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Sökning: WFRF:(Sun Xiao Feng) > (2015-2019) > (2017)

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  • Föregående 123[4]
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31.
  • Liu, Yong, et al. (författare)
  • Deletion Of XIAP reduces the severity of acute pancreatitis via regulation of cell death and nuclear factor-kappa B activity
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Cell Death and Disease. - NATURE PUBLISHING GROUP. - 2041-4889 .- 2041-4889. ; 8
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>Severe acute pancreatitis (SAP) still remains a clinical challenge, not only for its high mortality but the uncontrolled inflammatory progression from acute pancreatitis (AP) to SAP. Cell death, including apoptosis and necrosis are critical pathology of AP, since the severity of pancreatitis correlates directly with necrosis and inversely with apoptosis Therefore, regulation of cell death from necrosis to apoptosis may have practicably therapeutic value. X-linked inhibitor of apoptosis protein (XIAP) is the best characterized member of the inhibitor of apoptosis proteins (IAP) family, but its function in AP remains unclear. In the present study, we investigated the potential role of XIAP in regulation of cell death and inflammation during acute pancreatitis. The in vivo pancreatitis model was induced by the administration of cerulein with or without lipopolysaccharide (LPS) or by the administration of L-arginine in wild-type or XIAP-deficient mice, and ex vivo model was induced by the administration of cerulein+LPS in AR42J cell line following XIAP inhibition. The severity of acute pancreatitis was determined by serum amylase activity and histological grading. XIAP deletion on cell apoptosis, necrosis and inflammatory response were examined. Caspases activities, nuclear factor kappa B (NF-kappa B) activation and receptor-interacting protein kinase1 (RIP1) degradation were assessed by western blot. Deletion of XIAP resulted in the reduction of amylase activity, decrease of NF-kappa B activation and less release of TNF-alpha and IL-6, together with increased caspases activities and RIP1 degradation, leading to enhanced apoptosis and reduced necrosis in pancreatic acinar cells and ameliorated the severity of acute pancreatitis. Our results indicate that deletion of XIAP switches cell death away from necrosis to apoptosis and decreases the inflammatory response, effectively attenuating the severity of AP/SAP. The critical role of XIAP in cell death and inflammation suggests that inhibition of XIAP represents a potential therapeutic strategy for the treatment of acute pancreatitis.</p>
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32.
  • Zhao, Senlin, et al. (författare)
  • miR-4775 promotes colorectal cancer invasion and metastasis via the Smad7/TGF beta-mediated epithelial to mesenchymal transition
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Molecular Cancer. - BIOMED CENTRAL LTD. - 1476-4598 .- 1476-4598. ; 16
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>Background: Despite advancements in the diagnosis and treatment of colorectal cancer (CRC), many patients die because of tumor metastasis or recurrence. Therefore, identifying new prognostic markers and elucidating the mechanisms of CRC metastasis and recurrence will help to improve the prognosis of the disease. As dysregulation of microRNAs is strongly related to cancer progression, the aim of this study was to identify the role of miR-4775 in the prognosis of CRC patients and the underling mechanisms involved in CRC progression. Methods: qPCR and in situ hybridization were used to evaluate the expression of miR-4775 in 544 pairs of paraffin-embedded normal and CRC tissues. Kaplan-Meier analysis with the log-rank test was used for survival analyses. Immunohistochemical staining was applied to investigate the expression of miR-4775-regulated Smad7/TGF beta pathway-associated markers. In vitro and in vivo invasion and metastasis assays were used to explore the function of miR-4775 in the progression of CRC. Results: miR-4775 was identified as a high-risk factor for CRC metastasis and recurrence, with high levels predicting poor survival among the 544 studied CRC patients. Furthermore, high miR-4775 expression promoted the invasion of CRC cells as well as metastasis and the epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) via Smad7-mediated activation of TGF beta signaling both in vitro and in vivo. Downregulating miR-4775 or overexpressing Smad7 reversed the tumor-promoting roles of miR-4775/ Smad7/TGF beta in vitro and in vivo. Conclusion: miR-4775 promotes CRC metastasis and recurrence in a Smad7/TGF beta signaling-dependent manner, providing a new therapeutic target for inhibiting the metastasis or recurrence of the disease.</p>
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33.
