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21.
  • Asaduzzaman, Muhammad, et al. (författare)
  • LFA-1 AND MAC-1 MEDIATE PULMONARY RECRUITMENT OF NEUTROPHILS AND TISSUE DAMAGE IN ABDOMINAL SEPSIS.
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Shock. - : Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. - 1540-0514. ; 30, s. 254-259
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Neutrophil-mediated lung damage is an insidious feature in septic patients, although the adhesive mechanisms behind pulmonary recruitment of neutrophils in polymicrobial sepsis remain elusive. The aim of the present study was to define the role of lymphocyte function-antigen 1 (LFA-1) and membrane-activated complex 1 (Mac-1) in septic lung injury. Pulmonary edema, bronchoalveolar infiltration of neutrophils, levels of myeloperoxidase, and CXC chemokines were determined after cecal ligation and puncture (CLP). Mice were treated with monoclonal antibodies directed against LFA-1 and Mac-1 before CLP induction. Cecal ligation and puncture induced clear-cut pulmonary damage characterized by edema formation, neutrophil infiltration, and increased levels of CXC chemokines in the lung. Notably, immunoneutralization of LFA-1 or Mac-1 decreased CLP-induced neutrophil recruitment in the bronchoalveolar space by more than 64%. Moreover, functional inhibition of LFA-1 and Mac-1 abolished CLP-induced lung damage and edema. However, formation of CXC chemokines in the lung was intact in mice pretreated with the anti-LFA-1 and anti-Mac-1 antibodies. Our data demonstrate that both LFA-1 and Mac-1 regulate pulmonary infiltration of neutrophils and lung edema associated with abdominal sepsis. Thus, these novel findings suggest that LFA-1 or Mac-1 may serve as targets to protect against lung injury in polymicrobial sepsis.
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22.
  • Aurin, Johanna, et al. (författare)
  • Age at first childbirth and breast cancer survival : A prospective cohort study
  • Ingår i: BMC Research Notes. - : BioMed Central (BMC). - 1756-0500. ; 13:1
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objective: Late age at first childbirth is a well-established risk factor for breast cancer. Previous studies have, however, shown conflicting results to whether late age at first childbirth also influences the prognosis of breast cancer survival. The aim of this study was to examine age at first birth in relation to survival after breast cancer diagnosis. Results: We used information from the Malmö Diet and Cancer study. At baseline 17,035 women were included. All women were followed from the year they developed breast cancer until they either died or until the end of follow-up. All women were asked how many children they had given birth to and were then divided into different groups, ≤ 20, > 20 to ≤ 25, > 25 to ≤ 30 and > 30. Nulliparous women form a separate group. Survival analyses were then performed using Cox proportional hazard survival analysis. Women in all age groups had a lower risk of breast cancer specific death as compared to the reference group ≤ 20, however non-significantly. Nulliparous women had a higher risk of breast cancer specific death as compared to the same reference group, however these results were not statistically significant. We could not see any negative effect of late first childbirth on breast cancer specific survival.
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23.
  • Awla, Darbaz, et al. (författare)
  • Lymphocyte function antigen-1 regulates neutrophil recruitment and tissue damage in acute pancreatitis.
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: British Journal of Pharmacology. - : The British Pharmacological Society. - 1476-5381. ; 163, s. 413-423
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background and purpose: Leucocyte infiltration is a rate-limiting step in the pathophysiology of acute pancreatitis (AP) although the adhesive mechanisms supporting leucocyte-endothelium interactions in the pancreas remain elusive. The aim of this study was to define the role of lymphocyte function antigen-1 (LFA-1) in regulating neutrophil-endothelium interactions and tissue damage in severe AP. Experimental approach: Pancreatitis was induced by retrograde infusion of sodium taurocholate into the pancreatic duct in mice. LFA-1 gene-targeted mice and an antibody directed against LFA-1 were used to define the role of LFA-1. Key results: Taurocholate challenge caused a clear-cut increase in serum amylase, neutrophil infiltration, CXCL2 (macrophage inflammatory protein-2) formation, trypsinogen activation and tissue damage in the pancreas. Inhibition of LFA-1 function markedly reduced taurocholate-induced amylase levels, accumulation of neutrophils, production of CXC chemokines and tissue damage in the pancreas. Notably, intravital microscopy revealed that inhibition of LFA-1 abolished taurocholate-induced leucocyte adhesion in postcapillray venules of the pancreas. In addition, pulmonary infiltration of neutrophils was attenuated by inhibition of LFA-1 in mice challenged with taurocholate. However, interference with LFA-1 had no effect on taurocholate-induced activation of trypsinogen in the pancreas. Conclusions and Implications: Our novel data suggest that LFA-1 plays a key role in regulating neutrophil recruitment, CXCL2 formation and tissue injury in the pancreas. Moreover, these results suggest that LFA-1-mediated inflammation is a downstream component of trypsinogen activation in the pathophysiology of AP. Thus, we conclude that targeting LFA-1 may be a useful approach to protect against pathological inflammation in the pancreas.
