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Träfflista för sökning "WFRF:(Thorlacius Henrik) srt2:(2015-2019)"

Sökning: WFRF:(Thorlacius Henrik) > (2015-2019)

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  • Föregående 12345[6]
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51.
  • Wang, Yongzhi, et al. (författare)
  • Platelet-derived microparticles regulates thrombin generation via phophatidylserine in abdominal sepsis
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Journal of Cellular Physiology. - John Wiley and Sons Inc.. - 1097-4652. ; 233:2, s. 1051-1060
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Sepsis is associated with dysfunctional coagulation. Recent data suggest that platelets play a role in sepsis by promoting neutrophil accumulation. Herein, we show that cecal ligation and puncture (CLP) triggered systemic inflammation, which is characterized by formation of IL-6 and CXC chemokines as well as neutrophil accumulation in the lung. Platelet depletion decreased neutrophil accumulation, IL-6, and CXC chemokines formation in septic lungs. Depletion of platelets increased peak thrombin formation and total thrombin generation (TG) in plasma from septic animals. CLP elevated circulating levels of platelet-derived microparticles (PMPs). In vitro generated PMPs were a potent inducer of TG. Interestingly, in vitro wild-type recombinant annexin V abolished PMP-induced thrombin formation whereas a mutant annexin V protein, which does not bind to phosphatidylserine (PS), had no effect. Administration of wild-type, but not mutant annexin V, significantly inhibited thrombin formation in septic animals. Moreover, CLP-induced formation of thrombin-antithrombin complexes were reduced in platelet-depleted mice and in animals pretreated with annexin V. PMP-induced TG attenuated in FXII- and FVII-deficient plasma. These findings suggest that sepsis-induced TG is dependent on platelets. Moreover, PMPs formed in sepsis are a potent inducer of TG via PS exposure, and activation of both the intrinsic and extrinsic pathway of coagulation. In conclusion, these observations suggest that PMPs and PS play an important role in dysfunctional coagulation in abdominal sepsis.
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52.
  • Wang, Yongzhi, et al. (författare)
  • Rac1 regulates bacterial toxin-induced thrombin generation.
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Inflammation Research. - Birkhäuser Verlag. - 1420-908X.
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Systemic inflammatory response syndrome is associated with severe coagulopathy. The purpose of this study was to examine thrombin generation in systemic inflammation triggered by the endotoxin lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and the exotoxin streptococcal M1 protein.
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53.
  • Wang, Yongzhi, et al. (författare)
  • Rac1 regulates sepsis-induced formation of platelet-derived microparticles and thrombin generation
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications. - Elsevier. - 0006-291X. ; 487:4, s. 887-891
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Dysfunctional coagulation aggravates clinical outcome in patients with sepsis. The aim of this study was to define the role of Rac-1 in the formation of platelet-derived microparticles (PMPs) and thrombin generation (TG) in abdominal sepsis. Male C57BL/6 mice underwent cecal ligation and puncture (CLP). Scanning electron microscopy and flow cytometry were used to quantify PMPs. TG was determined by use of a fluorimetric assay. It was found that CLP increased Rac1 activity in platelets, which was abolished by administration of the Rac1 inhibitor NSC23766. Sepsis-induced TG in vivo was reflected by reduced capacity of plasma from septic animals to generate thrombin ex vivo. Administration of NSC23766 increased peak and total TG in plasma from CLP mice indicating that Rac-1 regulates sepsis-induced formation of thrombin. The number of circulating PMPs was markedly elevated in animals with abdominal sepsis. Treatment with NSC23766 significantly decreased formation of PMPs in septic mice. Platelet activation in vitro caused release of numerous MPs. Notably, NSC23766 abolished PMP formation in activated platelets in vitro. These findings suggest that Rac-1 regulates PMP formation and TG in sepsis and that inhibition of Rac1 activity could be a useful target to inhibit dysfunctional coagulation in abdominal sepsis.
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54.
  • Wang, Yongzhi, et al. (författare)
  • Thrombin generation in abdominal sepsis is Rho-kinase-dependent.
