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  • Al-Haidari, Amr A., et al. (författare)
  • Neutrophil extracellular traps promote peritoneal metastasis of colon cancer cells
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Oncotarget. - Impact Journals, LLC. - 1949-2553. ; 10:12, s. 1238-1249
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Cytoreductive surgery is the only curative option for patients with peritoneal carcinomatosis, however, intraperitoneal recurrence rate is high making new ways to prevent cancer recurrence an urgent need. Recent evidence suggests that neutrophils are involved in cancer progression. The purpose of our study was to examine the role of neutrophils in the spread of colon cancer cells in the peritoneal cavity. The number of metastatic noduli in the peritoneal cavity was quantified in mice injected with murine colon cancer cells (CT-26) intraperitoneally after surgical laparotomy and treated with a neutrophil depleting antibody or DNase I. In addition, peritoneal metastases were harvested from patients with peritoneal carcinomatosis. Scanning and transmission electron microscopy showed extensive neutrophil extracellular trap (NET) formation in peritoneal colon cancer metastases in mice and patients. Neutrophil depletion markedly reduced the number of metastases in laparotomised animals. Administration of DNase I decreased the number of metastatic nodules by 88% in laparotomised animals as well as NET-induced chemokinedependent colon cancer cell migration and adhesion in vitro. Finally, CT-26 cancer cells were found to express the avβ3 integrin and inhibition of av integrin abolished NET-induced adhesion of colon cancer cells to vitronectin. Taken together, our data show that NETs play an important role in colon cancer cell metastasis in the peritoneal cavity and regulate colon cancer cell migration and adhesion to extracellular matrix proteins. These novel findings suggest that targeting NETs might be an effective strategy to antagonize intrabdominal recurrences of colon cancer after cytoreductive surgery in patients with peritoneal carcinomatosis.
  • Al-Haidari, Amr, et al. (författare)
  • CCR4 mediates CCL17 (TARC)-induced migration of human colon cancer cells via RhoA/Rho-kinase signaling.
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: International Journal of Colorectal Disease. - Springer. - 1432-1262. ; 28:11, s. 1479-1487
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: Accumulating data suggest a role of chemokines in tumor cell metastasis. CCR4 has been implicated in hematologic malignancies and recently also in solid tumors. Herein, we hypothesized that CCR4 might be expressed and support migration of colon cancer cells. METHODS: We used quantitative RT-PCR and flow cytometry to determine mRNA and surface expression of CCR4 on colon cancer cell lines (HT-29) and (AZ-97). Total RhoA and active RhoA protein levels in CCL17-stimulated colon cancer cells were quantified using ELISA and G-LISA assays. Migration assays were performed to evaluate colon cancer cells chemotaxis. In vitro tumor growth was assessed using proliferation assay. RESULTS: Our results show clear-cut mRNA levels and surface expression of CCR4 on a colon cancer cell line (HT-29) and on tumor cells (AZ-97). CCR4 ligand CCL17 (TARC) was a potent stimulator of colon cancer cell migration. This CCL17-induced colon cancer cell migration was inhibited by pre-incubation of the colon cancer cells with an antibody directed against CCR4 or an antagonist against CCR4. CCL17-induced signaling in colon cancer cells revealed that CCL17 increased mRNA formation of RhoA-C in colon cancer cells. Our results also found that CCL17 increased total RhoA and active RhoA protein levels in colon cancer cells. The Rho-kinase inhibitor Y-27632 abolished CCL17-induced colon cancer cell chemotaxis. In addition, inhibition of isoprenylation by GGTI-2133 markedly reduced colon cancer cell migration triggered by CCL17. CONCLUSIONS: Our novel data indicate for the first time that the CCL17-CCR4 axis might be involved in the spread of colon cancer cells.
