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Träfflista för sökning "WFRF:(Thorlacius Henrik) srt2:(2015-2019)"

Sökning: WFRF:(Thorlacius Henrik) > (2015-2019)

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11.
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12.
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13.
  • Koulaouzidis, Anastasios, et al. (författare)
  • Association Between Fecal Calprotectin Levels and Small-bowel Inflammation Score in Capsule Endoscopy : A Multicenter Retrospective Study
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Digestive Diseases and Sciences. - Springer. - 1573-2568. ; 61:7, s. 2033-2040
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: Accurate inflammation reporting in capsule endoscopy (CE) is important for diagnosis and monitoring of treatment of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Fecal calprotectin (FC) is a highly specific biomarker of gut inflammation. Lewis score (LS) was developed to standardize quantification of inflammation in small-bowel (SB) CE images.GOALS: Multicenter retrospective study aiming to investigate correlation between LS and FC in a large group of patients undergoing CE for suspected or known small-bowel IBD, and to develop a model for prediction of CE results (LS) based on FC levels.STUDY: Five academic centers and a district general hospital offering CE in UK, Finland, Sweden, Canada, and Israel. In total, 333 patients were recruited. They had small-bowel CE and FC done within 3 months.RESULTS: Overall, correlation between FC and LS was weak (r s: 0.232, P < 0.001). When two clinically significant FC thresholds (100 and 250 μg/g) were examined, the r s between FC and LS was 0.247 (weak) and 0.337 (moderate), respectively (P = 0.307). For clinically significant (LS ≥ 135) or negative (LS < 135) for SB inflammation, ROC curves gave an optimum cutoff point of FC 76 μg/g with sensitivity 0.59 and specificity 0.41.LIMITATIONS: Retrospective design.CONCLUSIONS: LS appears to show low correlation with FC as well as other serology markers of inflammation. FC does not appear to be a reliable biomarker for significant small-bowel inflammation. Nevertheless, FC level ≥ 76 μg/g may be associated with appreciable visual inflammation on small-bowel CE in patients with negative prior diagnostic workup.
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14.
  • Koulaouzidis, Anastasios, et al. (författare)
  • KID Project : an internet-based digital video atlas of capsule endoscopy for research purposes
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Endoscopy International Open. - Georg Thieme Verlag. - 2364-3722. ; 5:6, s. 477-483
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Capsule endoscopy (CE) has revolutionized small-bowel (SB) investigation. Computational methods can enhance diagnostic yield (DY); however, incorporating machine learning algorithms (MLAs) into CE reading is difficult as large amounts of image annotations are required for training. Current databases lack graphic annotations of pathologies and cannot be used. A novel database, KID, aims to provide a reference for research and development of medical decision support systems (MDSS) for CE.METHODS: Open-source software was used for the KID database. Clinicians contribute anonymized, annotated CE images and videos. Graphic annotations are supported by an open-access annotation tool (Ratsnake). We detail an experiment based on the KID database, examining differences in SB lesion measurement between human readers and a MLA. The Jaccard Index (JI) was used to evaluate similarity between annotations by the MLA and human readers.RESULTS: The MLA performed best in measuring lymphangiectasias with a JI of 81 ± 6 %. The other lesion types were: angioectasias (JI 64 ± 11 %), aphthae (JI 64 ± 8 %), chylous cysts (JI 70 ± 14 %), polypoid lesions (JI 75 ± 21 %), and ulcers (JI 56 ± 9 %).CONCLUSION: MLA can perform as well as human readers in the measurement of SB angioectasias in white light (WL). Automated lesion measurement is therefore feasible. KID is currently the only open-source CE database developed specifically to aid development of MDSS. Our experiment demonstrates this potential.
15.
