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Träfflista för sökning "WFRF:(Willén Roger) ;srt2:(2005-2009)"

Sökning: WFRF:(Willén Roger) > (2005-2009)

  • Resultat 11-19 av 19
  • Föregående 1[2]
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11.
  • Lindahl, Bengt, et al. (författare)
  • Prospective malignancy grading of invasive squamous carcinoma of the uterine cervix. Prognostic significance in a long-term follow-up.
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: Anticancer research. - : International Institute of Cancer Research. - 1791-7530 .- 0250-7005. ; 27:4C, s. 2829-2832
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • A multifactorial grading score (MGS) for invasive squamous cell carcinoma of the uterine cervix has demonstrated its capacity to predict survival in a 5-10 year perspective and metastasis frequencies, and is a valuable tool for treatment schedules. In this study it was shown that the power of prognosis is valid even up to 20 years. In this material from 619 cervical carcinoma patients the MGS scores turned out to remain as strong as earlier proven. Earlier studies have shown that MGS is superior to other mono- and multifactorial grading systems, histological differentiation into cell types, age, clinical stage, irradiation and DNA-analysis. Treatment of cervical squamous cell carcinoma is more specific today to meet the patients' need for instance to preserve fertility or to minimize operation and eventually radiotherapy. The MGS score is a strong prognostic tool in patients with cervical carcinoma.
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12.
  • Willén, Roger, 1939, et al. (författare)
  • Prophylactic surgery for patients with longstanding ulcerative colitis. Which option? Histopathological and clinical implications.
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: Upsala journal of medical sciences. - 2000-1967 .- 0300-9734. ; 112:1, s. 49-60
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Patients with longstanding chronic ulcerative proctocolitis are at risk to develop colorectal cancer Conflicting views as regards surveillance, the indications for surgery and type of preventive procedure exist. For permanent prevention of cancer development complete removal of all potential malignant colorectal mucosa has to be done. Panprocto-colectomy with a conventional ileostomy or continent ileostomy removing all colorectal mucosa should therefore eliminate further risks of colorectal cancer. Colectomy and ileorectal anastomosis is a controversial issue. While many surgeons today are reluctant to use the technique, emphasising the persistent cancer risk, others consider the operation a viable alternative when used on a selective basis. The long-term risk of cancer in the rectal stump is the main strong argument . In restorative proctocolectomy, i.e. proctocolectomy with construction of an ileopouch anal anastomosis residual rectal mucosa is left behind irrespective of technique used and is therefore at risk for cancer development. Quite a few cancers have been reported to occur in these patients but controversy exists as regards the origin of these tumours but the risk for cancer development is very low. Biopsies from ileal pouches demonstrate various histopathological changes from nearly normal mucosa, to inflammation and atrophy, inflammatory cell changes, dysplasia as well as development of carcinoma. Grading of type and atypia is a challenge to reproduce and requires the participation of experienced gastrointestinal histopathologists.
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13.
  • Elgbratt, Kristina, et al. (författare)
  • Aberrant T-cell ontogeny and defective thymocyte and colonic T-cell chemotactic migration in colitis-prone Galphai2-deficient mice
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: Immunology. - 0019-2805 .- 1365-2567. ; 122:2, s. 199-209
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Galphai2-deficient mice, which spontaneously develop colitis, have previously been reported to have an increased frequency of mature, single positive thymocytes compared to wild-type mice. In this study we further characterized the intrathymic changes in these mice before and during overt colitis. Even before the onset of colitis, Galphai2(-/-) thymi weighed less and contained fewer thymocytes, and this was exacerbated with colitis development. Whereas precolitic Galphai2(-/-) mice had unchanged thymocyte density compared to Galphai2(+/-) mice of the same age, this was significantly decreased in mice with colitis. Thymic atrophy in Galphai2(-/-) mice involved mainly the cortex. Using a five-stage phenotypic characterization of thymocyte maturation based on expression of CD4, CD8, TCRalphabeta, CD69 and CD62L, we found that both precolitic and colitic Galphai2(-/-) mice had significantly increased frequencies of mature single-positive CD4(+) and CD8(+) medullary thymocytes, and significantly reduced frequencies and total numbers of immature CD4(+) CD8(+) double-positive thymocytes compared to Galphai2(+/-) mice. Furthermore, cortical and transitional precolitic Galphai2(-/-) thymocytes showed significantly reduced chemotactic migration towards CXCL12, and a trend towards reduced migration to CCL25, compared to wild-type thymocytes, a feature even more pronounced in colitic mice. This impaired chemotactic migration of Galphai2(-/-) thymocytes could not be reversed by increased chemokine concentrations. Galphai2(-/-) thymocytes also showed reduced expression of the CCL25 receptor CCR9, but not CXCR4, the receptor, for CXCL12. Finally, wild-type colonic lamina propria lymphocytes migrated in response to CXCL12, but not CCL25 and, as with thymocytes, the chemokine responsiveness was significantly reduced in Galphai2(-/-) mucosal lymphocytes.
