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Sökning: WFRF:(Vodicka Pavel)

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  • Föregående 12[3]4Nästa
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21.
  • Catalano, Calogerina, et al. (författare)
  • Short article : Influence of regulatory NLRC5 variants on colorectal cancer survival and 5-fluorouracil-based chemotherapy
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: European Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology. - : Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. - 0954-691X. ; 30:8, s. 838-842
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background NLRC5 is an interferon γ-inducible protein, which plays a role in immune surveillance with a potential influence on cancer survival. Objective We aimed to evaluate the effect of potential regulatory variants in NLRC5 on overall survival and survival after 5-fluorouracil (5-FU)-based therapy of colorectal cancer (CRC) patients. Patients and methods We carried out a case-only study in a Czech population of 589 cases; 232 received 5-FU-based therapy. Eleven variants within NLRC5 were selected using in-silico tools. Associations between polymorphisms and survival were assessed by Cox regression analysis adjusting for age at diagnosis, sex, and TNM stage. Survival curves were derived using the Kaplan-Meier method. Results Two variants showed a significant association with survival. All patients and metastasis-free patients at the time of diagnosis (pM0) who were homozygous carriers of the minor allele of rs27194 had a decreased overall survival (OS all and OS pM0) and event-free survival (EFS pM0) under a recessive model (OS all P=0.003, OS pM0 P=0.005, EFS pM0 P=0.01, respectively). OS was also decreased for all patients and for pM0 patients who carried at least one minor allele of rs289747 (OS all P=0.03 and OS pM0 P=0.003, respectively). Among CRC patients, who underwent a 5-FU-based adjuvant regimen, rs12445252 was associated with OS all, OS pM0 and EFS pM0, according to the dosage of the minor allele T (OS all P=0.0004, OS pM0 P=0.0001, EFS pM0 P=0.008, respectively). Conclusion Our results showed that polymorphisms in NLRC5 may be used as prognostic markers of survival of CRC patients, as well as for survival in response to 5-FU treatment.
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23.
  • Farkas, Sanja A., 1983-, et al. (författare)
  • DNA methylation changes in genes frequently mutated in sporadic colorectal cancer and in the DNA repair and Wnt/beta-catenin signaling pathway genes
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Epigenomics. - : Future Medicine. - 1750-1911. ; 6:2, s. 179-191
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Aim: The onset and progression of colorectal cancer (CRC) involves a cascade of genetic and/or epigenetic events. The aim of the present study was to address the DNA methylation status of genes relevant in colorectal carcinogenesis and its progression, such as genes frequently mutated in CRC, genes involved in the DNA repair and Wnt signaling pathway.Material & methods: We analyzed methylation status in totally 160 genes in 12 paired colorectal tumors and adjacent healthy mucosal tissues using the Illumina Infinium Human Methylation 450 BeadChip.Results: We found significantly aberrant methylation in 23 genes (NEIL1, NEIL3, DCLRE1C, NHEJ1, GTF2H5, CCNH, CTNNB1, DKK2, DKK3, FZD5 LRP5, TLE3, WNT2, WNT3A, WNT6, TCF7L1, CASP8, EDNRB1, GPC6, KIAA1804, MYO1B, SMAD2 and TTN). External validation by mRNA expression showed a good agreement between hypermethylation in cancer and down-regulated mRNA expression of the genes EDNRB1, GPC6 and SMAD2, and between hypomethylation and up-regulated mRNA expression of the CASP8 and DCLRE1C genes.Conclusion: Aberrant methylation of the DCLRE1C and GPC6 genes are presented here for the first time and are therefore of special interest for further validation as novel candidate biomarker genes in CRC, and merit further validation with specific assays.
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24.
