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  • Abdulla, Aree, et al. (författare)
  • Platelets regulate P-selectin expression and leukocyte rolling in inflamed venules of the pancreas
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: European Journal of Pharmacology. - : Elsevier. - 1879-0712. ; 682:1-3, s. 153-160
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Recent data suggest that platelets regulate inflammatory changes and tissue damage in acute pancreatitis although the role of platelets in leukocyte-endothelium interactions in the pancreatic microcirculation is not known. The aim of this study was to define the impact of platelets on leukocyte rolling and adhesion in acute pancreatitis. Acute pancreatitis was induced in C57BL/6 mice by caerulein challenge. Mice were treated with an a anti-GP1b alpha (CD42b) antibody, which depletes platelets, or a control antibody before caerulein. Leukocyte rolling and adhesion were determined by the use of intravital fluorescence microscopy 18 h after the last dose of caerulein. In separate experiments, leukocyte-endothelium interactions were determined before and after administration of an anti-P-selectin, anti-PSGL-1 and a control antibody in mice with caerulein pancreatitis. Circulating platelet-neutrophil aggregates and pancreatic P-selectin mRNA were quantified 1 and 6 h respectively after caerulein challenge. Caerulein administration increased leukocyte and platelet interactions in the pancreatic microvasculature, increased tissue damage and expression of P-selectin mRNA in the pancreas as well as platelet-neutrophil complexes in the circulation. Notably, platelet depletion markedly reduced caerulein-provoked leukocyte rolling and adhesion in postcapillary venules. Interestingly, depletion of platelets significantly decreased caerulein-induced gene expression of P-selectin in the pancreas. Moreover, immunoneutralization of P-selectin and PSGL-1 abolished leukocyte rolling in the pancreatic venules triggered by caerulein. Our novel findings demonstrate that platelets regulate leukocyte rolling in acute pancreatitis via induction of P-selectin, which was critical in supporting leukocyte rolling in inflamed venules of the pancreas. (C) 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
  • Abdulla, Aree, et al. (författare)
  • Role of neutrophils in the activation of trypsinogen in severe acute pancreatitis.
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: Journal of Leukocyte Biology. - : John Wiley and Sons Ltd. - 1938-3673. ; 90, s. 975-982
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The relationship between inflammation and proteolytic activation in pancreatitis is an unresolved issue in pancreatology. The purpose of this study was to define the influence of neutrophils on trypsinogen activation in severe AP. Pancreatitis was induced by infusion of taurocholate into the pancreatic duct in C57BL/6 mice. For neutrophil depletion, an anti-Gr-1 antibody was administered before pancreatitis induction. Administration of the anti-Gr-1 antibody reduced circulating neutrophils by 97%. Pancreatic TAP and serum amylase levels increased 2 h and 24 h after induction of pancreatitis. Neutrophil depletion reduced pancreatic TAP and serum amylase levels at 24 h but not at 2 h after pancreatitis induction. Pancreatic MPO and infiltration of neutrophils, as well as MIP-2 levels, were increased 24 h after taurocholate infusion. Two hours after taurocholate administration, no significant pancreatic infiltration of neutrophils was observed. Injection of the anti-Gr-1 antibody abolished MPO activity, neutrophil accumulation, and MIP-2 levels, as well as acinar cell necrosis, hemorrhage, and edema in the pancreas at 24 h. Moreover, taurocholate-provoked tissue damage and MPO activity in the lung were normalized by neutrophil depletion. Intravital fluorescence microscopy revealed a 97% reduction of leukocytes in the pancreatic microcirculation after administration of the anti-Gr-1 antibody. Our data demonstrate that initial trypsinogen activation is independent of neutrophils, whereas later activation is dependent on neutrophils in the pancreas. Neutrophils are critical in mediating pancreatic and lung tissue damage in severe AP.
  • Abdulla, Aree, et al. (författare)
  • Role of platelets in experimental acute pancreatitis.