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14.
  • Marthinsen, Lars, et al. (författare)
  • Kolonspiroketos - behandlingsbart och värt att uppmärksamma : Erfarenheter från pediatrisk praktik
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: Läkartidningen. - 0023-7205 .- 1652-7518. ; 103:46, s. 3600-3602
  • Forskningsöversikt (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This article is written to raise awareness among clinicians and pathologists regarding the existence of colonic spirochetosis. Whether this is of clinical significance is still a matter of debate. We report a series of sixteen randomly selected patients, all of paediatric age; eight of them have been reported in a previous publication (10). In one patient, spirochetes were found both in the colon and in the liver. The colon organisms were Brachyspira aalborgi, documented by antigen test; however, due to lack of material, the spirochetes in the liver could not be typed. As 10 of 13 patients recovered or improved after antibiotic treatment with clarythromycin or metronidazole, our conclusion is that Brachyspira may be pathogenic. We suggest that when a rectosigmoidoscopy/colonoscopy is performed, colonic spirochetosis should be considered, especially in the differential diagnosis to microscopic colitis.
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15.
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16.
  • Nilsson, Ingrid, et al. (författare)
  • Helicobacter ganmani infection associated with a spontaneous outbreak of inflammatory bowel-like disease in an IL-10-deficient mouse colony
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Laboratory Animal Science. - : Scandinavian Society for Laboratory Animal Science. - 0901-3393. ; 35:1, s. 13-24
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: A breeding colony of IL-10 deficient B6.129P2-Il10(tmICgn/J) mice, kept under conventional conditions, developed an inflammatory bowel-like disease (IBD) with rectal prolapse and blood tinged diarrhoea. No clinical signs of disease were observed at the time of arrival to our animal house. These animals were originally planned to serve as a negative control group in an experimental infection study with Helicobacter species to investigate colonization of the murine gut. Results: A spiral-shaped, Gram-negative bacterium was isolated from the breeding mice colony. In a first group of six animals, tissue specimens from the liver, small and large intestines, faeces and blood, were analysed by culture, PCR-denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (PCR-DGGE), species-specific PCR assays and DNA-sequencing, histology and serology. Helicobacter ganmani, but no other Helicobacter species, was isolated from the liver, small bowel, caecum, colon and faeces. We found inflammation in caeca, colon and livers, most pronounced in the caecal areas of culture positive mice with a severe typhlitis with cystic dilatation of glandular structures and irregular crypt architecture. Some animals showed a pronounced colitis with mucosal and sub-mucosal inflammatory infiltrates. Other animals displayed large lymphoid infiltrates in the livers and hepatitis. Tissue samples and sera from 18 additional animals from the same breeding colony were analysed by the same methods, except for culture. H. ganmani was identified by PCR in most tissue samples of the 18 additional animals as well. Sero-conversion to H. ganmani correlated well with histopathological changes. Conclusions: Our findings emphasize the importance of using Helicobacter-free animals to develop murine models of chronic hepatitis and colitis.
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17.
  • Nilsson, Ingrid, et al. (författare)
  • Helicobacter ganmani infection associated with a spontaneous outbreak of inflammatory bowel-like disease in an IL-10-deficient mouse colony
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Laboratory Animal Science. - 0901-3393. ; 35:1, s. 13-24
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: A breeding colony of IL-10 deficient B6.129P2-Il10(tmICgn/J) mice, kept under conventional conditions, developed an inflammatory bowel-like disease (IBD) with rectal prolapse and blood tinged diarrhoea. No clinical signs of disease were observed at the time of arrival to our animal house. These animals were originally planned to serve as a negative control group in an experimental infection study with Helicobacter species to investigate colonization of the murine gut. Results: A spiral-shaped, Gram-negative bacterium was isolated from the breeding mice colony. In a first group of six animals, tissue specimens from the liver, small and large intestines, faeces and blood, were analysed by culture, PCR-denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (PCR-DGGE), species-specific PCR assays and DNA-sequencing, histology and serology. Helicobacter ganmani, but no other Helicobacter species, was isolated from the liver, small bowel, caecum, colon and faeces. We found inflammation in caeca, colon and livers, most pronounced in the caecal areas of culture positive mice with a severe typhlitis with cystic dilatation of glandular structures and irregular crypt architecture. Some animals showed a pronounced colitis with mucosal and sub-mucosal inflammatory infiltrates. Other animals displayed large lymphoid infiltrates in the livers and hepatitis. Tissue samples and sera from 18 additional animals from the same breeding colony were analysed by the same methods, except for culture. H. ganmani was identified by PCR in most tissue samples of the 18 additional animals as well. Sero-conversion to H. ganmani correlated well with histopathological changes. Conclusions: Our findings emphasize the importance of using Helicobacter-free animals to develop murine models of chronic hepatitis and colitis.