  • Försti, Asta, et al. (författare)
  • Genetic variation in the major mitotic checkpoint genes associated with chromosomal aberrations in healthy humans
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Cancer Letters. - : Elsevier. - 0304-3835. ; 380:2, s. 442-446
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Non-specific chromosomal aberrations (CAs) are microscopically detected in about 1% of lymphocytes drawn from healthy persons. Causes of CAs in general population are not known but they may be related to risk of cancer. In view of the importance of the mitotic checkpoint machinery on maintaining chromosomal integrity we selected 9 variants in main checkpoint related genes (BUB1B, BUB3, MAD2L1, CENPF, ESPL1/separase, NEK2, PTTG1/securin, ZWILCH and ZWINT) for a genotyping study on samples from healthy individuals (N = 330 to 729) whose lymphocytes had an increased number of CAs compared to persons with a low number of CAs. Genetic variation in individual genes played a minor importance, consistent with the high conservation and selection pressure of the checkpoint system. However, gene pairs were significantly associated with CAs: PTTG1-ZWILCH and PTTG1-ZWINT. MAD2L1 and PTTG1 were the most common partners in any of the two-way interactions. The results suggest that interactions at the level of cohesin (PTTG1) and kinetochore function (ZWINT, ZWILCH and MAD2L1) contribute to the frequency of CAs, suggesting that gene variants at different checkpoint functions appeared to be required for the formation of CAs.
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25.
  • Huhn, Stefanie, et al. (författare)
  • Ancestral susceptibility to colorectal cancer
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Mutagenesis. - : Oxford University Press. - 0267-8357. ; 27:2, s. 197-204
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Every year, approximately 1 million new colorectal cancer (CRC) cases are diagnosed and about half a million people worldwide die due to this cancer. Known differences in CRC incidence rates are mainly attributed to differences in diet and other environmental factors represented, among others, by nutrition-related complex diseases (e.g. obesity and diabetes mellitus type II). Within the last years, it has become evident that environmental risk factors can be complemented by a genetic component when considering the risk of CRC. For example, a number of polymorphisms are known to be associated with an increased risk of obesity and obesity is a risk factor for CRC. Several studies have shown that the 'ancestral-susceptibility model' can be reasonably applied to nutrition-related complex diseases such as obesity. The work in hand shortly discusses whether the ancestral-susceptibility model can also be applied to CRC as a nutrition-related complex disease.
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26.
  • Huhn, Stefanie, et al. (författare)
  • Coding variants in NOD-like receptors : An association study on risk and survival of colorectal cancer
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: PLoS ONE. - : Public Library of Science. - 1932-6203. ; 13:6
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Nod-like receptors (NLRs) are important innate pattern recognition receptors and regulators of inflammation or play a role during development. We systematically analysed 41 non-synonymous single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in 21 NLR genes in a Czech discovery cohort of sporadic colorectal cancer (CRC) (1237 cases, 787 controls) for their association with CRC risk and survival. Five SNPs were found to be associated with CRC risk and eight with survival at 5% significance level. In a replication analysis using data of two large genome-wide association studies (GWASs) from Germany (DACHS: 1798 cases and 1810 controls) and Scotland (2210 cases and 9350 controls) the associations found in the Czech discovery set were not confirmed. However, expression analysis in human gut-related tissues and immune cells revealed that the NLRs associated with CRC risk or survival in the discovery set were expressed in primary human colon or rectum cells, CRC tissue and/or cell lines, providing preliminary evidence for a potential involvement of NLRs in general in CRC development and/or progression. Most interesting was the finding that the enigmatic development-related NLRP5 (also known as MATER) was not expressed in normal colon tissue but in colon cancer tissue and cell lines. Future studies may show whether regulatory variants instead of coding variants might affect the expression of NLRs and contribute to CRC risk and survival.
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27.