  • Abeysinghe, Kasun S., et al. (författare)
  • Total mercury and methylmercury concentrations over a gradient of contamination in earthworms living in rice paddy soil
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry. - 0730-7268 .- 1552-8618. ; 36:5, s. 1202-1210
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>Mercury (Hg) deposited from emissions or from local contamination, can have serious health effects on humans and wildlife. Traditionally, Hg has been seen as a threat to aquatic wildlife, because of its conversion in suboxic conditions into bioavailable methylmercury (MeHg), but it can also threaten contaminated terrestrial ecosystems. In Asia, rice paddies in particular may be sensitive ecosystems. Earthworms are soil-dwelling organisms that have been used as indicators of Hg bioavailability; however, the MeHg concentrations they accumulate in rice paddy environments are not well known. Earthworm and soil samples were collected from rice paddies at progressive distances from abandoned mercury mines in Guizhou, China, and at control sites without a history of Hg mining. Total Hg (THg) and MeHg concentrations declined in soil and earthworms as distance increased from the mines, but the percentage of THg that was MeHg, and the bioaccumulation factors in earthworms, increased over this gradient. This escalation in methylation and the incursion of MeHg into earthworms may be influenced by more acidic soil conditions and higher organic content further from the mines. In areas where the source of Hg is deposition, especially in water-logged and acidic rice paddy soil, earthworms may biomagnify MeHg more than was previously reported. It is emphasized that rice paddy environments affected by acidifying deposition may be widely dispersed throughout Asia.</p>
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34.
  • Blockhuys, Stephanie, et al. (författare)
  • Second harmonic generation for collagen I characterization in rectal cancer patients with and without preoperative radiotherapy
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Journal of Biomedical Optics. - SPIE - International Society for Optical Engineering. - 1083-3668 .- 1560-2281. ; 22:10
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>Rectal cancer is treated with preoperative radiotherapy (RT) to downstage the tumor, reduce local recurrence, and improve patient survival. Still, the treatment outcome varies significantly and new biomarkers are desired. Collagen I (Col-I) is a potential biomarker, which can be visualized label-free by second harmonic generation (SHG). Here, we used SHG to identify Col-I changes induced by RT in surgical tissue, with the aim to evaluate the clinical significance of RT-induced Col-I changes. First, we established a procedure for quantitative evaluation of Col-I by SHG in CDX2-stained tissue sections. Next, we evaluated Col-I properties in material from 31 non-RT and 29 RT rectal cancer patients. We discovered that the Col-I intensity and anisotropy were higher in the tumor invasive margin than in the inner tumor and normal mucosa, and RT increased and decreased the intensity in inner tumor and normal mucosa, respectively. Furthermore, higher Col-I intensity in the inner tumor was related to increased distant recurrence in the non-RT group but to longer survival in the RT group. In conclusion, we present a new application of SHG for quantitative analysis of Col-I in surgical material, and the first data suggest Col-I intensity as a putative prognostic biomarker in rectal cancer. (C) The Authors. Published by SPIE under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.</p>
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35.
  • Liu, Na, et al. (författare)
  • Nuclear expression of lysyl oxidase enzyme is an independent prognostic factor in rectal cancer patients.
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: OncoTarget. - Impact journals. - 1949-2553 .- 1949-2553. ; 8:36, s. 60015-60024
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>Emerging evidence has implicated a pivotal role for lysyl oxidase (LOX) in cancer progression and metastasis. Whilst the majority of work has focused on the extracellular matrix cross-linking role of LOX, the exact function of intracellular LOX localisation remains unclear. In this study, we analysed the LOX expression patterns in the nuclei of rectal cancer patient samples and determined the clinical significance of this expression. Nuclear LOX expression was significantly increased in patient lymph node metastases compared to their primary tumours. High nuclear LOX expression in tumours was correlated with a high rate of distant metastasis and increased recurrence. Multivariable analysis showed that high nuclear LOX expression was also correlated with poor overall survival and disease free survival. Furthermore, we are the first to identify LOX enzyme isoforms (50 kDa and 32 kDa) within the nucleus of colon cancer cell lines by confocal microscopy and Western blot. Our results show a powerful link between nuclear LOX expression in tumours and patient survival, and offer a promising prognostic biomarker for rectal cancer patients.</p>
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36.