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: British Journal of Surgery. - : John Wiley and Sons Inc.. - 1365-2168. ; 98, s. 93-103
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND:: Platelets not only control thrombosis and haemostasis but may also regulate inflammatory processes. Acute pancreatitis (AP) is characterized by changes in both coagulation and proinflammatory activities. The role of platelets in AP is not yet known. METHODS:: AP was induced in C57BL/6 mice by repeated caerulein administration (50 µg/kg intraperitoneally). Mice received a platelet-depleting or control antibody before caerulein challenge. Neutrophil infiltration, myeloperoxidase (MPO) and macrophage inflammatory protein (MIP) 2 levels, acinar cell necrosis and haemorrhage in the pancreas, as well as serum amylase activity, were determined 24 h after caerulein injection. In an alternative model of pancreatitis, L-arginine (4 g/kg intraperitoneally) was given twice with an interval of 1 h and tissue samples were taken after 72 h [Correction added after online publication 29 September 2010: in the preceding sentence, 4 mg/kg was corrected to 4 g/kg]. RESULTS:: Caerulein administration increased acinar cell necrosis, neutrophil infiltration, focal haemorrhage and serum amylase levels. Platelet depletion reduced acinar cell necrosis, haemorrhage and serum amylase levels in AP. Depletion of platelets decreased caerulein-induced MPO levels and neutrophil recruitment in the pancreas. Platelet depletion abolished caerulein-induced MIP-2 generation in the pancreas and circulation. The effects of platelet depletion on necrosis, neutrophils and MPO levels were confirmed in L-arginine-induced pancreatitis. CONCLUSION:: Platelets play a crucial role in AP by regulating neutrophil infiltration, most likely mediated by MIP-2 production in the pancreas. Copyright © 2010 British Journal of Surgery Society Ltd. Published by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
  • Al-Haidari, Amr A., et al. (författare)
  • MiR-155-5p positively regulates CCL17-induced colon cancer cell migration by targeting RhoA
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Oncotarget. - : Impact Journals, LLC. - 1949-2553. ; 8:9, s. 14887-14896
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Colorectal cancer is the second most common cause of cancer-related death, which is due to migration of tumor cells to distant sites of metastasis. Accumulating data indicate that mciroRNAs play an important role in several aspects of colon cancer cell biology. Herein, we examined the role of miR-155-5p in colon cancer cell migration induced by the CCL17-CCR4 axis in HT-29 colon cancer cells. We found that miR-155-5p knockdown in serum starved colon cancer cells decreased CCL17-induced cell chemotaxis. Moreover, knocking down miR-155-5p markedly decreased CCL17-provoked activation of RhoA in colon cancer cells. Bioinformatics analysis predicted two putative binding sites in the AU-rich element at the 3'-UTR of RhoA mRNA. MiR-155-5p binding to RhoA mRNA was verified using a target site blocker and functionally validated by RNA immunoprecipitation assays, showing that miR-155-5p-dependent regulation of RhoA mRNA is mediated by AU-rich elements present in the 3'-UTR region. Taken together, these results show that miR-155-5p positively regulates RhoA mRNA levels and translation as well as cell migration in serum starved colon cancer cells and indicate that targeting miR-155-5p might be a useful strategy to antagonize colon cancer metastasis.