  • Huhn, Stefanie, et al. (författare)
  • Colorectal cancer risk and patients' survival: influence of polymorphisms in genes somatically mutated in colorectal tumors
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Cancer Causes and Control. - : Springer. - 1573-7225. ; 25:6, s. 759-769
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The first two studies aiming for the high-throughput identification of the somatic mutation spectrum of colorectal cancer (CRC) tumors were published in 2006 and 2007. Using exome sequencing, they described 69 and 140 candidate cancer genes (CAN genes), respectively. We hypothesized that germline variants in these genes may influence CRC risk, similar to APC, which is causing CRC through germline and somatic mutations. After excluding the well-established CRC genes APC, KRAS, TP53, and ABCA1, we analyzed 35 potentially functional single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in 10 CAN genes (OBSCN, MLL3, PKHD1, SYNE1, ERCC6, FBXW7, EPHB6/TRPV6, ELAC1/SMAD4, EPHA3, and ADAMTSL3) using KBiosciences Competitive AlleleaEuroSpecific PCR (TM) genotyping assays. In addition to CRC risk (1,399 CRC cases, 838 controls), we also considered the influence of the SNPs on patients' survival (406 cases). In spite of the fact that our in silico analyses suggested functional relevance for the studied genes and SNPs, our data did not support a strong influence of the studied germline variants on CRC risk and survival. The strongest association with CRC risk and survival was found for MLL3 (rs6464211, OR 1.50, p = 0.002, dominant model; HR 2.12, p = 0.020, recessive model). Two SNPs in EPHB6/TRPV6 (dominant model) showed marginal associations with survival (rs4987622 HR 0.58 p = 0.028 and rs6947538 HR 0.64, p = 0.036, respectively). Although somatic mutations in the CAN genes have been related to the development and progression of various types of cancers in several next-generation sequencing or expression analyses, our study suggests that the studied potentially functional germline variants are not likely to affect CRC risk or survival.
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28.
  • Huhn, Stefanie, et al. (författare)
  • Shared ancestral susceptibility to colorectal cancer and other nutrition related diseases
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: BMC Medical Genetics. - : BioMed Central (BMC). - 1471-2350. ; 13:94
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: The majority of non-syndromic colorectal cancers (CRCs) can be described as a complex disease. A two-stage case-control study on CRC susceptibility was conducted to assess the influence of the ancestral alleles in the polymorphisms previously associated with nutrition-related complex diseases. Methods: In stage I, 28 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were genotyped in a hospital-based Czech population (1025 CRC cases, 787 controls) using an allele-specific PCR-based genotyping system (KASPar (R)). In stage II, replication was carried out for the five SNPs with the lowest p values. The replication set consisted of 1798 CRC cases and 1810 controls from a population-based German study (DACHS). Odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for associations between genotypes and CRC risk were estimated using logistic regression. To identify signatures of selection, Fay-Wu's H and Integrated Haplotype Score (iHS) were estimated. Results: In the Czech population, carriers of the ancestral alleles of AGT rs699 and CYP3A7 rs10211 showed an increased risk of CRC (OR 1.26 and 1.38, respectively; two-sided p <= 0.05), whereas carriers of the ancestral allele of ENPP1 rs1044498 had a decreased risk (OR 0.79; p <= 0.05). For rs1044498, the strongest association was detected in the Czech male subpopulation (OR 0.61; p=0.0015). The associations were not replicated in the German population. Signatures of selection were found for all three analyzed genes. Conclusions: Our study showed evidence of association for the ancestral alleles of polymorphisms in AGT and CYP3A7 and for the derived allele of a polymorphism in ENPP1 with an increased risk of CRC in Czechs, but not in Germans. The ancestral alleles of these SNPs have previously been associated with nutrition-related diseases hypertension (AGT and CYP3A7) and insulin resistance (ENPP1). Future studies may shed light on the complex genetic and environmental interactions between different types of nutrition-related diseases.
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29.