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24.
  • Awla, Darbaz, et al. (författare)
  • Neutrophil-derived matrix metalloproteinase-9 is a potent activator of trypsinogen in acinar cells in acute pancreatitis.
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Journal of Leukocyte Biology. - : John Wiley and Sons Ltd. - 1938-3673. ; 91, s. 711-719
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • MMPs are generally considered to regulate degradation and remodeling of the ECM. Convincing data also implicate a role for MMPs in inflammatory conditions, such as AP, although the mechanisms are not known. The aim of this study was to define the role of MMPs in regulating activation of trypsinogen and tissue damage in AP, which was induced by infusion of taurocholate into the pancreatic duct in mice. A broad-spectrum MMP inhibitor (BB-94) and MMP-9 gene-deficient mice were used. Neutrophil secretions and rMMP-9 were used to stimulate trypsinogen activation in isolated acinar cells. Taurocholate challenge increased serum amylase, neutrophil infiltration, MIP-2 (CXCL2) formation, trypsinogen activation, and tissue damage in the pancreas. Treatment with the broad-spectrum inhibitor of MMPs, BB-94, markedly reduced activation of trypsinogen, levels of CXCL2, infiltration of neutrophils, and tissue damage in AP. Taurocholate challenge increased serum levels of MMP-9 but not MMP-2. Taurocholate-induced amylase levels, neutrophil accumulation, production of CXCL2, trypsinogen activation, and tissue damage in the pancreas were abolished in MMP-9-deficient mice. Moreover, secretions from activated neutrophils isolated from WT but not from MMP-9-deficient animals stimulated trypsinogen activation in acinar cells. Notably, rMMP-9 greatly enhanced activation of trypsinogen in acinar cells. These findings demonstrate that neutrophil-derived MMP-9 is a potent activator of trypsinogen in acinar cells and regulates pathological inflammation and tissue damage in AP.
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25.
  • Awla, Darbaz, et al. (författare)
  • NFATc3 Regulates Trypsinogen Activation, Neutrophil Recruitment, and Tissue Damage in Acute Pancreatitis in Mice.
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Gastroenterology. - : Elsevier. - 1528-0012. ; 143:5, s. 1352-1352
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND & AIMS: The signaling mechanisms that regulate trypsinogen activation and inflammation in acute pancreatitis (AP) are unclear. We explored the involvement of the calcium- and calcineurin-dependent transcription factor nuclear factor of activated T-cells (NFAT) in development of AP in mice. METHODS: We measured levels of myeloperoxidase and macrophage inflammatory protein-2 (CXCL2), trypsinogen activation, and tissue damage in the pancreas 24 h after induction of AP by retrograde infusion of taurocholate into the pancreatic ducts of wild-type, NFAT luciferase reporter (NFAT-luc), and NFATc3-deficient mice. We isolated acinar cells and measured NFAT nuclear accumulation, trypsin activity, and expression of NFAT-regulated genes. RESULTS: Infusion of taurocholate increased the transcriptional activity of NFAT in the pancreas, aorta, lung, and spleen of NFAT-luc mice. Inhibition of NFAT with A-285222 blocked taurocholate-induced activation of NFAT in all organs. A-285222 also reduced taurocholate-induced increases in levels of amylase, myeloperoxidase and CXCL2; activation of trypsinogen; necrosis of acinar cells; edema; leukocyte infiltration; and hemorrhage in the pancreas. NFATc3-deficient mice were protected from these effects of taurocholate. Similar results were obtained using an L-arginine-induced model of AP. Reverse transcriptase PCR and confocal immunofluorescence analyses showed that NFATc3 is expressed by acinar cells. NFATc3 expression was activated by stimuli that increase intracellular calcium; activation was prevented by the calcineurin blocker cyclosporine A or A-285222. Activation of trypsinogen by secretagogues in acinar cells was prevented by pharmacologic inhibition of NFAT signaling or lack of NFATc3. A-285222 also reduced expression of inflammatory cytokines such as CXCL2 in acinar cells. CONCLUSIONS: NFATc3 regulates trypsinogen activation, inflammation, and pancreatic tissue damage during development of AP in mice, and might be a therapeutic target.
