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  • Hartman Magnusson, Hannes, et al. (författare)
  • P-selectin mediates neutrophil rolling and recruitment in acute pancreatitis.
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: British Journal of Surgery. - John Wiley and Sons Inc.. - 1365-2168. ; 99, s. 246-255
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: The adhesive mechanisms regulating leucocyte-endothelium interactions in the pancreas remain elusive, but selectins may play a role. This study examined the molecular mechanisms mediating leucocyte rolling along the endothelium in the pancreas and the therapeutic potential of targeting the rolling adhesive interaction in acute pancreatitis (AP). METHODS: Pancreatitis was induced by retrograde infusion of 5 per cent sodium taurocholate into the pancreatic duct, repeated intraperitoneal administration of caerulein (50 µg/kg) or intraperitoneal administration of L-arginine (4 g/kg) in C57BL/6 mice. A control and a monoclonal antibody against P-selectin were administered before and after induction of AP. Serum and tissue were sampled to assess the severity of pancreatitis, and intravital microscopy was used to study leucocyte rolling. RESULTS: Taurocholate infusion into the pancreatic duct increased the serum level of trypsinogen, trypsinogen activation, pancreatic neutrophil infiltration, macrophage inflammatory protein (MIP) 2 formation and tissue damage. Immunoneutralization of P-selectin decreased the taurocholate-induced increase in serum trypsinogen (median (range) 17·35 (12·20-30·00) versus 1·55 (0·60-15·70) µg/l; P = 0·017), neutrophil accumulation (4·00 (0·75-4·00) versus 0·63 (0-3·25); P = 0·002) and tissue damage, but had no effect on MIP-2 production (14·08 (1·68-33·38) versus 3·70 (0·55-51·80) pg/mg; P = 0·195) or serum trypsinogen activating peptide level (1·10 (0·60-1·60) versus 0·45 (0-1·80) µg/l; P = 0·069). Intravital fluorescence microscopy revealed that anti-P-selectin antibody inhibited leucocyte rolling completely in postcapillary venules of the inflamed pancreas. CONCLUSION: Inhibition of P-selectin protected against pancreatic tissue injury in experimental pancreatitis. Targeting P-selectin may be an effective strategy to ameliorate inflammation in AP. Copyright © 2011 British Journal of Surgery Society Ltd. Published by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
  • Hasan, Zirak, et al. (författare)
  • Geranylgeranyl transferase regulates CXC chemokine formation in alveolar macrophages and neutrophil recruitment in septic lung injury
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: American Journal of Physiology: Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology. - American Physiological Society. - 1522-1504. ; 304:4, s. 221-229
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Hasan Z, Rahman M, Palani K, Syk I, Jeppsson B, Thorlacius H. Geranylgeranyl transferase regulates CXC chemokine formation in alveolar macrophages and neutrophil recruitment in septic lung injury. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol 304: L221-L229, 2013. First published December 14, 2012; doi:10.1152/ajplung.00199.2012.-Overwhelming accumulation of neutrophils is a significant component in septic lung damage, although the signaling mechanisms behind neutrophil infiltration in the lung remain elusive. In the present study, we hypothesized that geranylgeranylation might regulate the inflammatory response in abdominal sepsis. Male C57BL/6 mice received the geranylgeranyl transferase inhibitor, GGTI-2133, before cecal ligation and puncture (CLP). Bronchoalveolar lavage fluid and lung tissue were harvested for analysis of neutrophil infiltration, as well as edema and CXC chemokine formation. Blood was collected for analysis of Mac-1 on neutrophils and CD40L on platelets. Gene expression of CXC chemokines, tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), and CCL2 chemokine was determined by quantitative RT-PCR in isolated alveolar macrophages. Administration of GGTI-2133 markedly decreased CLP-induced infiltration of neutrophils, edema, and tissue injury in the lung. CLP triggered clear-cut upregulation of Mac-1 on neutrophils. Inhibition of geranylgeranyl transferase reduced CLP-evoked upregulation of Mac-1 on neutrophils in vivo but had no effect on chemokine-induced expression of Mac-1 on isolated neutrophils in vitro. Notably, GGTI-2133 abolished CLP-induced formation of CXC chemokines, TNF-alpha, and CCL2 in alveolar macrophages in the lung. Geranylgeranyl transferase inhibition had no effect on sepsis-induced platelet shedding of CD40L. In addition, inhibition of geranylgeranyl transferase markedly decreased CXC chemokine-triggered neutrophil chemotaxis in vitro. Taken together, our findings suggest that geranylgeranyl transferase is an important regulator of CXC chemokine production and neutrophil recruitment in the lung. We conclude that inhibition of geranylgeranyl transferase might be a potent way to attenuate acute lung injury in abdominal sepsis.