  • Lascorz, Jesus, et al. (författare)
  • Genome-wide association study for colorectal cancer identifies risk polymorphisms in German familial cases and implicates MAPK signalling pathways in disease susceptibility
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Carcinogenesis. - : Oxford University Press. - 0143-3334. ; 31:9, s. 1612-1619
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Genetic susceptibility accounts for similar to 35% of all colorectal cancer (CRC). Ten common low-risk variants contributing to CRC risk have been identified through genome-wide association studies (GWASs). In our GWAS, 610 664 genotyped single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) passed the quality control filtering in 371 German familial CRC patients and 1263 controls, and replication studies were conducted in four additional case-control sets (4915 cases and 5607 controls). Known risk loci at 8q24.21 and 11q23 were confirmed, and a previously unreported association, rs12701937, located between the genes GLI3 (GLI family zinc finger 3) and INHBA (inhibin, beta A) [P = 1.1 x 10(-3), odds ratio (OR) 1.14, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.05-1.23, dominant model in the combined cohort], was identified. The association was stronger in familial cases compared with unselected cases (P = 2.0 x 10(-4), OR 1.36, 95% CI 1.16-1.60, dominant model). Two other unreported SNPs, rs6038071, 40 kb upstream of CSNK2A1 (casein kinase 2, alpha 1 polypeptide) and an intronic marker in MYO3A (myosin IIIA), rs11014993, associated with CRC only in the familial CRC cases (P = 2.5 x 10(-3), recessive model, and P = 2.7 x 10(-4), dominant model). Three software tools successfully pointed to the overrepresentation of genes related to the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signalling pathways among the 1340 most strongly associated markers from the GWAS (allelic P value < 10(-3)). The risk of CRC increased significantly with an increasing number of risk alleles in seven genes involved in MAPK signalling events (P-trend = 2.2 x 10(-16), ORper allele = 1.34, 95% CI 1.11-1.61).
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30.
  • Lu, Shun, et al. (författare)
  • Genetic variants in C-type lectin genes are associated with colorectal cancer susceptibility and clinical outcome
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: International Journal of Cancer. - : John Wiley and Sons. - 0020-7136. ; 133:10, s. 2325-2333
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Inflammatory responses play a vital role at different stages of colorectal carcinogenesis. C-type lectins mediate inflammatory/immune responses and participate in immune escape of pathogens and tumors. Our study aimed to evaluate the correlation between polymorphisms in three C-type lectin genes, CD209, MBL2 and REG4, and colorectal cancer (CRC) risk and clinical outcome. We genotyped 15 potentially functional single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and assessed their associations with CRC risk in a case-control study of 1353 CRC cases and 767 healthy controls from the Czech Republic. We also analyzed these SNPs in relation to overall and event-free survival in 414 patients. Two CD209 SNPs were associated with CRC risk after adjustment for multiple comparison. Minor allele carriers of the promoter SNP rs2287886 had an increased risk of CRC (OR 1.30, 95% CI 1.08-1.56), while minor allele carriers of the 3UTR SNP, rs7248637, had a decreased risk (OR 0.74, 95% CI 0.60-0.91). Multivariate survival analyses, including age, gender, TNM stage and grade, showed that patients without distant metastasis at the time of diagnosis and carrying the rs2994809 T allele had a decreased overall and event-free survival (HR 2.11, 95% CI 1.20-3.72 and HR 2.00, 95% CI 1.18-3.39, respectively). We show that SNPs in CD209 may affect CRC risk, while a SNP in REG4 may be a useful marker for CRC progression. What's new? The identification of new risk and prognostic biomarkers brings the prospect of individualized medicine ever closer. That promise is illustrated here, with the discovery of novel genetic variants in three C-type lectin genes, CD209, MBL2, and REG4, which previously have been implicated in colorectal carcinogenesis and prognosis. Genotyping of 15 C-type lectin single nucleotide polymorphisms uncovered a total of 34 variants in regulatory and coding regions of the three genes. Variants in two of the genes, CD209 and REG4, were linked to colorectal cancer risk and prognosis, respectively, suggesting that they may be of clinical value.
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