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Sökning: WFRF:(Wanders Alkwin)

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  • Föregående 123[4]5Nästa
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31.
  • Siilin, Helene, et al. (författare)
  • The proximal gastric pouch invariably contains acid-producing parietal cells in Roux-en-Y gastric bypass.
  • 2005
  • Ingår i: Obes Surg. - 0960-8923. ; 15:6, s. 771-7
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGBP) is well tolerated and effective in ameliorating diseases common to morbidly obese patients. A potential drawback, however, is the risk for stomal ulcers, probably due to acid and peptic digestion of the mucosa in the proximal Roux limb. METHODS: In 23 RYGBP patients (mean BMI 45 kg/m(2), age 39 years), the gastro-jejunostomy was performed by circular stapler and the gastric suture ring retrieved for histological examination. 13 consecutive patients received our standard totally transected 4 x 3 cm proximal gastric pouch. The anvil was passed transgastricly and reference biopsies were taken from the gastrotomy in the corpus of the stomach. In the last 10 patients, the pouch size was reduced to 2 x 3 cm by a modified surgical technique. RESULTS: All suture rings from the standard pouches consisted of corpus-fundus mucosa with a large amount of parietal cells, histologically identical to the reference biopsies from the gastrotomy. Also, the 10 suture rings from the modified small pouches contained corpus-fundus mucosa. In 5 of these samples, cardiac mucosa was found, but only in a small segment (6 mm). In addition, 3 patients had esophageal epithelium in the suture ring. CONCLUSION: The proximal pouch invariably contains acid-producing parietal cells. In order to reduce acid production and, hence, the risk of stomal ulcers, the pouch has to be made as small as possible.
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32.
  • Thörn, Mari, et al. (författare)
  • Active cytomegalovirus infection diagnosed by real-time PCR in patients with inflammatory bowel disease : a prospective, controlled observational study
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology. - 0036-5521 .- 1502-7708. ; 51:9, s. 1075-1080
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objective: It is assumed that cytomegaloviral (CMV) infection in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is caused by reactivation due to the immunosuppressive therapy, but the role of CMV as a pathophysiological factor and prognostic marker in IBD is unclear. The aim of this study was to investigate CMV infection in IBD, with real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and immunohistochemistry, with emphasis on newly diagnosed disease.Materials and methods: In this prospective, controlled study, 67 patients with IBD and 34 control patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) or rectal bleeding were included. Serology for CMV was analysed along with CMV DNA in plasma, mucosal biopsies, and faeces. Mucosal biopsies were further analysed with histopathology and CMV immunohistochemistry.Results: Detection of CMV IgM was more common in patients with IBD, compared to controls, 21% versus 3%. CMV DNA was found in 16% of patients with newly diagnosed, untreated IBD and in 38% of steroid-treated patients. Four of the five patients that needed urgent surgery were CMV-DNA positive in at least one of three sample types. None of the controls had detectable CMV DNA.Conclusions: Active CMV infection was found in high proportions of newly diagnosed untreated patients with IBD, in patients on immunosuppression and in patients in the need of surgery. Low CMV-DNA levels in non-immunosuppressed patients were not a risk factor for the development of more severe IBD, while the detection of CMV DNA in patients on immunosuppressive therapy may foresee disease progression.
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33.
  • Thörn, Mari, et al. (författare)
  • Microscopic colitis in Uppsala health region, a population-based prospective study 2005-2009
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology. - 0036-5521 .- 1502-7708. ; 48:7, s. 825-830
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • ObjectiveThe aim of this study is to report on the incidence of microscopic colitis (MC), any possible relation with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), concomitant drug consumption, related diseases and the clinical course of the diseases.MethodsBoth new cases of IBD and MC were registered at the same time in the same geographical area. The study started in the county of Uppsala 2005-2006, and other parts of the surrounding health region were included 2007-2009. Established morphological criteria were used, i.e. a layer of subepithelial collagen band >= 10 mu m in collagenous colitis (CC) with concomitant inflammation and at least 20 lymphocytes per 100 epithelial cells in lymphocytic colitis (LC).ResultsThe authors found 272 new cases of MC, 154 with CC and 118 with LC. The mean age-adjusted incidence was 7.0/1,000,000 for CC and 4.8/100,000 for LC. The clinical course was dominated by single episodes with diarrhea or intermittent symptoms, but 14% suffered from chronic diarrhea. In 10% of the cases, diagnosis was made in individuals without chronic watery diarrhea. Although not systematically tested, concomitant celiac disease was found in approximately 5% of the patients.ConclusionsThe incidence of MC in Uppsala health region is similar to other studied areas. The majority of patients had a self-limiting or easily treated condition, but 14% need a more or less continuous medication. Ten percent of the patients demonstrate other symptoms than chronic watery diarrhea. The possibility of concomitant celiac disease should be considered in new cases of MC.