  • Koulaouzidis, Anastasios, et al. (författare)
  • Novel experimental and software methods for image reconstruction and localization in capsule endoscopy
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Endoscopy International Open. - Georg Thieme Verlag. - 2364-3722. ; 6:2, s. 205-210
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background and study aims : Capsule endoscopy (CE) is invaluable for minimally invasive endoscopy of the gastrointestinal tract; however, several technological limitations remain including lack of reliable lesion localization. We present an approach to 3D reconstruction and localization using visual information from 2D CE images.Patients and methods : Colored thumbtacks were secured in rows to the internal wall of a LifeLike bowel model. A PillCam SB3 was calibrated and navigated linearly through the lumen by a high-precision robotic arm. The motion estimation algorithm used data (light falling on the object, fraction of reflected light and surface geometry) from 2D CE images in the video sequence to achieve 3D reconstruction of the bowel model at various frames. The ORB-SLAM technique was used for 3D reconstruction and CE localization within the reconstructed model. This algorithm compared pairs of points between images for reconstruction and localization.Results: As the capsule moved through the model bowel 42 to 66 video frames were obtained per pass. Mean absolute error in the estimated distance travelled by the CE was 4.1 ± 3.9 cm. Our algorithm was able to reconstruct the cylindrical shape of the model bowel with details of the attached thumbtacks. ORB-SLAM successfully reconstructed the bowel wall from simultaneous frames of the CE video. The "track" in the reconstruction corresponded well with the linear forwards-backwards movement of the capsule through the model lumen.Conclusion: The reconstruction methods, detailed above, were able to achieve good quality reconstruction of the bowel model and localization of the capsule trajectory using information from the CE video and images alone.
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16.
  • Madhi, Raed, et al. (författare)
  • c-Abl kinase regulates neutrophil extracellular trap formation, inflammation, and tissue damage in severe acute pancreatitis
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Journal of Leukocyte Biology. - John Wiley and Sons Ltd. - 0741-5400. ; 106:2, s. 455-466
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs) are involved in acute pancreatitis (AP) but mechanisms controlling NET expulsion in AP are incompletely understood. Herein, we examined the role of c-Abelson (c-Abl) kinase in NET formation and tissue damage in severe AP. AP was induced by taurocholate infusion into pancreatic duct or intraperitoneal administration of l-arginine in mice. Pancreatic, lung, and blood samples were collected and levels of phosphorylated c-Abl kinase, citrullinated histone 3, DNA-histone complexes, myeloperoxidase, amylase, cytokines, and CXC chemokines were quantified. Citrullinated histone 3, reactive oxygen species (ROS), and NET formation were determined in bone marrow neutrophils. Taurocholate challenge increased phosphorylation of c-Abl kinase and levels of citrullinated histone 3 in the pancreas as well as DNA-histone complexes in the plasma. Administration of the c-Abl kinase inhibitor GZD824 not only abolished activation of c-Abl kinase but also decreased levels of citrullinated histone 3 in the pancreas and DNA-histone complexes in the plasma of animals with AP. Moreover, GZD824 decreased plasma levels of amylase, IL-6, and MMP-9 as well as edema, acinar cell necrosis, hemorrhage, CXC chemokine formation, and neutrophil infiltration in the inflamed pancreas. A beneficial effect of c-Abl kinase inhibition was confirmed in l-arginine-induced pancreatitis. In vitro, inhibition of c-Abl kinase reduced TNF-α-induced formation of ROS, histone 3 citrullination, and NETs in isolated bone marrow neutrophils. Our findings demonstrate that c-Abl kinase regulates NET formation in the inflamed pancreas. In addition, inhibition of c-Abl kinase reduced pancreatic tissue inflammation, and damage in AP. Thus, targeting c-Abl kinase might be a useful way to protect the pancreas in severe AP.
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17.
  • Madhi, Raed, et al. (författare)
  • Targeting peptidylarginine deiminase reduces neutrophil extracellular trap formation and tissue injury in severe acute pancreatitis
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Journal of Cellular Physiology. - John Wiley and Sons Inc.. - 0021-9541. ; 234:7, s. 11850-11860
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Recent evidence suggests that neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs) play an important role in the development of acute pancreatitis (AP). Herein, we examined the role of peptidylarginine deiminase (PAD), which has been shown to regulate NET formation, in severe AP. AP was induced by retrograde of taurocholate infusion into pancreatic duct in C57BL/6 mice. PAD was pharmacologically inhibited using Cl-amidine, a pan-PAD inhibitor. Pancreata were collected, and histones, citrullinated histone 3, chemokines, myeloperoxidase, and NETs were quantified. Chemokines, matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9), interleukin-6 (IL-6), and DNA-histone complexes were determined in plasma samples. Infusion of taurocholate induced formation of NETs in pancreatic tissues of mice. Pretreatment with Cl-amidine markedly reduced the NET formation in the inflamed pancreas. Moreover, inhibition of PAD decreased the levels of blood amylase as well as edema, acinar cell necrosis, hemorrhage, and neutrophil infiltration in the pancreas of animals with AP. Administration of Cl-amidine attenuated the myeloperoxidase levels in the pancreas and lung of mice exposed to taurocholate. In addition, Cl-amidine decreased pancreatic levels of CXC chemokines, plasma levels of IL-6, and MMP-9 in mice with severe AP. This study shows that Cl-amidine is a potent inhibitor of NET formation in severe AP. Also, our results suggest that PAD regulates pathological inflammation and tissue damage in the inflamed pancreas. Thus, targeting PAD might be a useful strategy to treat patients with severe AP.