  • Hasan, Zirak, et al. (författare)
  • Rho-kinase regulates induction of T-cell immune dysfunction in abdominal sepsis.
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Infection and Immunity. - American Society for Microbiology. - 1098-5522. ; 81:7, s. 2499-2506
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • T-cell dysfunction increases susceptibility to infections in patients with sepsis. In the present study, we hypothesized that Rho-kinase signaling might regulate induction of T-cell dysfunction in abdominal sepsis. Male C57BL/6 mice were treated with the specific Rho-kinase inhibitor Y-27632 (5 mg/kg) prior to cecal ligation and puncture (CLP). Spleen CD4 T-cell apoptosis, proliferation and regulatory T-cells (CD4(+)CD25(+)Foxp3(+)) were determined by flow cytometry. Formation of IFN-γ and IL-4 in the spleen and plasma levels of HMBG1 and IL-6 were quantified by use of ELISA. It was found that CLP evoked apoptosis and decreased proliferation in splenic CD4 T-cells. Inhibition of Rho-kinase activity decreased apoptosis and enhanced proliferation of CD4 T-cells in septic animals. In addition, CLP-evoked induction of regulatory T-cells in the spleen was abolished by Rho-kinase inhibition. CLP reduced the levels of IFN-γ and IL-4 in the spleen. Pretreatment with Y-27632 inhibited the sepsis-induced decrease in IFN-γ but not IL-4 formation in the spleen. CLP increased plasma levels of HMGB1 by 20-fold and IL-6 by 19-fold. Inhibition of Rho-kinase decreased this CLP-evoked increase of HMGB1, IL-6 and IL-17 levels in the plasma by more than 60%, suggesting that Rho-kinase regulates systemic inflammation in sepsis. Moreover, we observed that pretreatment with Y-27632 abolished CLP-induced bacteremia. Together, our novel findings indicate that Rho-kinase is a powerful regulator of T-cell immune dysfunction in abdominal sepsis. Thus, targeting Rho-kinase signaling might be a useful strategy to improve T-cell immunity in patients with abdominal sepsis.
  • Hasan, Zirak, et al. (författare)
  • Rho-Kinase Signaling Regulates Pulmonary Infiltration of Neutrophils in Abdominal Sepsis via Attenuation of CXC Chemokine Formation and Mac-1 Expression on Neutrophils.
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Shock. - Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. - 1540-0514. ; 37:3, s. 282-288
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • ABSTRACT: Excessive neutrophil infiltration is a major component in septic lung injury, although the signaling mechanisms behind pulmonary recruitment of neutrophils in polymicrobial sepsis remain elusive. Herein, we hypothesized that Rho-kinase activity may play a significant role in pulmonary neutrophil recruitment and tissue damage in abdominal sepsis. Male C57BL/6 mice were treated with the Rho-kinase inhibitor Y-27632 (0.5 or 5 mg/kg) before cecal ligation and puncture. Bronchoalveolar lavage fluid and lung tissue were harvested for analysis of neutrophil infiltration, as well as edema and CXC chemokine formation. Blood was collected for analysis of Mac-1 on neutrophils and CD40L on platelets as well as soluble CD40L and metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) in plasma. CLP triggered significant pulmonary damage characterized by neutrophil infiltration, increased levels of CXC chemokines, and edema formation in the lung. Furthermore, CLP up-regulated Mac-1 expression on neutrophils, decreased CD40L on platelets and increased soluble CD40L and MMP-9 in the circulation. Interestingly, inhibition of Rho-kinase dose-dependently decreased CLP-induced neutrophil expression of Mac-1, formation of CXC chemokines and edema as well as neutrophil infiltration and tissue damage in the lung. Moreover, Rho-kinase inhibition significantly reduced sepsis-provoked gene-expression of CXC chemokines in alveolar macrophages. In contrast, Rho-kinase inhibition had no effect on platelet shedding of CD40L or plasma levels of MMP-9 in septic mice. In conclusion, these data demonstrate that the Rho-kinase signaling pathway plays a key role in regulating pulmonary infiltration of neutrophils and tissue injury via regulation of CXC chemokine production in the lung and Mac-1 expression on neutrophils in abdominal sepsis.
