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  • Grape, T, et al. (författare)
  • Primary gastroduodenal amyloidosis
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: Endoscopy. - : Georg Thieme Verlag KG. - 1438-8812. ; 43, s. 288-288
  • Tidskriftsartikel (övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • Gunnarsson, Peter, 1977- (författare)
  • α1-acid glycoprotein modulates the function of human neutrophils and platelets
  • 2009
  • Doktorsavhandling (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • The acute-phase protein α1-acid glycoprotein (AGP; orosomucoid) was initially identified andcharacterised in the 1950s. The normal plasma concentration is around 0.5-1 mg/ml butduring inflammation the concentration increase several fold and the carbohydrate compositionof the protein changes. AGP is a highly glycosylated protein with 45 % of the molecularweight consisting of glycans. These glycans are believed to be of importance for the functionof the protein. However, the precise physiological role of AGP is still unclear.The present thesis reveals that AGP at physiological concentration induce calcium elevationin human neutrophils and platelets. In neutrophils this response was enhanced several fold ifsurface L-selectin was pre-engaged. Our results showed that this L-selectin-mediatedamplification was abolished if the neutrophils were pre-treated with Src or phosphoinositide3-kinase (PI3K) inhibitors. AGP alone did not induce production of reactive oxygen species(ROS) in neutrophils. However, if the neutrophils were activated by the chemotactic peptide N-formyl-methionyl-leucyl-phenylalanine (fMLP) a subsequent addition of AGP caused aprominent ROS response. Moreover, both the calcium rise and the ROS response weredepending on sialic acid residues on AGP. In the case of calcium elevation we defined thereceptor as sialic-acid-binding immunoglobulin-like lectin (Siglec)-5 on the neutrophil.In platelets, AGP induced a Rho-kinase dependent phosphorylation of myosin phosphatasetarget subunit-1 (MYPT1) and a minor calcium response. This resulted in a prominent plateletshape change (i.e. spherical shape and granule centralization) recorded as change in lighttransmission and by differential interference contrast (DIC) microscopy. The shape changecaused by AGP was strongly suppressed by inhibition of Rho-kinase and abolished by Rhokinaseinhibition combined with chelation of intracellular calcium. No other manifestations ofplatelet activation like aggregation or secretion were registered. Opposite to neutrophils theeffect of AGP on platelets was not mediated by an interaction between sialic acid and siglecmolecules. However, the results indicated that AGP may bind to a collagen/thrombospondin-1surface receptor. Endogenous inhibitors like nitric oxide (NO) and adenosine abolished theAGP-induced platelet shape change. The antagonizing action of NO on shape change causedby AGP was long acting. In comparison, other aspects of agonist-induced platelet activation(e.g. intracellular calcium elevations) are only transiently suppressed by NO. This indicatesthat endothelium-derived NO may play a crucial role to counter balance the effect of AGP in vivo.Take together the results in this thesis reveal that AGP can initiate intracellular signalling andmodulate functional responses in neutrophils and platelets.
  • Hakansson, A, et al. (författare)
  • Rose Hip and Lactobacillus plantarum DSM 9843 Reduce Ischemia/Reperfusion Injury in the Mouse Colon.
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: Digestive Diseases and Sciences. - : Springer. - 1573-2568. ; 51:11, s. 2094-2101
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • schaemia/reperfusion (I/R) of the colon is an inflammatory condition that leads to tissue injury where reactive oxygen species play a central role. Rose hip is rich in biologically active polyphenols with antioxidative properties, which may be important in prevention of lipid peroxidation. L. plantarum DSM 9843 possesses enzymatic activity towards polyphenols. The objective of this study was to define the effect of oral administration of L. plantarum and rose hip in I/R injury. Administration of rose hip and L. plantarum significantly decreased MDA levels in caecum tissue and Enterobacteriaceae counts in caecum stool. A positive correlation between MDA levels and Enterobacteriaceae counts was found. The results support a synergistic/additive role of rose hip and L. plantarum in reducing lipid peroxidation. Therefore rose hip and L. plantarum may be used as a pretreatment to tissue injuries, e.g. colonic surgery, organ transplantation and vascular surgery.