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18.
  • Merza, Mohammed, et al. (författare)
  • Neutrophil Extracellular Traps Induce Trypsin Activation, Inflammation, and Tissue Damage in Mice with Severe Acute Pancreatitis.
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: Gastroenterology. - Elsevier. - 1528-0012. ; 149:7, s. 1920-1920
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Neutrophils are involved in development of acute pancreatitis (AP), but it is not clear how neutrophil-induced tissue damage is regulated. In addition to secreting antimicrobial compounds, activated neutrophils eliminate invading microorganisms by expelling nuclear DNA and histones to form extracellular web-like structures called neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs). However, NETs have been reported contribute to organ dysfunction in patients with infectious diseases. We investigated whether NETs contribute to development of AP in mice.
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19.
  • Nemeth, Artur, et al. (författare)
  • Capsule retention related to small bowel capsule endoscopy : a large European single-center 10-year clinical experience
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: United European Gastroenterology Journal. - SAGE Publications. - 2050-6406. ; 5:5, s. 677-686
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: The most concerning complication of video capsule endoscopy (VCE) is capsule retention (CR) in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract although clinical outcome and management of patients with CR are still uncertain in a large single center material. Objectives: The aim of this retrospective study was to investigate incidence, causes, risk factors, management and clinical outcomes of CR in a large single center between 2001 and 2011. Results: 2401 consecutive small-bowel (SB) VCEs were performed. CR was detected in 25 cases (1%). CR in patients with suspected and known Crohn’s disease (CD) undergoing VCE occurred in 14/1370 (1%) including known CD 9/390 (2.3%) and suspected CD 5/980 (0.5%). CR in patients with obscure GI bleeding was observed in 11/816 (1.3%) cases. The SB was the most common site of CR with 17 cases followed by the esophagus (4 cases), colon (2 cases), and stomach (2 cases). Emergency endoscopic intervention (3 cases) and surgery (2 cases) was needed in 5 cases of CR. Elective capsule removal was performed by surgery in 6 cases and endoscopically in 8 cases. Three retained capsules dislodged after steroid treatment and another 3 cases of CR resolved without any intervention. Conclusion: This large clinical material demonstrates that CR is a rare complication with a favorable clinical outcome. Most patients with CR can be electively managed with non-surgical intervention.
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20.
  • Nemeth, Artur, et al. (författare)
  • Use of patency capsule in patients with established Crohn's disease.
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: Endoscopy. - Georg Thieme Verlag. - 1438-8812.
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background and study aims: Video capsule endoscopy (VCE) is invaluable in the diagnosis of small-bowel pathology. Capsule retention is a major concern in patients with Crohn's disease. The patency capsule was designed to evaluate small-bowel patency before VCE. However, the actual benefit of the patency capsule test in Crohn's disease remains unclear. The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical impact of patency capsule use on the risk of video capsule retention in patients with established Crohn's disease. Patients and methods: This was a retrospective, multicenter study of patients with established Crohn's disease who underwent VCE for clinical need. The utilization strategy for the patency capsule was classified as selective (only in patients with obstructive symptoms, history of intestinal obstruction or surgery, or per treating physician's request) or nonselective (all patients with Crohn's disease). The main outcome was video capsule retention in the entire cohort and within each utilization strategy. Results: A total of 406 patients who were referred for VCE were included in the study. VCE was performed in 132 /406 patients (32.5 %) without a prior patency capsule test. The patency capsule test was performed in 274 /406 patients (67.5 %) and was negative in 193 patients. Overall, VCE was performed in 343 patients and was retained in the small bowel in 8 (2.3 %). In this cohort, the risk of video capsule retention in the small bowel was 1.5 % without use of a prior patency capsule and 2.1 % after a negative patency test (P = 0.9). A total of 18 patients underwent VCE after a positive patency capsule test, with a retention rate of 11.1 % (P = 0.01). Patency capsule administration strategy (selective vs. nonselective) was not associated with the risk of video capsule retention. Conclusions: Capsule retention is a rare event in patients with established Crohn's disease undergoing VCE. The risk of video capsule retention was not reduced by the nonselective use of the patency capsule. Furthermore, VCE after a positive patency capsule test in patients with Crohn's disease was associated with a high risk of video capsule retention.
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  • Resultat 11-20 av 57
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