancreatic acinar cells. Conclusions: The TLR4-TRAF6 signaling pathway is critically involved in AP. Other signaling pathways beyond TLR4 may participate in the pancreatic inflammatory process via TRAF6. As a convergence point of the TLR4-dependent and the TLR4-independent signaling pathways, TRAF6 plays an important role in AP.
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390.
  • Zhou, Yin, et al. (författare)
  • Inflammation and Apoptosis: Dual Mediator Role for Toll-like Receptor 4 in the Development of Necrotizing Enterocolitis
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases. - LIPPINCOTT WILLIAMS & WILKINS. - 1078-0998. ; 23:1, s. 44-56
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is the leading cause of neonatal gastrointestinal mortality; effective interventions are lacking with limited understanding of the pathogenesis of NEC. The importance of Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) signaling in NEC is well documented; however, the potential mechanisms that regulate enterocyte inflammation and apoptosis remain unclear. The aim of this study was to characterize the role of TLR4-mediated inflammation and apoptosis in the development of NEC and to determine the major apoptotic pathways and regulators in the process. Methods: TLR4-deficient C57BL/10ScNJ mice and lentivirus-mediated stable TLR4-silent cell line (IEC-6) were used. NEC was induced by formula gavage, cold, hypoxia, combined with lipopolysaccharide in vivo or lipopolysaccharide stimulation in vitro. Enterocyte apoptosis was evaluated by TUNEL or Annexin analysis. The expression of TLR4, caspase3, caspase8, caspase9, Bip, Bax, Bcl-2, and RIP was detected by Western blot and immunofluorescence. Inflammatory factors such as tumor necrosis factor-a and interleukin-2 were examined by Luminex. Results: Defect of TLR4 led to suppressed enterocytes apoptosis both in vitro and in vivo; the expression of caspase3, caspase8, Bip, and Bax was decreased; and caspase9 and Bcl-2 were increased. NEC severity was attenuated in TLR4-deficient mice compared with wild-type counterparts, and enterocytes apoptosis was correlated with NEC severity. RIP and cytokine level of tumor necrosis factor-a and interleukin-2 were also decreased. Conclusions: TLR4-induced inflammation and apoptosis play a critical role in the pathogenesis of NEC. TLR4 inhibition, combined with extrinsic (caspase8) and/or endoplasmic reticulum stress (Bip) apoptosis signaling blockade could serve as a potential effective treating strategy for NEC.
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