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26.
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27.
  • Awla, Darbaz, et al. (författare)
  • Rho-kinase signalling regulates trypsinogen activation and tissue damage in severe acute pancreatitis.
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: British Journal of Pharmacology. - : The British Pharmacological Society. - 1476-5381. ; 162, s. 648-658
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background and purpose: Severe acute pancreatitis (SAP) is characterized by trypsinogen activation, infiltration of leucocytes and tissue necrosis but the intracellular signalling mechanisms regulating organ injury in the pancreas remain elusive. Rho-kinase is a potent regulator of specific cellular processes effecting several pro-inflammatory activities. Herein, we examined the role of Rho-kinase signalling in acute pancreatitis. Experimental approach: Pancreatitis was induced by infusion of taurocholate into the pancreatic duct in C57BL/6 mice. Animals were treated with a Rho-kinase inhibitor Y-27632 (0.5-5 mg kg(-1) ) before induction of pancreatitis. Key results: Taurocholate infusion caused a clear-cut increase in serum amylase, pancreatic neutrophil infiltration, acinar cell necrosis and oedema formation in the pancreas. Levels of pancreatic myeloperoxidase (MPO), macrophage inflammatory protein-2 (MIP-2), trypsinogen activation peptide (TAP) and lung MPO were significantly increased, indicating local and systemic disease. Inhibition of Rho-kinase activity dose-dependently protected against pancreatitis. For example, 5 mg kg(-1) Y-27632 reduced acinar cell necrosis, leucocyte infiltration and pancreatic oedema by 90%, 89% and 58% respectively as well as tissue levels of MPO by 75% and MIP-2 by 84%. Moreover, Rho-kinase inhibition decreased lung MPO by 75% and serum amylase by 83%. Pancreatitis-induced TAP levels were reduced by 61% in Y-27632-treated mice. Inhibition of Rho-kinase abolished secretagogue-induced activation of trypsinogen in pancreatic acinar cells in vitro. Conclusions and Implications: Our novel data suggest that Rho-kinase signalling plays an important role in acute pancreatitis by regulating trypsinogen activation and subsequent CXC chemokine formation, neutrophil infiltration and tissue injury. Thus, these results indicate that Rho-kinase may constitute a novel target in the management of SAP.
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28.
  • Awla, Darbaz, et al. (författare)
  • TLR4 but not TLR2 regulates inflammation and tissue damage in acute pancreatitis induced by retrograde infusion of taurocholate.
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: Inflammation Research. - : Birkhäuser Verlag. - 1420-908X. ; 60, s. 1093-1098
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • OBJECTIVE: Neutrophil infiltration is a key regulator in the pathophysiology of acute pancreatitis (AP), although the impact of Toll-like receptors (TLRs) in AP remains elusive. The aim of this study was to define the role of TLR2 and TLR4 in leukocyte recruitment and tissue damage in severe AP. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: AP was induced by retrograde infusion of sodium taurocholate into the pancreatic duct in wild-type, TLR2- and TLR4-deficient mice. Samples were collected 24 h after induction of AP. RESULTS: Taurocholate challenge caused a clear-cut pancreatic damage characterized by increased acinar cell necrosis, neutrophil infiltration, focal hemorrhage and edema formation, as well as increased levels of blood amylase and CXCL2 (macrophage inflammatory protein-2) in the pancreas and serum. Moreover, challenge with taurocholate increased activation of trypsinogen in the pancreas. Notably, TLR2 gene-deficient mice exhibited a similar phenotype to wild-type mice after challenge with taurocholate. In contrast, tissue damage, pancreatic and lung myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity, serum and pancreatic levels of CXCL2 as well as blood amylase were significantly reduced in TLR4-deficient mice exposed to taurocholate. However, taurocholate-induced activation of trypsinogen was intact in TLR4-deficient mice. CONCLUSION: Our data suggest a role for TLR4 but not TLR2 in the pathogenesis of severe AP in mice.