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34.
  • Urdzik, Jozef, et al. (författare)
  • Magnetic resonance imaging flowmetry demonstrates portal vein dilatation subsequent to oxaliplatin therapy in patients with colorectal liver metastasis
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: HPB. - 1365-182X .- 1477-2574. ; 15:4, s. 265-272
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objectives: Sinusoidal injury (SI) after oxaliplatin-based therapies for colorectal liver metastasis (CRLM) can increase postoperative morbidity. Preoperative methods to estimate SI are lacking. The aim of this study was to identify SI by evaluating portal vein haemodynamics.Methods: Magnetic resonance imaging flowmetry (MRIF) was used to estimate portal vein haemodynamics in 29 patients with CRLM before liver surgery. Sinusoidal injury was evaluated from resected non-tumorous liver parenchyma according to the combined vascular injury (CVI) score of ≥3.Results: All patients with SI (six of 29) received oxaliplatin; however, a significant association could not be proven (P= 0.148). Oxaliplatin-treated patients showed portal vein dilatation in both the SI and non-SI groups compared with patients who had not received oxaliplatin (Bonferroni corrected P= 0.003 and P= 0.039, respectively). Mean portal velocity tended to be lower in patients with SI compared with oxaliplatin-treated patients without SI (Bonferroni corrected P= 0.087). A mean portal velocity of ≤14.35 cm/s together with a cross-section area of ≥1.55 cm2 was found to predict SI with sensitivity of 100% and specificity of 78%.Conclusions: Oxaliplatin treatment was associated with portal vein dilatation. Patients with SI showed a tendency towards decreased mean portal flow velocity. This may indicate that SI is associated with an increased resistance to blood flow in the liver parenchyma. Portal vein haemodynamic variables estimated by MRIF can identify patients without SI non-invasively.
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35.
  • Urdzik, Jozef, et al. (författare)
  • The value of pre-operative magnetic resonance spectroscopy in the assessment of steatohepatitis in patients with colorectal liver metastasis
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Journal of Hepatology. - 0168-8278 .- 1600-0641. ; 56:3, s. 640-646
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background & AimsNeoadjuvant chemotherapy prior to liver surgery for colorectal metastases can cause marked steatosis (⩾33%) and steatohepatitis defined by non-alcoholic fatty liver disease activity score (NAS) as adverse effects on liver parenchyma. The aim of this study was to evaluate the steatosis level prior to liver resection using proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H MRS) and to compare it with digital quantification of steatosis (DQS) and “classical” histopathology.Methods1H MRS at 3T evaluated steatosis in 35 patients with colorectal liver metastasis, planned for liver resection. Non-tumorous liver parenchyma samples were obtained after surgery for classical histopathology and DQS utilising automated software for quantification of histopathological slides using image processing.ResultsClassical histopathology defined marked steatosis in nine patients. Histopathology was less reliable than DQS (interclass correlation coefficient – ICC 0.771) or 1H MRS (ICC 0.722) in steatosis estimation. 1H MRS showed very similar steatosis levels and high reliability compared to DQS (ICC 0.955). Steatohepatitis was observed in seven patients (NAS ⩾4) and 1H MRS was able to predict it with 100% sensitivity and 89% specificity at threshold 10.9%, without knowing lobular inflammation or hepatocyte ballooning. BMI was significantly higher in the groups with marked steatosis and steatohepatitis. Standard blood tests or chemotherapy had no predictive value.Conclusions1H MRS is a reliable non-invasive tool for steatosis assessment, and interestingly, it was able to predict steatohepatitis defined by NAS ⩾4 in patients planned for liver resection of colorectal metastases after neoadjuvant chemotherapy.
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36.
  • Vessby, Johan, et al. (författare)
  • Tissue factor in ulcerative colitis, with and without concomitant primary sclerosing cholangitis.