  • Hasan, Zirak, et al. (författare)
  • Geranylgeranyl transferase regulates CXC chemokine formation in alveolar macrophages and neutrophil recruitment in septic lung injury
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: American Journal of Physiology: Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology. - : American Physiological Society. - 1522-1504. ; 304:4, s. 221-229
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Hasan Z, Rahman M, Palani K, Syk I, Jeppsson B, Thorlacius H. Geranylgeranyl transferase regulates CXC chemokine formation in alveolar macrophages and neutrophil recruitment in septic lung injury. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol 304: L221-L229, 2013. First published December 14, 2012; doi:10.1152/ajplung.00199.2012.-Overwhelming accumulation of neutrophils is a significant component in septic lung damage, although the signaling mechanisms behind neutrophil infiltration in the lung remain elusive. In the present study, we hypothesized that geranylgeranylation might regulate the inflammatory response in abdominal sepsis. Male C57BL/6 mice received the geranylgeranyl transferase inhibitor, GGTI-2133, before cecal ligation and puncture (CLP). Bronchoalveolar lavage fluid and lung tissue were harvested for analysis of neutrophil infiltration, as well as edema and CXC chemokine formation. Blood was collected for analysis of Mac-1 on neutrophils and CD40L on platelets. Gene expression of CXC chemokines, tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), and CCL2 chemokine was determined by quantitative RT-PCR in isolated alveolar macrophages. Administration of GGTI-2133 markedly decreased CLP-induced infiltration of neutrophils, edema, and tissue injury in the lung. CLP triggered clear-cut upregulation of Mac-1 on neutrophils. Inhibition of geranylgeranyl transferase reduced CLP-evoked upregulation of Mac-1 on neutrophils in vivo but had no effect on chemokine-induced expression of Mac-1 on isolated neutrophils in vitro. Notably, GGTI-2133 abolished CLP-induced formation of CXC chemokines, TNF-alpha, and CCL2 in alveolar macrophages in the lung. Geranylgeranyl transferase inhibition had no effect on sepsis-induced platelet shedding of CD40L. In addition, inhibition of geranylgeranyl transferase markedly decreased CXC chemokine-triggered neutrophil chemotaxis in vitro. Taken together, our findings suggest that geranylgeranyl transferase is an important regulator of CXC chemokine production and neutrophil recruitment in the lung. We conclude that inhibition of geranylgeranyl transferase might be a potent way to attenuate acute lung injury in abdominal sepsis.
  • Hasan, Zirak, et al. (författare)
  • Rho-kinase regulates induction of T-cell immune dysfunction in abdominal sepsis.
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Infection and Immunity. - : American Society for Microbiology. - 1098-5522. ; 81:7, s. 2499-2506
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • T-cell dysfunction increases susceptibility to infections in patients with sepsis. In the present study, we hypothesized that Rho-kinase signaling might regulate induction of T-cell dysfunction in abdominal sepsis. Male C57BL/6 mice were treated with the specific Rho-kinase inhibitor Y-27632 (5 mg/kg) prior to cecal ligation and puncture (CLP). Spleen CD4 T-cell apoptosis, proliferation and regulatory T-cells (CD4(+)CD25(+)Foxp3(+)) were determined by flow cytometry. Formation of IFN-γ and IL-4 in the spleen and plasma levels of HMBG1 and IL-6 were quantified by use of ELISA. It was found that CLP evoked apoptosis and decreased proliferation in splenic CD4 T-cells. Inhibition of Rho-kinase activity decreased apoptosis and enhanced proliferation of CD4 T-cells in septic animals. In addition, CLP-evoked induction of regulatory T-cells in the spleen was abolished by Rho-kinase inhibition. CLP reduced the levels of IFN-γ and IL-4 in the spleen. Pretreatment with Y-27632 inhibited the sepsis-induced decrease in IFN-γ but not IL-4 formation in the spleen. CLP increased plasma levels of HMGB1 by 20-fold and IL-6 by 19-fold. Inhibition of Rho-kinase decreased this CLP-evoked increase of HMGB1, IL-6 and IL-17 levels in the plasma by more than 60%, suggesting that Rho-kinase regulates systemic inflammation in sepsis. Moreover, we observed that pretreatment with Y-27632 abolished CLP-induced bacteremia. Together, our novel findings indicate that Rho-kinase is a powerful regulator of T-cell immune dysfunction in abdominal sepsis. Thus, targeting Rho-kinase signaling might be a useful strategy to improve T-cell immunity in patients with abdominal sepsis.
  • Hasan, Zirak, et al. (författare)
  • Rho-Kinase Signaling Regulates Pulmonary Infiltration of Neutrophils in Abdominal Sepsis via Attenuation of CXC Chemokine Formation and Mac-1 Expression on Neutrophils.
