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  • Säll, Johanna, et al. (författare)
  • The antimicrobial peptide LL-37 alters human osteoblast Ca2+ handling and induces Ca2+-independent apoptosis
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Journal of Innate Immunity. - Karger. - 1662-811X. ; 3:5
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The human antimicrobial peptide cathelicidin LL-37 has, besides its antimicrobial properties, also been shown to regulate apoptosis in a cell type-specific manner. Mechanisms involved in LL-37-regulated apoptotic signaling are not identified. Here, we show that LL-37 reduces the human osteoblast-like MG63 cell number and cell viability in the micromolar concentration range with an IC50 value of about 5 µM. Treatment with 4 µM LL-37 increased the number of annexin V-positive cells and stimulated activation of caspase 3 showing that LL-37 promotes apoptosis. Treatment with 4 µM LL-37 caused an acute and sustained rise in intracellular Ca(2+) concentration assessed by laser-scanning confocal microscopy of Fluo-4-AM-loaded MG63 cells. LL-37 increased Ca(2+) also in the presence of the respective L- and T-type voltage-sensitive Ca(2+) channel blockers nifedipine and NiCl2. LL-37 had no effect on Ca(2+) in cells incubated with Ca(2+)-free solution. LL-37 (4 and 8 µM) reduced the MG63 cell number both in the presence and absence of Ca(2+) in the medium. In conclusion, LL-37 reduces the osteoblast cell number by promoting apoptosis, and furthermore, LL-37 stimulates Ca(2+) inflow via a mechanism independent of voltage-sensitive Ca(2+) channels. Interestingly, LL-37-induced lowering of the cell number seems to be mediated via a mechanism independent of Ca(2+).
  • Welin, Karl-Olof, et al. (författare)
  • Epilepsy in tuberous sclerosis patients in Sweden – Healthcare utilization, treatment, morbidity, and mortality using national register data
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Seizure. - Elsevier. - 1059-1311. ; 53, s. 4-9
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Purpose This study is designed to estimate the prevalence of epilepsy associated with TSC in Sweden and to describe treatment, morbidity, and mortality of TSC patients with epilepsy. Methods Register data for 2004–2014 was obtained from the National Board of Health and Welfare in Sweden. Patients with TSC were identified using ICD-10 codes. Epilepsy was identified using ICD-10 codes, interventions aimed to treat epilepsy, or prescriptions for antiepileptic drugs. Results The prevalence of TSC was 5.38 per 100 000 individuals. We identified 551 unique patients with TSC, of which 386 (70.1%) had epilepsy. The mean study period was 8.82 years. Antiepileptic drugs were dispensed to 97.9% of patients with epilepsy. The most prescribed antiepileptic drug was sodium valproate. Ketogenic diet was used in 6 (1.6%) patients, vagus nerve stimulation in 23 (6.0%) patients, and epilepsy surgery was performed in 25 (6.5%) patients. The mean number of outpatient visits per year was 4.70 (SD 4.17) and the mean number of inpatient days per year was 3.25 (SD 5.61). The mean number of outpatient visits per year with an ICD-10 code for epilepsy was 1.65 (SD 1.95) and the corresponding number of inpatient days was 2.06 (SD 4.50). A total of 30 patients with TSC and epilepsy died during the study period. Conclusions The prevalence of epilepsy in this study was in the lower range of previously reported numbers, suggesting that epilepsy may be overestimated in non-population based studies. A substantial part of the healthcare utilization was directly related to epilepsy.