  • Al-Haidari, Amr, et al. (författare)
  • MiR-155-5p controls colon cancer cell migration via post-transcriptional regulation of Human Antigen R (HuR)
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Cancer Letters. - Elsevier. - 0304-3835. ; 421, s. 145-151
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the third most common cancer and a significant cause of cancer-related deaths worldwide. Metastasis is the worst prognostic factor for patients with CRC. HuR (ELAVL1) is overexpressed in CRC and has been reported to promote colon cancer growth by targeting RNA in the cell cytoplasm. Herein, the role of miR-155-5p in regulating HuR expression and cell migration was examined in colon cancer cells. MiR-155-5p knockdown in serum-starved colon cancer cells decreased both colon cancer cell chemotaxis and cytoplasmic expression of HuR. Bioinformatics analysis predicted two putative binding sites in the AU-rich elements (AREs) at the 3′-UTR of HuR mRNA. MiR-155-5p binding to HuR was verified using specific target site blockers and functionally validated by use of RNA immunoprecipitation assays, showing that miR-155-5p-dependent regulation of HuR expression is mediated by AREs. Targeting AREs with a specific blocker inhibited colon cancer cell migration. Taken together, these novel findings demonstrate that AREs mediate miR-155-5p positive regulation of HuR mRNA levels and translation as well as migration in colon cancer cells, suggesting that targeting miR-155-5p and/or Hur might be useful therapeutic strategies against colon cancer metastasis.
  • Asaduzzaman, Muhammad, et al. (författare)
  • Critical role of p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase signaling in septic lung injury.
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Critical Care Medicine. - Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. - 1530-0293. ; 36:2, s. 482-488
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • OBJECTIVE: Leukocyte-mediated tissue damage is a key feature in septic lung injury, although the signaling mechanisms behind pulmonary recruitment of leukocytes remain elusive. The aim of the present study was to define the role of p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling in septic lung injury. DESIGN: Prospective experimental study. SETTING: University hospital research unit. SUBJECTS: Male C57BL/6 mice. INTERVENTIONS: Pulmonary edema, bronchoalveolar infiltration of leukocytes, levels of myeloperoxidase, and CXC chemokines were determined 6 and 24 hrs after cecal ligation and puncture (CLP). The specific p38 MAPK inhibitors SB 239063 and SKF 86002 were given immediately before CLP induction. Phosphorylation and activity of p38 MAPK were determined by immunoprecipitation and Western blot. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: CLP induced clear-cut pulmonary damage characterized by edema formation, leukocyte infiltration, and increased levels of CXC chemokines in the lung. Moreover, CLP increased phosphorylation and activity of p38 MAPK in the lung, which was markedly inhibited by SB 239063. Interestingly, inhibition of p38 MAPK signaling protected against CLP-induced lung damage and edema. Indeed, both SB 239063 and SKF 86002 decreased CLP-induced leukocyte recruitment in the bronchoalveolar space and formation of CXC chemokines in the lung. CONCLUSIONS: Our data demonstrate that p38 MAPK signaling constitutes a key role in regulating CXC chemokine production in septic lung injury and that inhibition of p38 MAPK activity abolishes pulmonary infiltration of leukocytes as well as lung edema. These novel findings suggest that targeting the p38 MAPK signaling pathway may pave the way for a new therapeutic strategy against lung injury in polymicrobial sepsis.
  • Asaduzzaman, Muhammad, et al. (författare)
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Shock. - Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. - 1540-0514. ; 30, s. 254-259
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Neutrophil-mediated lung damage is an insidious feature in septic patients, although the adhesive mechanisms behind pulmonary recruitment of neutrophils in polymicrobial sepsis remain elusive. The aim of the present study was to define the role of lymphocyte function-antigen 1 (LFA-1) and membrane-activated complex 1 (Mac-1) in septic lung injury. Pulmonary edema, bronchoalveolar infiltration of neutrophils, levels of myeloperoxidase, and CXC chemokines were determined after cecal ligation and puncture (CLP). Mice were treated with monoclonal antibodies directed against LFA-1 and Mac-1 before CLP induction. Cecal ligation and puncture induced clear-cut pulmonary damage characterized by edema formation, neutrophil infiltration, and increased levels of CXC chemokines in the lung. Notably, immunoneutralization of LFA-1 or Mac-1 decreased CLP-induced neutrophil recruitment in the bronchoalveolar space by more than 64%. Moreover, functional inhibition of LFA-1 and Mac-1 abolished CLP-induced lung damage and edema. However, formation of CXC chemokines in the lung was intact in mice pretreated with the anti-LFA-1 and anti-Mac-1 antibodies. Our data demonstrate that both LFA-1 and Mac-1 regulate pulmonary infiltration of neutrophils and lung edema associated with abdominal sepsis. Thus, these novel findings suggest that LFA-1 or Mac-1 may serve as targets to protect against lung injury in polymicrobial sepsis.