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications. - Elsevier. - 1090-2104. ; 460:3, s. 691-696
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Sepsis causes severe derangements of the coagulation system. However, the signaling mechanisms regulating sepsis-induced thrombin generation remain elusive. Herein, we hypothesized that Rho-kinase might be an important regulator of thrombin generation in abdominal sepsis. Abdominal sepsis was induced by cecal ligation and puncture (CLP) in C57Bl/6 mice. Thrombin generation, coagulation factors, lung histology and myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity were determined 6 h and 24 h after induction of CLP. Induction of CLP triggered a systemic inflammatory response characterized by neutrophil accumulation and tissue injury in the lung as well as thrombocytopenia and leukocytopenia. Administration of Y-27632, a Rho-kinase inhibitor, attenuated these markers of systemic inflammation in CLP animals. Moreover, peak thrombin formation was decreased by 77% and 81% in plasma from mice 6 h and 24 h after induction of CLP. Total thrombin generation was reduced by 64% and 67% 6 h and 24 h after CLP induction, respectively. Notably, administration of Y-27632 increased peak formation by 99% and total thrombin generation by 66% in plasma from septic animals. In addition, CLP markedly decreased plasma levels of prothrombin, factor V and factor X at 6 h and 24 h. Interestingly, Rho-kinase inhibition significantly enhanced levels of prothrombin, factor V and factor X in plasma from septic mice. In addition, inhibition of Rho-kinase decreased CLP-induced elevations of CXCL2 by 36%and interleukin-6 by 38%. These novel findings suggest that sepsis-induced thrombin generation is regulated by Rho-kinase. Moreover, inhibition of Rho-kinase reverses sepsis-evoked consumption of coagulation factors. Thus, our results show that targeting Rho-kinase signaling might protect against coagulation dysfunction in abdominal sepsis.
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55.
  • Wetterholm, Erik, et al. (författare)
  • Platelet-derived CXCL4 regulates neutrophil infiltration and tissue damage in severe acute pancreatitis
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Translational Research. - Elsevier. - 1931-5244. ; 176, s. 105-118
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Platelets are known to play an important role in acute pancreatitis (AP) via promotion of neutrophil accumulation, although mechanisms behind platelet-dependent accumulation of neutrophils in the pancreas remain elusive. Platelets contain a wide spectrum of different pro-inflammatory compounds, such as chemokines. CXCL4 (platelet factor 4) is one of the most abundant chemokine in platelets, and we hypothesized that CXCL4 might be involved in platelet-dependent accumulation of neutrophils in the inflamed pancreas. The aim of this study was to examine the role of CXCL4 in severe AP. Pancreatitis was provoked by infusion of taurocholate into the pancreatic duct or by intraperitoneal administration of L-arginine in C57BL/6 mice. Animals were treated with an antibody against platelets or CXCL4 before induction of pancreatitis. Plasma and lung levels of CXCL2, CXCL4, and interleukin (IL)-6 were determined by use of enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Flow cytometry was used to examine surface expression of macrophage-1 (Mac-1) on neutrophils. Plasma was obtained from healthy individuals (controls) and patients with AP. Challenge with taurocholate increased plasma levels of CXCL4, and depletion of platelets markedly reduced plasma levels of CXCL4 indicating that circulating levels of CXCL4 are mainly derived from platelets in AP. Inhibition of CXCL4 reduced taurocholate-induced neutrophil recruitment, IL-6 secretion, edema formation, amylase release, and tissue damage in the pancreas. However, immunoneutralization of CXCL4 had no effect on CXCL2-evoked neutrophil expression of Mac-1 or chemotaxis in vitro, suggesting an indirect effect of CXCL4 on neutrophil recruitment in AP. Targeting CXCL4 significantly attenuated plasma and lung levels of CXCL2, which is a potent neutrophil chemoattractant, and inhibition of the CXCL2 receptor attenuated neutrophil infiltration and tissue damage in the inflamed pancreas. A significant role of CXCL4 was confirmed in an alternate model of AP induced by L-arginine challenge. Moreover, patients with AP had significantly increased plasma levels of CXCL4 compared with healthy controls. These findings’ results suggest that platelet-derived CXCL4 is a potent stimulator of neutrophil accumulation in AP and that this is mediated via generation of CXCL2 in the inflamed pancreas. We conclude that CXCL4 plays an important role in pancreatic inflammation and that targeting CXCL4 might be a useful way to ameliorate tissue damage in AP.