  • Åsberg, Dennis, 1988-, et al. (författare)
  • A quality control method enhancement concept : Continual improvement of regulatory approved QC methods
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis. - Elsevier. - 0731-7085. ; 129, s. 273-281
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Quality Control methods (QC-methods) play an important role in the overall control strategy for drug manufacturing. However, efficient life-cycle management and continual improvement are hindered due to a variety of post-approval variation legislations across territories and a lack of harmonization of the requirements. As a result, many QC-methods fall behind the technical development. Developing the QC-method in accordance with the Quality by Design guidelines gives the possibility to do continual improvements inside the original Method Operable Design Region (MODR). However, often it is necessary to do changes outside the MODR, e.g. to incorporate new technology that was not available at the time the original method was development. Here, we present a method enhancement concept which allows minor adjustments, within the same measuring principle, outside the original MODR without interaction with regulatory agencies. The feasibility of the concept is illustrated by a case study of a QC-method based on HPLC, assumed to be developed before the introduction of UHPLC, where the switch from HPLC to UHPLC is necessary as a continual improvement strategy. The concept relies on the assumption that the System Suitability Test (SST) and failure modes are relevant for other conditions outside the MODR as well when the same measuring principle is used. It follows that it should be possible to move outside the MODR as long as the SST has passed. All minor modifications of the original, approved QC-method must be re-validated according to a template given in the original submission and a statistical equivalence should be shown between the original and modified QC-methods. To summarize, revalidation is handled within the pharmaceutical quality control system according to internal change control procedures, but without interaction with regulating agencies.
  • Aidoukovitch, Alexandra, et al. (författare)
  • Antimicrobial peptide LL-37 and its pro-form, hCAP18, in desquamated epithelial cells of human whole saliva
  • ????
  • Ingår i: European Journal of Oral Sciences. - Wiley-Blackwell. - 0909-8836.
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The antimicrobial peptide LL-37 is active against oral bacteria and has been demonstrated to be present in human saliva, but its distribution in different fractions of saliva is not known. LL-37 is formed from its intracellular pro-form, hCAP18, in an extracellular enzymatic reaction catalyzed by proteinase 3 and kallikrein 5. Here, we prepared cell-containing and cell-free fractions of unstimulated human whole saliva by centrifugation after depolymerization of mucins with dithiothreitol, and measured the levels of hCAP18/LL-37 in these fractions using ELISA. Cellular expression of hCAP18/LL-37 was determined by western blotting and immunocytochemistry. The ELISA analyses demonstrated that both cells and cell-free saliva contained hCAP18/LL-37. Western blot analysis of cell-pellet homogenates showed a strong band corresponding to hCAP18 at the correct molecular weight and a weak band corresponding to LL-37. Phase-contrast and light microscopy revealed that the cells consisted of desquamated epithelial cells. These cells expressed cytoplasmic immunoreactivity for hCAP18/LL-37. The peripheral part of the cytoplasm, corresponding to the plasma membrane, was particularly rich in hCAP18/LL-37 immunoreactivity. No immunoreactivity was observed after omission of the primary antibody. We conclude that desquamated epithelial cells of human whole saliva contain antimicrobial hCAP18/LL-37, suggesting that these cells may take part in the innate immune system by harboring and releasing these peptides.
  • Aidoukovitch, Alexandra, et al. (författare)
  • Strontium chloride promotes cell proliferation in a human osteoblast cell line
  • 2014
  • Rapport (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Strontium ranelate (SrRan) is the active component of drugs currently used for reducing the risk of fractures in patients suffering from osteoporosis. Despite extensive use, the underlying mechanisms of action of Sr2+ are not fully understood. In the present study, we assess the impact of SrCl2 on human osteoblast activity and proliferation. Cultures of the human osteoblast-like cell line MG63 were treated for 72 h in presence of 0.1 mM, 1 mM, 5 mM and 10 mM SrCl2 or vehicle, used in control groups. Cells were counted manually using a Bürker chamber. Total protein content was determined by colorimetric analysis performed by a microplate reader using Bio-Rad protein assay. Alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity was determined enzymatically and normalized to total protein content in each sample. Cell viability was assessed using the MTT assay. Treatment with 5 mM SrCl2 for 72 h enhanced total MG63 cell protein content by 37% compared to controls (p<0.01). A lower concentration (0.1 mM) of SrCl2 had no effect on total protein. Incubation with 5 mM SrCl2 for 72 h increased MG63 cell number by 38% compared to controls (p<0.001). The SrCl2-induced increase in cell number was associated with enhanced (+14% compared to controls, p<0.05) cell viability. Treatment with a higher concentration (10 mM) of SrCl2 enhanced cell number similar to 5 mM SrCl2 (+54% compared to controls, p<0.05). Treatment with 0.1 or 5 mM SrCl2 for 72 h had no effect (p>0.05) on MG63 cell ALP activity, while 1 mM SrCl2 reduced ALP activity as well as total protein content by about 25% compared to controls (p<0.05). The current results demonstrate that treatment with SrCl2 for 72 h, at concentrations higher than 1 mM promotes cell proliferation in human osteoblast-like cells, suggesting that Sr2+ may enhance bone formation through this mechanism.