  • Aurin, Johanna, et al. (författare)
  • Age at first childbirth and breast cancer survival : A prospective cohort study
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: BMC Research Notes. - BioMed Central. - 1756-0500. ; 13:1
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objective: Late age at first childbirth is a well-established risk factor for breast cancer. Previous studies have, however, shown conflicting results to whether late age at first childbirth also influences the prognosis of breast cancer survival. The aim of this study was to examine age at first birth in relation to survival after breast cancer diagnosis. Results: We used information from the Malmö Diet and Cancer study. At baseline 17,035 women were included. All women were followed from the year they developed breast cancer until they either died or until the end of follow-up. All women were asked how many children they had given birth to and were then divided into different groups, ≤ 20, > 20 to ≤ 25, > 25 to ≤ 30 and > 30. Nulliparous women form a separate group. Survival analyses were then performed using Cox proportional hazard survival analysis. Women in all age groups had a lower risk of breast cancer specific death as compared to the reference group ≤ 20, however non-significantly. Nulliparous women had a higher risk of breast cancer specific death as compared to the same reference group, however these results were not statistically significant. We could not see any negative effect of late first childbirth on breast cancer specific survival.
  • Awla, Darbaz, et al. (författare)
  • Lymphocyte function antigen-1 regulates neutrophil recruitment and tissue damage in acute pancreatitis.
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: British Journal of Pharmacology. - The British Pharmacological Society. - 1476-5381. ; 163, s. 413-423
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background and purpose: Leucocyte infiltration is a rate-limiting step in the pathophysiology of acute pancreatitis (AP) although the adhesive mechanisms supporting leucocyte-endothelium interactions in the pancreas remain elusive. The aim of this study was to define the role of lymphocyte function antigen-1 (LFA-1) in regulating neutrophil-endothelium interactions and tissue damage in severe AP. Experimental approach: Pancreatitis was induced by retrograde infusion of sodium taurocholate into the pancreatic duct in mice. LFA-1 gene-targeted mice and an antibody directed against LFA-1 were used to define the role of LFA-1. Key results: Taurocholate challenge caused a clear-cut increase in serum amylase, neutrophil infiltration, CXCL2 (macrophage inflammatory protein-2) formation, trypsinogen activation and tissue damage in the pancreas. Inhibition of LFA-1 function markedly reduced taurocholate-induced amylase levels, accumulation of neutrophils, production of CXC chemokines and tissue damage in the pancreas. Notably, intravital microscopy revealed that inhibition of LFA-1 abolished taurocholate-induced leucocyte adhesion in postcapillray venules of the pancreas. In addition, pulmonary infiltration of neutrophils was attenuated by inhibition of LFA-1 in mice challenged with taurocholate. However, interference with LFA-1 had no effect on taurocholate-induced activation of trypsinogen in the pancreas. Conclusions and Implications: Our novel data suggest that LFA-1 plays a key role in regulating neutrophil recruitment, CXCL2 formation and tissue injury in the pancreas. Moreover, these results suggest that LFA-1-mediated inflammation is a downstream component of trypsinogen activation in the pathophysiology of AP. Thus, we conclude that targeting LFA-1 may be a useful approach to protect against pathological inflammation in the pancreas.
  • Awla, Darbaz, et al. (författare)
  • Neutrophil-derived matrix metalloproteinase-9 is a potent activator of trypsinogen in acinar cells in acute pancreatitis.