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29.
  • Braun, Oscar, et al. (författare)
  • Primary and secondary capture of platelets onto inflamed femoral artery endothelium is dependent on P-selectin and PSGL-1.
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: European Journal of Pharmacology. - : Elsevier. - 1879-0712. ; 592, s. 128-132
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Platelets constitute a key role in vascular injuries, however, the detailed mechanisms behind platelet-endothelial cell and platelet-leukocyte interactions in the femoral artery are not yet fully elucidated. We used intravital fluorescence microscopy of the femoral artery in C57BL/6 mice to study primary and secondary capture of platelets onto endothelial cells as well as onto adherent platelets and leukocytes in vivo. By use of monoclonal antibodies, the role of P-selectin and P-selectin glycoprotein ligand 1 (PSGL-1) in these adhesive interactions in mice exposed to endotoxin was determined. Intravenous injection of endotoxin significantly increased gene expression of P-selectin as well as platelet tethering, rolling and adhesion in the femoral artery. Pretreatment with the anti-PSGL-1 antibody decreased platelet tethering by 85%, platelet rolling by 88% and platelet adhesion by 96%. Immunoneutralization of P-selectin reduced platelet tethering by 91%, platelet rolling by 98%, and platelet adhesion by 97%. In addition, inhibition of P-selectin and PSGL-1 completely abolished secondary capture of platelets onto adherent platelets and leukocytes. Our data show that P-selectin and PSGL-1 mediate early interactions between platelets and other cells, including endothelial cells and leukocytes, in inflamed arteries. These novel results suggest that interference with P-selectin and PSGL-1 may be a useful target in strategies aiming to protect the vascular wall during arterial inflammation.
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30.
  • Changhui, Yu, et al. (författare)
  • Inhibition of Ras signalling reduces neutrophil infiltration and tissue damage in severe acute pancreatitis.
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: European Journal of Pharmacology. - : Elsevier. - 1879-0712. ; 746, s. 245-251
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Neutrophil recruitment is known to be a rate-limiting step in mediating tissue injury in severe acute pancreatitis (AP). However, the signalling mechanisms controlling inflammation and organ damage in AP remain elusive. Herein, we examined the role of Ras signalling in AP. Male C57BL/6 mice were treated with a Ras inhibitor (farnesylthiosalicylic acid, FTS) before infusion of taurocholate into the pancreatic duct. Pancreatic and lung tissues as well as blood were collected 24h after pancreatitis induction. Pretreatment with FTS decreased serum amylase levels by 82% and significantly attenuated acinar cell necrosis, tissue haemorrhage and oedema formation in taurocholate-induced pancreatitis. Inhibition of Ras signalling reduced myeloperoxidase (MPO) levels in the inflamed pancreas by 42%. In addition, administration of FTS decreased pancreatic levels of CXC chemokines as well as circulating levels of interleukin-6 and high-mobility group box 1 in animals exposed to taurocholate. Moreover, treatment with FTS reduced taurocholate-induced MPO levels in the lung. Inhibition of Ras signalling had no effect on neutrophil expression of Mac-1 in mice with pancreatitis. Moreover, FTS had no direct impact on trypsin activation in isolated pancreatic acinar cells. These results indicate that Ras signalling controls CXC chemokine formation, neutrophil recruitment and tissue injury in severe AP. Thus, our findings highlight a new signalling mechanism regulating neutrophil recruitment in the pancreas and suggest that inhibition of Ras signalling might be a useful strategy to attenuate local and systemic inflammation in severe AP.
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