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Upsala Journal of Medical Sciences. - 0300-9734 .- 2000-1967. ; 124:4, s. 238-245
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: Ulcerative colitis (UC) in patients with the severe disease primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) constitutes a distinct clinical phenotype (PSC-UC) with a high incidence of colorectal cancer. Today, PSC-UC diagnosis is built on clinical observations only. Tissue factor (TF) has a potential use in UC diagnostics, and also in colorectal cancer prognostication. Here we evaluate TF expression in an inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) cohort, with special focus on differences between UC and PSC-UC patients.Materials and methods: Colonic biopsies from UC (n = 23), PSC (n = 24), and healthy controls (n = 11) were stained for TF by immunohistochemistry. Mononuclear cell contribution to TF expression was verified using flow cytometry.Results: TF was distributed at three distinct colonic locations: in subepithelial pericryptal sheath cells, in mononuclear cells, and in the intestinal stroma. In contrast to UC-where inflammation was accompanied with TF up-regulation-PSC-UC activity remained low during inflammation. Stromal TF positivity was found exclusively in ongoing inflammation.Conclusion: Our study provides additional support for a divergent pathogenesis in PSC-UC, with an inflammatory environment that differs from classical UC. Stromal TF emerges as a new marker of colonic inflammation.
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37.
  • Wanders, Alkwin, et al. (författare)
  • Association between radiographic damage of the spine and spinal mobility for individual patients with ankylosing spondylitis : can assessment of spinal mobility be a proxy for radiographic evaluation?
  • 2005
  • Ingår i: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases. - 0003-4967 .- 1468-2060. ; 64:7, s. 988-994
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • OBJECTIVE:To demonstrate the association between various measures of spinal mobility and radiographic damage of the spine in individual patients with ankylosing spondylitis, and to determine whether the assessment of spinal mobility can be a proxy for the assessment of radiographic damage.METHODS:Radiographic damage was assessed by the mSASSS. Cumulative probability plots combined the radiographic damage score of an individual patient with the corresponding score for nine spinal mobility measures. Receiver operating characteristic analysis was performed to determine the cut off level of every spinal mobility measure that discriminates best between the presence and absence of radiographic damage. Three arbitrary cut off levels for radiographic damage were investigated. Likelihood ratios were calculated to explore further the diagnostic properties of the spinal mobility measures.RESULTS:Cumulative probability plots showed an association between spinal mobility measures and radiographic damage for the individual patient. Irrespective of the chosen cut off level for radiographic progression, lateral spinal flexion and BASMI discriminated best between patients with and those without structural damage. Even the best discriminatory spinal mobility assessments misclassified a considerable proportion of patients (up to 20%). Intermalleolar distance performed worst (up to 30% misclassifications). Lateral spinal flexion best predicted the absence of radiographic damage, and a modified Schober test best predicted the presence of radiographic damage.CONCLUSION:This study unequivocally demonstrated a relationship between spinal mobility and radiographic damage. However, spinal mobility cannot be used as a proxy for radiographic evaluation in an individual patient.
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38.
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39.
  • Willen, R, et al. (författare)
  • Intestinal spirochaetosis
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: Histopathology. - 0309-0167 .- 1365-2559. ; 49:6, s. 658-659
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)
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40.
  • Wu, Xuping, et al. (författare)
  • Hsp90 is expressed and represents a therapeutic target in human oesophageal cancer using the inhibitor 17-allylamino-17-demethoxygeldanamycin
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: British Journal of Cancer. - 0007-0920 .- 1532-1827. ; 100:2, s. 334-343
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Heat shock protein 90 (Hsp90) has been demonstrated to protect oncogenic variants of signalling molecules from degradation and may consequently serve as a therapeutic target for the treatment of oesophageal cancer for which adequate therapy is often lacking. We studied the expression of Hsp90 in tumour tissues of human oesophageal cancer and the impact of Hsp90 inhibition on oesophageal cancer cell lines using the drug 17-allylamino-17-demethoxygeldanamycin (17-AAG). Quantitative immunohistochemistry was performed on formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissues from patients with oesophageal cancer. In squamous cell carcinoma, a marked upregulation of Hsp90 could be noted in dysplastic epithelium and invasive cancer compared with normal epithelium. In adenocarcinoma, Hsp90 was expressed in neoplastic epithelium and also in normal non-neoplastic glands weakly. The inhibition of Hsp90 using 17-AAG led to a significant decrease in cell proliferation and viability in human oesophageal cancer cell lines. Using a clonogenic cell survival assay, Hsp90 inhibition significantly sensitised the cells for gamma-photon irradiation. Heat shock protein 90 was found to be critical for proper signalling induced by both epidermal growth factor and insulin-like growthfactor -1, in which the inhibition of signalling by 17-AAG correlated with the observed reduction in cell proliferation and viability. These results showed that Hsp90 was selectively expressed in oesophageal cancer tissue compared with the corresponding normal tissue, and the inhibition of Hsp90 resulted in decreased proliferation and viability as well as radiosensitisation of oesophageal cancer cells. Heat shock protein 90 represents a potential therapeutic target in the treatment of patients with oesophageal cancer, alone or in combination with radiotherapy.
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