  • Hasan, Zirak, et al. (författare)
  • Targeting CD44 Expressed on Neutrophils Inhibits Lung Damage in Abdominal Sepsis.
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: Shock. - Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. - 1540-0514. ; 35, s. 567-572
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Neutrophil infiltration is an insidious feature in septic lung injury, although the specific adhesive mechanisms regulating pulmonary recruitment of neutrophils in polymicrobial sepsis remain elusive. The aim of this present study was to define the role of CD44 in sepsis-induced neutrophil infiltration and lung damage. Mice were treated with a monoclonal antibody against CD44 before cecal ligation and puncture (CLP) induction. Edema formation, bronchoalveolar accumulation of neutrophils, myeloperoxidase activity, and macrophage inflammatory protein-2 (MIP-2) levels in the lung were determined after CLP. Expression of Mac-1 and CD44 on neutrophils was quantified by using flow cytometry. In separate experiments, fluorescent-labeled neutrophils co-incubated with an anti-CD44 antibody were adoptively transferred to CLP mice. CLP triggered clear-cut lung damage characterized by edema formation, neutrophil infiltration, and increased levels of MIP-2 in the lung. Notably, immunoneutralization of CD44 reduced CLP-induced pulmonary accumulation of neutrophils. In addition, functional inhibition of CD44 decreased CLP-induced lung damage and edema. However, formation of MIP-2 in the lung and neutrophil expression of Mac-1 were intact in septic mice pretreated with the anti-CD44 antibody. Adoptive transfer experiments revealed that neutrophil rather than lung CD44 mediates neutrophil accumulation in septic lung injury. Moreover, administration of hyaluronidase had no effect on CLP-induced neutrophil recruitment and tissue damage in the lung. Our data demonstrate that CD44 contributes to pulmonary infiltration of neutrophils and lung damage associated with abdominal sepsis. Thus, these novel findings suggest that CD44 may serve as a target to protect against lung injury in polymicrobial sepsis.
  • Hawez, Avin, et al. (författare)
  • MiR-155 Regulates PAD4-Dependent Formation of Neutrophil Extracellular Traps
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Frontiers in Immunology. - Frontiers Media S. A.. - 1664-3224. ; 10
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Accumulating data suggest that neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs) exert a key function in several diseases. Peptidylarginine deiminase 4 (PAD4) regulates NET formation via citrullination of histones. The aim of this study was to examine the role of miR-155 in controlling PAD4-dependent generation of NETs. Bone marrow neutrophils were stimulated with PMA and MIP-2. Pre-incubation of neutrophils with translational inhibitors (cycloheximide or puromycin) markedly decreased NET formation induced by PMA or MIP-2. Neutrophil transfection with a mimic miR-155 increased PMA-induced PAD4 mRNA expression and NET formation. In contrast, transfection with an antagomiR-155 decreased induction of PAD4 mRNA and NETs in response to PMA challenge. Bioinformatical examination of PAD4 revealed a potential binding site in AU-rich elements at the 3′-UTR region. MiR-155 binding to PAD4 was examined by use of target site blockers and RNA immunoprecipitation, revealing that miR-155 regulation of PAD4 mRNA is mediated via AU-rich elements in the 3′-UTR region. In conclusion, our findings demonstrate that miR-155 positively regulates neutrophil expression of PAD4 and expulsion of extracellular traps. Thus, our novel results indicate that targeting miR-155 might be useful to inhibit exaggerated NET generation in inflammatory diseases.
  • Hwaiz, Rundk, et al. (författare)
  • Rac1-dependent secretion of platelet-derived CCL5 regulates neutrophil recruitment via activation of alveolar macrophages in septic lung injury.