  • Al-Haidari, Amr A., et al. (författare)
  • Neutrophil extracellular traps promote peritoneal metastasis of colon cancer cells
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Oncotarget. - : Impact Journals, LLC. - 1949-2553. ; 10:12, s. 1238-1249
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Cytoreductive surgery is the only curative option for patients with peritoneal carcinomatosis, however, intraperitoneal recurrence rate is high making new ways to prevent cancer recurrence an urgent need. Recent evidence suggests that neutrophils are involved in cancer progression. The purpose of our study was to examine the role of neutrophils in the spread of colon cancer cells in the peritoneal cavity. The number of metastatic noduli in the peritoneal cavity was quantified in mice injected with murine colon cancer cells (CT-26) intraperitoneally after surgical laparotomy and treated with a neutrophil depleting antibody or DNase I. In addition, peritoneal metastases were harvested from patients with peritoneal carcinomatosis. Scanning and transmission electron microscopy showed extensive neutrophil extracellular trap (NET) formation in peritoneal colon cancer metastases in mice and patients. Neutrophil depletion markedly reduced the number of metastases in laparotomised animals. Administration of DNase I decreased the number of metastatic nodules by 88% in laparotomised animals as well as NET-induced chemokinedependent colon cancer cell migration and adhesion in vitro. Finally, CT-26 cancer cells were found to express the avβ3 integrin and inhibition of av integrin abolished NET-induced adhesion of colon cancer cells to vitronectin. Taken together, our data show that NETs play an important role in colon cancer cell metastasis in the peritoneal cavity and regulate colon cancer cell migration and adhesion to extracellular matrix proteins. These novel findings suggest that targeting NETs might be an effective strategy to antagonize intrabdominal recurrences of colon cancer after cytoreductive surgery in patients with peritoneal carcinomatosis.
  • Al-Haidari, Amr, et al. (författare)
  • CCR4 mediates CCL17 (TARC)-induced migration of human colon cancer cells via RhoA/Rho-kinase signaling.
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: International Journal of Colorectal Disease. - : Springer. - 1432-1262. ; 28:11, s. 1479-1487
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: Accumulating data suggest a role of chemokines in tumor cell metastasis. CCR4 has been implicated in hematologic malignancies and recently also in solid tumors. Herein, we hypothesized that CCR4 might be expressed and support migration of colon cancer cells. METHODS: We used quantitative RT-PCR and flow cytometry to determine mRNA and surface expression of CCR4 on colon cancer cell lines (HT-29) and (AZ-97). Total RhoA and active RhoA protein levels in CCL17-stimulated colon cancer cells were quantified using ELISA and G-LISA assays. Migration assays were performed to evaluate colon cancer cells chemotaxis. In vitro tumor growth was assessed using proliferation assay. RESULTS: Our results show clear-cut mRNA levels and surface expression of CCR4 on a colon cancer cell line (HT-29) and on tumor cells (AZ-97). CCR4 ligand CCL17 (TARC) was a potent stimulator of colon cancer cell migration. This CCL17-induced colon cancer cell migration was inhibited by pre-incubation of the colon cancer cells with an antibody directed against CCR4 or an antagonist against CCR4. CCL17-induced signaling in colon cancer cells revealed that CCL17 increased mRNA formation of RhoA-C in colon cancer cells. Our results also found that CCL17 increased total RhoA and active RhoA protein levels in colon cancer cells. The Rho-kinase inhibitor Y-27632 abolished CCL17-induced colon cancer cell chemotaxis. In addition, inhibition of isoprenylation by GGTI-2133 markedly reduced colon cancer cell migration triggered by CCL17. CONCLUSIONS: Our novel data indicate for the first time that the CCL17-CCR4 axis might be involved in the spread of colon cancer cells.
  • Al-Haidari, Amr, et al. (författare)
  • MiR-155-5p controls colon cancer cell migration via post-transcriptional regulation of Human Antigen R (HuR)
  • Ingår i: Cancer Letters. - : Elsevier. - 0304-3835. ; 421, s. 145-151
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the third most common cancer and a significant cause of cancer-related deaths worldwide. Metastasis is the worst prognostic factor for patients with CRC. HuR (ELAVL1) is overexpressed in CRC and has been reported to promote colon cancer growth by targeting RNA in the cell cytoplasm. Herein, the role of miR-155-5p in regulating HuR expression and cell migration was examined in colon cancer cells. MiR-155-5p knockdown in serum-starved colon cancer cells decreased both colon cancer cell chemotaxis and cytoplasmic expression of HuR. Bioinformatics analysis predicted two putative binding sites in the AU-rich elements (AREs) at the 3′-UTR of HuR mRNA. MiR-155-5p binding to HuR was verified using specific target site blockers and functionally validated by use of RNA immunoprecipitation assays, showing that miR-155-5p-dependent regulation of HuR expression is mediated by AREs. Targeting AREs with a specific blocker inhibited colon cancer cell migration. Taken together, these novel findings demonstrate that AREs mediate miR-155-5p positive regulation of HuR mRNA levels and translation as well as migration in colon cancer cells, suggesting that targeting miR-155-5p and/or Hur might be useful therapeutic strategies against colon cancer metastasis.