  • Aidoukovitch, Alexandra, et al. (författare)
  • The host defense peptide LL-37 is internalized by human periodontal ligament cells and prevents LPS-induced MCP-1 production
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Journal of Periodontal Research. - Wiley-Blackwell. - 0022-3484. ; 54:6, s. 662-670
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objective: The human host defense peptide LL-37 both shows antimicrobial effects and modulates host cell properties. Here, we assess the effects of synthesized LL-37 on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced inflammation in human periodontal ligament (PDL) cells and investigates underlying mechanisms. Background: LL-37 has been detected in the periodontal tissues, but its functional importance for PDL cell innate immune responses is not known. Methods: Human PDL cells were obtained from premolars extracted on orthodontic indications. Cellular pro-inflammatory monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) mRNA expression was determined using quantitative real-time RT-PCR. MCP-1 protein production was assessed by western blot and ELISA. Internalization of LL-37 by PDL cells was visualized by immunocytochemistry. Nuclear factor kappa-light-chain-enhancer of activated B-cell (NF-κB) activity was assessed by western blot of phosphorylated p65, phosphorylated p105, and IκBα proteins. Binding of LL-37 to PDL cell DNA was determined by isolation and purification of DNA and dot blot for LL-37 immunoreactivity. Results: Treatment with LL-37 (1 µmol/L) for 24 hours prevented LPS-induced stimulation of MCP-1 expression analyzed both on transcript and on protein levels. Stimulation with LL-37 (1 µmol/L) for 24 hours had no effect on toll-like receptor (TLR)2 and TLR4 transcript expression, suggesting that LL-37 acts downstream of the TLRs. Preincubation with LL-37 for 60 minutes followed by stimulation with LPS for 24 hours in the absence of LL-37 completely prevented LPS-evoked MCP-1 transcript expression, implying that LL-37 acts intracellularly and not via binding and neutralization of LPS. In PDL cells stimulated with LL-37 for 60 minutes, the peptide was internalized as demonstrated by immunocytochemistry, suggesting an intracellular mechanism of action. LL-37 immunoreactivity was observed both in the cytosol and in the nucleus. Downregulation of LPS-induced MCP-1 by LL-37 was not mediated by reduction in NF-κB activity as shown by unaltered expression of phosphorylated p65, phosphorylated p105, and IκBα NF-κB proteins in the presence of LL-37. Immunoreactivity for LL-37 was observed in PDL cell DNA treated with but not without 0.1 and 1 µmol/L LL-37 for 60 minutes in vitro. Conclusion: LL-37 abolishes LPS-induced MCP-1 production in human PDL cells through an intracellular, NF-κB-independent mechanism which probably involves direct interaction between LL-37 and DNA.
  • Albin, Björn, et al. (författare)
  • Situation for carers of the elderly in Sweden
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Studies of Community Welfare: Chiiki Fukushi Kenkyu. - Nihon Seimei Saiseikai Osaka. ; :38, s. 72-83
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • In most societies informal care of the elderly (often given by a relative) plays an important role, this article describes the situation and support for carers that exist in Sweden. The description is partly based on the results from the evaluation of a project (“Anhörig 300”) aimed to develop support for carers in the County of Kronoberg as well as from information and documents. Four different typical situations for carers are identified and is an indication of how different situations for carers can be. In the future the support for carers must be paid attention to and further developed. The National Development Plan for the Nursing and Care for elderly in Sweden suggest increased support for carers as a supplement to the public sector elderly care. It is important to involve voluntary organizations to break isolation and loneliness among carers.
  • Allwood, Jens, 1947-, et al. (författare)
  • Språk och tanke
  • 1977
  • Ingår i: Språk och socialisation symposiet, Graninge.
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)
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