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: Journal of Leukocyte Biology. - John Wiley and Sons Ltd. - 1938-3673. ; 97:5, s. 975-984
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Accumulating evidence suggest that platelets play an important role in regulating neutrophil recruitment in septic lung injury. Herein, we hypothesized that platelet-derived CCL5 might facilitate sepsis-induced neutrophil accumulation in the lung. Abdominal sepsis was induced by CLP in C57BL/6 mice. CLP increased plasma levels of CCL5. Platelet depletion and treatment with the Rac1 inhibitor NSC23766 markedly reduced CCL5 in the plasma of septic mice. Moreover, Rac1 inhibition completely inhibited proteasePAR4-induced secretion of CCL5 in isolated platelets. Immunoneutralization of CCL5 decreased CLP-induced neutrophil infiltration, edema formation, and tissue injury in the lung. However, inhibition of CCL5 function had no effect on CLP-induced expression of Mac-1 on neutrophils. The blocking of CCL5 decreased plasma and lung levels of CXCL1 and CXCL2 in septic animals. CCL5 had no effect on neutrophil chemotaxis in vitro, suggesting an indirect effect of CCL5 on neutrophil recruitment. Intratracheal challenge with CCL5 increased accumulation of neutrophils and formation of CXCL2 in the lung. Administration of the CXCR2 antagonist SB225002 abolished CCL5-induced pulmonary recruitment of neutrophils. Isolated alveolar macrophages expressed significant levels of the CCL5 receptors CCR1 and CCR5. In addition, CCL5 triggered significant secretion of CXCL2 from isolated alveolar macrophages. Notably, intratracheal administration of clodronate not only depleted mice of alveolar macrophages but also abolished CCL5-induced formation of CXCL2 in the lung. Taken together, our findings suggest that Rac1 regulates platelet secretion of CCL5 and that CCL5 is a potent inducer of neutrophil recruitment in septic lung injury via formation of CXCL2 in alveolar macrophages.
  • Hwaiz, Rundk, et al. (författare)
  • Rac1 regulates platelet shedding of CD40L in abdominal sepsis.
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Laboratory Investigation. - Nature Publishing Group. - 1530-0307. ; 94:9, s. 1054-1063
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) regulates platelet shedding of CD40L in abdominal sepsis. However, the signaling mechanisms controlling sepsis-induced shedding of CD40L from activated platelets remain elusive. Rac1 has been reported to regulate diverse functions in platelets; we hypothesized herein that Rac1 might regulate platelet shedding of CD40L in sepsis. The specific Rac1 inhibitor NSC23766 (N6-[2-[[4-(diethylamino)-1-methylbutyl] amino]-6-methyl-4-pyrimidinyl]-2 methyl-4, 6-quinolinediamine trihydrochloride) was administered to mice undergoing cecal ligation and puncture (CLP). Levels of CD40L and MMP-9 in plasma, platelets, and neutrophils were determined by use of ELISA, western blot, and confocal microscopy. Platelet depletion abolished the CLP-induced increase in plasma levels of CD40L. Rac1 activity was significantly increased in platelets from septic animals. Administration of NSC23766 abolished the CLP-induced enhancement of soluble CD40L levels in the plasma. Moreover, Rac1 inhibition completely inhibited proteinase-activated receptor-4-induced surface mobilization and secretion of CD40L in isolated platelets. CLP significantly increased plasma levels of MMP-9 and Rac1 activity in neutrophils. Treatment with NSC23766 markedly attenuated MMP-9 levels in the plasma from septic mice. In addition, Rac1 inhibition abolished chemokine-induced secretion of MMP-9 from isolated neutrophils. Finally, platelet shedding of CD40L was significantly reduced in response to stimulation with supernatants from activated MMP-9-deficient neutrophils compared with supernatants from wild-type neutrophils, indicating a direct role of neutrophil-derived MMP-9 in regulating platelet shedding of CD40L. Our novel data suggest that sepsis-induced platelet shedding of CD40L is dependent on Rac1 signaling. Rac1 controls surface mobilization of CD40L on activated platelets and MMP-9 secretion from neutrophils. Thus, our findings indicate that targeting Rac1 signaling might be a useful way to control pathologic elevations of CD40L in the systemic circulation in abdominal sepsis.Laboratory Investigation advance online publication, 21 July 2014; doi:10.1038/labinvest.2014.92.
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