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Shock. - : Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. - 1540-0514. ; 37:3, s. 282-288
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • ABSTRACT: Excessive neutrophil infiltration is a major component in septic lung injury, although the signaling mechanisms behind pulmonary recruitment of neutrophils in polymicrobial sepsis remain elusive. Herein, we hypothesized that Rho-kinase activity may play a significant role in pulmonary neutrophil recruitment and tissue damage in abdominal sepsis. Male C57BL/6 mice were treated with the Rho-kinase inhibitor Y-27632 (0.5 or 5 mg/kg) before cecal ligation and puncture. Bronchoalveolar lavage fluid and lung tissue were harvested for analysis of neutrophil infiltration, as well as edema and CXC chemokine formation. Blood was collected for analysis of Mac-1 on neutrophils and CD40L on platelets as well as soluble CD40L and metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) in plasma. CLP triggered significant pulmonary damage characterized by neutrophil infiltration, increased levels of CXC chemokines, and edema formation in the lung. Furthermore, CLP up-regulated Mac-1 expression on neutrophils, decreased CD40L on platelets and increased soluble CD40L and MMP-9 in the circulation. Interestingly, inhibition of Rho-kinase dose-dependently decreased CLP-induced neutrophil expression of Mac-1, formation of CXC chemokines and edema as well as neutrophil infiltration and tissue damage in the lung. Moreover, Rho-kinase inhibition significantly reduced sepsis-provoked gene-expression of CXC chemokines in alveolar macrophages. In contrast, Rho-kinase inhibition had no effect on platelet shedding of CD40L or plasma levels of MMP-9 in septic mice. In conclusion, these data demonstrate that the Rho-kinase signaling pathway plays a key role in regulating pulmonary infiltration of neutrophils and tissue injury via regulation of CXC chemokine production in the lung and Mac-1 expression on neutrophils in abdominal sepsis.
  • Hasan, Zirak, et al. (författare)
  • Targeting CD44 Expressed on Neutrophils Inhibits Lung Damage in Abdominal Sepsis.
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: Shock. - : Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. - 1540-0514. ; 35, s. 567-572
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Neutrophil infiltration is an insidious feature in septic lung injury, although the specific adhesive mechanisms regulating pulmonary recruitment of neutrophils in polymicrobial sepsis remain elusive. The aim of this present study was to define the role of CD44 in sepsis-induced neutrophil infiltration and lung damage. Mice were treated with a monoclonal antibody against CD44 before cecal ligation and puncture (CLP) induction. Edema formation, bronchoalveolar accumulation of neutrophils, myeloperoxidase activity, and macrophage inflammatory protein-2 (MIP-2) levels in the lung were determined after CLP. Expression of Mac-1 and CD44 on neutrophils was quantified by using flow cytometry. In separate experiments, fluorescent-labeled neutrophils co-incubated with an anti-CD44 antibody were adoptively transferred to CLP mice. CLP triggered clear-cut lung damage characterized by edema formation, neutrophil infiltration, and increased levels of MIP-2 in the lung. Notably, immunoneutralization of CD44 reduced CLP-induced pulmonary accumulation of neutrophils. In addition, functional inhibition of CD44 decreased CLP-induced lung damage and edema. However, formation of MIP-2 in the lung and neutrophil expression of Mac-1 were intact in septic mice pretreated with the anti-CD44 antibody. Adoptive transfer experiments revealed that neutrophil rather than lung CD44 mediates neutrophil accumulation in septic lung injury. Moreover, administration of hyaluronidase had no effect on CLP-induced neutrophil recruitment and tissue damage in the lung. Our data demonstrate that CD44 contributes to pulmonary infiltration of neutrophils and lung damage associated with abdominal sepsis. Thus, these novel findings suggest that CD44 may serve as a target to protect against lung injury in polymicrobial sepsis.
  • Hawez, Avin, et al. (författare)
  • MiR-155 Regulates PAD4-Dependent Formation of Neutrophil Extracellular Traps
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Frontiers in Immunology. - : Frontiers Media S. A.. - 1664-3224. ; 10
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Accumulating data suggest that neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs) exert a key function in several diseases. Peptidylarginine deiminase 4 (PAD4) regulates NET formation via citrullination of histones. The aim of this study was to examine the role of miR-155 in controlling PAD4-dependent generation of NETs. Bone marrow neutrophils were stimulated with PMA and MIP-2. Pre-incubation of neutrophils with translational inhibitors (cycloheximide or puromycin) markedly decreased NET formation induced by PMA or MIP-2. Neutrophil transfection with a mimic miR-155 increased PMA-induced PAD4 mRNA expression and NET formation. In contrast, transfection with an antagomiR-155 decreased induction of PAD4 mRNA and NETs in response to PMA challenge. Bioinformatical examination of PAD4 revealed a potential binding site in AU-rich elements at the 3′-UTR region. MiR-155 binding to PAD4 was examined by use of target site blockers and RNA immunoprecipitation, revealing that miR-155 regulation of PAD4 mRNA is mediated via AU-rich elements in the 3′-UTR region. In conclusion, our findings demonstrate that miR-155 positively regulates neutrophil expression of PAD4 and expulsion of extracellular traps. Thus, our novel results indicate that targeting miR-155 might be useful to inhibit exaggerated NET generation in inflammatory diseases.
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