  • Mi, Yushuai, et al. (författare)
  • miR-181a-5p promotes the progression of gastric cancer via RASSF6-mediated MAPK signalling activation
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Cancer Letters. - ELSEVIER IRELAND LTD. - 0304-3835 .- 1872-7980. ; 389, s. 11-22
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>We previously discovered that Ras association domain family member 6 (RASSF6) was downregulated and predicted poor prognosis in GC patients. However, the mechanisms of the down regulation of RASSF6 in GC remained unclear. Increasing evidence indicates that dysregulation of microRNAs promotes the progression of cancer through the repression of tumour suppressors. Here, we identified miR-181a-5p as a novel regulator of RASSF6 in GC. Functionally, ectopic expression or silencing of miR-181a-5p, respectively, promoted or inhibited GC cell proliferation, colony formation and cell cycle transition, as well as enhanced or prevented the invasion, metastasis of GC cells and epithelial to mesenchymal transition of GC cells in vitro and in vivo. Molecularly, miR-181a-5p functioned as an onco-miRNA by activating the RASSF6-regulated MAKP pathway. Overexpression or silencing of RASSF6 could partially reverse the effects of the overexpression or repression of miR-181a-5p on GC progress caused by activation of the MAKP pathway in vitro and in vivo. Clinically, high miR-181a-5p expression predicted poor survival in GC patients, especially combined with low RASSF6 expression. Collectively, we identified miR-181a-5p as an onco-miRNA, which acts by directly repressing RASSF6 in GC. (C) 2017 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ireland Ltd.</p>
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37.
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38.
  • Zhou, Yin, et al. (författare)
  • Inflammation and Apoptosis: Dual Mediator Role for Toll-like Receptor 4 in the Development of Necrotizing Enterocolitis
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases. - LIPPINCOTT WILLIAMS & WILKINS. - 1078-0998 .- 1536-4844. ; 23:1, s. 44-56
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>Background: Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is the leading cause of neonatal gastrointestinal mortality; effective interventions are lacking with limited understanding of the pathogenesis of NEC. The importance of Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) signaling in NEC is well documented; however, the potential mechanisms that regulate enterocyte inflammation and apoptosis remain unclear. The aim of this study was to characterize the role of TLR4-mediated inflammation and apoptosis in the development of NEC and to determine the major apoptotic pathways and regulators in the process. Methods: TLR4-deficient C57BL/10ScNJ mice and lentivirus-mediated stable TLR4-silent cell line (IEC-6) were used. NEC was induced by formula gavage, cold, hypoxia, combined with lipopolysaccharide in vivo or lipopolysaccharide stimulation in vitro. Enterocyte apoptosis was evaluated by TUNEL or Annexin analysis. The expression of TLR4, caspase3, caspase8, caspase9, Bip, Bax, Bcl-2, and RIP was detected by Western blot and immunofluorescence. Inflammatory factors such as tumor necrosis factor-a and interleukin-2 were examined by Luminex. Results: Defect of TLR4 led to suppressed enterocytes apoptosis both in vitro and in vivo; the expression of caspase3, caspase8, Bip, and Bax was decreased; and caspase9 and Bcl-2 were increased. NEC severity was attenuated in TLR4-deficient mice compared with wild-type counterparts, and enterocytes apoptosis was correlated with NEC severity. RIP and cytokine level of tumor necrosis factor-a and interleukin-2 were also decreased. Conclusions: TLR4-induced inflammation and apoptosis play a critical role in the pathogenesis of NEC. TLR4 inhibition, combined with extrinsic (caspase8) and/or endoplasmic reticulum stress (Bip) apoptosis signaling blockade could serve as a potential effective treating strategy for NEC.</p>
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