  • Algaber, Anwar, et al. (författare)
  • MicroRNA-340-5p inhibits colon cancer cell migration via targeting of RhoA
  • Ingår i: Scientific Reports. - : Nature Publishing Group. - 2045-2322. ; 10:1, s. 16934-16934
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Colon cancer is the third most common cancer and a significant cause of cancer-related deaths worldwide. Metastasis is the most insidious aspect of cancer progression. Convincing data suggest that microRNAs (miRs) play a key function in colon cancer biology. We examined the role of miR-340-5p in regulating RhoA expression as well as cell migration and invasion in colon cancer cells. Levels of miR-340-5p and RhoA mRNA varied inversely in serum-free and serum-grown HT-29 and AZ-97 colon cancer cells. It was found transfection with miR-340-5p not only decreased expression of RhoA mRNA and protein levels in HT-29 cells but also reduced colon cancer cell migration and invasion. Bioinformatics analysis predicted one putative binding sites at the 3'-UTR of RhoA mRNA. Targeting this binding site with a specific blocker reversed mimic miR-340-5p-induced inhibition of RhoA activation and colon cancer cell migration and invasion. These novel results suggest that miR-340-5p is an important regulator of colon cancer cell motility via targeting of RhoA and further experiments are warranted to evaluate the role of miR-340-5p in colon cancer metastasis.
  • Asaduzzaman, Muhammad, et al. (författare)
  • Critical role of p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase signaling in septic lung injury.
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Critical Care Medicine. - : Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. - 1530-0293. ; 36:2, s. 482-488
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • OBJECTIVE: Leukocyte-mediated tissue damage is a key feature in septic lung injury, although the signaling mechanisms behind pulmonary recruitment of leukocytes remain elusive. The aim of the present study was to define the role of p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling in septic lung injury. DESIGN: Prospective experimental study. SETTING: University hospital research unit. SUBJECTS: Male C57BL/6 mice. INTERVENTIONS: Pulmonary edema, bronchoalveolar infiltration of leukocytes, levels of myeloperoxidase, and CXC chemokines were determined 6 and 24 hrs after cecal ligation and puncture (CLP). The specific p38 MAPK inhibitors SB 239063 and SKF 86002 were given immediately before CLP induction. Phosphorylation and activity of p38 MAPK were determined by immunoprecipitation and Western blot. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: CLP induced clear-cut pulmonary damage characterized by edema formation, leukocyte infiltration, and increased levels of CXC chemokines in the lung. Moreover, CLP increased phosphorylation and activity of p38 MAPK in the lung, which was markedly inhibited by SB 239063. Interestingly, inhibition of p38 MAPK signaling protected against CLP-induced lung damage and edema. Indeed, both SB 239063 and SKF 86002 decreased CLP-induced leukocyte recruitment in the bronchoalveolar space and formation of CXC chemokines in the lung. CONCLUSIONS: Our data demonstrate that p38 MAPK signaling constitutes a key role in regulating CXC chemokine production in septic lung injury and that inhibition of p38 MAPK activity abolishes pulmonary infiltration of leukocytes as well as lung edema. These novel findings suggest that targeting the p38 MAPK signaling pathway may pave the way for a new therapeutic strategy against lung injury in polymicrobial sepsis.
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