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56.
  • Zhang, Songen, et al. (författare)
  • STAT3-dependent CXC chemokine formation and neutrophil migration in Streptococcal M1 protein-induced acute lung inflammation.
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: American Journal of Physiology: Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology. - American Physiological Society. - 1522-1504. ; 308:11, s. 1159-1167
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Streptococcus pyogenes cause infections ranging from mild pharyngitis to severe streptococcal toxic shock syndrome (STSS). The M1 serotype of Streptococcus pyogenes is most frequently associated with STSS. Herein, it was hypothesized that STAT3 signaling might be involved in M1 protein-evoked lung inflammation. The STAT3 inhibitor, S3I-201, was administered to male C57Bl/6 mice before i.v. challenge with M1 protein. Bronchoalveolar fluid and lung tissue were harvested for quantification of STAT3 activity, neutrophil recruitment, edema and CXC chemokine formation. Neutrophil expression of Mac-1 was quantified by use of flow cytometry. Levels of IL-6 and HMGB1 were determined in plasma. CXCL2-induced neutrophil chemotaxis was studied in vitro. Administration of S3I-201 markedly reduced M1 protein-provoked STAT3 activity, neutrophil recruitment, edema formation and inflammatory changes in the lung. In addition, M1 protein significantly increased Mac-1 expression on neutrophils and CXC chemokine levels in the lung. Treatment with S3I-201 had no effect on M1 protein-induced expression of Mac-1 on neutrophils. In contrast, inhibition of STAT3 activity greatly reduced M1 protein-induced formation of CXC chemokines in the lung. Interestingly, STAT3 inhibition markedly decreased plasma levels of IL-6 and HMGB1 in animals exposed to M1 protein. Moreover, we found that S3I-201 abolished CXCL2-induced neutrophil migration in vitro. In conclusion, these novel findings indicate that STAT3 signaling plays a key role in mediating CXC chemokine production and neutrophil infiltration in M1 protein-induced acute lung inflammation.
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57.
  • Zhang, Songen, et al. (författare)
  • Streptococcal M1 protein triggers chemokine formation, neutrophil infiltration, and lung injury in an NFAT-dependent manner.
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: Journal of Leukocyte Biology. - John Wiley and Sons Ltd. - 1938-3673. ; 97:6, s. 1003-1010
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Streptococcus pyogenes of the M1 serotype can cause STSS, which is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. The purpose of the present study was to examine the role of NFAT signaling in M1 protein-induced lung injury. NFAT-luc mice were treated with the NFAT inhibitor A-285222 before administration of the M1 protein. Neutrophil infiltration, edema, and CXC chemokines were quantified in the lung, 4 h after challenge with the M1 protein. Flow cytometry was used to determine Mac-1 expression. Challenge with the M1 protein increased NFAT-dependent transcriptional activity in the lung, spleen, and liver in NFAT-luc mice. Administration of the NFAT inhibitor A-285222 abolished M1 protein-evoked NFAT activation in the lung, spleen, and liver. M1 protein challenge induced neutrophil recruitment, edema, and CXC chemokine production in the lung, as well as up-regulation of Mac-1 on circulating neutrophils. Inhibition of NFAT activity attenuated M1 protein-induced neutrophil infiltration by 77% and edema formation by 50% in the lung. Moreover, administration of A-285222 reduced M1 protein-evoked pulmonary formation of CXC chemokine >80%. In addition, NFAT inhibition decreased M1 protein-triggered Mac-1 up-regulation on neutrophils. These findings indicate that NFAT signaling controls pulmonary infiltration of neutrophils in response to streptococcal M1 protein via formation of CXC chemokines and neutrophil expression of Mac-1. Thus, the targeting of NFAT activity might be a useful way to ameliorate lung injury in streptococcal infections.
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