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18.
  • Solberg, Anna, 1961, et al. (författare)
  • Progress of tissue injury in appendicitis involves the serine proteases uPA and PAI-1.
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Scandinavian journal of gastroenterology. - 1502-7708 .- 0036-5521. ; 44:5, s. 579-84
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • OBJECTIVE: Serine proteases and the matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are key factors in the proteolytic cascade and participate in extracellular matrix (ECM) degradation. Fibrinolytic activators and inhibitors may have an effect on inflammatory cells, thereby modulating the inflammatory response. It is reasonable to assume that they may be implicated in the tissue injury in acute appendicitis that subsequently leads to appendix perforation. The purpose of this study was to investigate the expression and distribution of urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA) and plasminogen-activator inhibitor type 1 (PAI-1) in appendicitis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Expression of uPA and expression of PAI-1 were measured in tissue specimens from patients with appendicitis (n=30) and in control specimens (n=9), using the quantitative ELISA technique. Distribution of enzymes was studied with immunohistochemistry. The uPA and PAI-1 levels in the subgroups of appendicitis and controls were compared. RESULTS: The overall expressions of uPA and PAI-1 were greater in appendicitis than in control specimens (p <0.001 and p<0.0001, respectively). Expressions of uPA and PAI-1 in phlegmonous (n=15), gangrenous (n=6) and perforated appendicitis (n=9) were all higher than those in controls (n=9), (p<0.01). Moreover, the PAI-1 level was elevated in perforated appendicitis compared with phlegmonous appendicitis (p<0.01). uPA staining was observed in connection with vascular endothelial cells and the serosa stained intensely in specimens from perforated appendicitis. CONCLUSIONS: The expression of uPA and especially the over-expression of PAI-1 seem to correlate to the progression of local inflammatory response in acute appendicitis.
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19.
  • Wettergren, Yvonne, 1957, et al. (författare)
  • Low expression of reduced folate carrier-1 and folylpolyglutamate synthase correlates with lack of a deleted in colorectal carcinoma mRNA splice variant in normal-appearing mucosa of colorectal carcinoma patients
  • 2005
  • Ingår i: Cancer Detect Prev. - 0361-090X .- 1525-1500. ; 29:4, s. 348-55
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: Cellular folate deficiency leads to DNA strand breaks, mutations, and aberrant methylation and might be a risk factor for colorectal cancer (CRC). The putative tumor suppressor gene deleted in colorectal carcinoma (DCC) is one of several genes the expression of which seems to be affected by the folate concentration at the tissue level. Decreased expression of DCC may be caused by LOH or hypermethylation, i.e. by events that might be linked to folate deficiency. The purpose of this study was to analyze if the folate level and the gene expression levels of reduced folate carrier (RFC-1) and folylpolyglutamate synthase (FPGS) had impact on the expression of DCC splice variants. METHODS: Quantification of RFC-1 and FPGS expression in mucosa of 53 CRC patients was performed using real-time PCR whereas DCC splicing variants were detected by automated capillary gel electrophoresis. Total reduced folate concentration was measured with the FdUMP-binding assay (n = 22). RESULTS: Significantly higher expression levels of RFC-1 (p = 0.026) and FPGS (p = 0.05) were found in mucosa expressing the splice variant DCC342 compared to mucosa that did not. Furthermore, multivariate analysis showed that RFC-1 and FPGS (r = 0.49, p = 0.01) as well as folate and RFC-1 (r = 0.56, p = 0.023) were correlated only in mucosa expressing DCC342. CONCLUSIONS: In conclusion, the present study points to a potential influence of folates in regulating DCC expression at multiple levels involving post-transcriptional pathways. The results may provide a basis for a detailed investigation of molecular mechanisms involved in folate regulation of DCC expression.
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