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Journal of Leukocyte Biology. - John Wiley and Sons Ltd. - 1938-3673. ; 91, s. 711-719
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • MMPs are generally considered to regulate degradation and remodeling of the ECM. Convincing data also implicate a role for MMPs in inflammatory conditions, such as AP, although the mechanisms are not known. The aim of this study was to define the role of MMPs in regulating activation of trypsinogen and tissue damage in AP, which was induced by infusion of taurocholate into the pancreatic duct in mice. A broad-spectrum MMP inhibitor (BB-94) and MMP-9 gene-deficient mice were used. Neutrophil secretions and rMMP-9 were used to stimulate trypsinogen activation in isolated acinar cells. Taurocholate challenge increased serum amylase, neutrophil infiltration, MIP-2 (CXCL2) formation, trypsinogen activation, and tissue damage in the pancreas. Treatment with the broad-spectrum inhibitor of MMPs, BB-94, markedly reduced activation of trypsinogen, levels of CXCL2, infiltration of neutrophils, and tissue damage in AP. Taurocholate challenge increased serum levels of MMP-9 but not MMP-2. Taurocholate-induced amylase levels, neutrophil accumulation, production of CXCL2, trypsinogen activation, and tissue damage in the pancreas were abolished in MMP-9-deficient mice. Moreover, secretions from activated neutrophils isolated from WT but not from MMP-9-deficient animals stimulated trypsinogen activation in acinar cells. Notably, rMMP-9 greatly enhanced activation of trypsinogen in acinar cells. These findings demonstrate that neutrophil-derived MMP-9 is a potent activator of trypsinogen in acinar cells and regulates pathological inflammation and tissue damage in AP.
  • Awla, Darbaz, et al. (författare)
  • NFATc3 Regulates Trypsinogen Activation, Neutrophil Recruitment, and Tissue Damage in Acute Pancreatitis in Mice.
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Gastroenterology. - Elsevier. - 1528-0012. ; 143:5, s. 1352-1352
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND & AIMS: The signaling mechanisms that regulate trypsinogen activation and inflammation in acute pancreatitis (AP) are unclear. We explored the involvement of the calcium- and calcineurin-dependent transcription factor nuclear factor of activated T-cells (NFAT) in development of AP in mice. METHODS: We measured levels of myeloperoxidase and macrophage inflammatory protein-2 (CXCL2), trypsinogen activation, and tissue damage in the pancreas 24 h after induction of AP by retrograde infusion of taurocholate into the pancreatic ducts of wild-type, NFAT luciferase reporter (NFAT-luc), and NFATc3-deficient mice. We isolated acinar cells and measured NFAT nuclear accumulation, trypsin activity, and expression of NFAT-regulated genes. RESULTS: Infusion of taurocholate increased the transcriptional activity of NFAT in the pancreas, aorta, lung, and spleen of NFAT-luc mice. Inhibition of NFAT with A-285222 blocked taurocholate-induced activation of NFAT in all organs. A-285222 also reduced taurocholate-induced increases in levels of amylase, myeloperoxidase and CXCL2; activation of trypsinogen; necrosis of acinar cells; edema; leukocyte infiltration; and hemorrhage in the pancreas. NFATc3-deficient mice were protected from these effects of taurocholate. Similar results were obtained using an L-arginine-induced model of AP. Reverse transcriptase PCR and confocal immunofluorescence analyses showed that NFATc3 is expressed by acinar cells. NFATc3 expression was activated by stimuli that increase intracellular calcium; activation was prevented by the calcineurin blocker cyclosporine A or A-285222. Activation of trypsinogen by secretagogues in acinar cells was prevented by pharmacologic inhibition of NFAT signaling or lack of NFATc3. A-285222 also reduced expression of inflammatory cytokines such as CXCL2 in acinar cells. CONCLUSIONS: NFATc3 regulates trypsinogen activation, inflammation, and pancreatic tissue damage during development of AP in mice, and might be a therapeutic target.
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